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bour of the lungs. And it gave was voluntarily attended by the the greater alarm to those who principal orators of the country, had a regard for me, that I used with whom I renewed my rhetorito speak without any remission or cal exercises. The chief of them variation, with the utmost stretch was Menippus of Stratonica, the of my voice, and a total agitation most eloquent of all the Asiatics : of my body. When my friends, and if to be neither tedious nor therefore, and physicians, advised impertinent is the characteristick of me to meddle no more with foren- an attick orator, he may be justly sick causes, I resolved to run any ranked in that class. Dionysius hazard, rather than quit the hopes also of Magnesia, Aschilus of of glory, which I had proposed to Cnidos, and Xenocles of Adramymyself from pleading. But when thus, who were esteemed the first I considered, that by managing rhetoricians of Asia, were continumy voice, and changing my way ally with me. Not contented with of speaking, I might both avoid these, I went to Rhodes, and apall future danger of that kind, and plied myself again to Molo, whom speak with greater ease, I took a I had heard before at Rome ; and resolution of travelling into Asia, who was both an experienced merely for an opportunity to cor- pleader, and a fine writer, and parrect my manner of speaking. So ticularly judicious in remarking that after I had been two years at the faults of his scholars, as well the bar, and acquired some repu- as in his method of teaching and tation in the forum, I left Rome. improving them. His principal
When I came to Athens, I spent trouble with me, was to restrain six months with Antiochus, the the luxuriancy of a juvenile imaprincipal and most judicious philo- gination, always ready to overflow sopher of the Old Accademy ; and its banks, within its due and prounder this able 'master, I renewed per channel. Thus, after an exthose philosophical studies which cursion of two years, I returned to I had laboriously cultivated, and Italy, not only much improved, but improved from my earliest youth. almost changed into a new man. At the same time, however, I con- The vehemence of my voice and tinued my rhetorical exercises une action was considerably abated; der Demetrius the yrian, an ex- the excessive ardour of my lanperienced and reputable master of guage was corrected ; my lungs the art of speaking.
were strengthened, and my whole After leaving Athens, I traverse constitution confirmed and settled.' ed every part of Asia, where I
For the Anthology.
ORIGINAL LETTERS From an AMERICAN TRAVELLER IN EUROPE to his friends in this country.
a work of time and exertion. MY DEAR SISTER,
Its beauties are too varied, too I HAVE undertaken a task great, and too striking, to be passmore arduous than I had anticipato ed over in a slight and cursory manner. When you ramble out depredations of their good allies, of the populous part of the city, and the protector of catholicism, beyond the seven hills, on which the emperor of the French, has Rome. originally stood, you find taken unwearied pains to restore yourself amidst deserted and mel. the monuments of antiquity, and ancholy fields, strewed here and either to discover new ones, or the there with the magnificent remains residue of those which have been of Roman edifices. Rome is as partly discovered. I shall notice singular and unique in its appear. these exertions and discoveries as ance, as it has been in its fate. Its they occur. walls, which are antique and have The galley slaves, a numerous been preserved in their full extent corps at Rome, are occupied in as they existed in the time of the digging up the remains of the Cæsars, embraced several miles baths of Diocletian. . The foundasquare, in which scarce an habit- tions of this vast edifice are from able edifice now rears its solitary 15 to 30 feet below the present surhead. Perhaps some lonely con- face of the earth. The dancing vent, or some splendid and vacant hall of the emperor Diocletian, church adds a sort of gloomy va- which appertained to these baths, riety to the scenery:
You must was discovered in the time of Minot infer from this, that Rome is a chæl Angelo, (indeed it had never dull, or uninteresting city, It is been covered) and was by that first crowded with people in its habita- modern architect converted into a ble parts, and motion and splendor church. are as visible as in any city of the The grandeur, simplicity, and .continent. Amidst the deserted beauty of this fine edifice proves fields of ancient Rome strangers the superiority of ancient artists, often delight to stroll, and scarcely and the columns of granite, of a a step is taken but offers some size inconceivable to modern buildnew object to gratify and amuse. ers, of single blocks of that proHere some temple to the fanciful digiously hard stone, justly excite Gods of the Romans rears its mu- our admiration.
