Page images

be gradually increased. They will become, by A change of diet,” the author observes, " is this management, in a proper condition for the not only agreeable, but wholesome for horses, as severest exercises, without any purging or othe it contributes to keep them open in the body. evacuation. See the article PHYSIC.

Malt mixed occasionally with their food proves a Another salutary effect of grass is, that it dis- medicine. solves the concretions that are apt to grow in the “ Wheat, notwithstanding it affords the most stomach and other viscera of horses. Van Swie- nourishment, is seldom given to horses, probably ten, when treating of chalky matter found in the owing to its price being higher than that of other liver iu the human subject, says, that incrusta- grain. It is apt to purge horses a little on the first tions, like gypsum, or plaster of Paris, were often using of it; they eat it greedily, and are fond of it: observed by Glisson in the pori biliarii, and its but, as it becomes very slippery from the moislarger branches, dispersed through the livers of ture in the mouth, it is swallowed whole, and oxen that had been fed in stalls with hay and passed through the body in that state; but, when straw, during the winter season, and without it is given bruised, or mixed with chopped straw, exercise. These concretions, however, were very the horse is obliged to break it minutely with bis friable, and would « dissolve again, and pass out teeth before he can swallow it." It then proves of the body, when the cattle came to feed upon very nourishing, and enables him to go through the fresh grass of the meadows;" for, in oxen that much labour. It likewise makes a horse coat wel, are slaughtered in spring and summer, these sub- and causes bis hair to lie smooth and shining.” stances are very rarely found.

By lord Kaimes's calculation, the boll of midThe experience of Mr. Clark confirms this dling wheat weighs fourteen stone, Dutch weight; statement; for, in dissecting horses, he frequently the husks weigh two stone: for which reason, wben met with chalky concretions in the liver and in wheat is given to horses, a less quantity will be the lungs, especially in those animals that bad necessary than of oats, the proportion of nourishbeen fed tong on dry food. In other instances, ment being as the weight. he found round or oval balls in the stomach, It is well known, that barley purges horses on seeming, for the most part, to be composed of the first using of it; but, when it is given mixed the dust they lick from their own bodies, mixed with cut straw, it proves a wholesome nourishing with the hair. Whether the fresh grass dissolves diet. The Arabian, the Barbary, and other eastthese, he says, is not so certain; but that it causes ern horses, eat it; and these animals undergo great these concretions to pass through the intestines, be fatigue, and perform journeys with incredible had a full demonstration in the following instance: swiftuess. In England, however, farmers, grooms,

“ In May, 1786, a horse that had been long fed &c, are much prejudiced against feeding their on dry food was turned out to grass; in about horses with barley, as they allege that it gives eight or ten days afterwards, he was seized with them the itch. But Mr. Clark affirms, from his violent griping pains, which lasted about twenty- own experience, that it has a very opposite effect; four hours, when he died. As the horse was very and that, if horses troubled with cutaneous erupfat, the man who had the charge of him wanted tions are fed on barley, either raw or boiled, it to make something of his grease: in searching for will contribute greatly towards their cure. The it, he observed a large portion of the intestine of boll of middling barley weighs eighteen stone, a very black colour; and, on feeling it, found Dutch weight; the husks one stone four pounds. something hard and weighty. He immediately When it is boiled, it proves light, and easy of dicut the intestine open with his knife, and took out gestion; for which reason it may be properly a large oval hard ball, which measured four inches given to horses when they are sick, or to prevent in length, and three inches and a half in breadth. costiveness. That this concretion was originally formed in the “ Oats, notwithstanding they are reckoned more stomach tlere can be no doubt, as they frequent- heating and binding than any of the former grain, ly, upon dis:ection, have been found there, and yet they are generally given to borses in Britain. nothing but its great bulk had hindered it from To post and other carriage horses they are frepassing through the intestines.”—That these solid quently given mixed with beans, which obliges accumulations are not by any means unfrequent them to break both oats and beans minutely bewe have shewn under the article CALCULUS, wherefore they can be swallowed. The adding of the a means of preventing this evil is suggested by beans makes this feeding rery nourishing. On Dr. Withers of Newbery.

