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Syriac and Chaldee gaul and gallin, a man ex- known by the name of Lyonnois, Touraine, posed on the water in a vessel of wood. Franche Comté, Senenois, Switzerland, and
The larger sort of these vessels is employed part of Normandy. Besides these grand divionly by the Venetians. They are commonly 162 sions, there is often mention made of Gallia feet long above, and 133 feet by the keel, 32 feet Cisalpina, or Citerior, Transalpina or Ulterior, wide, and 23 feet length of stern-post. They which refers to that part of Italy which was are furnished with three masts, and 32 banks conquered by some of the Gauls who crossed the of oars ; every bank containing two oars, and Alps. By Gallia Cisalpina, the Romans unevery oar being managed by six or seven slaves, derstood that part of Gaul which lies in Italy, who are usually chained thereto. In the fore- and by Transalpina, that which lies beyond part they have three little batteries of cannon, the Alps in regard only to the inhabitants of of which the lowest is of two 36-pounders, the Rome. Gallia Cispadana and Transpadana is second of two 24-pounders, and the uppermost applied to a part of Italy conquered by some of of two 2-pounders: three 18-pounders are also the Gauls; and then it means the country on planted on each quarter. The complement of this side of the Po, or beyond the Po with remen for one of these galleys is 1000 or 1200. spect to Rome. By Gallia Togata, the RoThey are esteemed extremely convenient for mans understood Cisalpine Gaul, where the bombarding or making a descent upon an ene- Roman gowns toga were usually worn. Gallia my's coast, as drawing but little water; and Narbonensis was called Braccata, un acconnt having by their oars frequently the advantage of the peculiar covering of the inhabitants for of a ship of war, in light winds or calms, by their thighs. The epithet of Comata is applicannonading the latter near the surface of the ed to Gallia Celtica, because the people suffered water; by scouring her whole length with their hair to grow to an uncommon length. their shot, and at the same time keeping on her The inhabitants were great warriors, and their quarter or bow, so as to be out of the direction valour overcame the Roman armies, took the of her cannon.
city of Rome, and invaded Greece in different The galleys next in size to these, which are ages. They spread themselves over the greatest also called half-galleys, are from 120 to 130 part of the world. They were very superstitifeet long, 18 feet broad, and 9 or 10 feet deep. ous in their religious ceremonies, and revered
GALLEY, in chemi try, a particular kind of the sacerdotal order as if they had been gods. reverberatory furnace, in which several retorts They long maintained a bloody war against the may be placed at the sides of each other. It Romans, and Cæsar resided ten years in their is of an oblong shape, and has lateral openings, country before he could totally subdue them. and derives its name from its supposed resem. See Gaul. blance to a vaval galley.
GALLIARD, or GAGLIARDA, in music GALLEY-SLAVE. 'A man condemned for and dancing, a sort of dance, anciently in great some crime to row in the galleys.
request; consisting of very different motions GALLEY-WORM, in zoology. See Julus. and actions, sometimes proceeding terra è
GALLI, in antiquity, a name given to the terra, or smoothly along; sometimes capering; ennuch-priests of Cybele.
sometimes along the room, and sometimes Galli, the Gauls. See GALLIE and across. The word itself, which is derived from Gauls.
the French, who had it from Italy, signifies Galli, five small desolate isles on the coast gay, merry, &c. The music of the galliard is of the Principato Citra of Naples.
