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From thence he proceeded to Philadelphia in come callous; a remarkable instance of which quest of enployment. Here he was hired by is, that he learned to speak French after he had one Keymer; and in 1724 he sailed for Eng- attained the age of 70. About 16 days before land, encouraged so to do by Sir William Keith, his death, he was seized with a feverish disorthe governor of Pennsylvania, who promised der; which, about the third or fourth, was atto send leiters of recommendation, and to fur- tended with a pain in the left breast. This benish him with money sufficient to buy a press came at last very acute, and was accompanied and other materials for printing. In this, with a cough and laborious breathing. Thus however, he was disappointed. He continued he continued for five days, when the painful in England about two years, working both as a symptoms ceased at once, and his family bepressman and compositor, and then returned gan to Hatter theinselves with hopes of his reio Philadelphia, where for a short time he covery. But a new imposthuine had now served a inerchant as book-keeper, and on the taken place in the lungs; which suddenly death of his emplover, he returned to his for- breaking as the others had done, he was unable mer business under Mr. Keymer. It was not to expectorate the matter fully. Hence fatal long, however, before he set up for himself, in symptoms arose, and he expired on the 17th of partnership with a young man of the name of April, 1790. He left one son, governor WilMeredith. In 1729 this partnership was dis- liam Franklin, a zealous loyalist, who aftersolved, and Franklin thenceforward carried on wards resided in London ; and a daughter, marthe business by himself, with great advantage. ried to Mr. Willian Bache, merchant in Phi. The year following he married a lady, to whom ladelphia. This lady was his greatest favourite, he had paid his addresses before his departure and waited upon him during his last illness. for England. Owing to his having slighted With regard to the character of Dr. Frankher, she had married avother person, and on lin, he was said to be sententious, but not Auent becoming a widow, Mr. Franklin renewed his in society; rather inclined to listen than to addresses and married her. He now became talk; an informing rather than a pleasing coma public man ; his abilities began to be gener- panion ; very impatient, however, of interrupally knowy, and in consequence he was appoint- tion; so that he would frequently mention the ed successively to the offices of printer to the custom of the Indians, who keep silence for house of assembly, clerk to the general assem- some time before they answer a question which bly of Philadelphia, and post-master, and at they have heard with attention." With regard length he was elected a member of the general to religion, he was a firm believer in the scripassembly of Philadelphia. In 1757 he came to tures ; and his sentiments on death may be gaEngland as agent for the province of Pennsylo thered from a letter written about 35 years ago, vania, and while here was honourably enter- 10 Miss Hubbard, on the death of her fathertained by the most eminent persons in the phi- in-law Mr. John Franklin. The doctor was losophical world, on account of the improve author of many tracts on electricity, and other ments which electricity had received froni him. branches of natural philosophy, as well as on He remained in England five years, and re- politics and miscellaneous subjects. turned to America in 1762, where he received FRANKLIN, a county of Pennsylvania, 30 public thanks for his faiihful services. In 1764 miles long, and 24 broad. Chambersberg is he lost his seat in the assembly of Philadelphia, the capital. and the same year returned to England. In FRANKLY. ad. (from frank.) 1706 he was examined at the bar of the House berally; freely ; kindly; readily (Bacon). 2. of Commons, relative to the state of America. Without constraint (Clarendon). 3. Without Franklin remained in Europe till 1775, and reserve (Clarendon). thea returned to his native land, having first FRANKNESS. s. (from frank.) 1. Plainendeavoured in vain to dissuade the ministryness of speech ; openness; ingenuousness from their coercive measures. His fame stood (Clarendon), 2. Liberality; bouinteousness. as high in the political, as it had hitherto done 3. Freedom from reserve (Sidney). in the scientific world. He became an active FRANKS, FRANCS, FRANKis, or FRANmember of the new legislative assembly, and quis, a name which the Turks, Arabs, America is indebied for the formation of its Greeks, &c. give to all the people of the westconstitution to this virtuous and enlightened ern parts of Europe. The appellation is coniphilosopher. After this important service, he monly supposed to have had iis rise in Asia, at was sent as ambassador to France, to negociate the tíne of the croisades; when the French an alliance with that country, in which he made the most considerable figure among the was successful. He also acted as one of the croisées : from which time the Turks, Saraplenipotentiaries for his country in signing the cens, Greeks, Abyssinians, &c. use it as a treaty of peace with England, in 1783. He re- common term for all the Christians of Europe ; turned again to America in 1785, and receix, and called Europe itself Frankistan. ed from his grateful countrymen those honours FRANTIC.' a. (corrupted from phrenetic.) and distinctions which he had so justly merited, !. Mad; deprived of understanding by violent

His menorỳ was very tenacious to the last; madness (Spenser). 2. Transported by vioand he seemed to be an exception to the geó lence of passion ; outrageons ; turbulent (Ad.). neral rule, that at a certain period of life, the FRANTICLY. ad. Madly; distractedly; organs which are subservient to memory beé outrageously (Shakspeare).

