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The books in the lower part of the Malkin, author of the Scenery, library are many of them, we will Antiquities, and Biography of hope all, saved; but the gallery South Wales, and several other was inaccessible, from the circum- works, who has undertaken to stance of the fire breaking out supply the deficiencies of the En above stairs, and close by it, and glish edition, under the name of in that gallery were some of the Smollet, by an entirely new transmost rare books in that curious and lation. Should this be executed extensive collection. A complete with spirit and fidelity, it will furseries of all the romances men- nish what has so long been wanted, tioned by Don Quixotte, as compos- an appropriate English dress for ing his library, are probably in the the best novel which was ever number of the irreparable losses. written. These two editions are The pictures are many of them, to be printed uniformly, in the best saved, but the invaluable painted manner. They will be illustrated glass in the anti-library must ne- with plates, executed by the first cessarily have been destroyed. engravers, from pictures painted Mr. Johnes was in London, in obe by that admirable delineator of dience to the call of the House, at life and manners, Robert Smirke, the time of the accident. On re- Esq. R. A. In such hands it may ceiving the intelligence he imme- be presumed that this work will ridiately hastened to his family, who val the most elegant productions had been obliged to remove to the of the press, in an age when the inn at Devil's Bridge. Buoyed up arts of printing and engraving are with thankfulness for their provi- carried to so great a degree of perdential preservations, he left town, fection. bearing, though feeling his calami- A very interesting work, by a ty, like a man.

member of the University of Ox With that enthusiasm which has ford, will speedily appear in three led him to devote his life and for- volumes, under the title of Oxontune to the creation of a paradise iana,' consisting of anecdotes and out of a wilderness, he means still facts relative to the colleges, librato inhabit his Eden in spite of this ries, and establishments of Oxford; flaming minister, and still to divide with extracts froin, and accounts his rural leisures between agricul- of, the curious unpublished manutural improvements and literary scripts with which that university labours. Men in general would abounds ; accounts of celebrated think it late in life to set to work a members, professors, &c. so as to second time ; but we still hope to comprise a history of the rise and see a Phænix rise from the ashes, progress of that ancient seat of and to announce Monstrelet and learning. Comines from the same' press Dr. Charles Fothergill is now which has already produced Frois- engaged in preparing a work for sart, Joinville, and le Brocquiere. the press, which can scarcely fail By way of sequel to Comines, and to excite very generał interest. to complete the series, Mr. Johnes With a view of clearing up some proposes concluding with the Me- doubtful points in the Zoology of moirs of Oliver de la Marche, Great-Britain, he last spring made which are very entertaining, and a voyage to all the northern isles, furnish many curious facts. Other comprehending the Orcades, Shetprivaće memoirs of those times land, Fair Isle, and Fulda, and rewill be interspersed, to serve as il- mained amongst them during the lustrations.

greatest part of the year, employed We have to announce to the ad- in the investigation of their naturmirers of fine books, that two mag- al history, antiquities, state of their nificent editions of Gil Blas are in agriculture and fisheries, political preparation, the one in the original importance, manners, customs, conFrench, the other in English, both dition, past and present state, &c; under the superintendance of Mr? &c.';' a general and particluar ac


count of which will shortly be given of Eustathius, with the omissions to the publick, accompanied by of the latter : and application of the maps and numerous engravings; Digamma to the remains of Hesiod. containing the fullest and complet- The Works of Sallust, translated est description that has yet been by the late Arthur Murphy, Esq. published of those remote and hith- are about to be re-published. erto neglected regions.

Thonwaldson, a Swedish sculp- Some years ago, several Swedish tor, is engaged at Rome upon a co- naturalists formed a society for the lossal statue of Liberty, for the purpose of giving a complete acUnited States of America, to be count of the Botany of their native erected at Washington.

country. Forty-six numbers of this The Rev. Thomas Kidd, of Trin- work have already appeared, each ity College, Cambridge, proposes containing a coloured engraving, of to publish a new edition of the Iliad four or five plants, with their names and Odyssey; of which, in the Iliad, in the principal languages of Euthe Townleian Codex, aided by the rope, and a short and luminous desMarcian MSS. and a faithful col- cription, in Swedish. The editors lation of the Harlein copies, will of this work have begun another form the ground-work. It is in- work on the same plan, relative to tended, at present, to insert the the Zoology of Sweden, of which Digamma in the text, on the au- the first number has already apthority of the great Bentley, whose peared. Mr. Wertring has lately unpublished papers upon the Iliad published a very curious work on and Odyssey will, through the kind Lichens; in which he gives an expermission of Trinity College, Cam- act description of each species, and bridge, contribute to enhance the indicates its use in medicine and value of this edition. The body of domestick æconomy, and particuvariations from the Vienna, Bres- larly the mode of extracting colours law, and Moschow MSS. as pub- from them, for the purpose of dying lished by Professors Alter & Heyne, silk and wool. The plates accomas well as those gleaned by a re- panying this work, which does honexamination of the MSS. consulted our to Sweden, represents, 1st. The by Barnes, will be classed accord- mosses of the class of Lichens, ening to their respective merits un- graved and coloured, after nature; der the text, and incorporated with and 2d. the various colour which an accurate collation of the first, they communicate to cloth in the second Aldine, first Stratzburgh, process of dying. and Roman editions ; the peculiar