in triple time. GALLIA, a large country of Europe, called GALLIARDISE. s. (French.) Merriment; Galatia hy the Grecks. The inhabitants were exuberant gayety: not in use (Brown). called Galli, Celtæ, Celtiberi, and Celtoscy- GALLICACIDan acid found to exist plentithæ. Ancient Gaul was divided into four fully in nut-galls, whence its name is derived ; different parts by the Romans, called Gallia but which may also be extracted from most Belgica, Narbonensis, Aquitania, and Celtica. astringent vegetables, particularly the husks of Gallia Belgica was the largest province, bound. nuts, the barks of oak, chesaut, ash, hazel, sued by Germany, Gallia Narbonensis, and the mach, poplar, elder, elm, sycamore, cherry tree, German Ocean ; and contained the modern &c. and various parts of other plants. It is usually country of Alsace, Lorraine, Picardy, with found accompanied with the ASTRINGENT part of the Low Countries, and of Cham- PRINCIPLE, and was formerly confounded with pagne, and of the isle of France. Gallia Nar- that substance: (see that article), also TANNEN. bonensis, which contained the provinces lately Many of the properties of this acid were discalled Languedoc, Provence, Dauphiné, Sa- covered by the commissioners of Dijon, in voy, was bounded by the Alps and Pyrenean France, who published their account in 1777, mountains, by Aquitania Belgium, and the in their Elements of Chemistry; but they exMediterranean. Aquitania Gallica, after- amined only the infusion of galls, in which the wards the provinces of Poitou, Santonge, Gui- acid is combined with other substances, partienne, Berry, Limosin, Gascony, Auvergne, cularly the tanning principle. Scheele' was &c. was situated between the Garumna, the the first who obtained it in a separate state. Pyrenean mountains, and the ocean. Gallia Various methods have since been employed for Celtica, or Lugdunensis, was bounded by Bel- obtaining it, by Bartholdi, Richter, Fiedler, gium, Gallia Narbonensis, the Alps, and the Schnaubert, and others. The following is ocean. It contained the country heretofore adopted by Mr. Davy: Boil for some time a
mixture of carbonat of barytes and infusion of with a peculiar aromatic volatile oil; that, put-galls; the bluish green liquor which re- when otherwise prepared, a portion of tannin, sults is a solution of gallic acid and barytes. and frequently extractive matter, is combined Let this be filtered, and saturated with diluted with it, that the excellent properties of this sulphuric acid. Sulphat of barytes is deposited acid, in the art of dyeing, are owing to the prein the forın of an insoluble powder, and a co- sence of the tannin; and that no process is yet lourless solution of gallic acid remains behind. known for depriving it of the whole of its tanDereux has procured the acid by sublimation nin, without reducing it to the state of acetic from pounded galls in a large glass retort; by acid. These particulars, and many others cantiously and slowly raising the heat, a num- which he has communicated, deserve attenber of brilliant white crystalline plates of gallic tion, and may possibly lead to a more accurate acid were sublimed. Although this is a very determination of the nature of this acid. See speedy method, much care is necessary in the Nicholson's Journal, 8vo, vol. 17. p. 58. Also operation ; for if the heat be too great, or the vol. 7. p. 74. Richter's process is detailed in process be not stopped tefore any oil begins to Phil. Mag. xxiii. p. 74. come over, the experiment will fail.
GA'LLICISM. s. (gallicisme, French.) A This acid, when well prepared, crystallizes mode of speech peculiar to the French lanin the form of brilliant colourless plates, or oc- gnage: such as, he figured in controversy tahedrons; it is of an acid and somewhat au- (Felton). stere taste; and when heated gives out a peculiar GA’LLIGASKINS. s. (Caligæ Gallo-Vasand rather unpleasant aromatic odour. It is conum. Sk r.) Large open hose (Philips). soluble in 1} parts of boiling, or 12. parts of GALLIMATIA. s. (galimatheas, Fr.) cold, water; in this state the acid is very Nonsense; talk without meaning. speedily decomposable by heat. It is soluble GALLIMAU'FRY. s. (galimafrée, Fr.) also in four times its weight of alcohol, at the 1. A hotch-potch, or hash of several sorts of ordinary temperature ; when boiling hot it dis- broken meat; a medley (Spenser). 2. Any solves a quantity equal to its own weight. It inconsistent or ridiculous medley (Shaks). is insoluble in ether; partly decomposable by GALLINACEUS LAPIS, a glossy suba strong heat, though a careful sublimation stance produced by volcanic fires, the same does not alter its properties; and may be en- with the lapis obsidianus of the ancients. A tirely decomposed by repeated distillations. kind of it is brought from Faris, of a beautiful Exposure to the air does not alter it, neither black, resembling the colour of a large crow, do the simple combustibles, or oxygen, or azot, in that country named gallinaco. appear to exert any particular action on it. GALLINX. In zoology, the fifth order of Vi'ith alkalies, earths, and metallic oxyds, it is the ornothologic class in the Linnéan system, capable of uniting and forming gallats. thus ordinally characterized : bill convex, the
Gallic acid, or even the simple infusion of upper mandible arched, and dilated at the edge galls, from its power of precipitating the greater over the lower ; nostrils half covered with a number of the metals from their solutions, is convex cartilaginous membrane; tail-feathers frequently employed by chemists to detect the more than twelve; feet cleft, but connected at presence of these bodies. These precipitates the innermost joint. See Zoology. are of different colours, which vary according GALLINULE, in ornithology. See Futo the metal held in solution, or its state of LICA. oxydizement; those of gold, silver, copper, GALLIO, the proconsul of Achaia, menand chromium, are brown, or some of its tioned in Acts xviii. 12. was elder brother to shades; of mercury, bismuth, and columbium, the famous L. Annæus Seneca, the moral phiorange; of lead, and antimony, white; of nic. losopher. We know litle of the history of his kel, grey; of tellarium, yellow; of uranium, life; but that he was a very amiable man is chocolate colour; of titanium, reddish brown; evident, as well from the portion of scripture and of iron, with which, of all the metallic history just mentioned, as from the testiinony oxyds, it has the greatest affinity, black. From of Seneca himself, who said of him, Nemo omsolutions of platinum, tin, zinc, cobalt, man- nium mortalium uni tam dulcis est, quam hic, ganese, and arsenic, it does not appear to throw omnibus. “ No mortal is so agreeable to one down any precipitate at all.
