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changed, and jealousy has ceased selves, they have an apology for to be one of their vices, yet I much the most languishing gazes upon doubt whether the French have each other. In this state of painlost any thing of their disposition ful revolution they continue, till to gallantry, at least appearances nature is exhausted, when the lady do not indicate any such change. is exactly prepared to repose her:
Among the other corrupting self, which she does in the arms fashions, which have been intro- of her companion. The dance is duced by the French officers, is a soon renewed, and, as it has no lascivious dance called the waltz, other termination than the fatigue originally learned by them in Ger- of the parties, nor any other object many, but which is exactly adapt- than a languishing embrace, it gened to the taste of a young French erally continues for several hours, officer, who is in quarters in a city exhibiting neither variety, taste, full of pretty women, whose mor nor graceful motions. I do not als are loose enough to permit think that it is more indecent to act them to join in this dance. As than it is to see it. The lady or you probably have never seen it, the gentleman, who could do eithand for the sake of your feelings I er without a blush, may rely upon pray you never may, I will give it that they are half corrupted. you a short description of it, in or This dance appears so strongly der that you may form some opin- to resemble the abominable dances ion of the degraded state of morals of the Bacchanals, that I am peron the continent of Europe. suaded it is derived from that
In the first place, the ladies are source. It is probable that the dressed a la Grecque ; that is to Roman officers carried it with say, with the least possible attire, their arms into the north of Euleaving as little room for the im- rope, from whence it is now reagination as possible, the breast turned with northern arms to and arms totally exposed, or cove scourge and debase, if possible ered only with gauze or crape. still more, the Italians. Thus prepared for this embracing We are so prone to copy all the dance, the gentleman clasps with fashions, and many of the vices of both arms the lady firmly round Europe, that I should tremble lest the waist, while she gently passes this lascivious and criminal exhione of hers around his body, and bition should make its way into softly reclines the other upon his our country. But I console myself neck. You will probably expect with the reflection, that manners some description of an elegant fig- must have arrived to an high deure, executed with taste, and af- gree of corruption before such a fording variety and amusement. dance would be publickly permitNo ; the attitude constitutes all ted ; and as I fatter myself, that the pleasure and all the novel. we are as yet far removed from ty of the dance. The dancers that state of moral depravity, so thus embracing and embraced, be. I have reason to hope, that it will gin to turn most furiously, pre- not be introduced in my day, nor cisely like our Shaking Quakers, in that of my children. and as the motion would make Should, however, contrary to them dizzy, if they did not keep my hopes and belief, the day artheir eyes fixed on some object, rive, in which a lady of our society which turns as rapidly as them- will, without blushing, be ready to
embrace a gentleman in publick drawn a true but disgusting piccompany, I hope the government ture of the state of publick morals will not so far have lost its purity in some parts of Europe. To a and energy, as' to neglect to re- mind pure and virtuous, unsullied štrain what private delicacy ought and unsuspicious, I know that such to have prevented. Were I the representations must be painful ; attorney-general in such a case, I but I thought that your curiosity should without hesitation present would be alive on the subject, and it to the grand jury, as an offence that such a picture would tend to
contra bonos mores.' If all this make your own situation dear 10 should not avail, and it should you. If you should ask, why I become apparent that the flood am so severe, after my own introgates of vice must be thrown open, ductory remarks upon the danger, I would exert my little influence of hasty general conclusions ; I anwith the legislature to procure an swer, that I have noticed only things act to render polygamy lawful, or openly practised, and which every even to repeal the laws for the man,who enters one of these cities, preservation of chastity. This I must see and know. As to my would do upon the conviction, that, reflections on these two practices, when morals have descended to a you will judge whether they are certain degree of debasement, and correct or not. I have no personal when vice becomes general and is knowledge of the state of morals authorised by law, people will be- here, except what I derive from come virtuous by way of dis- exteriour manners. tinction.
Yours, &c. I beg your pardon for having
For the Anthology.
Spargite humum foliis, inducite fortibus umbras.--Virg. Ecl.