1. Lic

ALBUS.

manner.

FRANTICNESS. s. (from frantic.) Mad- FRAUDULENTLY. ad. By fraud ; by ness; fury of passion; distraction.

deceit; by artifice; deceitfully (Taylor). FRASCA L'I, a town of Italy, in the state FRÁUGHT. part. pass. (from fraight, now of the Church and Campagna di Roma, the written freight.) !. Laden; charged (Shaksee of a bishop, who is a cardinal, and depends speure). 2. Filled; stored; thronged (Addiimmediately on the pope ; celebrated for the son). number of palaces and country seats of Ita- FRAUGHT, s. A freight; a cargo (Dry. lian princes and cardinals, in which are found den). most beautiful paintings and sculptures. Here T. FRAUGHT. v. a. To load ; to crowd are seven convents. It was the ancient Tuscu- (Shakspeare). lum, destroyed by the Romans in the year FRAUGÉTAGE. s. Lading; cargo (Shak1191: teu miles S. E. Rome. Lat. 41. 46 N. speare). Lon. 13. 56 E.

FRAXINELLA. (fraxinella, from frar

, FRATE'RNAL. a. (fraternel, French. imus, the ash, so called because its leaves reBrotherly ; pertaining to brothers; becoming semble those of the ash.) See DICTAMNUS brothers (Hammond). FRATERNALLY. ad. In a brotherly FRAXIMUS. Ash-tree. In botany, a ge

nus of the class polygamia, order diæcia. HerFRATERNITY. s. (fraternité, French.) maphrodite, calyxless, or four-parted ; corol1. The state or quality of a brother. 2. Body less, or four-petalled; stamens two; pistil one : of men united ; corporation ; society; associa- capsule superior, fat, two-celled, leafy above; tion ; brotherhood (L'Estrange). 3. Men of seeds few, pendulous. Fem. pistil one; ladthe same class or character (South).

ceolate. Fifteen species : chiefly natives of FRATRICELLI, in ecclesiastical history, North America, or the south of Europe ; one an enthusiastic sect of Franciscans, which rose species only common to our own country. This in Italy, and particularly in the marquisate of is the lofty ash, F. excelsior of Linnéus, with Ancona, about the year 1294. The word is leaflets slightly petioled, lance-oblong, serrate, an Italian diminutive, signifying fraterculi, or tapering ; Aowers naked; capsules with an little brothers ; and was here used as a term oblique emarginate tip. There is another vaof derision, as they were most of them apostate riety with pendulous branches. monks, whom the Italians call fratelli, or This species in our own country is of rapid fratricelli

. For this reason the term fratricelli, growth, and may be planted with great advan. as a nick.name, was given to many other tage, the underwood, which may

be successively sects, as the Catharists, the Waldenses, &c. cut every eight or ten years, paying alone the however different in their opinions and in their common rent of the land it occupies, while conduct. But this denomination applied to the plants left for timber will be fit for felling the austere part of the Franciscans was con- successively in twenty-three years, and will sidered as honourable. See FRANCISCANS. produce nearly 1201. sterling per acre.

It The founders were P. Maurato, and P. de grows best in society; it grows therefore rather Fossombroni, who having obtained of pope thin when planted singly. The timber is hard Celestin V. a permission to live in solitude, and tough, and much used in agricultural tools

. after the manner of hermits, and to observe the It does not commonly reach a large bore ; yet rule of St. Francis in all its rigour, several idle there are instances of its having attained a cir: vagabond monks joined them, who, living cumference of fifty-eight feet in the trunk. It after their own fancies, and making all per- bears lopping and topping well; and in some fection to consist in poverty, were soon con- parts of the country the lops and tops are given demned by pope Boniface VIII and his suc. first of all to the cattle to eat off the bark, cessor, and the inquisitors ordered to proceed which supplies them with a nutritious food. against them as heretics: which commission F. ornus is the beautiful flowering ash of they executed with their usual barbarity. our plantations. It is a native of the south of

