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43 Eliz. c. 2. wardens of every parish, and 4, 3, or 2 substantial house

holders, respect being had to the greatness of the parish, Their power of should be nominated yearly in Easter week, or within onę relieving the

month after Easter, under the hand and seal of 2 or more justices of the peace of the county, (whereof one to be of the quorum,) dwelling in or near such parish or division, to be overseers of the poor, who should with the consent of 2 such justices, take order for setting to work the children of all such whose parents should not by the church-wardens and overseers be thought able to keep and maintain their children, and also for setting to work all persons, married or unmarried, having no means to

maintain them, and using no ordinary and daily trade to Poor sale. get their living by; and to raise weekly or otherwise by

taxation of every parson, vicar, and other inhabitant, and of every occupier of lands, houses, tithes impropriate, propriations of tithes, coal-mines, or saleable underwoods, in the said parish, a convenient stock of flax, hemp, wool, thread, iron, and other necessary ware and stuff, to set the poor on work, and also a competent sum for the necessary relief of the lame, impotent, old, and blind, and such others as are poor

and not able to work; and also for the putting out 13 & 14 Car. 2. of such children to be apprentices. But the 13 & 14

Eng. Car. 2. c. 12. Eng. recites that the number of poor Their power of within England and Wales is very great and burthensome, Temoving them to and therefore enacts that it shall be lawful, úpou comthe place of their a settlement. plaint made by the church-wardens or overseer's of any

parish, to any justice of peace," within 40 days after any poor person shall come to settle is any tenement under the yearly value of £10. for any 2 justices, (one of the quorum) by warrant to remove such person to such parish where he was last legally settled, either as a native, householder, sojourner, apprentice, or servant; for the space of 40 days, unless he gives security for the discharge of the parish; but any person aggrieved by

c. 12. En

such judgment may appeal to the next quarter-sessions. 3 W.&M.c.11. By the 3 W. & M. c. 11. Eng. the 40 days continuance

of a poor person in a parish or town to make a settlement, What shall make shall be accounted from the publication of a notice in a settlemento . . . . . . ii



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triting which he shall deliver, of the house of his abode, and the number of his family, to the church-warden or overseer of the poor; which notice the church-warden, &c. shall cause to be read publicly, after divine service, in the church or chapel of the parish, &c. on the next Lord's * This clause

explains the day, and register in the book kept for the poors' accounts.* 1 Jac. 2. c. 17.

inedion, S. 3. Eng. And by (s. 6.) a legal settlement may be gained by anys.

8.6. person who shall come to inhabit in any town or parish, and execute any public annual office in such town, &c. during one year; or pay his share toward the public taxes of the town or parish; though no such notice be delivered as above mentioned. But by the 9 Geo. I. c. 7. s. 6. Eng. no.

"9 Geo. 1. c. n. person shall be deemed to have a settlement, by paying s. 6. Eng. the scavenger's rate or repairs of the highway. And the 43 Geo. 3. c. 161, s. 59. G. B. excepts also the assessed taxes payable by this act. And by the 35 Geo. 3. c. 101. s. 59. G. B. s. 4. Eng. no person who shall come into any parish shal! 35Geo. 3.c.101.

* 9. 4. Fug. gain a settlement by being rated to any tenement under the yearly value of £10. The 3 W. & M. c. 11. Eng.

3 W.&M c.11. further enacts, (s. 7.) that if any unmarried person, not $. 7. Eng. having a child, shall be hired into any parish or town for one year, such service shall be adjudged a settlement, though no such notice as above mentioned be delivered, &c. But by the 8 & 9 W. 3. c. 30. s. 4. Eng. no bired 8 & 9 W. 3. person shall be adjudged to have a settlement, unless 30. such person continue in the same service during one whole year. And by the 3 W. & M. c. 11. s. 8. Eng. if 3 W. & M. any person shall be bound an apprentice by indepture, “.. and inhabit in any town or parish, such binding and inhabitation shall be adjudged a settlement, though no such notice be delivered, &c. as required by s. 5. supra. The 31 Geo. 2. c.11. s. 1. Eng. also enacts, that no person 31 Gen.2.c.11. bound an apprentice by any deed, writing, or contract, s. 1. E not indented, being first legally stamped, shall be liable to be removed from the town, parish, or place, where le or she shall be so bound an apprentice, and resident 40 days, by any order of removal granted by any 2 justices, or by any order of the general or quarter sessions, on account of such deed, &c. not being indented, only. By the 9 Geo. 1. c. 7. s. 5. Eng. the acquisition of an estate 9 Geo. 1.c. 7. by purchase, will not entitle the person purchasing to a


c 30. 6. 4. Eng.

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to certificate pour.

legal settlement, for any longer time than such person

shall inhabit in such estate, unless the consideration for 8&9 W.3.c.30 such purchase shall amount to £30. The 8 & 9W.3.c.30. s. 1. Eng.

