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It is intended to convert the ele- als, to be contended for by the stugant building which was lately the dents of that college; one of fifteen depository of the Leverian Muse- guineas, a prize for the best Latin um, into a literary institution, on dissertation on some evidence of the plan of the Royal and the Lon- Christianity ; another of fifteen don Institutions. We wish well to guineas,a prize for the best English this design, because it will accom- composition on some moral precept modate parts of the town remote of the gospel ; and one of ten guinfrom the other institutions, and add eas, a prize to the most distinct another means to the general dif- and graceful reader in, and regular fusion of knowledge.

attendant at, chapel; and the sur

plus, if any, to be laid out in books, Sir Joseph Banks has recently and distributed by the Master. stated the advantages to be obtained by inuring tender plants,natives There has been published atHalle of warmer climates, to bear the a work entitled, Letters on the inseverity of that of England. In the terior relations of the Court of Pruscase of annuals, he mentions this is sia, since the time of Frederick II. effected with little trouble, as all These letters have excited the pubthat is required is to enable them lick curiosity to a high degree, and to ripen their seed in a compari- are said to be very interesting. tively cold summer, after which the hardest frost will have no power to The University of Leipzig has injure it ; but a perennial has to resolved henceforth to call by the encounter frosts with its buds and name of Napoleon that group of annual shoots, that have sometimes stars which lies between the girdle been so severe with us as to rend and sword of Orion ; and a numeasunder the trunks of our indigenous rous deputation of the University forest-trees. In 1791, some seeds was appointed to present the conof Zizania aquatica were procured queror with a map of the group so from Canada, and sown in a pond named. at Spring Grove, near Hounslow. They grew, and produced strong The new organization of the Aplants, which ripened their seeds. cademy of Sciences at Munich still These vegetated in the succeeding occupies the attention of the Bavaspring, and so on every year, the rian government. Its labours are plants springing up from the seeds to be more extensive than those of of the preceding year, and becom- any similar institution in Europe ; ing visibly stronger and larger,and for it is to have, under the direction rising from deeper parts of the of the ministry, immediate superpond, till the year 1804, when sev- intendance over all the establisheral of the plants were six feet ments for publick instruction in the high, and the whole pond was in kingdom of Bavaria. The presievery part covered with them. dent of the academy is to be the From this, and other similar ex- privy counsellor Jacobi, a' man reperiments, Sir Joseph proposes to spected throughout Germany, as sow the seeds of such shrubs as oc- well for his philosophical writings casionally ripen them in the En- as for his personal character. Aglish climate, after the example of mong the other academicians whose the Zizania, which, in fourteen names have been anpounced to the years, became completely natural- publick, are those of M. Seyffer, an ized to our climate.

astronomer, late director of the ob

servatory of Gottingen ; M. EichThe Bishop of London has trans- horn, the celebrated historian and ferred 12001. stock to the Master orientalist, also from Gottingen; and Fellows of Christ's College, M. Wiebeking, from Vienna, disCambridge, and directed the in- tinguished for his knowledge in hyterest of it to be laid out annually draulicks; and M. Wolf, known by in the purchase of three gold med- a valuable History of the Jesuits.

The royal library at Munich, al- M. Lechenhault, one of the patready very considerable, is about uralists belonging to the expedition to be augmented by a commission, under Captain Baudin, who was deempowered to select for it every tained at Batavia by illness, is arvaluable article found in the libra- rived at Nantz with a superb colries of the suppressed monasteries. lection of natural history, and one The collection of pictures at Mu- of the most valuable collections of nich,by the addition of the galleries arms and instruments, &c. procured of Manheim and Dusseldorf, is be- from Otaheite, Java, and the adjacome one of the finest in Europe, cent islands. He has neglected no the Museum Napoleon alone ex- means of enriching natural history, cepted.

by furnishing several kinds hitherto

unknown. Mr. Olbers, the celebrated astronomer of Bremen, discovered, Bonaparte has, founded at Maron the 29th of March, a new plan- seilles a Professorship of the Araet; the second for the knowledge bick language, to which he has apof which we are indebted to that pointed Don GABRIEL, formerly indefatigable observer, as it is well Missionary at Cairo, with a salary known that he is likewise the dis- of 8,000 francs. coverer of the planet Pallas.

The new planet discovered by The beautiful gallery of Salzthal, Dr. OLBERS has likewise been which belonged to the late duke of seen at Paris. It is visible to the Brunswick, has arrived in France. naked eye, and its size seems to be It is particularly rich in the first- nearly that of a star of the fifth rate productions of the Flemish magnitude ; and its distance nearschool. The duke had made con- ly the same as that of the other siderable additions to it during the newly discovered planets, Ceres, first ten years of his government. Pallas, and Juno.

The numerous objects of the fine M. Hesse, a native of Germany, arts collected in the Museum of who has been settled some years Cassel, as well as the beautiful as a bookseller at Amsterdam, has gallery of pictures in that city, and undertaken the publication of a colthe colossal statue of Hercules, lection of Greek classics. He purwhich decorated Weissenstein,near poses printing three different ediCassel, have also reached the tions, two in octavo, and one in Frenchi capital. The collections of quarto. Of the latter, only fifty Paris have been further enriched copies will be taken off, and they by the antiquities found at Berlin cannot be obtained without suband Potsdam, which alone filled one scribing. hundred chests of prodigious size.

