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of more refined and nobler pleasures. Hap- 1st. The exercise of the social affections piness is the uninterrupted enjoyment of the best 2d. The exercise of the faculties of body pleasures. The rude joy of the savage gives or mind for an engaging end, him at times the sensation of pleasure: but he Because there is no happiness without is not happier than the member of a civilized something to hope for. community. The constant alternative of in- Those pleasures are most valuable which temperance and want frequently disturbs his are most productive of engagement in pleasure, and his rudeness deprives him of the the pursuit. more refined pleasures enjoyed by man in a Therefore endeavours after happiness in & state of civilization.

future state produce greatest happiness If happiness be superior to pleasure in dura- in this world. tion, it is superior to conteniment in intensity. 3d. In a prudent constitution of habits. All men may be equally content, either because Habits of themselves are much the same, ignorance precludes them from wishing for because what is habitual becouses more than they possess, or because they know nearly indifferent; how to limit their wishes. But all meir are Therefore those habits are best which not equally happy. They cannot all possess allow of indulgence in the deviation an equal share of good things : and if they did, from them. they are not all equally capable of enjoying Hence that should not be chosen as a habit, them. Hume's assertion, that all who are which ought to be a refreshment. equally content, the little girl in her new gown, Hence by a perpetual change the stock of the commander at the head of a victorious ar- happiness is soon exhausted. my, the orator after having delivered a brilliant 4th. In health of body and good spirits. speech in a large assembly, are equally happy, Because necessary for the full enjoyment must be pronounced erroneous.

Happiness

of every pleasure. consists, farther, in the variety of the agreeuble Because itself is a pleasure, perhaps the sensations of which we are conscious. A pea- sole happiness of some animals, sant has not the capacity of enjoying equal From the above, Dr. Paley deduces two happiness with a philosopher. A large glass conclusions : and a small one may both be filled to the brim, Ist. Happiness appears to be pretty equalyet the larger one holds more liquor than the ly distributed. small one.

2d. Vice has no advantage over rirtue Were the savage even content in his situ- with respect to this world's happiness. ation, it would still be wrong to infer from -Paley. Book i. chap. 6. thence, with Rousseau, that he ought to be We are old-fashioned enough to add, that left in that situation. Man's vocation is hap- nothing in our estimation can tend more to piness. So true it is that the most splendid the production of genuine happiness than the paradoxes are frequently built upon undefined cultivation of the dispositions of mind and ideas; and that, in the investigation of philo- heart recommended by our Lord in Matthew sophical subjects, the accurate discrimination chap. v. verses 3 12. of the terms employed is of the highest im- Indeed the word happy answers more exportance. (Elerhard).

actly to caurepass, than the word blessed retained The result of Dr. Paley's enquiry into the in the received version; and Jesus Christ seems nature of happiness in his Moral and Poli- manifestly to intiinate by it, not only that the tical Philosophy, is comprised in the following dispositions there recommended would lead propositions

the way to future blessedness, but that they 1. Happiness does not consist in

would immediately be attended with the trucst Ist. Pleasures of sense,

happiness, and the noblest pleasures. Because they are of short duration at the HAPPPY. a. (from hap.) 1. In a state of time;

felicity (Sidney). 2. Lucky; successful; forBecause they cloy by repetition ; tunate ( Boyle). 3. Addressful; ready (Swift). Because eagerness' for intense delights HAPSAL, a seaport of Russia, in the gotakes away relish for others.

vernment of Rerel, seated on the Baltic. Lat. These objections are valid, independent of 59. 4 N. Lon. 22. 47 E. loss of health, &c.

HAQUETON. 5. A coat of mail (Spen2d. In exemption from evils which are ser). without, as labour, &c.

HARAM. See SERAGLIO. Because the mind must be employed. HARANGUE, a modern French name for Hence pain is sometimes a relief to the a speech or oration inade by an orator in pubeuneasiness of vacuity.

lic. Menage derives the word from the Italian 3d. In greatness, or elevated station. arenga, which signifies the same; formed, Because the highest in rank are not hape according to Ferrari, from arringo, “ a just, piest, and so in proportion.

or place of justing." Others derive it from the Becanse superiority, where there is no Latin ara, “ altar;" by reason the first ha

competition, is seldom contemplated. rangues were made before altars: whence the II. Happiness is to be judged of by the verse of Juvenal, Aut Lugdunensis rheut

apparent happiness of mankind, which dicturus ad aram." Harangues were usually consists in

made by the generals previous to an engage ment both amongst the Greeks and Romans. (Temple). 10. Vehement; keen ; severe : as, An harangue on such occasions was called a hard winter ; hard weather. 11. Unreason: allocutio. The word is also frequently used in able; unjust (Swift). 12. Forced ; not easily a ludicrous sense, viz. for a too pompous, granted (Burnet). 13. Powerful; forcible prolix, or unseasonable speech or declama- Watts). 14. Austere; rough, as liquids tion.

