## Euclid's Elements of Geometry: The First Six, the Eleventh and Twelfth Books |

### From inside the book

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Page vii

His first principles or axioms are few , simple , and clear ,

His first principles or axioms are few , simple , and clear ,

**taken**from our primitive and natural conceptions of things , and such as every one can easily ... Page xiii

... Kinds by right Lines ; and whatever held true of these , was to be

... Kinds by right Lines ; and whatever held true of these , was to be

**taken**as such in any Magnitudes of different kinds represented by these right Lines . Page 5

If equal things be

If equal things be

**taken**away from equal things , the remainders are equal . 4. If equal things be added to un qual things , the wholes are unequal . 5. Page 9

Therefore two unequal right lires , A B and c , being given , there is

Therefore two unequal right lires , A B and c , being given , there is

**taken**from the greater A B , a line equal to c the lefser . Which was to be done . Page 10

... that is , between an intellectual or mental one , and an actual sensual one made with the hands and the eyes ; have

... that is , between an intellectual or mental one , and an actual sensual one made with the hands and the eyes ; have

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### Common terms and phrases

A B C ABCD added alſo altitude baſe becauſe centre circle circumference common cone cylinder definition demonſtrated deſcribed diameter difference divided double draw drawn equal equal angles equiangular equimultiples Euclid exceeds fall fame fides figure firſt folid fore four fourth given right line greater half inſcribed join leſs magnitudes manner meet multiple oppoſite parallel parallelogram perpendicular plane polygon priſms PROP proportional propoſition proved pyramid ratio rectangle remaining angle right angles right line A B right lined figure ſame ſay ſecond ſegment ſhall ſides ſimilar ſince ſolid ſome ſphere ſquare ſtand ſum taken THEOR theſe third thoſe thro touch triangle triangle ABC twice vertex Wherefore whole whoſe baſe

### Popular passages

Page 247 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.

Page 30 - If two triangles have two angles of the one equal to two angles of the other, each to each, and one side equal to one side, viz. either the sides adjacent to the equal...

Page 248 - But it was proved that the angle AGB is equal to the angle at F ; therefore the angle at F is greater than a right angle : But by the hypothesis, it is less than a right angle ; which is absurd.

Page 18 - When a straight line set up on a straight line makes the adjacent angles equal to one another, each of the equal angles is right, and the straight line standing on the other is called a perpendicular to that on which it stands.

Page 32 - Let the straight line EF, which falls upon the two straight lines AB, CD, make the alternate angles AEF, EFD equal to one another; AB is parallel to CD.

Page 56 - Therefore all the angles of the figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.

Page 391 - KL: but the cylinder CM is equal to the cylinder EB, and the axis LN to the axis GH; therefore as the cylinder EB to...

Page 110 - If any two points be taken in the circumference of a circle, the straight line which joins them shall fall within the circle.

Page 130 - When you have proved that the three angles of every triangle are equal to two right angles...

Page 183 - FK : in the same manner it may be demonstrated, that FL, FM, FG are each of them equal to FH, or FK : therefore the five straight lines FG, FH, FK, FL, FM are equal to one another : wherefore the circle described from the centre F, at the distance of...