that account, beans should never be given mixed Mr. Clark further observes, with respect to the with oats to those horses that stand niuch at rest, properties of spring grass, that those horses that or have not sufficient exercise. The boll of midcannot be turned out to pasture should have it. dling cats weighs fourteen stone, Dutch weight; given them in the house as soon as it can be cut. the busks weigh six stone. Therefore, as oats Indeed he reprobates the too general, and even have more husks than any other grain, a greater boasted practice, of feeding horses for years toge- quantity is necessary. For this reason, it is prother on hard dry food ; to which he ascribes that bable that the standard measure of oats is larger Joathsome disease the tarcy, which prevails most than that of other grain. The constant feeding in England, where dry food is more persevered in with oats, although it is esteemed what is called than in Scotland. To the objection that horses clean feeding, yet it is apt to make horses too kept for active exercises reap no advantage from costive, &c.; to prevent which, bran, mashed up oats, &c. whilst they are at grass, because the with boiling water, is given once a-week, or as grass tends to carry off the nourishment that circumstances may require. should be produced by the former, he answers “ Beans are seldom or never given to horses that, " although the early grass purges a horse by themselves, unless to labouring horses. When gently at first feeding on it, yet this purging does they are boiled, they afford the strongest nourishnot continue long, neither is it attended with that ment of all the other grain. The boll of midweakness, faintness, and loss of fiesh, which is ob- dling beans weighs fifteen stone eight pounds; the served in horses purged by strong medicines, husks weigh eight pounds, which is the smallest where the eracuation is brought on suddenly, and proportion of husks in all the grain now mentione, perlaps to an excess."

ed. Of course, they contain more nourishment;

[ocr errors]

but, as they contain a great proportion of fixed in their constitution as to be able to run three or air, when given in a raw state and in too great a four hundred English miles in three days. They quantity, they are found to produce flatulence, subsist, summer and winter, solely upon grass in gripes, &c."

the great desarts." After having fully described the different kinds The rules of diet applicable to horses, and the of fodder, grain, &c. and their uses in the feeding common errors of those concerned in the care of of horses, Mr. Clark proceeds to consider how them, are thus judiciously treated of by Mr.Clark. these are or ought to be applied to the greatest “ As horses are not endowed with reason, but benefit. He quotes the count de Buffon (vol. iii. guided entirely by instinct to such aliments as corpage 375), who asserts, “ that the Tartar horses respond with their constitutions, the appetite for will travel two or thrte days without stopping; food excites in them a strong desire to gratify this receising, for four or five days on end, only a sense. They are therefore apt to indulge in it to handful of berbage every eight hours; and, at the excess when it is laid before them, especially same time, kepi from drinking for twenty-four grain of any kind, and more so when confined in hours." In the same volume (page 369), the the stahle, where they have no other amusement same writer says, “ that the Arabian horses are to divert them from it. For, in the fields, at rather meagre than fat. During the day they are grass, after they are satisfied with eating, they not permitted to eat, but are watered twice or run about, and play with one another a considerthrice. At sun-set, a bag, containing about half able part of their time, and do not begin to eat till a bushel of barley, is passed over their heads, and prompted to it by hunger. For this reason, there fastened to their necks. This bag is not removed are few or no instances of horses over-eating till best morning, when the barley is entirely themselves when running at grass. consumed. When the grass is good, they are “ Young horses, in particular, are most liable turned out to pasture; and, during the rest of the to be injured by too much feeding with grain. year, they are allowed neither grass nor hay, and The blood of young animals is naturally disposed rarely straw, barley being their only food: and to be hot; high feeding increases this disposition, great care is taken to give them only as much as aud renders them more subject to inflammatory is barely necessary; for too much nourishment diseases. Hence dry feeding with oats, &c. pro. makes their legs swell, and soon renders them duces a plethoric habit of body, wbich renders useless."