DR. JOHNSON'S RASSELAS.
concentration of THE tenour of Dr. Johnson's brain, and such universal complawritings is solid sense in solid ex cency, that we cannot help feeling, pression. His imagination rarely that the result of the whole pleasextends beyond the compass of ure is equal to the single and sepreal objects, and his mind seems arate delight, enjoyed from writers too unwieldy from its own huge- of a brighter light. His London ness to chase long the fleet subtil- is rather good verse and close reties of metaphysical abstractions. Alection, in imitation of his master, The Adventurer, notwithstanding, than fine poetick thought ; and his contains on perusal all, that every Vanity of Human Wishes, and his class of readers can wish, whether Irene, seem to confirm the opinin search of the precepts of morals, ion, that the Doctor could rather the rules of life, or principles of trace a line of light from a poet's happiness. If none of his thoughts brain, than force such an emanaever make us start with rapture, tion from his own. he produces in us such fulness But his Rasselas makes up for
all these deficiencies of imagina. He, who can, by the magick of tion. The reader is here, amidst intellect, strike into view a charm splendour and magnificence, in like this, if not a poet, is surely security and delight. The valley not less than one. of Amhara lies in brightest perspective before him. He is sur THE TRAGEDY OF TÍTUS ANDROrounded by mountains, which bear
NICUS. up the white clouds of a sum The commentators seem genmer's sky; and his eye moves on erally to coincide in the opinion, the surface of rivers, gliding gen- that this bloody tragedy does not tly by banks, varied with every belong to Shakespeare ; though luxuriance, or reposes on the there seems to be some variance smooth lake, reflecting vines clus- amongst them with regard to certering with grapes, and trees blaz- tain passages, by which they uning with fruit on its margin. The dertake to slow, that he had some bleatings of flocks on the moun. concern in it. It seems incontestains, and the merry notes of the tibly proved, that this is the same birds in the valley fill his car with Titus Andronicus, that Ben Jondelight. He is now glowing un- son alludes to, in his prologue to der the warmth of a gentle sun, or Bartholomew's Fair,as having then loitering to the deep grove, where been played twenty-five years prethe solemn elephant reposes in viously, and that Shakespeare had the shade. In the midst of this not commenced author, when clear extent of landscape, he it was produced. Amongst the approaches the palace of the prin- arguments of the commentators, ces of Abyssinia, and the wild to prove it spurious, are consounds of a thousand harps rise on clusions which are beyond doubt ; his ear. Its massy columns and but although they have thrown up deep entablatures impose on him a so much vapour on the subject, solemn gloom. Its halls and sa. they have never been able to cloud loons extend before him in all the the light,that shoots from this colpomp of magnificence, glittering lection of darkness in its many with millions of gems. Its apart. bright passages. The character ments are ranged with furnitures, of tragedy is in the power of the hung with every embellishment, plot, and continuity of the fable, and suited to every convenience, so as to produce the strongest with sofas and couches, inviting evolutions of the soul, pity and terfatigue to ease, and softening ease This is Aristotle's golden into voluptuousness. Every fruit rule, and it must ever remain the that is golden ripe, blushing in sine qua non of tragedy. The baskets of silver, makes the pal- great critick makes sentiment and ate quicken with desire ; and flow- language secondary objects altoers of every hue, blended together gether, and merely the conductors in vases of sapphire, exhaust their of the story. One of the great sweetness in filling the air with their peculiarities of Shakespeare is in fragrance. They, who inhabit the the masterly conducting of his fapalace of Amhara, are blessed be- ble, and in the strong and leading yond the lot of mortals. Pride is effects of his plot. No one, howhere satisfied with magnificence, ever skilful in dramatick learning, and the desire of pleasure is ex- has approached him nearer in these, ceeded in enjoyment.
than they have in thought. His
peripitia, which is the very soul of to seem to have come from him tragedy, and the great and only with that impression. principle of sympathy, is universally irresistible. "The want of all What, hast thou not full often struck a these essentials is so evident in the And borne' her cleanly by the keeper's
doe, play of Titus Andronicus, that no
nose ? one could, a second time, think that the fabrication was Shake- What I esteem the bright touches speare's. The fable has nothing of this great master of poetick to mark its progress but a stream painting are these : of blood, and the plot consists rather in cutting out tongues, chop. When every thing doth make a gleeful
Wherefore look'st thou sad? ping off hands, and making pies
boast ? of the heads of Chiron and Demet- The birds chant melody on every bush, rius, which their mother Tamora The snake lics rolled in the cheerful sun, banquets upon, than in the entan. The green leaves quiver in the cooling glement of the passions. Still it
And make a checquer'd shadow on the seems probable, from some very
ground; peculiar passages, and from some Under their sweet shade, Aaron, let glimpses of light, which seem to us sit, have emanated onlyfrom the bright And whilst the babbling echo mocks and eternal sun of his genius, that
the hounds, Shakespeare might have added Replying shrilly to the well tun'd horns,
As if a double hunt were heard at once, something to this play, when it Let us sit down, and mark their yelling was presented to be exhibited by noise ; the players, with whom he was as. And after conflict, such as was supsociated.