person, as this man is to every body." Gallic acid occasions a precipitate when GALLIOT. s. (galiotte, French.) A small poured into acid solutions of glucine, yttria, swift galley (Knolles): and zirconia ; but it has not that effect on the GALLIPAGA ISLANDS, a number of acid solution of any other earth. It gives to islands, in the Pacific Ocean, discovered by the barytes, strontian, and lime-water, a bluish Spaniards, to whoin they belong. They lie red colour, and throws down a Aaky precipi- on both sides the equator, the centre island in tate: upon the aqueous solutions of alkaline Lon. 85.30 W. salts it produces no effect.
GALLIPOLI, a maritime town of Naples, Bouillon Lagrange, who has examined this in Italy, 45 miles S.E. of Taranto. Lat. 40. acid with great attention, is of opinion that 20 N.° Lon. 18. 5 E. neither of the preceding inethods, nor any GALLIPOLI, a sea-port town of Romania, other yet devised, will succeed in obtaining the in European Turkey. It is 100 miles S.W. acid in a state of absolute purity; that the sub- of Constantinople. Lat. 40. 26 N. Lon. 26. limed acid is composed of acetic acid united 59 E.
GALLIPOLI, is also a name given to the being more extended than the canter, it is nestrait between European and Asiatic Turkey, cessary that the horse should have his head otherwise called the Hellespont.
inore at liberty; for a horse cannot gallop out GALLIPOT.s. (gala, Spanish, finery.) A with his head reined up. Thus, in the swift pot painted and glazed, commonly used for gallop, he carries his head and neck nearly hoinedicines (Finton).
rizontal.” GALLIUN. See GALIUM.
We are no less ready to agree with that GALLO, an island of the Pacific Ocean, writer on the common practice of grooms and near the coast of Peru, the first place possessed jockeys, who teach horses to pull against them by the Spaniards when they attempied the in performing the gallop. To this they are led conquest of Peru. Lat. 2. 30 N. Lon. 80.0 W. by the support it affords them when they stand
GALLOIS (John), a learned Frenchman, upright in the stirrups; but the bad effects of was born at Paris in 1632. He was the coad- constant pressure, in deadening the liorse's jutor of M. de Sallo, in the celebrated Journal mouth, by rendering it callous, are sufficient des Sçavans. lle was patronised by Colbert, to demonstrate the pernicious tendency of this who took him into his house to be caught La- custom. “ When the horse thus bears on the tin by him. He was abbé of St. Martin-des- hand,” says the same writer, “ a considerable Cores, member of the academy of sciences, and portion of the power which should be concen. of the French academy; the king's librarian, fred in his body, for the purpose of maintaining and Greek professor of the royal college. He his equilibrium, is directed forwards; and died at Paris in 1707.
hence he becomes much more liable to fall, GALLON, a measure of capacity both for in case of meeting with any casual obstacle." dry and liquid things, containing four quarts ; The power which the rider has, in this case, but these quarts, and consequently the gallon must be exactly in proportion to the degree itself, are different, according to the quality of of sensibility with which the horse's mouth is the thing measured: for instance, the wine gal- endued ; and when this is rendered inconsiderJon contains 231 cubic inches, and holds eight able by the hardness of the parts, it is not surpounds averdupois of pure water: the beer prising if accidents happen, and the animal is and ale gallons contain 282 solid inches, and unruly. hold ten pounds three ounces and a quarter In his account of the proportions of Eclipse, averdupois of water : and the gallon for corn, Mr. St. Bel has exhibited six complete actions meal, &c. 2724 cubic inches, and holds nine of the gallop of that celebrated racer, each acpounds thirteen ounces of pure water. tion covering twenty-five feet. The six, taken
GALLOON, in commerce, a thick, narrow together, offer a scale of one hundred and fifty kind of ferret, ribband, or lace, used to edge or feet. border clothes.
