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277 1512, or as 913 to 512, or as 282429556181 Q, R, S, &c. denote the preceding terms, and take te 244140625. See the demonstration of this rule as miny terms of this series as there are units in in Doctrine of Chances, p. 52.

6+1, (for b representing the number of black Prob. Vil. Tz09 gamesters A and B lay by tarenty 0+1), then the sums of the first, fourth, seventh,

counters, the number of drawings cannot exceed of our counters, and play zoith three dice on this condition, se it if :'even points corre up, A shall take one counter out

&c. terms, of the second, fifth, eighth, &c. terms, the he?; if fourteen; B shill take one; and he shall and of the third, sixth, &c. terms will be the rebe reput. the spinner who shali soonest get izveive spective expectations of A, B,C; or, as the stake

is fixed, these sums will be proportional to their This problemn differs from the preceding, in that respective probabilities of winning. Let n, then, the game must necessarily end in twenty-three in the case of this problem, = 12, a = 4, and 6=8; throws, whereas in the former, the play inay be and the general series will become : * P + unlimited, on account of the reciprocations of loss

12 11 and gain, which destroy one another. Let a and 7

3 b represent the proportion of the chance for

-T

U+

6 5 throwing 11 and 14 ; and raise a ti to the twentythird power, or to a power whose index is the -Y; or, multiplying the whole by 495 in order Dumber of all the counters wanting one, and the 12 first terms of that power will be to the 12 last

to take e away the fractions, the series will be 165+ in the saine proportion as the probabilities of

120 + 84 + 56 + 35 + 20+ 10+ 4+1; and A will winning

have 165 + 56+10=231, B, 120 + 35+4=159, Prob. VIII. Three gamesters A, B, and C, out of a

ard C, 84 + 20 + 1 =105; therefore their respect. karticeive counters, of which four are white and ive probabilities of winning will be proportional agk: black, dresu Hindfuld one counter at a time, in this

to the numbers 231, 159, and 105, or 77, 53, Eimar : A bezins is draw, B follows A, C follows B;

and 35. ther A begins again : ard they continue to draw in the

Prob. IX. A and B having twelve counters, four of same order, till one of them, who is to be reputed the them white, and eight blach ; A wagers with B, thes @larer, draws the first white: what are their respective taking out seven counters, blindfold, three of them shall be prséabilities of winning? Let n be the number of white : what is the ratio of their expectancies ? 1. Seek counters, e the number of white, and b the num- how many cases there are for seven counters to ber of black, and i the stake or sum played for. be taken out of twelve ; they will be found froir

1. A has a chances for a white counter, and b the doctrine of combinations to be 792 chances for a black one; and, therefore, the pro

6

-X

i*ä*5** * bability of his winning is

=792. a+b

2. Set aside three white ones, and find all the cases pectation on the stake 1, when he begins to draw, wherein four of the eight black ones may be is 4x1=4: Dow“ being taken out of the

combined therewith ; they will be found to be 70. 7

5

-X X X-= 70.

6 stake, there will remain, 1

And since there are four cases, in which three 2. B has a chances for a white counter, and the white may be taken out of four ; multiply 70 by 4 : pumber of remaining counters is n–1; therefore thus the cases, wherein three whites may come

out with four blacks, are found to be 280. his probability of winning will be — and his 3. By the common rules of gaming, he is re.

puted conqueror, who produces an effect oftener

b especiation on the remaining stake will be than he undertook to do, unless the contrary be

expressly agreed on; and therefore, if A take out ab subtract ab b

four whites with three blacks, he wins. Set aside

from aud #* (1-1) n*(n-1)

four whites, and then find all the cases wherein h ab

three of the eight blacks may be combined with the remaining stake will be

four whites : these cases will appear to be 56. n*(1-1)

7 6 **-$-ab

56. ; but nb-abebb; therefore it will 1

3 **(n-1)

4. A therefore has 280+56=336 chances, 6 x (6–1)

whereby he may win; which, subtracted from the ax(n-1)

whole number of chances 792, leaves 456, the S. C has a chances for a white counter, and the number of chances wherein he may lose. Divide number of remaining counters is n–2; therefore 336 by 792, and the quotient

336 14 his probability of winning will be

792 33 and his

press the probability of A's winning; and im expectation in the remaining stake will be i4 19 6 x (0-1)x4

the probability of his losing; and there

33 ** (x-1) (1-2)

fore the odds against taking three white counters 4. A may have out of the remainder the sum are 19 to 14. 6 x (0-1) x (642) x 4

