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We have been favoured with a copy of Mr. Godon's preliminary observations,

forming a part of his first Lecture, which we have now the pleasure of pre[senting to the readers of the Anthology.]! GENTLEMEN,

THE study of natural history is nosia and geognosia, which we shall intended to direct us to the knowl. adopt. edge of the objects which compose We shall divide, our studies our globe, or which belong to its therefore into two sections ; in surface, Naturalists divide these the first we shall speak of the chara objects into two classes, organized acters of minerals, of their chemand inorganized beings. Mineral- ical composition, and of their proogy, in particular, is limited to a perties and uses ; in the second,

. knowledge of those which com. we shall fix our attention on the pose inanimate nature,

rocks, and on the method of study. When we cast our eyes upon ing minerals in nature. the part of the globe not covered In order to attain these several by waters, the bodies scattered on kinds of knowledge, and aid our the earth present themselves to us minds in the pursuit, various sysconfusedly. Stones and metals tems, of classification have been appear dispersed without order in imagined. These systems are not its bosom, or on its surface. Such always owned by nature, but such is the point of view under which as they are, we must consider they are beheld by the vul- them as valuable for us, since they gar ; but this confusion is only afford the means to run over the in appearance, and, in places fa- vast chain of bodies which com,

yourable, to mineralogical obser- pose the mineral kingdom. The yations, the man who knows how introduction of these methods, alto consider analyuically these dif- most unknown to the ancients, has ferent bodies, soon perceives an had a powerful influence in adorder which renders their study vancing the progress of natural interesting to him.

history among the moderns. Two ways of studying the ob. It is no doubt useless to en: jects of the mineral kingdom are large upon the importance of the presented to us : either we con- science to which we are now about sider them in their simple state, to give our attention. The knowl, that is to say, constituted in dis- edge of metals, the art of taking tinct species, with characters which them out of the earth, and prepar, are peculiar to them, or we con, ing them for our purposes ; the sider them in a state of aggrega- making of lime, of alum, of cop: tion. The first consideration be peras, and of vitriol of copper ; the longs to the mineralogical species, art of knowing the earths proper properly speaking ; the second to for the fabrication of pottery ware the aggregate minerals constitut, china, &c. are dependencies of ing the vast masses of the globe, mineralogy. Agriculture itself which are commonly called rocks. has comection with mineralogical The study of rocks is important in observations ; and to commerce the application of mineralogical perhaps more than to any other knowledge, and particularly in the profession, a general knowledge of geological description of moun. natural objects is interesting and

Werner has given to these important. The mineralogist sees two divisions the names of orycuego with pleasure, that almost every


object which composes his collec- in reference to this branch of sao tróti, has some use' in society, and tural history. There is abundant who can forget the mfluence of evidence, that the mineral producmetals in particular among civils tions of this part of the world'arel ized people. Nearly thirty thou- as interesting as those of any other! sand plants are known ; the-num- country ; and the 'most proper ber of species included in zoology period for researches of this de is incomparably more extensive ; scription, is undoubtedly that in among those beings, all different which the people of the United in their forms, whose multiplicity States begin to perceive the neces-almost overpowers dur imaginas sity of manufactures. tion, we reckon only a small num- This study equally claims the ber, the uses, of which are ascer: attention of the man who is in tained. It is not the same with pursuit of property, as of him who minerals ; hardly can we mention is at leisure to cultivate his underany stones altogether indifferent to standing. In all times, and among man living in society ; even those every people, the tribute of esteen which appear to the eyes of philos and consideration has been grantophers & naturalists, as of little imed to those who have benefited portance in nature, as to their real society and the sciences by use. utility, by a singular and old ca-, ful discoveries. Ambition, thus price have obtained a high degree directed, is altogether laudable, for of estimation, and are of great va- its object is to contribute to the lue in commerce,

conveniencies of life, and to im. America presents a virgin soil prove the human mind.