The same writer describes the gallop as conTo GALLOP. v. n. (galoper, French.) 1. sisting of “ a repetition of bounds or leaps, To move forward by leaps, so that all the feet more or less high, and more or less extended, are off the ground at once (Donne), 2. To in proportion to the strength and lightness of ride at the pace which is performed by leaps the animal.” (Sidney). 3. To move very fast (Shakspeare). “ The common gallop," he says, “ contains
GALLOP, a well known pace to which the three times. If the horse, for example, begin horse is trained, and of which many kinds are his gallop on the right, the left hind-foot beats enumerated, but two only worthy of regard, to the first time; the right hind-foot and left fore. wit, the hand gallop, and the full gallop. Even foot beat the second time together, and the these distinctions, however, are founded on the right fore-foot beats the third. different degrees of velocity in which the ani- • In the gallop of four times, the feet strike mal is impelled, rather than on any peculiarity the ground in the same order as in walking. in the pace itself. In the galloping, the horse Supposing the horse galloping on the right, the leads with one fore-leg somewhat advanced, left hind-foot beats the first time, the right but not so much beyond the other as happens hind-foot beats the second, the left forein the canter (sce CANTER); and, when he is foot beats the third, and the right fore foot urged to his utmost speed, his legs are almost beats the fourth. This gallop is regular, but equally placed. The fleetest horses, when gal- confined, and but little adapted for speed. loping, carry their bodies perfectly in a hori- “The gallop at two times is faster than at zontal posture, and the fewer curves or succes- three or at four; the legs follow in the sanie sive arches are described, the more rapid of order as in the trot, so that the two sounds are course is their progress.
given by the left hind-foot and right fore-foot In every instance of progression, all bodies striking the ground together, and by the right are retarded in proportion as they depart from hind-foot and left fore-foot also striking the a right line, whether this be horizontally or ground together." perpendicularly. “ None but horses of great In galloping, the horse may lead with which powers,” says an excellent veterinarian - are fore-leg he pleases ; the most usual way is that able to gallop in this form; for, to supply the with the right: but, whichsoever it be, the want of undulation in the body, they must hind-leg of the same side must follow next; bend their limbs in a greater degree ; and hence otherwise the legs are said to be disunited, and the necessity of their standing perfectly on the the gallop to be false. To remedy this disorder, centre of gravity. The action of the gallop the rider must stay the horse a little on the band, and help him with the spur a little on the islands of Scotland, about 24 Scotch miles long, contrary side to urat on which he is disunited. and as much in breadth. It is in general rocky As, for example, if he be disunited on the right and barren, not producing a sufficient quantity side, he should help him with the left spur, by of corn for the inhabitants; but about 1800 staying him as before on the hand a little, and head of cattle are annually exported. also helping hiin at the same time with the GALLOW'S, an instrument of punishment, calves of the legs.
whereon persons convicted capitally of felony, In a circle, the horse is confined always to &c. are executed by hanging. Among our anlead with his fore leg within the turn, other. cestors it was called furca, fork; a name by wise he is said to gallop false; but here too the which it is still denominated abroad, particuhind leg of the saine side must follow. larly in France and Italy. In this latier country,
Those who make trial of the gallop should the reason of the name suill subsists, the galobserre if the horse performs it equally, and lows being a real fork driven into the ground, should push him on somewhat hard, that they across the legs whereof is laid a beam, to which may know by his stop whether he has strength the rope is tied. and vigout, and if he also be sensible of ihe GALLUS (Cornelius), an ancient Roman spur.
poet, was born at Frejus, then called Forum In the manage inany varieties of this pace Julium. Augustus gave bim the government were formerly enumerated, but these are not of Egypt, after the death of Antony and Cleo. worth detailing.
