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mittances of the produce of the ment. The treaty simply procolonies to the mother country.. vides a further duty of one per The argument is not fairly stated cent. in one case and two percent. by this writer. . It does not come in the other, which has little or no within the general principle, that tendency to enable the British trano person shall inquire into the der to contend with us in this means,by which, or the place, from valuable branch of commerce. whence, property has been brought But this writer indulges himself within the territory of a neutral in a vain satire against this provisstate, further than as it may serve ion, as tending to authorize the to cast light on the question wheth- president to levy a duty on exports er it belong to a neutral or bel without the consent of congress, ligerent;' for if this were conced- and contrary to the express terms ed, still Great Britain could take of the constitution. If we could it in transitu between the colony believe him sincere in this objecand the neutral country, which she tion, it might be worthy of a reply; considers, and which is undoubted. but as he and every man must ly as illegal as the other. Admit, know the distinction between withhowever, that our right to exercise holding part of the duty, paid on this trade is unquestionable, but importation, and a direct duty on that Great Britain denied it, and exportation, it cannot be necessary that one great object of the treaty to answer this piece of humour. was to secure the exercise of this If there was any weight in it, it trade. Is it true that our agree- would follow, that congress could ment to a modification of this not retain any part of the drawright for ten years is a relinquish- backs, because the constitution ment of the principle? Is it not as has forbidden them to lay any fair to say, that this agreement of duty on exports, and the withGreat Britain is a virtual conces. holding the drawbacks, accordsion of our right, and that at the ing to the supposed reasoning, expiration of the treaty it would would amount to the levy on exlevert to us in an unqualified state portation. Could we not urge with great force, But this writer, whose general that while we claimed the absolute notions on the subject of politicks and uncontrouled right to this com are undoubtedly correct, aware of merce, and Great Britain denied it the delicate and interesting ground in toto, at a time when she had on which Great Britain stands, of the power and the disposition to the importance to her of checking cut it off altogether, that her agree the trade of her enemy, and of the ment to the exercise of it with an frauds to which the colonial trade unimportant qualification, was an naturally gives facility,proposes an admission of the justice of our expedient, for which our merchants claims?

will not thank him, and indicates That it is an unimportant qualifi- a course to Great-Britain, which, cation every merchant well knows, we venture to say, would in the because in consequence of the con end prove more vexatious to our stant decisions of her courts, we commere and more subversive of have, during the last five years, our rights ; at the same time that brought this colonial produce to it would create and excite the spi. our own ports, and reshipped it, rit of hostility and resentment apaying a small duty to our govern- gainst Great-Britain, which, as an

enlightened statesman, he justly with us to the same provision, we deplores.

shall not be obliged to restore pro. That we may not be supposed perty captured by them beyond the to misrepresent him, we quote his limits prescribed by the law of nawords, “That we may be well un tions ; while, on the other hand, it derstood, we acknowledge, that may be beneficial to us, by precludwhile the European powers main. ing the British cruisers from cap, tain their colonial system, and re. tures or searches within five miles lax from it occasionally under the of our coast, instead of a marine pressure of necessity, or from the league, to which their riglits were prospect of advantage, there is a heretofore restricted. presumption that trade, carried on We doubt also, whether the by neutrals between a belligerent stricture on the third article be a and her colonies, is merely a cloak correct one, and whether, if anoand cover injurious to the other bele ther nation should grant to us any ligerent. He therefore can right- peculiar privileges in compensafully exact strong evidence that the tion for a grant of favours in our property is neutral ; and since me. ports, Great Britain could claim it lancholy experience proves that on gratuitously. If A was to stipusuch occasions perjury appears at Iste with B, that he would grant the call of interesi, it ought not to him all the advantages of any barbe wondered at, that he should so gains, which he might make with far extend the force of presumption any other person, we should exas to receive it in contradiction to ceedingly doubt, whether B.could testimony. Thus justifying, in claim any such advantages, for another and more odious form, if wbich A had been obliged to make not the very principle for which a pecuniary compensation. WithGreat Britain contends, yet one, atout paying the same pecuniary: the least, as offensive to neutrals. compensation. For,in ordinary cases of capture on Having thus noticed our differa suspicion, the belligerent has a ences of opinion witla this author, right to require perfect evidence of as to the several articles of the property in the neutral, and yet treaty made by Messrs. Munroe this writer admits, that in the case and Pinckney, (which, on the of the colonial trade he has a right whole, it is possible, may be an to expect something stronger than exceedingly good one) we shall perfect. A pretty fair concession, conclude by observing, that we enthat the trade is such as no power- tertain the highest opinion of the ful nation can safely admit. talents of this writer, and perfectly

The objection, which this writer coincide with many of the senti. urges to the twelfth article, we are ments, which he has displayed. not prepared to discuss, because We agree with him in the genhe has not given us the words of eral outlines of the characters of that article, and because we think the members of the administration. it trifling and unimportant. As Indeed, we think there is a felicity we understand it, however, from in these portraits, which few, if any the imperfect sketch given to us men in our country, would be able by this writer, it does not involve to imitate. We agree with him us in the difficulty he presumes, also, that however men may differ for, until other nations shall agree as to the question of the Chesa