FRATRICIDE. s. ( fratricide, French.) Europe ; and as well as many other species of The murderer of a brother.

the fraximus produces the secretion called man. FRAUD. s. (fraus, Latin; fraude, Fr.) na. F. rotundifolia, also a native of the south Deceit; cheat; trick; artifice; subtilty; stra- of Europe, yields the same kind of secretion ; tagem (Dryden).

and so again

does our own F. excelsior in warm FRA UDFUL. a. (fraud and full.) Trea- climates. The seeds of this species, moreover, cherous; artful; trickish; subtle (Shak- are occasionally employed as a diuretic. See speare).

MANNA. FRA'UDFULLY. ad. Deceitfully; art. FRAY. s. (effrayer, to fright, French.), 1: fully; subtilly; by stratagem.

A battle; a fight (Fairfax). 2. A duel; a FRA'UDULENCE. FRA'UDULENCY. s. combat (Denham). 3. A broil; a quarrel fraudulentia, Latin.) Deceitfulness; trick. (Shakspeare). ishness; proneness to artifice (Hooker). TO FRAY. v. a. (effrayer, French.) 1.T. FRAUDULENT. a. (fraudulentus

, Lat.) fright; to terrify. 2. (frayer, French.) To 1. Full of artifice; trickish; subtle ; deceitful rub. (Milton). 2. Performed by artifice; deceitful ; FRAZERSBURGH, a seaport of AberUrsacherous (Milton).

deenshire. It is seated close by a promontory

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called Kinnaird's Head, on which is a light. FREDERICA, a town of Georgia, in North house. Lat, 57, 35 N. Lon. 1. 37 W. America. lat, 31, 6 N. Lon. 80, 20 W.

FREA, F&IA, or FRIGGA, the wife of FREDERIC I. king of Prussia. He was Odio, was, next to him, the most revered di- the son of Frederic-William the Great, elector vinity among the Heathen Saxons, Danes, and of Brandenburg, and was born in 1657. In other northern nations. As Odin was believed 1700 he eniered into a negociation with the to be the father, Frea was esteemed the mother court of Vienna for the erection of Prussia into of all the other gods. To the most ancient a kingdom, which, it is said, was obtained by umes, Frea was the same with the goddess an odd accident. When the affair was in no Hertha, or Earth, who was sn devoudly wore very promising train, the elector was advised by shipped by the Angli and other German nations. his minister, in a letter written in cypher, to

FREAK. s. (Fræc, Saxon.) 1. A sudden use the interest of a certain prince; but the and causeless change of place. 2. A sudden sense of the letter being mistaken, hé, instead fancy; a humous; a whim; 4 capricious prank of the prince, had recourse to the emperor's (S«ift).

father confessor, who was a jesuit, and so much To BREAK. 0. a. To variegate (Thomson). struck was he with the honour done him by a

FRE'AKISH. a. (from freak.) Capricious; protestant elector, that by his own interest, humoursome (L'Estrange).

and that of his order, he quickly accomplished FREAKISHLY. ad. (from freakish.) Ca- the wished-for object. In 1701 he was crownpriciously; bumoursomely,

ed king of Prussia, and was acknowledged as FREAKISHNESS. s. (from freakish.) Ca- such by the emperor Leopold and all his allies. priciousness; bumoursomeness; whimsical He augmented his dominions by the county of ness,

Tecklenburgh, and the principality of NeurTo FREAM. t. n. (fremore, Latin.) To charel and Valengin. Hedied in 1713. This growl or grunt as a boar (Bailey).

prince was magnificent and generous. He FREATS, or Freits, a term used in Scot- founded the university of Halle, the Royal Soland for ill umens, and sometimes denoting ac- ciety of Berlin, and the academy of the nobles. cidents supernaturally unlucky, King James (Watkins). VI. ia his Dæmonologie, Ms. pen. Edit. B. I. FREDERIC-WILLIAM II. king of Prussia, chap. IV. p. 13. “ But I pray you forget not born at Berlin in 1688, and commenced his likeways to tell what are the devill's rudiments! reign in 1713. He finished the negociation of E. His rudimente I call first in generall all that peace in which his father was engaged at the qubilk is called valgairelie the virtu of woode, time of his death. Not long afterwards he was babe, and stajne; quhilk is used by, unlawful engaged with other princes against Sweden, in charmis, without natural causis. As lykeways which the confederates had the greatest success. ald kynd of prattiques, freitis, or uther lyk ex. He concluded a separate peace with that power, traordinais actions, quhilk, cannot abyde the through the mediatiou of the king of Great trew twiehe of naturall raison."