(Bacon). 15. Harsh ; stiff ; constrained (Dry.). TO HARA'NGUE. v. n. (haranguer, Fr.) 16. Not plentiful; not prosperous (Dryden). To make a speech ; to pronounce an oration. 17. Avaricious ; faultily sparing.

HARANGUER. s: (from harangue.) An HARD. ad. (hardo, German.) 1. Close ; orator ; a public speaker.

near (Judges). 2. Diligently ; laboriously i To HA'RASS. v. a. (harasser, French.) To incessantly (Dryden). 3. Uneasily; vexatie weary; to fatigue (Addison).

ously (Shakspeare). 4. Distressfully (L'Est.) HA'rass. s. (from the verb.) Waste; dis. 5. Fast; nimbly; vehemently (L'Estr nge). turbance (Milton).

6. With difficulty (Bacon). 7. Tempestue HARBINGER. s. (herberger, Dutch.) A ously; boisterously (Taylor). forerunner; a precursor (Dryden).

HARD-BEAM TREE.

Sce CARPINUS. HARBOROUGH, or Market Har- HARDBOUND. a. (hard and bound.) BOROUGH, a town in Leicestershire, with a Costire (Pope). market on Tuesdays. It is seated on the Wel- TO HARDEN. v. a. (froin hard.) 1. To land. Lat. 52. 28 N. Lon. (). 52 W. make hard; to indurate (Woodward.) 2. To

HARBOUR, a place where ships may ride confirm in effrontery; to make impudent. 3. safeat anchor, chiefly used in speaking of those To confirm in wickedness; to make obdurate secured by a boom and chain, and furnished (Addison). 4. To make insensible ; to stupify with a mole. The bottom of a good harbour (Swift). 5. To make firm; to endue with should be free from rocks and shallows: the constancy (Dryden). entrance should be of sufficient extent to admit To H A'RDEN. v. n. To grow hard (Bacon). large ships : it should have good anchoring HA'RDENER. S. (from harden.) One ground, and be easy of access : it should have that makes any thing hard. room and convenience to receive the shipping HARDERWYCK, a town of Dutch Guelof different nations : it should be furnished derland, with a university. It is seated on the with a good light-house, and have at command Zuyder Zee. Lat. 52. 23 N. Lon. 5. 40 E. plenty of wood and other materials for firing, HARDESIA. See Lapis HIBERNICUS. besides hemp, iron, &c.

HARDFA'VOURED. a. (hard and faHARBOUR MASTER, an officer appointed vour.) Coarse of feature (Dryden). to inspect the moorings, and to see that the HÁRDHA'NDED. a. (hard and hand.) laws and regulations of the harbour are Coarse; mechanic (Shakspeare). strictly attended to by the different ships. HA'RDHEAD. s. (hard and head.) Clash

HARBOUR, among sportsmen, is a term of heads (Dryden). applicable solely to deer, and used alone in stag HARDHÉ'ARTED. a. (hard and heart.) hunting. The harbour of a deer implies his co- Cruel ; inexorable; merciless ; pitiless (Arvert; and hence upon drawing for an outlying buthnot). deer he is said, upon being found, to be unhar

HARDHE'ARTEDNESS. s. (from hardboured, as the hare is said to be started, and the hearted.) Cruelty; want of tenderness (South). fox unkennelled.

HA'RDIHEAD. HA'RDIHOOD. s. (from HA'R BOUR. s. (herberge, French.) 1. A hardy.) Stoutness ; bravery: obsolete (Millodging; a place of entertainment (Dryden). lon). 2. An asylum ; a shelter.