A new monthly publication has M. Peyron has announced at Par- been begun at Madras, called the is the publication of an account of Indian Magazine, and European the voyage and discoveries in the Miscellany, containing a selection South Seas in the corvettes Geo- of literary and other intelligence graphe and Naturaliste, in the from Europe ; and original inforYears 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803, and mation on subjects connected with 1804. This work will be in two the British possessions in India. volumes quarto, and will contain The first number,embellished with forty-one charts. M. Peyron was a view of Madras from the beach, the naturalist to the expedition and made its appearance on 1st of has compiled this account of the February. voyage by command of Bonaparte.

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AMERICAN:

Letter from W. Thornton, Esq. to olina, not only on 'account of the

the Members of the North Caroś tonic virtues of the water, but also lina Gold Mine Company. in consequence of the salubrity of Gentlemen,

the air and healthiness of the counI lately visited the land in North try. From the number who have Carolina belonging to the company, visited these springs this summer, and rode several days in various (the first) it is imagined they will parts of it. The fertility of the be much resorted to hereafter. soil exceeded very much the most This was one of the nost unfafavourable idea I had formed of it. vourable seasons I could have seI saw some of the best corn in it lected for an examination of the that I saw during our whole route runs for gold. They were dry, through Virginia and North Caro- like most of those we passed in lina, and I was informed by general Virginia and North Carolina ; inSteele, late comptroller of the Uni- deed so dry that no examination ted States, who resides not far from could be made of them for gold the lands, that he'had made par- but with great trouble, as it was ticular enquiries respecting them, necessary to carry the sand and since my former visit, and learnt gravel in small portions, somethat they were very good corn and times above a mile, before water cotton lands, and it was his opinion, could be found ; and what gold was if the company kept the lands a lit- obtained was principally found by tle while till they could select such washing the gravel and sand where portions for the gold as they might there was water, rather than by incline to retain, they might sell · searching for the gold where there the remainder for the whole pur- were indications; and though this chase money they gave, viz. 110,000 was the case, I did not see a single dollars. Some of the corn I thought frying-pan full of gravel and sand so fine, was in ground that had washed without gold being found been in cultivation for ten years therein. Some fine specimens were and this is the driest year that the thus obtained, one about two pennyoldest inhabitants remember for weights, and some smaller : but affifty years.

ter we had obtained about twenty The grounds,except in a few cul- dollars worth, we were prevented tivated places, are generally cov- from proceeding by the want of ered with good timber. Some com- water to wash for more-though, pany viewing the land with me, from what I saw, I am of opinion measured one of the trees by the we might have got some hundred road side, and found it nine feet dollars worth in a very short dissix inches circumference, and a- tance if the branch had not dried bove a hundred feet high : orchards up. While we were engaged in of apples, peaches, &c. flourish in washing for gold, Mr. Love, one of a very luxuriant manner, and red the proprietors of the adjoining .. clover, with plaister of Paris for a mine of Mr. Read, on washing manure, grows astonishingly. some of our gravel and sand, in

Before I mention the gold runs, which he found gold, said in my it may be proper to'observe that hearing, that lie really thought our the healing springs are surrounded prospect as good as theirs. They within the distance of half a mile have only four hundred acres ; and by the company's land. These are though it is said that they have obpowerfully chalybeate, and tained between thirty and forty resorted to from various parts of thousand dollars worth of gold from the country, as well as South Car- this small place, they value it still

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Vol. IV, No 11.

were

at one hundred thousand dollars. can be sufficiently explored, and We possess thirty-five thousand a. but few of the streams and small cres at least ! The gold of our land runs have been searched in the is perfectly pure, and requires no slightest manner. Every place exrefining. I visited Mr.Read's mine, amined, though some lie many and found that by amalgamation miles apart, has furnished gold, with quicksilver, which is very ea- excep: one, and that had but a vesy, and which answers completely, ry slight examination, and perhaps a great quantity of gold is obtained not deep enough. Among the prinfrom the said, after picking out all cipal places that promise well, from the lump gold. I was informed the small trials made, I must menthey got about six or seven ounces tion the Rock-hole creeks, which at a distillation, several times a are branches that join about three week, from a very small still. I miles below their sources. The afterwards visited the mines of one where I got most of the gold, in Mrs. Parker and Mr. Harris. They consequence of there being a small lie in a hill that intersects the com- supply of water, is the west branch. pany's land. Mr. Harris, in plough- The upper end could not be examing across a small branch in his ined, nor any place but one, for land, turned up a good sized piece want of water. The east branch of gold. Having no

regular weights, is supposed from a single trial to be he tried it in a pair of scales a- good, but the want of water pregainst a pewter plate and spoon, vented any further search. Three which it outweighed. He then forks of Island creek, about three searched the run, and was success- miles each, contain gold; but little ful in finding gold. This little search could be made for the same branch runs immediately into the reason. Mr. Robins, who lives becompany's land, lying between it low, told me he found gold below and Mrs. Parker's. But it was the junction of these branchesdry, and I consequently made no some was found in Cucumber creek. search in it, nor in any of the The prospect good. Some in the branches on that side, though I Camp branch of Island creek, also heard of gold being found in sever- in Long creek and below Mr. Har. al.