Britain, in 1719, in consequence of which he FRECKLE. s. (flech, a spat, German.) obtained a considerable accession of territory. 1. A spot raised in the skin by the sun (Dry. From that time to his death he preserved an den). 2. Any sinall spot of discoloration uninterrupted peace. He died in 1740. Frede(Evelyn).

ric married, in 1705, Sophia, daughter of the FRECKLED. a. (from freckle.) Spotted; elector of Hanover, afterwards George I. king Baculated (Drayton).

of England, (Watkins). Persons of a delicate complexion, and par- FREDERIC III. king of Prussia, the son of ticularly such as have naturally red hair, are the preceding, was born in 1712. His father, most subject to freckles in the face and other who had no taste for polite literature, observed, parts exposed to the air. For the gratification with disgust, his son's inclination thereto, and of those who consider the removal of such little in consequence treated him with severity. The blemishes an object worthy of their attention, prince ill brooking this behaviour resolved ro. We shall communicate the following remee escape, and at the age of 18 formed a plan ac

cordingly, which was discovered, and he was According to Homberg. one of the best thrown into prison; and his companion, a applications for dispersing freckles, is a mixture young officer, executed before his eyes. "In of bullock's gall with a solution of alum, which, 1733 he was married to the princess of Bruns after the latter has subsided, must be digested wic Wolfenbuttle, and some sort of reconciliain the sun for three or four months in a close tion took place between him and his father. phial

. - Another preparation is made by tak. In 1740 he ascended the throne, and soon after ing 4 oz. of lemon-juice, and mixing with it began his ambitions career by demanding Si2 drams of sugar, and one of, borax, finely, pow. lesia from Maria Theresa, queen of Hungary, dered ; and after these ingredients have stood a whom he saw. to be in a defenceless state. He week or fortnight in a glass boule, the liquor obtained what he required by the treaty of

Breslaw ; but in 1744 he declared war against FRECKLY. a. Full of freckles.

Maria Theresa, because she would not acknow." FRED. The same with peace. So Frede. lege the election of the emperor Charles VII. rick is powerful or wealthy, in peace (Gibson). In this war Frederic experienced great success, FREDENBURG,

a town of Westphalia, and terminated it advantageously to himself, at in Germany. Lat.

51. 10 N. Lon. 8. 16. E. the end of 1745. When war broke out be

dies:

will be fit for use.

soners,

tween England and France, in 1755, cach family of Lucan, in Ireland, waited upon the power formed a conunental alliance, England queen. He followed his father, as he says with Prussia, and France with Austria. Frede- himself, to share his misfortunes, and adıninisric, without any proyocation, at once marched ter to his necessities. His education was very into Saxony, upon which the States of the liberal, and with the most ample qualifications Empire declared war against him as a disturber he entered upon a military life. "On his first of the common peace. In 1757 he was sure arrival in England, about 1754, he undertook rounded on all sides by the most powerful ene- to teach the Italian language, by which promies. Russia, the German empire, the house fession he subsisted for some years.

By a of Austria, Saxony, Sweden, and France. His German lady, whoin he married abroad, he enemies entered into his dominions, and he had two children, a son and a daughter; the experienced some signal defeats. But on the son felt in North America, and the daughter 5th of November, 1757, he obtained a great is still living. After an absence of some months victory over the Austrians and French at Ros. on the continent, he returned with the brevet bach, and shortly after another over the Au- rank of colonel from the late duke of Wortemstrians near Breslaw, in consequence of which berg, also the cross of merit. He acted as the that city fell into his hands, with 15,000 pri- agent of that prince in England, and helped hiin

Thus he recovered all his losses, and to dispose of a regiment of his subjects to the his ally proving equally successful, an advan- India coinpany. In 1791 he went to Antwerp tageous peace was concluded in 1763, in which to negociaie fór a loan for the prince of Wales, the possession of Silesia was confirmed to him and some other branches of the royal family. by the emperor. In 1772 he confederated with The king, however, being dissatisfied with this Russia and Austria in seizing upon the terri- measure, it came to nothing, much to the distories of that devoted country Poland. The advantage of the negociator. His finances remainder of his reign was devoted to the arts growing still more and more decayed, he took of peace; and he paid the greatest attention to the fatal resolution of destroying himself