themi liable to fevers, swelled legs, and greasy In another place, the count tells us, that “ the heels, and, upon catching the least cold, to a yaborses which are bred in the ladies are very in- riety of other disorders. d:Terent. Those used by the great men of the “ Besides the ordinary feeding with oats, &c, at country are brought from Persia and Arabia, stated times through the day, it is too common to They are fed with hay during the day; and, at keep the racks at all times filled with hay. Hence Dirbt, in place of barley and oats, they get pease many horses, having stuffed themselves, drink a boiled with sugar and butter. This nourishing great quantity of water, and, when they come to diet supports them, and gives them some degree be exercised, they are bardly able to breathe. of strength: without it they would soon perish, Numbers of horses are daily ruined from this practhe climate not being adapted to their constitution,” tice; yet many people are not aware of its effects.

Mr. Berringerpotices that “the Indians feed their “ There are horses too of delicate stomachs, borses in the rice-fields; and, when flesh is plen- who loath their food, from its being too constant. tr, they boil the offal to rags, and, mixing it with ly before them, and not having sufficient time or buites, and some sorts of grain, make balls, which exercise to digest what they bave caten; besides, they thrust down the horses' throats. In scarcity having constantly breathed upon it, they cannot of provision, they give them opium, which has relish it afterwards. It ought, in all cases, to be ibe same effects both on horses and men; for it remembered, that it is not the quantity of food at oace damps their appetites and enables them to merely which a horse eats that produces the eodore fatigue.”

wholesomest nourishment, but it is what he dia We may here advert to Gibson's objection to gests well that invigorates and strengtheus; for, the use of greasy or oily substances as food for horses, when the stomach is overloaded with food, the

Bc5 likewise tells us (vol. iii. page 388), tbat, body is dull, heavy, oppressed, sluggish, and stue in Ierland, where the cold is excessive, and pid, and the digestive faculty is impaired. where often no other food can be had than dried Throwing great quantities of grain before fishes, the borses, though small, are extremely horses at one time is very improper : they, in this vigorous."

case, dip their mouths in it with eagerness, by * The Arabian horses intended for hunting in which means they grasp more than they can break Arabia or Barbary soldom eat herbage or grain. down properly; they devour it greedily, and swalTheir common food, which consists of dates and low whole mouthfuls of it almost dry. The natus camels' milk, is given them every morning and at ral moisture of the stomach, or water drunk impight. These aliments, instead of fattening them, mediately after eating, causes the grain to swell, reader them meagre, nervous, and very fleet, by which the stomach is greatly disteuded, and They spontaneously suck the she-camels, whom thereby loses its contractile power to act upon the they follow till the time they are ready for mount. food. By its uncommon pressure upon the intesing, which is not before the age of six or seven tines, the passage for the food backwards is ob years."

structed. The confined air, arising from the Mr. Berringer, in his curious work on horse indigested food not having a ready passage backmanship, says, “ Nemesian recommends straw wards, and horses not possessing the power of and barley as very nourishing diet; and it certain- eructation, or belching, the air, by the heat and ly conduces very much to keep horses in health,' confinement, becomes rarefied to a great degree, spirits, and wind, and in a state of body fit for and the horse is seized with the most acute pains; sny kind of labour, as it supports and strengthens, as they increase, he becomes convulsed, and in uitbout rendering the animal heavy and corpulent. many cases the stomach bursts, and death follows

The Kalmuck borses are so hardy and strong of course."


These cases clearly shew how necessary it is its kind, the diarrhea may continue with sack not to allow horses to eat too great a quantity of severity as to prove fatal; of which we have too grain at one time, but to give it them in small many instances. quantities, and repeat it the more frequently, Costiveness, which is another effect of hard dry spreading it carefully in the trough or manger. food, Mr. Clark says, should be particularly At the same time, they shew the propriety of guarded against. This, like most diseases to mixing chopped straw or hay with the grain, in which horses are liable, is easier prevented than order to make them chew it thoroughly before cured, by giving mashes of bran, boiled barley, or they swallow it; a circumstance to which the earl malt, once a-week, or oftener, by way of prevenof Pembroke particularly adverts in his excellent tion. treatise upon horses. “ Every grain,” says he, FOODFUL. a. (food and full.) Fruitful; “goes to nourishment: none is to be found in the full of food; plenteous (Dryden). dung; and three feeds of it go farther than four, FOO'DY. a. (from foud.) Eatable; fit for as commonly given, which have not been in the

food. mill. But wheaten straw, and a little hay too

FOOL. s. (ffol, Welsh.) 1. One to whom sometimes 'mixed with it, is excellent food. To a quarter of corn put' the same quantity of straw.