These pillars tilated form ; there the vast arches cannot be less than nine feet in cirof a magnificent aqueduct astonish cumference, and upwards of thirty -you by their grandeur and extent. feet high. That emperors should On this side, your eye ranges along have exerted all their power and the immense pile of the palace of wealth to bring such' monuments the Cæsars ; on the other, the as the obelisks from Egypt, one huge relicts of some mausoleum, can conceive, though the manner or the more extended ruins of an may be incomprehensible ; but that imperial Thermes, attract your they should have incurred the eager attention. The baths of Di- enormous expense of transporting ocletian, situated about a mile from from Egypt these monstrous pilpresent population, though still lars for every house or edifice of within the walls, were a surprising luxury or devotion, is, I confess, to edifice, of which very considerable me almost incredible. relicts are yet to be seen. The This church being one of the present pope, filled with a noble largest in Rome, the astronomers ardour for the fine arts, and will have availed themselves of it by ing, I presuine, to repair the losses drawing a meridian line in it. As which Rome has sustained by the we have nothing of the kind in our country, nor any building which led to mark on this line his precise could display one to advantage, I place every day in the year. These will describe it to you. To form marks are accompanied with all a meridian line, you require a large the signs of the zodiack, elegantly surface, and a smooth uninterrupt- traced in inlaid marble, and the ed one. The churches of Rome degrees are marked in the same having marble floors, and no inter durable manner. These monuruption from pews or any other ments are honourable to the Italobjects, (because the devotion of inns, and remind us of their wellthe people is a secondary considerá earned reputation in astronomy. ation, and is done in a different Your literary friends will tell you manner) they are very well adapt- how much the world owes to the ed to this purpose. The object celebrated Galileo, and to the disof the meridian line is to exhibit, tinguished family of Cassini. on a visible and perceptible scale, The baths of Titus are more exthe progress of the sun in the e- tensive, more perfect, more piccliptick. You well know the gene turesque, and more useful, than eral system, that from the 21st of those of Domitian. They are yet March,on which day the sun is said in a tolerably entire state. The to cross the equatorial line, he trav- lower story out of three is almost els northward according to appear. entire. In them were found many ances, and from 21st June he again rare curiosities; but the walls of travels southward till he reaches stucco or plaister, still perfect, the equatorial line again, on the with antique paintings, whose col. first of September, from whence ours and forms are perfectly visi. he makes a similar journey towards ble, have been very useful to those the south: Excuse this rough who study the beauties of antiquisketch to explain the nature of this ty. It is thought that they served line.
as the model for some of the best A straight line is traced across the works of Raphael in the same line. church, in a diagonal direction to These are, and have been for ages, give it greater length, and extend- under the surface of the earth; ing from south to north. A small and by what art the Romans could hole is made near the roof of the make their plaister and their colbuilding, and so contrived that the ours so durable as to resist the efrays of the sun shall always enter fects of time and humidity, is asthrough it, and strike the floor at tonishing to every one. noon, or when the sun is in the After all, I can give you but a meridian. As the rays of the sun very imperfect notion of these in winter make a more acute in- things in description. Plans and ternal angle with the surface of stamps which I shall bring home the earth, than in summer, it will with me, and one hour's conversaof course strike a further part of tion, will do more than pages of this line, and in midsummer, being laborious description. nearly perpendicular, or forming a The baths of Caracalla were as less acute angle, it will of course extensive nearly as the others, and approach nearer the hole in which the remains are as respectable, but it enters. It will thus, you see, not so curious. The only thing change daily, as the sun appears which the ancient and modern barto advance or recede in the eclip- barians have left us in these baths tick, and of course you are enaly to admire, is the extent and solid. Vol. IV. No. 8.
ity of the Roman edifices. The Rome, when it had standing, at the size and form you can see, and the same time, publick baths that thickness of the walls, but the or- would accommodate at one moDaments are chiefly gone. All ment 6000 persons; when its varitheir buildings were clothed with- ous theatres would contain 500,000 in and without with marble, stone, spectators; when 5000 wild beasts, or some other beautiful covering, all brought from Africa or Asia, and ouamented with richest stat- were sacrificed in a single spectatary. The walls consisted of a cle ; when its environs extended surprising thickness of bricks, laid from Rome to Otricoli, 40 miles, in excellent mortar.
lined with houses, palaces, and These walls are now in many temples !!! What are the awful cases stronger and more beautiful reflections on its fate, when we in point of masonry than modern find no country, no spot on the editices. Their grandeur, solidity, habitable globe so deserted, so and extent, are the objects which wretched as the campania of Rome, strike us most.
the seat of so much splendour, of What must have been ancient so much human grandeur !