, which the laws, commerce, agriculture, and police, of he executed with a pistol at the gate of Westhis kingdom. He concluded a long, and it minster abbey, in the eveniug of February 1, may be said a glorious reign, in 1786. Frede- 1796. He was a man of general knowledge, ric was not only a warrior, but a writer. The and polite manners; nor were his literary works published in his life-time consist of four talents contemptible. He wrote, 1. Memoirs volumes in 8vo. The Ist volume contains his pour servir l'Histoire de Corse, 1768, 8vo. 2: Anti-Machiavel; Military Instructions for the The Description of Corsica, with an Account generals of his army; and his Correspondence of its Union to the Crown of Great Britain, with Foucquet. The 2d, his Memoirs of the &c. 1798, 8vo. House of Brandenburgh. The 3d, his Poems. FREDERICKSBURG, a castle and palace And the last a Miscellaneous Collection of belonging to the king of Denmark, in the isle Pieces. His posthumous works were publish- of Zealand. Lat. 55. 22 N. Lon 12. 25 E. pd at Berlin, in 15 yols. 8vo. the most con- FREDERICKSHALL, or FREDERICK• siderable piece in which is the History of his stadt, a strong town of Aggerhuus, in Nora own Times.

Frederic was a lively writer, and way. Charles II. king of Sweden was killed had evidently modelled his style and sentiments here by a musket-ball in 1718. Lat. 59. 2N. upon those of Voltaire. The following account Lon. 10. 45 E. of his manner of life may be acceptable to the FREDERICKSTADT, a town of South reader . His dress was very plain, and always Jutland, in Denmark. Lat. 54. 30 N. Lon. military; his first employment when he arose, 9.53 E. which was usually at five in the morning, was FREDERICSTOWN, a flourishing town of to read the memorials or petitions that were ad- the United States, in Maryland, seated on the dressed to him by his subjects, for he permitted Potomac. Lat. 39. 20 N. Lon. 77.30 W. the lowest to write to him; he then marked on FREE. a. (freah, Saxon.) 1. At liberty; the back of each with a pencil what answer his not enslaved (Prior). 2. Uncompelled; unsecretary was to return. About 11 o'clock he restrained (South). 3. Not bound by fate ; went into the garden, and reviewed his regiment not necessitated (Milton). 4. Permitted ; alof guards. At 12 he dined, being generally ac- lowed (Shakspeare).

5. Licentious; uprecompanied by some of his officers. After din strained (Temple). 6. Open; ingenuous (Ol. ner he retired to his study for two or three way). hours. At seven he attended a concert, in reserve. 8. Liberal; not parsimonious (Pope);

7., Acquainted ; conversing without which he perforined on the flute. The con- 9. Frank; not gained by importunity; not cert was followed by a supper, to which he purchased (Bacon). 10. Clear from distress usually invited some literary persons, and the Shakspeare). 11. Guiltless; innocent (Dry; conversation was suited to the party.' His dis- den). 12. Exempt (Denham). 13. Invested cipline was rigid; but as a monarch he was in- with franchises ; possessing any thing without dulgent: and ihough a despotic prince his sub- vassalage (Dryden). 14. Without expence : jects were happy in his government. (Watkins). as a freeschool.

Frederic (Colonel), the unfortunate son To Free. v. a. 1. To be at liberty; to of the unfortunate Theodore king of Corsica. rescue from slavery; to manumit; According to his own account, he was born in (Pope) 2. To rid from; to clear from ang Spain, where his mother, who was of the noble thing in (Clarendon). 3. 'To clear from in.

to looso

pediments or obstructions (Dryden). 4. To of the established church must be, to episcopa! banish; to send away: not used (Shakspeure). control and government. 5. To exempt (Romuns).