nature has denied reason; a natural; an ideot It obliges them to chew their meat, and is iñi (Pope). 2. (In Scripture.) A wicked man nany other ways of use."

(Psalms). 3. A term of indignity and reproach The opposite extreme, namely, too smalf ani (Dryden). 4. One who counterfeits folly; a allowance of food, when horses are worked hard, buffoon; a jester (Denham). 5. To play the also disposes them to many diseases. A famished Fool. To play pranks like a hired jester; to horse becomes weak and spiritless, his body ema. make sport (Sidney). 6. To play the Foot ciated, his circulation faint and languid. Dropsi. To act like one void of common understanding cal swellings appear' in different parts of the body, (Shakspeare). 7. To make a Fool of. To but particularly in the extremities; the blood loses disappoint; to defeat (Shakspeare). its natural colour and quality, and the animal

70 Fool. v. n. (from the noun. To trifle; sinks under a complication of diseases, which are

to toy; to play; to idle; to sport (Hervert). consequent upon an impoverished state of the

Tó Fooi. v. a. 1. To treat with contempt; blood and juices. “ Hence, therefore, it will appear,” says Mr. Clark, “ what care and attention to disappoint; to frustrate; to defeat (B. Jonare necessary in the feeding of horses, and how son). 2. To infatuate; to make foolish (Ca. much depends on the conducting it in a proper lamy). 3. To cheat; as, to fool one of his and regular manner.

“Although it is extremely difficult to lay down FOOʻLBORN. a. (fool and born.) Foolish any fixed rates for the feeding of horses, yet it from the birth (Shakspeare). may be observed, in general, that all extremes in FOOʻLERY. s. (from fool.) 1. Habitual the feeding of them ought to be avoided. Those folly (Shakspeare). 2. An act of folly; trithat are constantly employed in hard labour, or fling practice (Watts). 3. Object of folly active exercises, require to be fed with more grain (Raleigh). than those that stand much at rest in the stable, FOOLHA'PPY. a. (fool and happy.) or only perform gentle exercises, which occasion no great waste in the constitution. Upon the Lucky without contrivance or judgment (Spenwhole, the feeding of horses ought at all times to


FOOLHA'RDINESS. s. (from foolhardy.) be proportioned to their labour, or the exercises they are employed in.

Mad rashness; courage without sense (South). " Post-horses, hunters, and other horses em

FOOLHA'RDISE, s. (fool and hardiesse, ployed in such violent exercises, ought to be fed French.) Foolhardiness: obsolete (Spenser). chiefly with grain during the time of their being FOOLHA'RDY. a. (fool and hardy.) Darso employed. The former frequently eat from ing without judgment; madly adventurous four to six or more feeds of oats, mixed with (Hooker). beans, per day, of the oat standard measure, FOO'LISH. a. (from fool.) 1. Void of onwhich is the largest measure of all other grain. derstanding; weak of intellect. But this bigh feeding should not be continued for dent; indiscreet (Shakspeare).

2. Impru

3. Ridicul. too great a length of time, without a little relaxation both from severe labour and high feeding: ous; contemptible (Law). 4. (In Scripture.) The latter should be changed occasionally to that

Wicked; sinful. which is soft and moist, as boiled barley, malt, or

FOOʻLISHLY. ad. (from foolish.). Weaka little fresh grass in the season. This should be ly;, without understanding. In Scripture, continued for a short time only, by way of change wickedly (Swift). of diet.