ris's. Mrs. Osburn took only as Mrs. Parker's mine was discov- much sand and gravel as she could ered in a very unexpected manner. carry between her hands, from a Hearing of several discoveries, she small spring in the company's land said in a joking manner to some between the Rock-hole branches, company while drinking tea with and on washing it found a piece her, “I wish, gentlemen, any of equal to a dollar, and two pieces you could find a gold mine in my equal to half a dollar in value, beland." On which Mr. Etherton șides some smaller pieces. It apsaid, "I will go, madam, and pears on examination that some of search for you.” He went, and in the hills are rich in gold; and I a little time returned with a very think it is not carried far by the good specimen. After this they currents, but only falls down into found six hundred dollars worth, the small hollows and little branchand this season three hunrired es near which it originally lies, as more, though they had not yet pre- it has been found in considerable pared any apparatus for even quantities in the smallest depreswashing the gravel and sand. They sions on the hills, as well as in the were making a small wooden ma- more deep runs and branches. chine when I was there.

Were we to measure all the runs, I cannot pretend to give an ac- the small branches, the springs and count of all the places where gold depressions where gold has been has been discovered in the grounds found in the company's land, I belonging to the company, for it think I may admit the truth of the will take some time before they current opinion there, that the com

HISTORY OF

pany possess 100 miles of gold land. favoured with this valuable and popular Though it may be highly advanta- works, which has long been out ot print. geous to work some of the places already discovered, and particular- The Rev. Dr. Trumbull, who has ly Rock-hole branch, and the Spring published, with much reputation to branch, I think a further examina- himself and his country, the first vol. tion of the runs essential, as it is ume of his history of Connecticut, has admitted our discoveries already for several years past been engaged, at made entitle us to expect inmense

the request of the General association returns, if our operations be well

in Connecticut, in writing a GENERAL directed in the first instance. The

THE UNITED STATES expenses are so very trifling, that displaying the divine agency in their

of America, for the purpose of the whole necessary apparatus will settlement, growth, and protection, not cost two hundred dollars ; but

and specially during the late memthe particulars will be laid before

morable revolution. The work will the directors, for their consideration. probably be comprised in three octavo I am, gentlemen,

war.

vols. of about 500 pages each, of the Very respectfully, &c.

size of the English edition of Dr. W. THORNTON. Gordon's bisti ry of the revolutionary City of Washington,

The first vol., which is ready for Oct. 20, 1806.

the press, bring's down the history to

the year 1760. The second volume is A new epick poem, entitled Tue in forwardness, and it is expected the COLUMBIAD, in ten books, by Joel Bar. whole will be completed in such period, low will shortly be published by C. as that, after the first volume shall have and A. Conard, in a splendid quarto. been put to press, (which will be the This work will be ornamented with next spring at farthest) the others will twelve engravings, from original pain. be in readiness to succeed it, without tings, by English artists of the first delay. The manuscript of the first celebrity. The paper is from the man- volume of this work has been submitufactory of Amies, the types from the ted to the critical inspection of the foundry of Binny and Ronaldson, and Rev. Dr. Dwight and the Hon. John the printing is executed by Messrs. Fry Trumbull, judge of the supreme court, and Kammerer.

both well known in the literary world,

and has received their decided approDr. Ramsay has prepared for the bation. press a new edition of his History of the American Revolution. He has Messrs. Belcher & Armstrong, prin. carefully revised what was formerly ters, of Boston, have just published the published, and added two chapters of second edition of an abridgment of the original matter : One exhibiting a con- History of New England, for the use nected history of the British colonies, of young persons, by Hannah Adams. now the United States, as far as the To which is added a valuable Appen. same is illustrative of the revolution, dix. In the opinion of the most re. its origin, principles, predisposing caus- spectable British criticks, this elegant es, and of such events as prepared the and instructive summary is not only creway for the grand event. The last ditable to the ingenious and industrious chapter, or rather appendix to the rev. author, but is incomparably the best sy. olutionary history, will contain a brief nopsis of events that has yet appeared in view of the United States, since the America. Some of the first political revolution, down so near to the present and literary characters in the state of time as will be suitable. In this chap- Massachusetts have strongly sanction. ter the order of time will not be follow. ed the use of this abridgment in ed, but the order of things connected schools and academies. The recomtogether in one unbroken view relative mendation which these gentlemen have to the same subject. The relations be published in most of the Boston Jour. tween this country, Britain, France and 'nals is expressed in glowing terms of Spain, for example, will be unfolded, praise, and a literary club of no mean each separately from first to last. If renown, have advised the general adop. the blessings of peace are continued to

tion of this little manual. We once had our country, we may expect soon to be an opportunity of witnessing the collo.

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