Whenever such a society shall be formed, FREE-BENCH, signifies that estate in copy. and the directing power placed in unexceptionhold which the wite, veing espoused a virgin, able hands, we may veniure to hope that some has after the decease of her husband for her addition to its funds may be afforded by godower, according to the custom of the manor. verument. It may also be expected, that, with In regard to this free-beuch, different manors a proper and economical application of those have different custoins: and in the manor funds, every thousand pounds intrusted to the of East and West Enbourne in the county direction of it may afford the means of forming of Berks, and in other parts of England, and establishing a new free-chapel for the poor, there is a custom, that when a copyhold either in London, or in Manchester, Bristol, tenant dies, the widow shall have her free. Norwich, or in some other of our most popubench in all the deceased husband's lands dum lous towns. What the effects may eventually sola et cnsta fuerit, " whilst she lives single and ultimately be, and what strength and staand chaste;" but if she is found to be guilty bility it may give to the civil and ecclesiastical of incontinency, she shall forfeit her estate. establishment of the country, and what renoNevertheless, upon her coming into the court vation of vigour and force to the moral and reof the manor riding backwards on a black ram, Jigious habits of the poor, we leave to the rewith his tail in her hand, rehearsing a certain flection and appreciation of the reader. Our form of words, the steward is bound by custom earnest wishes are in unison with those of this to restore her to her free-bench. The words are, benevolent gentleman. Here I am,

FREʻECOST. a. Without expence; free Riding on a black ram,

from charges (South). Like a whore as I am ;

FRE'EBMAN. 'S. A slare manumitted And for my crincum crancum

(Dryden). Have lost iny bincum bancum,

FRE'ÉDOM. s. (from free.) 1. Liberty; And for my tail's game

exemption from servitude; independence (Dry. Have done this worldly shame:

den). 2. Privilege ; franchises; immunities Therefore, pray, Mr. Steward, let me have (Shakspeure). 3. Power of enjoying franchises my land again.

(Swift). 4. Exemption from fate, necessity,

or predetermination (South). 5. Unrestraint Free, or IM PERIAL CITIES, in Germany, (Maccabees). 6. The state of being without are those not subject to any particular prince, any particular inconvenience (Law). 7. Ease but governed, like republics, by their own or facility in doing any thing. magistrates.

FREEDOM OF A CORPORATION, the FREEBOʻOTER. s. (free and booty:) A right of enjoying all the privileges and immunirobber ; a plunderer; a pillager (Clarendon). ties belonging to it. (See CORPORATION.)

FREEBOOTING. S. Robbery; plunder The freedom of cities, and other corporations, (Spenser).

is regularly obtained by serving an apprenticeFRE'EBORN. a. Inheriting liberty (Dry.). ship; but it is also purchased with noney, and

FREECHAPEL. s. (free and chapel.) A sometimes conferred by way of compliment. chapel of the king's foundation, and by him FREEDOM OF CONSCIENCE. See Toleexempted from the jurisdiction of the ordinary. RATION. The king may also license a subject to found FREEDOM OF THE WILL, that power or such chapel (Cowell).

faculty of the mind, whereby it is capable of FREE-CHAPEL, is also a name given to cer- acting or not acting, choosing or rejecting tain places of protestant worship, established whatever it judges proper. Of this every man of late years with a view to encourage among must be sensible, who finds in himself a power the poor a regular observation of the sabbath. to begin or forbear, continue or end several In London and Bath these establishments have actions, barely by a thought or preference of been found to answer excellent purposes. the mind.

Mr. Bernard, of Bath, proposes that a society FREEFO'OTED. a. ( free and foot.) Not be formed for promoting the foundation and restrained in the march (Shakspeare). establishment of free chapels for the poor, and FREEHE'ARTED. a. (free and heart.) the increase and improvement of their religious Liberal; unrestrained (Davies). habits, within the realm of England: that FREEHOLD, FRANK TENEMENT, lievery subscriber of fifty guineas in one sum, or berum tenementum, is land or tenement which of five guineas a-year, shall be a governor of a man holds in fee-simple, fee-tail, or for term the society; and that in case of a donation of of life. (See Fee and Tail.) Freehold is of 100 guineas or more, the donor shall, for every two kinds, in deed and in law. The first is 50 guineas beyond what would constitutę his the real possession of land or tenement in fee, own subscription, have the power of naming fee-tail, or for life: the other is the right a one life-governor : the specific appropriation of màn has to such land or tenement before his the funds being for the establishment and sup- entry or seizure. A freehold, by the common port of free-chapels for the poor, in the metro- law, cannot commence in futuro; but it must polis, and in any of the populous towns of Eng- take effect presently, either in possession, rever. land ; subject, as all other chapels and churches sion, or remainder. Whatever is part of the

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