FOO'LISHNESS. s.(from foolish.) 1. Fol" Wheat and barley should likewise be given to lý; want of understanding. 2. Foolish prachorses frequently, by way of a change of diet; and tice ; 'actual deviation from the right (Prior). all grain that is given them, if possible, should be FOO'LSTONES. s. A plant (Miller). bruised in à mill, or otherwise, for the reasons al- FOOLSTONES, in botany. See OrchiS. ready mentioned. This would not only be a saving of grain, but attended with considerable to catch fools in (Dryden).

FOOʻLTRAP. s. (fool and trap.) A spare advantage in other respects."

FOOT. s. plural feet. (FOT, Sax.). 1. The Too new grain of any kind should never be given to horses that are employed in active exeră part upon which we stand (Clarend.). 2. That cises: it produces the same bad effects as new hay; by which any thing is supported in the nature and disposes the horse to sweat much, and free of a foot: as, the foot of a tuble. 3. The lower quently occasions a severe looseness. Indeed, if part; the base (Hakewill). _4. The end; the the grain, at the same time, chance to be bad of lower part (Dryden). 5. The act'of walking

(baccabees). 6. On Foot. Walking; with the skin where the close separates' is a small out carriage. 7, On Foot. In a posture of hole (not natural), through which the insect, action (Shakspeare). 8. Infantry; footmen in when yet small, gets its entrance, and by dearins (Clarendon).' 9. State; character; con- grees has worked itself upwards along the leg, dition (Addison). 1o. Scheme; plan; settle- between the outward skin and bone, and obment (Swift). 11. A state of incipient exist. tains its largest magnitude. Proportionally it ence (Tillotson). 12. A certain number of finds its nourishment, and is left undisturbed. syllables constituting a distinct part of a verse This worm must be extracted by moving the (Aschan). 13. Motion; action (Grew.) 14. claws backward and forward in contrary diStep (L'Estrange). 15. A measure contain- rections; and it will not be long before the ing twelve inches.

under. part of the worm makes its appearance Foot (Square), is a square, each side of at the above-mentioned sınall hole ; and conwhich is 12 inches; its surface, therefore, con- tinuing the same operation of moving the tains 144 square inches.

claws, the whole worm will work itself out; Foot (Solid), is a cube whose three dimen- which is better than when at its first appearsions are each 12 inches : its capacity is there ance it is attempted to be drawn out with 'danfore 1798 cubic inches.

ger of breaking off, for part of it might re. Foot of a horse extends from the fetlock- main in the sheep's leg, and by its rotting there joint to the outer sole at the bottom of the be hurtful .This easy and simple operation will hoof: it includes the coronary-bone, the nut- be found effectual without any other kind of bone, the coffin-bone, and the inner sole (or application whatever, nature herself curing the membranous mass), in which it is deposited; channel which the worm had made along the as well as the frog and the wall or hoof sur- leg. rounding and supporting the whole.

FOOTSTALK, has been put by English To Foot. v. n. (from the noun.). 1. To writers both for the peduncle and petiole. See dance; to tread wantonly; to trip (Dryden). Pedunculus and Petiolus. 2. To walk; not ride (South).

FOOTE (Samuel), an English dramatic To Foor. o. a. 1. To spurn; to kick writer and performer, was born at Truro, in (Skakspeare). 2. To settle; to begin to fix Cornwall, in 1792. His father was a justice (Shakspeare). 3. To tread (Tickel). of the peace for that county, and his mother

FOOTBALL. s. (foot and ball.) 1. A ball sister to sir John Dinely Goodere, of Herecommonly made of a blown bladder, cased fordshire, who was murdered by his brother, * rith leather, driven by the foot (Waller). 2: captain Goodere, at Bristol. Foote was eduThe sport or praetice of kicking the football cated at Worcester college, Oxford, from (Artatkrent).

whence he removed to the Temple; but the FOOTBOY. s. (foot and boy.) A low me. liveliness of his mind did not suit with the pronial; an attendant in livery (Boyle).

fession of the law; he therefore abandoned it FOOTBRIDGE. s. Á bridge on which for the stage. passengers walk; a narrow bridge (Sidney). His first performance was in the character