patra; but afterwards deprived hint of his estate, GALLOPADE, in the manage, a hand- and banished him for mal-administration. He gallop, in which a horse galloping upon one or felt his disgrace so sensibly that he put an end iwo ireads is well united. The difference be- to his life A.D. 26. Virgil's Joth eclogue is tween working with one haunch in, galloping written wholly on the love of Gallus for Lyupon volts, and managing upon terra a terra, coris, which was the poetical name of his mise is, that, in the latter, the tivo haunches are tress, who was unfaithful to him. kept subject, and also are within the volt; but, GALLUS (Vibius), a Roman emperor, was in galloping a haunch in, only one is kept sub- born about the year 206. He had been consul, ject.
and had a command in the army of the emperor To gallop united, upon the right foot, is, Decins, whom he is said to have betrayed in when a horse that gallops out, having led with the Goths that he might succeed him. His either of his fore-legs, continues to lift that same reign was inglorious; and he was slain in 253 leg always first; so that the hinder leg on the by his soldiery, together with his son Völu-' side of the leading forc.leg must likewise be sianus, whom he had associated in the empire. raised sooner than the other hind-leg. For in- Gallus (Flavius Claudius Constantius), stance, if the right fore-leg leads before the lett, brother of the ens peror Julian, was created then the right hind-leg inust likewise move Cæsar in 331, by the emperor Constantius, his sooner than the left hind-leg; and in this order consin. He acquired reputation in war; but most the horse continue to go on.
afterwards abandoned himself to the counsels To gallop false, to disunite, to gallop on the of his wife, who was cruel and avaricious. He false foot, is, when the horse, having led with was arrested by the orders of Constantius; and one of the fore-legs, whether the right or left, beheaded in 354. does not continue to make that leg always set Gallus, in fabulous history, a youth who out first, nor to make the bind-ley of the same was a great favourite of Mars, who always took side with the leading leg to more before its op- him along with him when he went to visit posite bind- leg; that is to say, the orderly going Venus in private, in order that he might keep is interruptel.
watch to prevent their being, surprised ; but A horse that gallops false, gallops with an un- Gallus falling asleep, and they being discovered becoming air, and incommodes the rider. If by Vulcan, who entangled" then in a net, the borse gallop false, put him upon keeping Mars was so greatly enraged, that he metamora the right foot and uniting, by bringing him to phosed Gallus into a cock; and therefore, to with the calves of your legs, and then with the stone for this neglect, he gives constant notice spur that is opposite to the side on which he of the sun's approach by his crowing: disunites. If he disunite to the right, prick Gallus, or Cock, in ornithology. See him with the left heel.
PHASIANUS. GALLOPER. s. (from gallop.) 1. A horse GALLY, in printing, a frame into which that gallops (Mortimer). 2. A man that rides the compositor empties the lines out of his comfast, or makes great haste.
posing-stick, and in which he ties up the page To GA'LLOW. v.a. fügælpan, to fright, when it is completed. The gally is formed Saxon.) 1. To terrify; to frighi (Shakspeare). of an oblong square board, with a ledge on
GA'LLOWAY.s. A horse not more than three sides, and a groove to admit a false bottom fourteen hands high, much used in the north. called a gally-slice.
GALLOWAY (New), a borough of Kirkcud- GALOPINA, in botany, a genus of the class brightshire, situate on the river Ken, 14 iniles tetrandria, order digynia. Calyxless; corol N. of Kirkcudbright.
four-cleft, superior; berry two-celled, seeds GALLOWAY (Upper). See Wigton. solitary. One species; a Cape plant; with SHIRE.
red, herbaceous stem, and terminal panicleet GALLOWAY (Mull of), one of the western flowers. VOL. V.