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such young'artificers under the I OBSERVED in the Monthly age of twenty-five, as had served Magazine for July, last, publish- an apprenticeship in those towns, ed in London, a query relative to and were married. So far as the two legacies of one thousand inquiry respects this town, I am pounds sterling each, left by Dr. able to state, that the sum 'was Franklin to the town of Boston, paids and that the first loan made and to the corporation of the city by the trustees was on the 3d of of Philadelphia, for the benefit of May, 1791. Since that time there

: 10543 9..1 have been one hundred and thirty * From the Monthly Magazine, publicle, ed in London, for July, 1807–p. 558.

in diferent sums, to stich young artifi.

cers, under the age of twenty-five, a To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine had served an apprenticeship in the said

SIR,-Having lately met with Dr. towns, and were
Franklin's Life, to wrich his will is son cam gratify

med. If any per:

desire to know annexed, my curiosity has been much whether the said legacies are aprroexcited relative to 20001. bequeathed in priated agréé zble to the pattiot's wat a codicil to the said will í 10001, to the through your justly miscel. citizens of Boston, and 10001. to the laneous collection, he will much oblige corporation of the city of Priladelphia your constant rërder,

T. to be let out at interest, at five per cent, Dublin, Febrtary 22, 1807

live loans, secured according to the By inserting this information in provisions.contained in the will : your miscellany, you will gratify of these fity-nine have been whole the curiosity of the inquirer relaly paid, and on the rest various tive to a bequest, which reflects portions of the principal and ingreat honour on the memory of terest are due, and constantly Dr. Franklin, and oblige growing due. The fụnd amounts

Yours, &c. at this time to eight thousand three

P. THACHER, hundred eigiity-six. dollars, and

Treasurer of the Fund. has been found in its operation highiy useful to many of the citi. Boston, Dec, 22, 1807. zens of this town.

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WINTER, ruler of the year,

io Winter! cease thy song, Awtul in thy storm,

Lest nature's self should die ; Biw thy blast, both chill and clear, Lest art thy magick feel, Sbew thy wildest form !

And softest minstretsy.
Muses, touch the faithful lyre, "Next, in his cold and dreary dress,
Wake the poet's native fire. Io miss He goes the sufering circle round,

Visits the children of distress,
Yonder, Winter's self appears, And lurks where hunger's found.
Crown'd with snows of other years ;
High on an alp of ice reclind, Ah ! turn thee from that door

He sullen calls the obedient wind, Here pour thy pelting storm, Then throws his native garment Give wealth thy hail, thy snow, "}i round, Must

But spare the poor forlorn.
Ind bids his gloomy harp to sounds

No ? Then, gentle Pity, come! Now mark, the tender leaves are Winter's eldest, fondest child, curra,

Give him all his kindred storm,
He strikes a wilder note, they die ; Be thou ever soft and mild.
The slender aspin trembling berals,
And hear, the weeping willo vas sigh. Beneath thy heavenly smile 1 ! ! in

The blast a zephyr grows ;
* Now all the woodland choir is still, 'Tis thine to calm the stam,
Nor wakes its melting musick more ; "Tis thine to melt the snows.
The noisy clack within the mill
In silence listens to his lore,

Now smiles the child of woe, if

The orphan wipes the tear; • And lo! askance the sun is turn'd, His cup with comfort flows, 'The river hearkens to his song E'en sadness tastes the cheer. En 'Tis charm'd, and ceases more to flow, Nor bears its pebbly note along. Calm thoughtfulness, thy childai

invit Mini Now, holds her evening reign, "And hends the oak, wliose bead By turns with fancy wild, Is ivy'd o'er with years' Then tun’d to surrey's strain.}. :

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But mark, the Muses leave the lyre, tes, friendship claims thee as her Nor longer wake the poet's fire

own, To glow in winter's praise ;

And softer sympathy.
Anticipation takes the song,
And bears young Spring in smile If such delights are thine,

Though rugged be thy form,
For poets' softer lays.