FOOTCLOTH. 5. A sumpter cloth (Shake of Othello. In 1747 he opened the little speare).

theatre in the Haymarket, with a dramatic FOOT DEROBE, in the manage. A horse's piece of his own, called, The Diversions of the foot has this appellation when it is worn and Morning, which was represented above forty wasted by going without shoes, so that, for mornings to crowded audiences. The next want of hoof, it is a hard matter to shoe him. season he brought forward another exhibition, A horse's foot is said to be worn and wasted, called, An Auction of Pictures, in which he called in French usé, when he has but little took off some of the most noted characters of hoof, and not enough for shoeing.

the day. He still continued to play at one or FOOT-FAT, in the manage. A horse is other of the theatres, and frequently brought said to have a fát foot, when the hoof is so thin' out new pieces. In 1760 he produced the and weak, that unless the nails be driven very Minor at his own house in the Haymarket, short, he runs the risk of being pricked in and from that time it became a summer theashoeing.

tre. In 1766 he had the misfortune to break FOÛT-HALT, the name of a particular dis- his leg while on a visit to lord Mexborough's order incident to sheep. It arises from an in- in the country, in consequence of which he sect, which, when it comes to a certain ma- was obliged to have it amputated. He now turity, reserables a worm of two, three, or four began to acquire a great deal of money, and his inches in length. The first appearance of the genius being very prolific, he every season promalady is, when the sheep give signs of being duced some laughable caricature of persons lame, which increases so far as to prevent his well known; which filled the theatre, and congrazing; when, what with want of sufficient sequently his pockets. In 1776 he attacked a food, and pain, the poor animal suffers greatly, lady, then the subject of much convers&and singers till it dies a natural death, if not tion; but his piece was suppressed ; and some properly attended to by extracting the insect ; charges were brought against him of a very which is very easily done.

serious nature, no less than of his having been As soon as the lameness-is perceived, let the guilty of an unnatural offence. He was how foot that is lame be examined between the nourably acquitted of this accusation; bat it had close of the claws, and it will be found that in a deep effect upon his mind, and the year fole


lowing he died at Dover, in his way to France, FOʻPPERY. s. (from fop.) 1. Folly; int for the benefit of his health. His remains pertinence (Shakspeare). 2. Affectatiou of were brought to town, and interred in West- show, or importance; showy folly. 3. Foolminster abbey. Foote has been called the En- ery; vain or idle practice (Siilling fleet). glish Aristophanes, and no greater proof can FO'PPISH. a. (from fop.) 1. Foolish; idle; be given of his comic powers than in the fol- vain (Shakspeare). 2. Vain in show; foollowing anecdote, related by Dr. Johnson: ishly ostentatious (Garth). “ The first time," says he, I was in com- FOʻPPISHLY. ad. Vainly; ostentatiously. pany with Foote, was at Fitzherbert's. Hav- FOʻPPISHNESS. s. Vavity; showy or osing no good opinion of the fellow, I was re- tentatious vanity. solved not to be pleased; and it is very difficult FOʻPPLING. s. (from fop.) A petty fop; to please a man against his will. I went on an underrate coxcomb (Tickel). eating iny dinner pretty sullenly, affecting not FOR. prep. (fon, Saxon.) 1. Because of: to mind him; but the dog was so very comical, he died for love (Hooker). 2. With respect to; that I was obliged to lay down my knife and with regard to: the troops for discipline were fork, throw myself back in my chair, and fair- good (Stilling fleet). 3. In the character of: ly laugh it out. Sir, he was irresistible." His he slood candidate for his friend (Locke). dramatic works have been published in 4 vols. With resemblance of: he lay for dead (Dry8vo.

den). 5. Considered as; in the place of: FOO’TED. a. Shaped in the foot (Grew). rushness stands for valour (Clarendon). 6. In

FOOTFIGHT. s. A fight made on foot, in advantage of; for the sake of: he fights for opposition to that on horseback (Sidney). fame (Cowley). 7. Conducive to: this sick