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peake, the language used by Adams & Rhoades: hp. 86. 8vo. some persons on that occasion was 1 807. deficient in self-respect; that foul SWIFT somewhere remarks, for and abusive terms come with pro. he remarks upon almost every firiety only from the mouths of thing, that, “ without encourageprostitutes and cowards ; that lan- ment of agriculture and thereby guage addressed to fear, and not increasing the number of its peoto justice implies, that we have to ple, any country, however blest by deal with scoundrels and cowards; nature, must continue poor." Bethat Great Britain cannot be bul lieving, as we do, the truth of this lied into submission; that those; observation, we have witnessed who believe that a war with Great with pleasure the exertions of the Britain would be feeble and harm. Agricultural Society to promote less deceive themselves : it would an improvement of their art among be severe and bloody.'

the farmers of Massachusetts. We take the opportunity to The answers," composing the close our remarks on this able pro- larger half of this tenth and last duction, by observing, that it con- number of their papers, 'to “ quetains the best 'refutation of Mr. ries" some years since publickly Madison's pamphlet on the right proposed, show, that the labours of Great Britain to take out her of the Society have not been fruitown seamen from the merchant less. In our opinion, the perusal ships of neutral nations, which we . of these queries and the annexhave seen from any quarter. It ed summary of replies, received establishes in the clearest manner from various parts of the country, this right, as founded on the law will amply reward the cultivator of nations, and the right of self- for his trouble. The “ extracts," preservation. And at a moment, which fill the remaining pages of when we are threatened with war the pamphlet, though written on for the maintainance of Mr. Jef- important subjects, and written ferson's unfounded claims on this well, yet, not being written in this subject, we earnestly recommend country, and containing terms forthis part of this pamphlet to the eign to our ears, and alluding to serious attention of our fellow-cit modes of husbandry foreign to our izens.

practice, are not equally interesting to the American farmer. We cordially recommend to this res

pectable Society perseverance in ART. 61.

tbeir toils, and hope, that, by mul

tiplying, in future publications, ori. Papers ; consisting of communica- ginal papers, they will lay the

tions made to the Massachusetts community under still higher Society for promoting agriculture, obligations to their zeal in advancand extracts. Published by the ing the most innocent, useful, and Trustees of the Society. Boston, honourable of arts.

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CATALOGUE OF NEW PUBLICATIONS, FOR OCTOBER.

Sunt bona, sunt quædam mediocria, sunt mala plura.-Mart.

NEW WORKS.

male Asylum,on their seventh anniver.. Admiralty Decisions, in the District sary. By Jedidiah Morse, D. D. min. Court of the United States for the ister of the congregational church in Pennsylvania district; by the honour. Charlestown. 8vo. Boston, Russell able Ricbard Peters : containing also. & Cutler. some decisions in the same court by Serious and -candid Letters to the the late F. Hopkinson, Esq. To which Rev. Thomas Baldwin, D.D. on his are added, cases determined in other book entitled, “The Baptism of Beliedistricts of the United States : with vers only, and the particular Communan appendix containing the laws of ion of the Baptist Churches explained Oleron, the laws of Wisbuy, the laws and vindicated.” By Samuel Worces. of the Hanse towns, the marine ordi. ter, A.M. Salem, Cushing & Appleton, nances of Lewis 14, a treatise on the * An Address pronounced at the visia rights and duties of owners, freighters, tation of Mason's Hall, Boston, on the and masters of ships, and mariners. evening of August 11, A. L. 5807, in and the laws of the United States re the presence of a numerous assembly lative to mariners. Collected and ar. of ladies and gentlemen, and a special ranged by Richard Peters, jun. Esq. convention of Mount Lebanon Lodge. In two vols. Price 10 dolls. in boards, By Bro. Benjamin Gleason, P. G. L. and 11 bound. Philadelphia, W. P. Boston, printed by Oliver & Munroe. Farrand.

The Christian Ministry, the qualifiReport of the Proceedings of the cation requisite for it, in duties, diffilate Jubilee at James-town, in comme culties, encouragements, &c. consider. moration of the 13th May, the second ed in two Sermons, delivered before centisimal anniversary of the settle the Church and Society, in the East ment of Virginia. Norfolk, office of parish of Bridgewater, Nov. 9, 1806, the Herald

the second Sabbath after the author's Elements of Natural Philosophy, ar. ordination. By James Flint, A. M. pasranged under the following heads : tor of the church in that place. 8vo. matter and motion, the universe, the Boston, Russell & Cutler. solar system, the fixed stars, the earth considered as a planet, the atmosphere, meteors, springs, rivers, seas, fossils, NEW EDITIONS. plants, animals, the human frame, and Tour through Holland, along the the human understanding. Philad, right and left banks of the Rhine, to J. P. Parke, price 50 cents

the south of Germany, in the summer The 6th Number of the Christian and autumn of 1806 : By Sir JohnCarr, Monitor, by a Society for promoting author of the Stranger in Ireland, &c. Christian Knowledge, &c. 12mo. Bos. 8vo. 301 pp. Philadelphia, Frye & ton, Munroe & Francis.