Eng. provides (s. 1.) that if any person that shall come Power of remov. into any parish to inhabit and reside, shall deliver to the al restramed as church-wardens or overseers, a certificate under the hands

and seals of the church-wardens and overseers, or the major part of them, of any other parish, or of the overseers of the poor of any other place where there are no church-wardens, attested by 2 witnesses, owning the person to be an inhabitant settled in that parish, such certificate having been subscribed by 2 justices of the county, &c. wherein the parish from which such certificate shall come doth lie, shall oblige the said parish to provide for the person, together with his family, whenever he shall become chargeable to the parish to which such certificate was given ; and then, and not before, it shall be lawful for any such person, and bis children, though born in that parish, not having otherwise acquired a legal set

tlement there, to be removed into the parish from whence 9 & 10 W. 3. such certificate was brought. And the 9 & 10 W.3.q.11. c. 11. Eng. Eng. provides, that no person who shall come into any

* parish by certificate, shall be adjudged to have procured tificate peison. a legal settlement in such parish, unless he shall, bona fide,

take a lease of a tenement of the value of £10. or shall execute some annual office in such parish, being legally

placed in such office. And by the 12 Ann. st. 1.c. 18. c. 18. Eng. Eng. if any person shall be an apprentice bound by in

denture, or a lired servant, to any person who did come into or shall reside in any parish, &c. in England, by certificate, and not afterwards having gained a settlement,

he shall not thereby gain any settlement. The 33 Geo.3. 33 Geo 3.c.5+. s. 24. Eng.

'c. 54. s. 24. Eng. also excludes apprentices and servants to certificated members of friendly societies. The Englista statutes 3 Car. 1.c. 4. . 22. 5 Geo. 1. c. 8. 3 Geo. 2. c. 29. 17 Geo. 2. c. 3. 37 & 38. 9 Geo. 3. c. 37. 18 Gev. 3. c. 19& 47. 20 Geo. 3.c. 36. 35 Geo. 3. c. 101, 36 Geo. 3. c. 23. 41 Geo. 3.c. 23. 42 Geo. 3. c. 46. and 45

Geo. 3. c. 54. also relate to this subject. The 22 Geo. 3. pöör by incorpio c. 83. Fng. (amended by the 33 Geo. 3. c. 35. 36 Geo. 3. saled sockelies. c. 10. 41 Geo. 3. st. 1. c. 9. 42 Geo. 3. c. 74. and 43 Gev.3.

c. 110.


12 Ann. st. 1.

c. 110.) recites, that by the incapacity, negligence, or mis- 22 Geo. 3.c.. conduct of overseers the money raised for the relief of the use poor is frequently misapplied, and sometimes expended in defraying the charges of litigations about settlements indiscreetly and unadvisedly carried on; and therefore provides for establishing suitable and convenient poorhouses or workhouses in the several parishes and townships, under the inspection and controul of visitors, guardians, and governors, for the reception of such as are become indigent by old age, sickness, or infirmities, and are unable to acquire a maintenance by their labour, and for such orphan children as are sent there by order of the guardians of the poor with the approbation of the visitor, and of such children also as shall necessarily go there with their mothers for sustenance. And this act contains the following rules and regulations to be observed and enforced at every poorhouse to be established under this act:-1. That the several persons who shall be sent to any Rules for regas,

lation of poor such poorhouse, who are capable of doing any work, houses. sliall be employed by the governor in some labour which may be best suited to their strength and capacity—II. That the governor shall take particular care to keep the said house and the several apartments therein, and also the several persons who shall inhabit the same, clean and wholesome; and for that purpose he shall employ such of the said poor persons who shall be sent thither, whom he shall think most able and best qualified for the offices, to assist him therein, and also in the providing and dressing victuals for the use of such poor persons; and if any such poor person shall refuse or neglect to perform the work or labour in yhich he or she shall be so employed, or shall be directed to do by the governor, every such person shall be punished by confinement, or a'teration of diet, in such manner as the governor shall direct; and for a second offence of the like sort complaint thereof shall be made to some justice of the peace for the limit, who on conviction shall commit such person to the house of correction for any time not exceeding 2 calendar months, nor less than 1 calendar month-III. That the apartments in the house or houses to be provided as aforesaid, shall be


adapted so as to accommodate the poor who shall be sent thither in the best manner they are capable—That the governor shall place in the best apartments such poor persons who, having been creditable housekeepers, are reduced by misfortune, in preference to those who are become poor by vice and idleness; and that separate apartments shall be provided for the reception of the sick and distempered poor, and an apothecary or surgeon to be sent for to attend them when there shall appear necessity for it, at the expense of the parish or place to which such poor persons belong.-IV. That such poor persons who are able to work shall be called up by ring of bell, and set to work by 6 in the morning from Ladyday ta Michaelmas, and by & from Michaelmas to Ladyday, and continue until 4 in the afternoon from Michaelmas to Ladyday, and from Ladyday to Michaclmas till 6 in the afternoon, (mealtimes and times for reasonable recreation excepted ;) and if any, such poor person shall refuse or neglect to do such work as shall be allotted him or her, or wilfully spoil the same, or depart from such house without leave from the governar, or shall be guilty of any disorder or disobedience to these rules and orders, the governor shall reprove such poor person for the same, and punish him or her by confinement or alteration of diet, as the said governar shall think fit; and if such person shall be guilty of the like offence a second time, the governor shall complain thereof to the visitor of such house, who is hereby authorized to order the punishnient of confinement ta be increased to such degree as be shall think fat.–V. That the governor shall enter in a book to be kept by him, an account of the household goods, linen, furniture, and utensils provided for the said house; and also an account of the material's bought for manufactare, and of the goods manufactured there; which shall be baid before the guardians at their monthly meeting, and before the visitor whenever he comes to such house. VI. That the governor shal} visit the several persons maintained in such house or houses, and their apartments once at least in every day; and shall take care that there is no waste of fire, candles, or provisions; and shall see that the fires and candles are put out at the lours lised


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