FOOTHOLD. s. Space to hold the foot; "ness is for good (Tillotson). 8. With intenspace on which one may tread surely (L'E- tion of going to a certain place: he is gone for strange),

Oxford (Hayward). 9. In comparative reFOOTING. s. (from foot.) 1. Ground for spect: for height this boy is a man (Dryden). the foot (Shukspeare). 2. Support; root (Dry- 10. With appropriation to: frieze is for ols den). 3. Foundation; basis (Locke). 4 Place; men (Shakspeare). 11. After O an expression possession (Dryden). 5. Tread; walk (Mil- of desire: 0 for better times (Shakspeare). ton). 6. Dance (Shaks.). 7. Steps; road; 12. In account of; in solution of: I speak track (Bacon). 8. Entrance; beginning; enough for that question (Burnet) 13. Inducestablishment (Dryden). 9. State; condition; ing to as a motive: he had reason for his consettlement (Arbuthnot).

duct (Tillotson). 14. In expectation of: ke FOOTLICKER. s. (font and lick.) A stood still for his follower (Locke). 15. Nota slave ; an humble fawner (Shakspeare). ing power of possibility: it is hurd for me to

FOOTMAN. s. (foot and man.) 1. A sol- learn (Taylor). 16. Noting dependence : for dier that marches and fights on foot (Raleigh). a_good harvest there must be fine weather 2. A low menial servant in livery (Bacon). 3. (Boyle). 17. In prevention of; for fear of: One who practises walking or running. he wrapped up for cold (Bacon). 18. In re

FOOTMANSHIP.s. (from footman.) The medy of: a medicine for the gout (Garret son). art or faculty of a runner (Hayward). 19. In exchange of : money for goods (Drie FOOTPACE. s. (foot and pace.) 1. Part den). 20. In the place of ; 'instead of .

Q cluó of a pair of stairs, whereon, after four or five for a weapon (Couley). 21. In supply of; to steps, you arrive to a broad place (Moxon). 2. serve in the place of (Dryden). 29. Through A pace no faster than a slow walk.

a certain duration : it lasted for a year (Rose FOOTPAD). s. (foot and pad.) A high- common). 23. In search of; in quest of: he wayman that robs on foot.

went for the golden fleece (Tillotson). 24. AcFOOTPATH. s. (foot and path.) A nar- cording to: for aught I know, it was otherwise row way which will not admit horses (Shak- (Boyle). 25. Noiing a state of fitness or reaspeare).

diness (Dryden). 26. In hope of: he urole FOOTPOST. s. (foot and post.) A post for money (Shakspeare). 27. Of tendency to; or messenger that travels on foot (Carew). toward : his wish was for peace (K'nolles). 28.

FOOTSTALL. s. (foot and stall.) A wo. In favour of; on the part of: l'eing honest key man's stirrup.

fought for the king (Cowley). 29. Noring acFOOTSTEP. s. (foot and step.) 1. Trace; cominodation or adaptation : the tool is too track; impression left by the foot (Denham). britile for the wood (Felton). 30. With in2. Token; mark; notice given (Bentley). 3. tention of: the book was contrived for young: Example.

students (Tillotson). 31. Becoming; belongFOOTSTOOL. s. (foot and stool.) Stool ing to: must is for a king (Cowley). 32. Noton which he that sits places his feet.

withstanding: he might have entered for the FOP. s. (probably derived from the vappa of keeper (Bentley). 33. To the use of; to be. Horace, applied in the first satire of the first used in (Spenser). 34. In consequence of :: book to the wild and extravagant Nævius). A he did it for anger (Dryden). 35. In recomsimpleton; a coxcomb; a man of small un- pense of; in return of: he worked for money. derstanding and much ostentation; a pretender formerly paid (Dryden). 36. In proportion (Roscommon).

to: he was tall for his age (Shakspeare), 37. FOʻPDOODLE. s. (fop and doodle.) A By means of ; by interposition of: bul for me fool; an insignificant wretch (Hudilras). you had failed (Hale).' 38. In regard of; in

« PreviousContinue »