From the solution of this problem it appears,

&e. till the whole -X (n-1) * (1–2)*(n-3)

that, if a BE= the number of white counters, 6 stake be exbausted.

the number of black, in the whole number =a +b, b

c the number of counters to be taken out of Wherefore, write down the series

Pn, and p the number of white counters to be

found precisely in c, then the number of chances b-2 b-3

-s, &c. in whieli P, for taking none of the white, or one single white, 113

or two white and no more, or three white and ne

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9g; or the odds 92 to 7.

more, or four white and no more, &c. will be ex« ratio of their expectancies. This problem M. Ber

a-2

noulli solves analytically. Here, calling the pressed by 1xx

&c.

number of gamesters 12+1, he finds that the prob' 16-2

babilities of any two immediately following &c. continued till the num- each other in the course of playing, are in the 3

ratio 1 + 2n to 2n; and therefore the expectancies ber of terms in which there is a be equal to P, of the several gamesters, A, B, C, D, E, &c. are and the number of terins in which there is b be in a geometrical progression 1 + 29 : 21 :: 4:0 equal to cấp. And the number of all the chances ::c:d::d:e, &c. Hence it is easy to deterfor taking a certain number c of counters out mine the state of the probabilities of any two of the number n is expressed by the series gamesters, either before the game, or in the course . n-1 &c. continued to as many terms

thereof. If, e. gr. there be three gamesters, A, B, 11

C, then n=2 and 1 + 21: :21: : : 5:4::8:c; that as there are units in c, for a denominator. E. gr. is, their several probabilities of winning, before Resume the supposition of the problem, only that A have overcome B, or B, C, are as the numof the seven counters drawn, there shall not be bers 5, 5, 4; and therefore their expectancies are ope white; and let p=0, and c-p=T=bl; then 5

4 taking 1 of the first series and 7 terms of the se- 14' 14' 14

: for all of them taken together must cond, the number of chances will be 1x8; the make 1, or absolute certainty. After A has orer. ratio of which to all the 7's that can be taken out

come B, the probabilities for A, B, and C, will be 8 of 12 is

: therefore the odds that there 792 99

as in the answer above. If there

7 shall be one or inore white counters among the 7, be four gamesters, A, B, C, D, their probabilities which are drawn are 98 to 1. The probability from the beginning will be as S1, 81, 72, 64. Afof drawing one white counter and no more will be ter A has beat B, ihe ses eral probabilities of B, D, 112 14 792 99' or the odds 85 to 14: the probability C, A, will be as 25, 32, 36, 56, respectively. Af

ter A has beat B and C, the probabilities of C, B, of drawing all the 4 white among the 7 will be D, A, will be as 16, 18, 29, 87. 56 7

If n and c

Prob. XII. Three gamesters, A, B, and C, whose 792

dexterities are equal, deposit each one piece, and engage were large, the foregoing method would be im- upon these terms: that two of them shall begin to play, practicable; and, therefore, the following theorem and that the vanquished party shall give place is the may be used. Let n, c, and p be as before; and third, who is to take up the conqueror; and the same make a-c=d. The probability of taking pre- condition to go round: each person when vanquisked, fercisely the number p of white counters will be feiting a certain sum to the main stake; which shall be cxc-1x6-2, &c. xdxd-lxd-2, &c. *

all swept by the person who first beats the other two suce 0-1

cessively. How much, now, is the chance of A, and B, &c.

better or worse than that of C? 1. If the forfeiture

be to the sum each person first deposited, as 7 to nxn-1x11-2x n-3xn-4x2–5xn-oxn 6, the gamesters are upon an equal footing. 2. If -7*n-8, &c.

the forfeiture be in a less ratio to the depasit, A Note, The first series of the numerator contains and B are on a better footing than C; if in a as many terms as there are units in p; the second greater ratio, the advantage is on the side of C. as many as there are units in a-p; and the third 3. If there were no fines, the probabilities of win. as many as there are units in p; and the denomi- ning would be proportional to the expectations ; nator as many as there are units in a.