GERMANY. ities also of the venerable documen The system of Gall is now rididispersed through H. Steph. The- culed throughout Germany, and he saurus Ling. Gr. will be specified in was unable to procure an auditory their proper places. The text of at any of the places where he latethe Iliad, with the variations, will ly attempted to deliver lectures. be given in two volumes, octavo. The memory of Luther never receiv. A supplement to the Villoisonian ed so many honours as during the last Scholia, from the Townleian and year. Besides the grand drama, of Harlein translations, with short which he is the hero, and which has notes, shall form the third volume; been acted with prodigious success on and a fourth volume will contain

the royal theatre at Berlin, M. Klingethe text to the Odyssey, with va

mann brought upon the stage of Magderious lections, to be introduced by burg,a tragedy entitled “Martin Luther.' fac-similes of the characters and descriptions of the respective MSS.

ERRATA.-In a few impressions of

the Observations on the Picture of Bos. engaged in the service of the text; to which will succeed a small vol

ton, the following errours escaped. ume of Scholia, chiefly from MSS. Page 292, col. 2, line 2 from bottom with short notes, a dissertation up- · col. 2, 1. 16 from bot. for among r. many.

for collection, read collective. Page 293, on the genuineness of Od. 12, a col- Page 294, 1. 21, for has r. have. Col. 2, dation of the pp.of Ed.Rom. and Bas. 9 lines from bottom for those read these.



JULY, 1807.

For the Anthology.

CLASSICAL LITERATURE. The Poets of Antiquity deemed all our ideas with its own peculiar it as necessary to the completion hues. Bishop Warburton made of the military character of their it a point of honour to find Divinheroes that they should visit the ity in all his studies and pursuits, infernal regions before death, as it and constantly resorted to imaginis in our day for a man to make ation to supply the deficiency of the tour of Europe to perfect the fact. This diver after evangelical character of a gentleman. During heart deposited with his own hands the present alarming convulsions the precious substance in the shell, of that unhappy country the trav- and then ostentatiously displayed eller will find the same objects in it to the world as a discovery of his France, that Virgil found else


Virgil contained divinity, where, and without practical em- Shakespeare likewise ; and had he bellishment.

written comments on Don Quix

otte, the helmet of Membrino «Vestibulum ante ipsum, primisque in would have contained divinity. As

faucibus orci, Luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curæ ;

the bishop could not, with any Palientesque habitant Morbi, tristisque Se.

shadow of reason, find christianity nectus,

in the page of Virgil, and as reliEt Metus, et malesuada Fames, ac tur. gion was to be found at every haz

pis Egestas, Terribiles visu forma i

ard, he was reduced to the melan

Laborque ;

choly alternative of substituting Tum consanguineus Leti Sopor, et the pagan mythology, or of abanmala mentis

doning his project. Mr. Gibbon, Gaudia, mortiferumque adverso in limine who, I shrewdly suspect, was more : Bellum,

solicitous to laugh at the piety of Ferreique Eumenidum thalami,et Discordia demens,

the prelate, than to detect his litVipercum crinem vittis innexa cruentis.' erary sins, espoused the other side

of the question.

The eloquent This vision, heretofore the subject historian however, while he so triof comment, may fairly be called umphantly exposes prelatical erthe crux criticorum. Names, rour, surrenders the last passage the most eminent in English lite- in the vision as indefensible, withrature, have been enlisted in the out a blow. “ The final dismis. contest, amongst whom bishop sion of the ivory gate, where “falWarburton and Mr. Gibbon stand sa ad cælum mittant insomnia forth the most conspicuous. It is manés,' seems to dissolve the amusing to observe how wonder- whole enchantment, and leaves the fully professional habit tinctures reader in a state of cold and anxious.

Vol. IV. No.7. Uu

skepticism." The passage of meanings, imputes to him sentiwhich this line forms an integral ments and opinions which his words part, is probably the one that has will not bear,and makes him respongiven rise to all the controversy ; sible for blunders that he never and Mr. Gibbon, by demolishing committed. Because popular crethe bishop's edifice, and not build- dulity recoils from the belief of aning any himself, nor suffering that cient fables, are we warranted in of Virgil to stand, can scarcely be thus turning them inside outwards? ranked amongst the defenders of Ask but one plain question, what the bard. A very able European is the moral which this allegory critick of the present day endeav- professes to enforce? and all conours to protect the part by an alle- fess to a man, that it is beyond gorical shield, and at the same their comprehension to tell. We time candidly admits that “no one enter with Æneas the world of can divine the beginning or the shadows, and are shaken by a vaend of the allegory."