pos'd There are a few circumstances
The wandering prince and Dido once
enjoy'd, about some lines in this play,which When with a happy storm they were bear a striking relation to the great
And curtain'd with a council-keeping
cave ; She is a woman, therefore may be We may, each wreathed in the other's wooed ;
arms, She is a woman, therefore may be won. Our pastimes done, possess a golden Now if these lines really belonged While hounds, and horns, and sweet
slumber, to the true author, would Shake melodious birds, speare have condescended to use Be unto us, as is a nurse's song them, as he does in the first part of lullaby, to bring her babe asleep. of Henry sixth ?
Act 2, Sc. 3. She is beautiful, therefore to be wooed ;
Have I not reason, think you, to look She is a woman, therefore to be won.
These two have 'tic'd me hither to this But we well know that he very fre- Á barren and detested vale,you see it is ;
place, quently uses the same figures and The trees, though summer, yet forlorn the same expression in different and lean, plays. There are two more cir. O'ercome with moss and baleful mislecumstantial lines. Shakespeare's
toe ; deer-stealing was undoubtedly the
Here never shines the sun, here nothfrolick of a young man, rather Unless the nightly owl, or fatal raven.
ing breeds, than depravity ; the lines referred
Upon his bloody finger he doth wear of knowledge throughout the counA precious ring, that lightens all the try? How happy and peculiar is
hole, Which, like a taper in some monument,
our state, that Colin Clout can Doth shine upon the dead man's earthy spell out a long-winded newspaper cheeks,
column, stale from the head of a And shows the ragged entrails of this printer's devil, into the ear of pit.
Scene 4. Blouzilinda, while she is scouring And he hath cut those pretty fingers off. her milk-pails! What can be more Oh, had the monster seen those lily absurd than this diffusion of Dilhands
worth learning, to clowns, who Tremble, like aspen leaves, upon a lute, ought to be brightening their plowAnd make the silken strings delight to kiss them,
shares, instead of dog-earing their He would not have touch'd them for spelling-book. From this, we see his life ;
postmen drawing the latchet of a Or had he heard the heavenly harmony, log-house, and leaving the print;' Which that sweet tongue hath made,
for its gaunt and poverty-struck He would have dropp'd his knife, and fell asleep,
tenant to labour through, by the As Cerberus at the Thracian poet's light of a pine-knot flambeau. How feet.
16. improving to the morals, when the
landlord of a village-tavern, mounPOLITICKS.
ted in his bar, and showing through • I saw a smith stand with his hammer the casement a hugh ruby face, thus,
which looks very like his demijean The whilst his iron did on the anvil cool,
of brandy, begins to flame at the With open mouth swallowing a tailor's mouth with a political harangue, news !'
and when the point is finally to be Colloquial politicks, by which I settled, at the hazard of some dozmean the slang of citizens about en knips of sling, and quarts of the evolutions of the world, and black strap. the manœuvres of their own gov
Our cities are not less infected ernment and country, have made with this political virus, than our with us thousands of blockheads, villages. A whining town-meeting and crammed the heads of men of orator is in the same ratio of noise good sense with more stuff, than and disturbance with the Boniface ever a quack packed into the stom described. Our caucus, instead ach of a sick man. This delightful of being the Caucasus of old, , liberty of speech, and liberty of where the Gods met together the press, make up a great part of to decide on the affairs of this the nonsense and rodomontade of world, is now the aldermens'
Hail, Columbia.' We are all hall, whose walls are stained with politicians, from a senator to a tail- the smoke of roast beef, and smell or, and all senators, from a tailor woundedly' of the breath of fat and to the gentlemanly learned. But greasy citizens. You cannot, in what national dignity can be ex these political days, set at table to pected from a country, where there your wine a minute, after the cloth are so many hundreds of political is removed, before a heavy pair of methodists, canting about univer- lungs roar on your ear a patriotick sal liberty, promiscuous equality ; toast, and then comes a song, or and preaching about political mil. rather an ode for the occasion, leniums, the new light of reason, from the nose of a twanging psalmrepublican purity, and the diffusion singer ; in the midst of which you