and the expectations, after the first game, would To avoid tiresome prolixity in this article, we be

the first belonging to B, the semust desist from farther investigations; which, in the following problems, grow very long, and cond to C, and the third to A; and, therefore, more perplexed. In the rest, therefore, we shall dividing the sum of the probabilities belonging to content ourselves to give the answer, or result, A and B into two equal parts, the probabilities of without the process of arriving at it; which may winning would be proportional to the numbers 5, be of use, as it furnisbes so many data, from 4,5; and it is 5 to 2 before the play begins that whence, as standards, we may be enabled occa- either d or B win the set, or 5 to 4 that one of sionally to judge of the probability of events of them who shall be fixed upon win it. 4. If three the like kinds; though without leiting the mind gamesters, A, B, and C are engaged in a povie, into the precise manner and reason thereof. and have not time to play it out, but agree to die

Prob. X. A and B play with two dice on this condi- vide (s) the sum of the stake and fines, in proportion, that A shall win, if he throws six: and B, if he throws seven: A to have the first throw, in licu of

tion to their respective chances; s will be the which B to have two throws; and both to continue with

2 two throws each turn, till one of them wins: What is share of B, who has got one game:-s that of C,

7 the ratio of the chance of A to that of B? Ans. As 10355 to 12276.

who should next come in, and the share of

7 Prob. Xl. If any number of gamesters, A, B, C, D, E, &c. equal in point of dexterity, deposit cacb one

A, wbo was last beat. piece of money; and engage, on these conditions, that two of

M. Bernoulligires an analytical solution of the ihem, A and B, beginning the game, whichever of them

same problem, only made more general; as not shall be overcome, shall give place to the third C, who is to being confined to three gamesters, but extending play with the conqueror; and the conqueror here to be taken

to any number at pleasure. up by the fourth man D; and thus on, till some one, having Prob. XIII. A and B, two gamesters of equal dexconquered them all round, draws the stake: what is the terity, play with a given number of balls; after sene

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*ix!, A wants ! of being up, and B 3: what is the one below the proslambanomenos : the latter ratio of their chances ? A's expectancy is worth he called hypo-proslambanomenos, and denote of the stake, and I's only

ed it by the Jetier G or the Greek r gamma,

so that their 8

which, being at the foot of the scale, imparted chances are as 7 to 1.

a name to the whole. The gainmut was diProb. XIV. Tavo gamesters, A and B, of equal vided into three columns, the first called molle dexterity, are engaged in play, on this condition, ihat (Hat), the second natural, and the third durum as often as A exceeds B, be shall give him one piece (sharp). It consisted of twenty notes, viz. of money; and that B shall do the like, as oft as a

two octares and a major sixth. The first ocexceeds him; and that they shall not leave off till one bas won all the other's money; and now baving four G, A, B, &c. The second by sınall letters,

tave was distinguished by capital letters, as pieces, two by-stenders, R and S, lay a wager on number of turns in which the game shull be finished; ,, a, b, 8c. and the supernumerary sixth by viz. R, that it sball be over in ten turns: what is double letters, as gg, aa, bb, &c. By the

560 35 word gammut we now generally understand the palme of the expectancy of s?

1024 64

the whole present existing scale ; and to learn of the wager; or it is to that of R as 560 to 464: the names and situations of its different notes

is to learn the gammut. and subtractine 67 from 1, the remainder will 'GAN, for began, from 'gin, for begia

64 express the probability of the play ending in ten

(Spenser). games, and it is 35 to 29, if two equal gamesurs

GANACHES, in the inanage, the two play together, that there will not be four stakes bones on each side of the hinder part of a jost on either side in ten games.

horse's head, opposite its onset, or neck, which If each player has five pieces, and the wager form the lower jaw, and give it motion. Here were, that the game shall end in ten turns, and the it is that those glands are placed which are dexterity of A were double that of B, the expect- chiefly affected in the strangles or glanders.

3800 ancy of S would be

TO GANCH. v. a. (gunciare, Italian.) To 6501

drop from a high place upon hooks, by way of If each gamester hare four pieces, and the ratio punishment; a practice in Turkey. of the dexterities be required to make it an even GA'NDER. s. (gandjia, Saxon.) The male eager, that the game shall end in four turns, it of the goose. See Anas. will be found that the one must be to the other as

GANDERSHEIM, a town of Lower 5.274 to 1. And if the skill of either be to that of Saxony, in Germany. Lat. 51. 54 N. Lon. the oiher as 13 407 to 1, it is a wager of 3 to 1,

18. 20 E. that the play will be ended in four gam's. If each gamester have four pieces, and the ratio

TO GANG. v. a. (gangen, Dutch.) To go; of their dexterities be required to make it an even

to walk : an old word not now used, except lay, that the game shall be ended in six turns, the ludicrously (Spenser. Ar!uthnot). answer will be found to be as 2.576 to 1.