"HA'RDIMENT. s. (from hardy.) CouTo HÅRBOUR. v. n. (from the noun.) To rage; stoutness; bravery: not in use (Fuirreceive entertainment; to sojourn (Dryden). fax). To HA'R BOUR. v. a. 1. To entertain; to

HA'RDINESS. S. (from hardy.) 1. Hardpermit to reside (Rowe). 2. To shelter ; to ship; fatigue (Spenser). 2. Stoutness; cousecure (Sidney).

rage; bravery (Shakspeare). 3. Effrontery; HARBOURAGE. s. (herbergage, French.) confidence, Shelter ; entertainment (Shakspeare).

HARDLABOURED. a. (hard and laHA'RBOURER. s: (from harlour.) One luur.) Elaborate ; studied (Swift). that entertains another.

HARDLY. ad. (from hurd.) 1. With HA'RBOURLESS. a. (from harbour.) difficulty; not easily (South). 2. Scarcely; Wanting harbour ; being without lodging. scant; not lightly (Swift). 3. Grudgingly, as

HARD. a. (heand, Saxon ; hard, Dutch.) an injury (Shakspeare). 4. Severely; unfaa 1. Firm; resisting penetration or separation ; vourably (Hooker). 5. Rigorously; oppressivenot soft (Shakspeare). 2. Difficult; not easy ly (Swift). 6. Unwelcomely; harshly Locke). to the intellect (Arbuthnot). 3. Difficult of 7. Not softly; not tenderly Dryden), accomplishment (Dryden). 4. Painful; dis- HA'RDMOUTHED. a. (hard and mouth.) tressful; laborious (Clarendon). 5. Cruel; Disobedient to the rein ; not sensible of the oppressive; rigorous (Allerlury). 6. Sour; bit (Dryden). rough ; severe (Shakspeare). 7. Unfavour- HA'RDNESS. s. (from hard.) 1. Durity; able; unkind (Dryden).. 8. Insensible; in- power of resistance in bodies. 2. Difficulty flexible (Dryden). g. Unhappy; vexatious to be understood (Shakspeare). 3. Difficul VOL. V.

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ty to be accomplished (Sidney). 4. Scarcity; Whitish topaz penury (Swift). 5. Obduracy; profligateness Bohemian diito

2.8 (South). 6. Coarseness; harshness of look Emerald

12 28 (Ray). 7. Keenness ; vehemence of weather Garnet

4:4 (Mor.). 8. Cruelty of temper; savageness Agate

12 2.6 (Shaks.). 9. Stiffness; harshness (Dryden). Onyx

2.6 10. Faulty parsimony; stinginess.

Sardonyx

2.6 HARDNESS, or Rigidity, that quality in Occid amethyst

11 todies by which their parts so cohere as not to Crystal yield inward, or give way to an external im. Carnelian

27 pulse, without instantly going beyond the dis- Green jasper tance of their mutual attraction; and therefore Reddish yellow ditto

9 2:6 are not subject to any motion in respect of Schoerl

3-6 each other without breaking the body. Tourmaline

3.0 Newton conjectures that the primary par- Quartz

27 ticles of all bodies, whether solid or fluid, are Opal perfectly hard; and are not capable of being Chrysolite

10 37 broken or divided by any power in nature. Zeolyte

8 2:1 These particles, he maintains, are connected Fluor together by an attractive power ; and according Calcareous spar

6 2:7 to the circumstances of this attraction, the Gypsum body is either hard, or soft, or even Huid. If Chalk the particles be so disposed or fitted for each See, farther, Haüy's Natural Philosophy, other as to touch in large surfaces, the body vol. i. page 38. will be hard; and the more so as those surfaces HARDOUIN (John), a learned French are the larger. If, on the contrary, they only Jesuit in the beginning of the 18th century, touch in small surfaces, the body, by the weak- known by the remarkable paradoxes he advanc: ness of the attraction, will remain soft, ed in his writings; this in particular, that all

Hardness appears to diminish the cohesion the works of the ancient profane writers, of bodies, in some degree, though their fran- except Cicero's works, Virgil's Georgics, Hogibility or brittleness does not by any means race's satires and epistles, and Pliny's natural keep pace with their hardness. Thus, though history, are mere forgeries. He died at Paris glass be very hard and very brittle; yet Aint is in 1729, aged 83. His principal works are, still harder, though less brittle. Among the 1. An edition of Pliny's natural history, with metals, these two priperties seem to be more notes, which is much esteemed. 2. Au ediconnected, though even here the connection tion of the Councils, which made much noise