For the Anthology.
SILVA, No. 30. “ Non omnes arbusta juvant."
iasts, who have collated the various The student of ancient lore will copies, and illustrated the genuinc sometimes relax his mind and a- text, with indefatigable patience, muse his leisure with books in with learned and criticalcomments. this department of literature. It Who, that has been detained by is pleasant to know the relative Homer, and Sophocles, and Xenovalue of the edition which we own, phon, and Theocritus, and Teror to which we have access ; and encc, and Horace, and Virgil, and it is useful to ascertain which is, Cicero, and Longinus, or others of and where may be found, a more bis admired Greek and Roman accurate and valuable impression. friends, till the striking of the first, The anecdotes which respect the or second, or even third hour of men and books, which hold a high morning, has reminded him that rank in scientifick estimation, are tho' the mind is unconscious of faamong the most interesting topicks tigue,the body needs repose; who, of a scholar's inquiry. Every, ev- that has been often thus delighten the most minute particular con- fully beguiled, (and they who nevcerning them arrests eager curios- er were have yet to taste the ity, and repays the most diligent choicest fruits, and enjoy the highattention. Next to the authors, est gratifications which learning whose labours have instructed and furnishes) but love to read and delighted the world, and are des. hear of Clarke, and Stephens, and tined to retain their reputation Hutchinson, and Warton, and Bentwhile the world lasts, the classick ley, and Burmann, and Heyne, and reader feels grateful to the indus. Brotier, and Pearce ? Who liketrious editors and ingenious schol. wise that has known the exquisite
satisfaction, which excellence of and interesting. It would gratify typography affords, but thanks and many, if these chapters of a propraises the Elzevirs and Aldi, Cris- found and curious work, by an aupinus, Baskerville, and Bensley? thor whose bequest of his large In our country we have experien- and valuable library to our alma ced this last pleasure but very im- mater has endeared his memory to perfectly. Publick libraries have her sons, might be printed in the hitherto been few, and the institu- Anthology. tions to which they have been at- Another curiosity of immense tached embraced so many objects, worth belongs to this ancient seat and possessed so few resources, of learning. Of the • Biblia Polythat very rarely indeed have they glotta Waltoni,' a very few copies been able to purchase the most were impressed on paper of a very valuable and best editions. Some large size and superiour quality. treasures of this sort, from the Dibdin supposes there are about munificence of individual foreign twelve of this sumptuous publicabenefactors, enrich the alcoves of tion; and of Castell's Lexicon' Harvard, but taste has not been (which should always accompany much excited, or industry employ the bible) • not more than three in ed, for discovering or describing the world.' Our college has one them. Few probably know, and entire set, which was a present perhaps not many care, that there from the author to lord Clarendon, are sets of works deposited at Cam- in 12 vols. imperial folio, of this bridge, of which curious collectors, editio princeps & optima.' The learned societies, and even royal Lexicon in this form is incomplete. purchasers would vie for the at- There are two copies besides both tainment at almost any price of Polyglott and Lexion, of comwhich jewish avarice could demand mon size and quality. of princely affluence. Among Having mentioned Dibdin's • Inothers, there is a copy of “ The troduction to rare and valuable ediCourt of the Gentile's by Theoph- tions of the Classicks,' &c. will it ilus Gale,” containing the original be thought invidious to remark, manuscript of that portion of the that in a very partial examination work which it was necessary to ex- and limited occasional consultation punge, in order to obtain an “ im- of it, many omissions have occurprimatur.” It is well known, that red. For some of these the authis learned author was a noncon- thor and his friends may plead, formist ; and as he had discussed that the design and limits of the with too much freedom some of volume exclude an enumeration of the ceremonies and observances of the smaller and more inconsiderathe episcopal church, he was re- ble editions. But is not this a defused ihe patronage of Oxford uni- fect in the design, especially as a versity, unless he would suppress mere catalogue, with some disthe obnoxious chapters. They criminating figure or character to were not however destroyed ; and designate,which of these common if tradition, and the information of copies were most correct and valua thorough and elegant scholar, able, would not have greatly swellformerly librarian, be correct, we ed the work, and would have been are indebted for them to Mr. Hol- of vast convenience and benefit to lis. The writing is very fair ; and a numerous portion of literary the topicks of inquiry are curious men? Most of this class in our