Still will I hail thee mine,

And smile amid thy storm. But, winter! social life is thine, "Tis here we welcome thee ;

December 26, 1807.



TWAS Autumn-the sun now descending the sky,
In a robe of bright crimson and gold was array'd ;
While the pale sickly moon, scarcely open'd her eye,
Just peep'a through the forest, and silver'd the glade.
The voice of the evening was heard in the trees
Each chirper so merry was seeking his nest ;
The anthems of insects were mix,d with the breeze,
And nature look'd pleas'd-all her children were blest.
L,en the trees appeard drest in their holiday cloaths,
And they wav'd their green arms, and they seem'd to rejoice,
While methought as I listened, at times there arose
From each oak's ivied branches a Deity's voice.
But ah! there was one that did not appear gay,
Nor wave his long branches-now verdant no more !
The bird as he views him soars silent away,
His genius is dead, and his honours are o'er.
Once green like the rest, strong and lovely he grew,
The warbler once dwelt in each well cover'd bough,

The breezes saluted his leaves as they flew ;
Yes, he has been but now !_alas ! what is he now?
The rays of the morning still shine on the tree,
And evening still waters the trunk with her tears ;
The wild-flow'r and wheat-sheaf around it we see,
But a winterly ruin this ever appears.
Oh ! say, is it age that bas 'alter'd thy form,

(For care and affliction thou never hast known)
Òr hast thou been struck by the pitiless storm,
That thou thus seem'st to pine and to wither alone ?
Thou art silent--the silence my fancy improve ;
Come pause here awhile

it is what thou may'st be!.
Ah ! oft in the heyday of pleasure and love

Old friend, I shall sigla as I think upon thee. Aug. 23, 1806.

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Librum tuum legi Ego quam diligentissime potui annotavi, quæ commutanda, quæ

eximenia, arbitrarer. Nam ego dicere verum assuevi. Neque ulli patientius reprehenduntur, quam qui maxime laudari merentur. Plin.



have thought proper, to lay by the The Life of George Washington, in order to examine them togeth

volumes, as they have appeared, commander in chief of the armies

er, and afford a continuous repreof the United States of America

sention of the merits of the throughout the war, which esta

whole. Dushed their independence, and

The volumes now before us first president of the United

have within a few months issued States. By David Ramsay, M.D. from our press, the authors have author of the History of the ing waited to derive all possible American Revolution. . 8vo. pp. advantage from the work of Mar376. New-York, printed by shall for the crfection of their Hopkins & Seymour, for E. S.

abridgments. Of the utility of Thomas, Baltimore. 1807.

their plan no doubt can arise, for An Essay on the Life of George thousands in our country cannot

Washington, commander in chief purchase the costly volumes of the of the American army through great biograpber's to whom much the revolutionary war, and the information may be afforded by first president of the United Ramsay and by Bancroft. States. By Aaron Baneroft, A. The first observation in com4. S. pastor of a Congregational paring these two volumes, that church in Worcester, 8vo, pp. will strike every one who reads 552. Worcester, printed by them, is, that they might well ex. Thomas & Sturtevant, 1807. ' change titles. The work, modest

ly called An Essay on the life of THE

He biography of the best great George Washington,' exhibits maman, recorded in the annals of bis- ny proofs of profound research tory, will be perused through suce among the scattered fragments of cessive ages with increasing de- our history, and much curious inlight. Early in the present year quiry after anecdotes relating to the long-desired life of Washing. its subject. Tlie Life of George ton by Marshall was completed. Wasbington;' by the historian of and given to the publick. This the American war, contains nothwork was so eagerly expected by i ing new to one, who has read Marthe world, that our praise or cena: ishall with careless" rapidity, and sure could neither retard nor in- who faintly rememberse the im} crease its circulation : and we pression made on him in his pasVol. IV. No. 12.


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