GANG. s. (from the verb.) A number Prob. XV. Two gamesters, A and B, of equal herding together; a troop; a company; a dexterity, having agreed not to leave off playing till tribe (Prior). ten games are over: a spectator, R, lays a wager GANGES, a river of Asia, which rises by soitk another, s, that by that time, or before, A two branches from the mountains of Kentaisse, shall have beat B by three games : what is the value in the country of Thibet; these two branches

350 of the expectancy of R?

of the same

take a westerly direction, inclining to the north, 1024' 32

for a course of about 300 miles in direct diswager; or it is to that ot' S, as 352 to 672. See tance, when meeting the great chain or ridge BASSET, HAZARD, LOTTERY, PIQUET, QUA- of mount Himmaleh, which extends from DKULLE, RAFFLING, WHISK, &c.

Cabul along the north of Hindustan, and GAMMARUS, in the Fabrician system of through Thibet, the rivers are compelled to entomology, a tribe of the cancer genus. See turn to the south, in which course they unite CANCER.

their waters, and form

what is properly termed GAMMER. s. The compellation of a wo- the river Ganges. This body of water now man corresponding to gaffer.

forces a passage through the ridge of mount GAMMON. s. (gemlone, Italian.) 1. The Himmaleh, at the distance, possibly, of 100 buttoek of a hog salted and dried; the lower miles below the place of its first approach to it, end of the flitch (Dryden). 2. A kind of play and sapping its foundation, rushes through a with dice (Thomson).

cavern, and precipitates itself into a vast bason, GAMMUT, GAMUT, or Gam-ut, in which it has worn in the rock, at the hither foot music, the name given to the table or scale of the mountains. From this second source laid down by Guido Aretinus, to the notes of (as it may be termed) of the Ganges, its course which he applied the syllables, ut, re, mi, fa, becomes more eastwardly than before, through sol, la. See Guido.

the rugged country of Sirinagur, until, at Hurd. The gammut is also called the harmonical war, it finally escapes from the mountainous hand, because Guido first arranged his noies tract, in which it has wandered for about 800 upon the figure of a hand.

British miles. At Hurdwar it opens itself a This scale is an improvement upon the dia- passage through mount Sewallick; which is gram of the ancients, which was indeed con- the chain of mountains that borders on the fined withia too narrow limits. Guido added level country, on the north of the province of four notes above the note hyperbolæon, and Delhi. After entering Hindustan, it passes

11

Or

or foot.

by Anopsheer, Furruckabad, Canoga, Cawn. Hebe. He deified this youth, and to comfort pour, Allahabad, where it is joined by the his father, made him a present of some very Jumna, Merzapour, Chunar, Benares, Paina, swift horses. The abbe Pluche observes, thirty-six miles above which it is joined by that Ganymede was the name of the horse or the Dewah, and sixteen vuiles above the same image exposed by the ancient Egyptians, to town by the Soane, and opposite to it by the warn the people before their annual inundaGunduck. After leaving Patna, it passes by tions, to raise their terraces to a just and proBar, Monghir, forty iniies east of which it is per height. joined by the Cosa, it then passes by Rajemal, GANZA, a kind of wild goose (Hudibras). forty miles below which it is joined by a branch GAOL (guola, Fr. geole, i.e. caveala, a of the Sanpoo, or Teesta, and eighty miles be. cage for birds), is used metaphorically for a low that by another branch of the same river. prison. It is a strong place or house for keepSoon after which it divides into a multitude of ing of debtors, &c. and wherein a man is rebranches, called the Mouths of the Ganges, strained of his liberty to answer an offence which empty themselves into the Bay of Ben- done against the laws and every county hath gal, in Lai. 21. 40. to 22 N. See Burram- two gaols ; one for deblors, which may be any FOOTER.

house where the sheriff pleases; the other for The Hindus regard this river as a kind of the peace and matters of the crown, which is deity; hold its waters in high veneration, and the county gaol. If a gaol be out of repair, or visit it annually from all parts of Hindustan, in insufficient, &c. justices of peace, in their order to perforin certain superstitious rites. quarter sessions, may contract with workmen