riety of passions ; yet those pasNon bene relicta parmula’......

sions do not rally round one ob• Sunt geminæ somni portæ ; quarum ject. The mind from an allegory altera fertur

receives a double delight ; first, Cornea, quâ veris facilis datur exitus in beholding the phantom acting umbris :

with the propriety of an human Altera, candenti perfecta nitens ele. being; and secondly, in its de

phanto ; Sed falsa ad cælum mittant insomnia molishment, by observing its similiManes.

tude to the moral truth it was desHis ubi tum natum Anchises unàque tined to represent. The laborious Sibyllam

commentators, after all their reProsequitur dictis portâque emittit searches confess, that this moral eburna.'

truth they are unable to find, and Here, the assailants of Virgil are thus reduced to the necessity exclaim, is an explicit declaration of acknowledging, either that Vir. by the poet, that aļl the Elysian gil did not know how to compose revelation was a falsehood ! On the an allegory, or they how to under. other hand, the defenders of the stand him, if he did. Further, bard assert, that it never could there is a manifest impropriety in have been the intention of the poet making real personages the objects first to flatter his monarch, and of allegorical illustration, personthen, with deliberate solemnity, ages who cannot, by any possibildeclare the whole a falsehood to ity of construction, lose their iden. his face. This curious compli- tity for a moment. Yet this has ment, with so poisonous a sting in Virgil done; in parts of this vision its tail, would not have appeared history itself is not more faithful 60 lovely in the keen and suspicious in its narrative, than he is. Instead eye of Augustus, and his nature as of those shadowy beings, whom Octavius can witness, was not so allegory delights in, that dissipate mild and placid, but what the on discovery, we have here solid bum offered as the reward of the flesh and bone to encounter, that poet's labours would in that in- bar all discovery whatever. The stance have been the price of his only part of this adventure of head.

Æneas, susceptible of allegorical A commentator, who annexes interpretation, is where the Sybil to his author his own arbitrary writes the responses of her tutelar deity upon leaves, and has no plain import of their words. other commentator than Æolus to Shocked as they are, by the adexpound them. The commenta- vancement of such absurd legends tors of Virgil, out of reverence to with all the gravity of truth, they their blustering deity, seem dis- endeavour to modernize the fables posed to adopt bis mode of expla- into allegories by every mode,that nation. Suppose that Virgil him- a tortuous ingenuity can invent. self should for once answer his Hence every celebrated ancient is commentators; he has expressly beset by a number of commentatold us, that through this ivory tors, who libel him in the shape of gate • faisa ad cælum mittant in. panegyricks. The poets themsomnia manes.' Now is it pretende selves in all human probability ed that the Trojan hero, after his did not believe in the reality of escape from the subterranean re- those fables, with which their pagions through that obnoxious pas- ges abound. They were men of sage, left his body behind him and large and extended minds, deeply evaporated into a dream ? So long versed in the researches of philoas a living body assumes this lib. sophy, studies peculiarly hostile erty, the words of Virgil have no to the admission of such vulgar kind of application. Only allow absurdities. Nevertheless, the to Æneas the fair privileges of hu- marvellous was what they wanted, manity...his just quota of the flesh and surely those fables, rendered and bone he inherited from his venerable by the long acquaintance parents, and he might venture to of mankind, were better fitted ad pass through the ivory gate with captandum vulgus,' than the coinperfect safety to his own charac- age of their own brains. The ter and the poet's. It is cordially populace, when they found such agreed, that if by an allegorical fables receiving the acquiescence process he is turned into a dream, of men, whose opinions they rehis reputation will suffer sadly in garded with the infallibility of orathe wreck of his humanity. Some cles, read their pages with enthucriticks, in pursuance of their siasm ; and it is not an improbalaudable resolution of convicting ble conjecture, that this very cirVirgil of an egregious blunder at cumstance redeemed the pages

of all events, roundly assert that the Homer and Virgil from the deprewhole of this vision was designed dations of time and accident! If by the poet as a dream. This is this be true, every admirer of anreally the saturnine trifling of lit- cient literature will not feel himerary dulness. That the Trojan self disposed to censure with much hero should undergo so much pre- asperity the artifice, which the paratory labout and anxiety, em- poets have adopted, for rendering bark in a perilous voyage to a dis- the superstition of their times subtant country in search of a dream, sidiary to their personal benefit. when he had only to shut his eyes It is the duty of a publick writer to find it, is a construction abun: to understand the state of the pubdantly refuted by a plain statement lick mind, before he presumes to of the fact.

undertake its regulation. Bold The misery of the modern in- and novel truths dazzle, but the terpretation of the ancients is an blaze is intolerable to an eye unoverweening anxiety to find in prepared by the slow and gradual their pages something beyond the advancement of the tapers.

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