. is by no means complete; for though steel be 3. Chronology restored by medals, 4to. 4. A both the hardest and most brittle of all the Commentary on the New Testament, folio ; in metals; yet lead, which is the softest, is not which he pretends that our Saviour and his the most ductile. Neither is hardness con- apostles preached in Latin, &c. nected with the specific gravity of bodies ; for HARDS. s. The refuse or coarser part of flax. a diamond, the hardest substance in nature, is HA'RDSHIP. s. (from hard.) 1. Injury; little more than half the weight of the lightest oppression (Swift). 2. Inconvenience ; fatigue metal. And as little is it connected with the (Sprat). coldness, or electrical properties, or any other HARDWARE. s. (hard and ware.) Maquality with which we are acquainted. Some nufactures of metal. bodies are rendered hard by cold, and others by HA'RDWAREMAN. s. A maker or seller different degrees of heat.

of metalline manufactures (Swift). Mr. Quist and others have constructed ta- HARDWICKE (Philip Yorke, earl of)

, bles of the hardness of different substances. a great English lawyer, was born at Dover in And the manner of constructing these tables Kent, in 1690. In 1718 he was elected into was by observing the order in which they were parliament for Lewes in Sussex, and in 1720 able to cut or make any impression upon one was appointed solicitor-general. In the same another. The following table, extracted from year he was made attorney-general

, which Magellan's edition of Cronstedt's Mineralogy, office he discharged with great candour and was taken from Quist, Bergman, and Kirwan. lenity. In 1733 he was appointed lord chiel The first column shews the hardness, and the justice of the king's-bench, and created a peer. second the specific gravity.

On the decease of lord Talbot, in 1736, he was Diamond from Ormus

20 307 called to the office of lord chancellor, which he Pink diamond

19 3.4 held twenty years. In 1754 he was created Bluish diamond

19 3.3 earl of Hardwicke. His lordship died in 1764, Yellowish diamond

3.3 In all his offices, particularly the last ford Cubic diamond

18 362 Hardwicke distinguished himself in such a Ruby

17
manner as to acquire the esteem of all parties

, Pale ruby from Brazils

16 3.5 and the veneration of posterity. Ruby spinell

3.4 HA'RDY. a. (hardi, French.) 1. Bold; Deep blue sapphire

16 368 brave; stout; daring (Bạcon). 2. Strong; Ditto paler

17 3.8 hard; firm (South). 3. Coufident; impu. Topaz

15 42 dent; vitiously stubborn,

19

13

HARE and Here, differing in pronun- rior to those of fox hounds, when bunting beechen ciation only, signify both an army and a lord. coverts and woodland districts. HARE. 8. (hara, Saxon.) In natural history,

Hare-hunting is the most common of all our See LEPUS and HYRUS.

hunts; but there is less fire, and incident, less HARE (Java). See Mus.

energy and activity, and far less power of showing HARE (Francis), an English prelate, was

a capital hunter to advantage thau in stag or foxeducated at Eton school, and King's college, seldom hare-hunters by inclination. Such, Mr.

hunting: and hence our boidest sportsmen are Cambridge, of which he was chosen fel- Beckford, the most scientific sportsman of the low. He was afterwards made dean of Wor- day, assures us has ever been his own feeling cester, from whence he was raised to the bi- upun the subject : adding, however, at the same shopric of Chichester, which he beld, with the time, that he respects hunting in whatever shape deanery of St. Paul's, to his death, in 1740. it appears; that it is a manly and wholesome This bishop wrote against Dr. Hoadly, in the exercise, and seems by nature designed to be the famous Bangorian controversy: he also edited amusement of a Briton. He is of opinion that Terence's comedies, and published the book more than twenty couple of hounds should never of Psalms, reduced to a metrical order. But be brought into the field ; supposing it difficult his notions on the Hebrew metre were after for a greater number to run well together; and a

pack of harriers can never be complete that runs wards refuted by bishop Lowth.

otherwise. He thinks too that the fewer hounds T. HARE. U. n. (harier, French.) To

we have, the less we foil the ground, which somefright; to hurry with terror (Locke).

times proves a hindi ance to the chase. HARE-Beli, in botany. See HYACIN- Custom has greatly varied the hour of comTHUS.

mencing this diversion witbin the last thirty years. HARE-BRAINED. a. (from hare, the verb, Before this period the hounds left the kennel at and brain.) Volatile; unsettled; wild (Bacon). day-light, took trail upon being thrown off, and

HARE'S EAR, in botany. See Bupleu- soon went up to their game; and finding it by RUM.