GALVANI (Lewis), a modern physiologist, tomb in the nunnery of St. Catherine, and who has had the honour of giving his name to pouring out his prayers and lamentations over a supposed new principle in nature, was born her remains. He was always, indeed, punctual. in 1737, at Bologna, where several of his rela- in practising the minutest rites of his religion, tions had distinguished themselves in jurispru- the early strong impressions of which never left dence and thcology. From his early youth he him, and his attachment to religion was prowas inuch disposed to the greatest austerities bably the cause of steadily refusing to take the of the Catholic religion, and particularly fre- civic oath exacted by the new constitution of quented a convent, the monks of which attach- the Cisalpine Republic, in consequence of ed themselves to the solemn duty of visiting which he incurred the deprivation of bis posts the dying. He shewed an inclination to enter and dignities. A prey to melancholy and reinto this order, but was diverted from it by one duced nearly to indigence, he retired to the of the fraternity. Thenceforth he devoted house of his brother James, a man of very rehimself to the study of medicine in its different spectable character, and there fell into a state branches. His masters were the doctors Bec- of languor and almost imbecility. The recari, Jacconi, Galli, and especially the pro- publican governors, probably ashained of their fessor Galeazzi, who received him into his conduct towards such a inan, passed a decreę house, and gave bim his daughter in marriage. for his restoration to his professional chair and In 1762, he sustained with reputation an inau. its emoluments; but it was then too late. He ĝural thesis De Ossibus, and was then created died on November 5th, 1798, at the age of 61. public lecturer in the university of Belugna, (British Encyclo.) and appointed reader in anatoniy to the insti- GALVANISM, the name by which a par. tute in that city. His excellent method of ticular department of physical science has been lecturing drew a crowd of auditors; and he till lately called; see VoLTAISM, under which employed his leisure in experiments and in the name this branch of science is now inore genestudy of comparative anatomy. He made a rally described in the philosophical societies of number of curious-observations on the urinary Europe. organs, and on the organ of hearing in birols, GAMA (Vasco de), a Portuguese admiral, which were published in the Memoirs of the celebrated for his discovery of the East Indies Iustitute. His reputation, as an anatomist by the Cape of Good Hope, was born at Synes, and physiologist, was established in the schools and in 1497 was sent to the Indies by 'king of Italy, when accident gave birth to the dis- Emanuel: he returned in 1502, and sailed covery which has immortalised bis name. His thither again with 13 vessels richly laden. He beloved wife, with whom he lived inany years was made viceroy of the Indies by king John in the lenderest union, was at this tine in a 111.; and died at Cochin on the 24th of De. declining state of health. As a restorative, she cember, 1525. Don Stephen and Don Chris. made use of a soup of frogs: and some of these topher de Gama, his sons, were also viceroy's animals, skinned for the purpose, happened to of the Indies, and celebrated in history. lie upon a table in her husband's laboratory, GAMANDRA. See GAMBOGE. upon which was placed-an electrical machine. GAMBADE, or GAMBADO. (from gamla, One of the assistants in his experiments chanc- Italian.) A sort of leather boot fixed to a sad. ed carelessly to bring the pointofa scalpel near die, instead of stirrups to put the legs in. the crural nerves of a frog, lying not far from GAMBET, in ornithology. See TRINGA. the conductor. Instantly the niuscles of the GAMBIA, a great river of Negroland, in limb were agitated with strong convulsious. Africa. It is navigable for sloops above 000 Madame Galvani, a woman of quick undere miles; and, after running from E. to W.is standing, and a scientific turn, was present, falls into the Avantic ocean. This river over.. and,struck with the phænomenon, she immedi. Aows annually, like the Nile in Egypt, at the ately went to inform her husband of it. He same time, and from the same cause, viz. the came and repeated the experiment; and soon heavy rains which fall periodically in the inland found that the convulsion only took place when parts of Africa. a spark was drawn from the conductor, at the GAMBIENSE GUMMI. See Thino. fime the scalpel was in contact with the nerve. GAMBIST, a musical performer on the viol
In conjunction with these enquiries, his di gamba. duties as a professor, and his employment as a GA'MBLER. s. (A cant word, perhaps from surgeon and accoucheur, in which branches he game.). A person who draws in the unweary to was very eminent, gave full occupation to his game, in order to cheat them. industry. He drew
various memoirs upon GAMBOGE. Gambogium. Gummi gutta. professional topics, which have remained in. Cambogia gutta. Gamandra. The resinous edited ; and regularly held learned conversations gum produced by wounding the bark of an with a few literary friends, in which new works East Indian tree, which by some writers is dewere read and commented upon. He was a scribed under the name of stalagmitis, but is man of an amiable character in private life, more generally regarded as a species of garcinia. and possessed of great sensibility, which he had (See GARCINIA CAMBOGIA:) When pure the misfortune of being called to display on its colour is a deep rather dull orange; its fraco. the death of his wife in 1790; an event which ture is conchoidal, and somewhat shining. It threw him into a profound melancholy. He has no smell, and very little taste; but when rarely suffered a day to pass without visiúng her kept in the mouth for some time gives a slight