GANGLION. (ganglion, yeyyar, a kuot.) for the rebuilding or repairing it; and by their In anatomy, is applied to a knot in ihe course warrant order the sum agreed on for that pur. of a nerve. In surgery it is an encysted tumour, pose to be levied on the several hundreds and forined in the sheath of a tendon, and con- other divisions in the county by a just rate, taining a fluid like the white of an egg. It 11 & 12 William III. c. 19.' See Prison. most frequently occurs on the back of the hand GAOL-DELIVERY. The administration

of justice being originally in the crown, in GANGRENE. (gangræna, ymgyfarw ; from former times our kings in person rode through yeyow, to feed upon.) A mortification of any the realm once in seven years, to judge of aud part of the body, before endowed with vitality. determine criines and offences; afterwards It is known by the insensibility, coldness, justices in eyre were appointed'; and since, lividness, and flaccidity of the part, and by the justices of assise and gaol-delivery, &c. A fætor it exhales.

commission of gaol.delivery is a patent in naTo Ga'NGRENE. v.a. (gungrener, French.) ture of a letter from the king to certain persons, To corrupt to inortification (Dryden). appointing them his justices, or two or three

To Ga'NGRENE. v. ii. To become mortified of them, and authorising them to deliver his (Wiseman).

gaol at such a place of the prisoners in it: for GA'NGRENOUS. a. (from gangrene.) which purpose it coinmands them to meet at Alortified; producing or betokening mortifica- such a place, at the time they themselves shall tion (Arluthnot).

appoint; and informs theun, ihat, for the same GANGUE, or MATRIX, is a general term purpose, the king hath commanded his sheriff

express the earthy and stony substances in of the same county to bring all the prisoners which metallic ores are generally enveloped. of the gaol and their attachments before thein These substances are various ; frequently spar, at the day appointed. The justices of gaolquartz, fluors, hornblend, or sulphat of barytes. delivery are empowered by the common law to By German mineralogists, the word gang is proceed upon indictments of felony, trespass, used in a different sense, to denote the inetallic &c., and to order to execution or reprieve: vein itself.

they may likewise discharge such prisoners as GA'NGWAY. s. In a ship, the several on their trials are acquitted, and those against ways or passages from one part of it to the other. whom, on proclamation being made, no evi.

GANGWEEK. s. (gang and week.) Roga. dence has appeared : they have authority to tion week.

try offenders for treason, and to punish many GANJAM, a town of the peninsula of Hin- particular offences, by statute 2 Hawk. 24. dustan, in one of the northern Circars, subject 2 Hale's Hist. Placit. Cor. 35. to the English. Lat. 19. 22 N. Lon. 85, GAOLER, the keeper of a gaol or prison. 20 E.

Sheriffs are to make such gaolers for whom GANNET, in ornithology. See Pelí. they will be answerable: but if there be any GANTELOPE. GA'NTLET. « (gante- him for an escase, &c., yet the sheriff is most lope, Dutch.) A military punishment, ir usually charged.-2. Inst. 592. Where a which the criminal running beiween the ranks gaoler' kills a prisoner by hard usage, it is receives a lash from each man (Dryden). felony.-3. Inst. 52. No fee shall be taken

GANAMEDE, in fabulous history, son of by gaolers, but what is allowed by law and Tros, king of Troy, was the most beautiful settled by the judges, who may determine petiyouth that ever was seen. Jupiter was so tions against their extortions, &c. 2 Geo. II. charmed with him, that he carried him away, c. 22. and made hiin his cup-bearer in the room of GAP. s. (from gape.) 1. An opening in a

CANUS.

broken fence (Tusser). 2. A breach (Knolles). GARBEL. S. A plank next the keel of a 3. Any passage (Dryden). 4. An avenue; an ship. open way (Spenser). 5. A hole; a deficiency GA'RBIDGE. GA'RBISH. s. Corrupted (More). 6. Any interstice; a vacuity (Swift). from garbage (Mortimer). 7. An opening of the mouth in speech during T, GARBLE. v. a (garbellare, Italian.) the pronunciation of two successive vowels To sift; to part; to separate the good from the (Pope). 8. To stop a Gap. To escape by bad (Locke). some mean shift (Swift) 9. To stand in the GARBLER. s. (from garble.) He who GAP. To make defence.

separates one part from another (Swift). GAP, an ancient town of France, in the de- GARCILASSO, or GARCIAS LASSO DE partment of the Upper Alps, and lately a bi- LA VEGA, an eminent Spanish poet, was deshop's sec. It is seated on the small river scended from a noble family, and born at Bene. Lat. 44. 34 N. Lon. 6. 10 E. Tolerlo in 1500. He was educated under the