their own instinct, they pursued it with the more HARE'S EAR (Bastard). See PHYLLIS. determined alacrity; a brace or leash of hares

were theu killed, and the sport of the day conHARE-HUNTING, a well known field sport, of cluded by the hour it is now the fashion for the high antiquity, and said by its amateurs to have company to take the field. As the trail of a hare existed for nearly three thousand years antece- lies both partially and imperfectly wben the sport dently to the christian æra. Such sporting paleo- opens late in the day, so the difficulty of finding is logists, however should first overcome the dif- increased, in proportion to the lateness of the hour ficulty of proving that Nimrod, the mighty hunter at which the hounds are thrown off; hence it is to whom they refer, was acquainted with the hare that hare-finders, but little known formerly, are or the barrier, neither of which would be very now become truly instrumental to the sport of the easy: and it is probable that the task would not day. Yet although the services of the bare-finder be much facilitated, if they were to limit the origin are welcome to the eager and expectant sportsof the sport to the epoch of Esau, who is also man, it is on all hands admitted that they are referred to by them. However, from the reference prejudical to the discipline of the bounds; for to it by Xenophon, there can be no doubt that it having such assistance, the latter become habituhas a real claim to remote antiquity.

ally idle and wiid ; expecting the game to be Hare-hunting, though universal in every part readily found for them, they seem indifferent to of England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales, is in the task of finding it for themselves. Hounds the highest estimation in those open and cham- of this description know the bare-inder as well as paiga counties where, for want of covert, a stag thry know the huntsman, and will not only, upon or fox is never seen. Here the hares are stouter, sight, set off to meet him, but have their heads more accustomed to long nightly exercise, continually throw up in the air, in expectation inore frequently disturbed, more inured to of a v'ew Halioo !

courses before greyhounds, and bard Well-managed packs are quietly brough: up to runs before hounds; and consequently, cal- the plare of meeling; and when thrown off, a culated to afford much better sport than can be general silence should pr. vail, that every hound expected in either an inclosed or woodland coun

may

be permitted to do his own work. Hounds try. There are three varieties of the hound, with well bred, and well broken to their business, selwhich this particular chase is pursued, according dom want assistance. Officious intrusions do to the soil and natural face of the district. The more harm than good: nothing requires greater large, slow, southern hound adapted to the low, judgment or nicer observation in speaking to a swampy, marshy lands, so conspicuous in many hound, than to kaow the critical time when a parts of Lancashire, Norfolk, and some other word is wanting. counties bordering the sea. The smail, busy, in- Whenever a bare is turned out of her form, or defatigable beagle, appropriated by nature to jumps up before the houuds, the loud and general those steep, hilly, and mountainous parts, where shout that too frequently prevails not unfrequentit is impossible for the best horse and boldest ly breaks off the har's intended course, and she rider to keep constantly with the hounds: and the is headed, or turned into the body of the bounds hounds now called barriers, and originally pro- to certain death; when, on the contrary, were duced by a cross between the soutbern hound and she permitted to go off with less alarm, and to the dwarf fox; which are only fitted to succeed break view without being so closely pressed at iu those open countries, where, for want of covert, starting, there is no doubt that much better runs the hare goes five or six miles an end without a would be more generally obtained. Individual turn; as is frequently the case in many parts of emulation, again, too frequently occasion horseOxfordshire, Northamptonshire, Wiltshire, and men in hare-hunting to be too near the hounds ; Hampshire, constituting choses sometimes supe- which being naturally urged by the rattling of the

severe

on

horses, and the exulting zeal of the riders, are apt hare, and formerly in common use among poachat times to over-run the scent, and have no alter. ers, as a certain macar of drawing the hare within native but to turn and divide amidst the legs of their range. On this account it has been long the forses, as soon as they find that they prohibited by the legislature. have lost it; and to this eircumstance may be HARE LIP, (nagoleiros, Lagocheilus seu justly attributed many of the long and tedious labia leporina.) A natural defect in some faulis which so frequently occur, and render this part of the upper or under lip, so named from kind of chase the less attracting. Gentlemen who keep barriers vary much in that of an hare. In some the division is large,

some fancied resemblance in the diseased lip to their modes of hunting them; but the true sports and a great part of the lip. appears to be deman nercr deviates from the strict impartiality of

fective. the chase. If a hare be found sitting, and the

The fissure is single, double, or hounds too near at hand, they are immediately complicated; the single has an angular point drawn off, to prevent her being chopped in her somewhat like the Roman letter A reversed, form : the hare is then silently walked up by the except that the sides and points are not regular; individual who previously found her, and is per- the double is more inclined to the form of the mitted to go off at her own pace, and to take her letter M; the complicated, is when either of own course. The hounds are then drawn over the former is attended with a division of the the spot whence she started, where taking the palate on each side, in part, or extending to scent, they go off in a style of uniformity, consti- the back nostrils and uvula, in which case the tuting what may be fairly termed the beauty of latter often proves defective. the chase. Others there are who can dever