Kammerer. A Map of the city of New York, Observations on European Courts, with the recent and intended improve and outlines of their politicks, &c. By ments, drawn from actual survey, by. Macall Medford, Esq. of America, du. William Bridges, city surveyor. New ring a residence of fourteen years in York, I Riley

Europe, and upon his return to Amer Peace without dishonour-War with ica. Philadelphia, Thomas Dobson. out hope. Being a calm and dispassi The 2d vol, of Rollin's Antient His. onate enquiry into the question of the tory—and 3d of Doddridge's Family Chesapeake, and the necessity and ex Expositor. 8vo. Boston, Etheridge pediency of War. By a Yankee Far. & Bliss. mer. Boston, printed by Greenough The Beauties of Sterne ; including & Stebbins. 1807.

many of his letters and sermons, all his The British Treaty. 8vo.

pathetick tales, humourous descrip. A Sermon, preached in Brattle-street tions, and most distinguished observa, Church, Boston, September 25, 1807, tions on life. Boston, Andrews before the managers of the Boston Fe Cummings. 18mo. pp. 328.

*Letters of the late Lord Lyttleton, * new type. It will be delivered to subonly son of the venerable George, scribers, neatly finished in boards, at 2 Lord Lyttleton, and chief justice in dollars and 26. cents or bound handEyre, &i. &c. The first American edi. somely, at 2 dollars and 50 cents. tion, complete in one volume, 8vo." Messrs. John West, Oliver C.Green. To which is now first added a memoir · leaf, and Edward Cotton, of this town, concerning the author, including an ac. propose to publish by subscription, The count of some extraordinary circum- Works of Dr. Samuel Johnson, with an cumstances attending his death. Troy, Essay by Arthur Murphy, Esq. The N. Y. Wright, Goodenow, & Co. work will be printed on a fine wove

paper, with an entire new type, in 8 IVORKS IN THE PRESS. octavo volumes of about 500 pages each. Letters from England, by Don Man. Pr. to subscribers $2 a vol. in boards. uel Alvarez Espriella. Translated

Mr. James Humphries, of Philadel. from the Spanish." Boston, Munroe & phia, intends shortly to publish Dallas's. Francis.

translation of the Life and Reign of Select sermons of the Rev. Samuel

Louis 16th, by Francis Hue.

The first volume of The Divine Stillman, D. D. late pastor of the 1st baptist church in Boston. Svo. Bos Theory ; a system of divinity, founded ion, Manning & Loring:

wholly upon Christ; which by one The American Reader, containing a

principle offers an explanation of all selection of narration, harangues, ad the works of God. By Joshua Spalddresses, dialogues, odes, hymns, poems,

ingl minister of the gospel of Jesus

Christ. The volume will contain about &c. designed for the use of schools ; together with a short introduction By 500 pages 8vo. $2 bound. John Hubbard, Esq, professor of ma

Proposals have been issued by Danthematicks alid natural philosophy in ie! Johnson, of Portland, Maine, for Dartmouth college.

Third edition. printing by subscription, the history of Thomas & Thomas, Walpole, N. H. England, from the invasion of Julius & Wright, Goodenow; & Stockwell, Cæsar to the death of George the seTroy, N. Y

cond, and from the accession of George Charlotte and Werter. 12mo.

the third to the conclusion of the Boston, Andrews & Cummings.

peace of 1783, by Hume, Smollett, and Cruise's digest of the laws of Eng. Adolphus; in 16 vols royal -8vo. price land respecting real property,

2 dollars and 50 cents a vol in boards.

New, York, I. Riley

E. Sargeant, of New-York, bas anTidd's practice, in one vol. 8vo. I.

nounced his intention of republishing Riley.

Crutwell's Universal Gazetteer, in Hill's Life of Hugh Blair, Phila

three large 8vo. volumes with an eledelphia, James Humphries.

gant 4to atlas.

Mr. Lemuel Blake, of this town, has WORKS ANNOUNCED. .

issued proposals to publish an edition

of the Plays of William Shakespeare, * Messrs. Thomas & Tappan and Sam. in 21% volumes, with the corrections uel Bragg, jun, propose to publish and illustrations of various commentatby subscription, the philosophy of Nat. ors, revised and augmented by Isaac ural history. By William Smellie, Reed, with a glossarial Index. It will member of the antiquarian and royal be published in 42 nambers or halfsocieties of Edinburgh This work volumes, pp. 250 each, at 87 cents a will be printed from the London quarto number. A portrait of the author, with edition, and comprised in one octavo other engravings, will ornament the volume, on a superfine wore paper and work.

INTELLIGENCE.

Account of the Society for the establish. ters, and from the following circum, ment of a Literary Fund.

stance : This Institution, which may rank In 1788, an event took place, which With the most useful and important in tarnished the character of English hue Great-Britain, had its origin in a Socie: manity, and afflicted the friends of lity consisting principally of men of let: erature,

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