GAP-TOOTHED. a. (gap and tooth.) Hav- eye of the emperor Charles V. who had a para ing interstices between the teeth (Dryden); ticular esteem for him. Having accompanied

To GAPE. v. n. (zeapan, Saxon.) 1. To that prince in his expeditions, he received a open the mouth wide; to yawn (Swift). 2. wound of which he died, at Nice, in his 36th To open the mouth for food, as a young bird year. Garcilasso is one of those to whom the (Dryden). 3. To desire earnestly; to crave Spanish poetry owes the greatest obligations : (Denham). 4. To open in fissures or holes he extended its bounds, and introduced many (Shakspeare). 5. To open with a breach beauties. His works were printed at Naples · Dryden). 6. To open; to have an hiatus in 1664, by the learned Sanctius. (Dryden). 7. To make a noise with open GARCÍNIA, in botany, a genus of the throat (Roscommon). 8. To stare with hope class dodecandria, order monogynia. Calyx or expectation (Hudibras): 9. To stare with four-leaved, inferior ; petals four; berry eightwonder (Dryden). 10. To stare irreverently seeded, crowned with the stigma. Four species ; (Job).

all East Indian trees. The two following are GAPER. s. (from gape.) 1. One who the species chiefly worthy of notice. opens his south. 2. One who stares foolishly. 1. G. mangostana. Mangostan. A Java 3. One who longs or craves (Carew).

tree, about the size of a crab-apple, with ovate GAR, in Saxon, signifies a weapon : so leaves, and one-flowered peduncles. The Eadgar is a happy weapon (Gilson). flower like that of a single rose; the fruit

To Gar. v. a. (giera, Islandick.) To cause; round, about the size of an orange, and very to make: obsolete (Spenser).

delicious. The Japanese suppose it the most GAR-FISH, in ichthyology. See Esox. elegant tree indigenous to their island, and

GARAMOND (Claude), a very eminent hence it is largely cultivated in all their pleaFrench engraver and letter-founder, was a na. şure-gardens. tive of Paris, where he died in 1561. He was 2. G. cambogia. Gamboge-tree. With the first who banished the Gothic, er black elliptic leaves ; solitary, terininal, and nearly letter, from printing; for which he substituted sessile flowers. It is a native of India, and the Roman letter. His types were very good, the gum-resin known among ourselves by the and particularly the small Roman, which was name of gamboge is obtained by wounding the called by way of eninence Garamond's smali bark. Roman. By the command of Francis I., he GARÇON, or GARSOON, a French term, cast the three Greek types employed in literally signifying a boy or male child any Robert Stephens's beautiful editions of the time before his marriage. It is also applied New Testament, and various Greek authors. to certain inferior officers, among us called

GARASSE (Francis), a French Jesuit, born grooms. a: Angoulame, in 1585. He was a inan of GARD. s. (garde, French.) Wardship; considerable imagination, but of a bad taste, care; custody. and scurrilous in his style of writing.. In 1625 Gard, a department of France, including he published a book entitled, A Summary of part of the late province of Languedoc. Nismes the principal Truths of the Christian Religion : is the episcopal town. this was attacked by the abbot of St. Cyran, GARD (Pont du), a Roman aqueduct in and was the principal cause of the controversy France, ninc miles N. E. of Nismes, erected, between the Jesuits and Jansenists. It was it is supposed, by Agrippa, in the time of censured by the Sorbonne; and the Jesuits Augustus. It is 160 feet in height, and conprudently banished Garasse to one of their sists of three bridges rising above each other, houses at a distance from Paris. He died of and uniting two craggy mountains. The the plague, which he caught at Poictiers, highest of these bridges has six arches, of great while he was attending persons afflicted with blocks of stone, without cement; the centre that dreadful disorder ; this happened in 1631. one has eleven; and the lowest (under which

GARB. s. (garbe, French.) 1. Dress; flows the Gardon, an inconsiderable, but rapid clothes ; habit (Milton). 2. Fashion of dress river) has 36. Lewis XIV.when he repaired, (Denham). 3. Exteriour appearance (Shak- in 1699, the damages which this stupendous speare).

work had sustained by time, caused a real GARBAGE. s. (garlear, Spanish.) The bridge, over which passengers now pass, to be bowels; the offal (Roscommon).

constructed by the side of the lower range of VOL. V.

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