HARESBURY, a town of Wilt resist the temptation of giving the hounds a view the Willy, near Warminster, 94 miles from run the better for it. Iu addition to this humane London, is in old records called Heightsbury, method of beginning the chase, every advantage or Heytsbury; and now it is written Hatchis taken of the poor affrighted animal's distress, bury. It was once the seat of the empress amidst all its little instinctive efforts for the pre- Mand. Here are fairs May 14th, and Sep. servation of life. The hounds, instead of being tember 15th ; and it has seni members to parpermitted to run the foil, and kill the hare by dint liament ever since Henry. VI. it being an of their own persevering labour, are constantly ancient borough by prescription. There is an capped from chase to view; and the object of the alms-house here for 12 poor men and a woman. sport is most wantonly and illiberally destroyed. When hounds come to a check, not a horse bendaries, and a free school, and the place is

Here is a collegiate church with four preshould move, not a voice be heard: every hound governed by a bailiff and burgesses. should be eagerly employed, exerting all his powers for a recovery of the scent, in which, if not in the West Riding of Yorkshire, with a

HAREWOOD, a small but pretty town officiously obstructed, they will most probably soon suceced. " When in the field,” says Mr. stone bridge of 11 arches over the Wherfe, Becket, “ I never desire to hear any other tongue which runs in a bed of stone, and is as clear than a hound's." Whenever assistance to hounds as rock-water. Near it are the ruins of a castle is become unavoidably necessary, and the chase which was built soon after the conquest: as cannot be carried on without, sound judgınent also an extensive park and noble house be and experience are necessary to speedy success. longing to the family of Lascelles. Lat. 53. Casts cannot be made by any fixed, certain, or in- 55 N. Lon. I. 25 W. variable rules, but must, at different times, be HARFLEUR, a town of France, in the differently dependent upon the chase, the soil, the department of Lower Seine and late province weather, and the kind of country you are hunting of Normandy. Its fortifications have been in. It may, in one instance, be prudent to try long demolished, and its harbour choked up. forward first; in another, to try back; as it may It stands at the mouth of the Seine. Lat. 49, be judicious, or necessary, to make a small circu. lar cast at one time, and a much larger at an. 30 N. Lon. 0. 19 E. other; and although to one of the field circum

HA’RIER. 3. (from hare.) A dog for stanees may appear, in either instance, to have hunting hares (Ainsworth.) been nearly the same, yet they may not have been HARIOT, or Herior, in law, a due beso in the “ mind's eye” of the huotsman (or the longing to a lord at the death of his tenant, person hunting the hounds), upon whose superior consisting of the best beast, either horse, ox, knowledge or circumspection the good or ill ef- or cow, which he had at the time of his death; fect of the experiment should depend.

and in some manors, the best goods, piece of HARE NETS: nets for snaring bares. They

plate, &c. are called hariots. are of two sorts, one of which, termed gate-nets,

There is both bariot-service, and hariothas been already described under that name; the other are called purse-nets, and are exactly in the custom: when a tenant holds by service to form of cabbage-nets, but of larger and stronger pay a hariot at his decease, which is expressly construction, are merely auxiliaries in the same reserved in the deed of feofiment, this is a mischief to the gate-net, and are fixed either to the hariot service; and where hariots have been paling or the hedges, at the different meuses customarily paid time out of mind after the through which hares are expected to pass, when death of a tenant for life, this is termed hariot the ground has been scoured by a mute lurcher. custom. For hariot-service, the lord may The success of such villainous poaching is almost distrain any beast belonging to the tenant that certain, and sure of being extensive.

is on the land. For hariot-custom, the lord HARL-pipes, instruments so curiously con- is to seize, not distrain ; but he may seize the structed as to imitate the whining whimper of a best, beast that belonged to the tenant, though

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