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are to the vices of the lower classes es- at school (being often violently heated pecially, there is less virtue as well as with exercise, and as often imprudentless knowledge, than in most of the ly chilled by bathing, &c.) from which countries of Europe. In many parts of with great difficulty I recovered, it has the United States there is also less re. been excellently adapted to that studi. ligion, at least of a rational and useful ous life which has fallen to my lot. kind. And where there is no sense of ** I have never been subject to headreligion, no fear of God, or respect to a achs, or any other complaints that are future state, there will be no good peculiarly, unfavourable to study, , I morals that can be depended upon. have never found myself less disposed, Laws may restrain the excesses of vice, or less qualified, for mental exertions but they cannot impart the principles of any kind at one time of the day more of virtue.'

P. 446. than another ; but all seasons have been

equal to me, early or late, before din. If universal suffrage,' so much ner or after, &c. And so far have I relied on by these gentlemen, for been from suffering by my application securing all that a good man should to study, (which however has never wish for a country, will not secure

been so close or intense as some have knowledge, nor virtue, nor religion, improving from the age of eighteen to

imagined) that I have found my health more effectually than the heredi. the present time ; and never have. I tary governments of Europe, on found myself more free from any dis. what accounts is it entitled to pre- order than at present. I must, how. ference ? And what become of ever, except a short time preceding and

following my leaving Lord Shelburne, republican visions ?

when I laboured under a bilious comWhen we consider the multi- plaint, in which I was troubled with plicity and variety of Dr. P.'s pur- gall stones, which sometimes gave me suits, and the number of his works, exquisite pain. But by confining mywe naturally inquire by what means

self to a vegetable diet, I perfectly re

covered ; and I have now been so long he accomplished so much. In

free from the disorder that I am under composition he generally content- no apprehension of its return. ed himself with being perspicuous, •It has been a singular happiness to and spent no time upon the graces me, and a proof, I believe, of a radically of writing. Still many of his works good constitution, that I have always must have required great labour slept well, and have awaked with my

faculties perfectly vigorous, without and research. His mind posses- any disposition to drowsiness. Also, sed great compass and versatility' whenever I have been fatigued with To abilities indisputably superiour, any kind of exertion, I could at 'any he joined uncommon industry, ac

time sit down and sleep ; and whatev. tivity, dispatch, and method. The have almost always lost sight of it when

er cause of anxiety I may have had, I following selections from the me. I have got to bed"; and I have general. moirs, will furnish interesting in- ly fallen asleep as soon as I have been formation respecting the cast of warm.* his mind, his modes of study, and

I even think it an advantage to me, habits of life :

and am truly thankful for it, that my

health received the check that it did • I have particular reason to be thank. when I was young; since a muscular ful for a happy temperament of body habit from high health, and strong spirand mind, both derived from my par*ents. My father, grandfather, and sev. *My father was an early riser. He

eral branches of the family, were re- never slept more than six hours. He markably healthy, and long lived ; and said he did not remember having lost a though my constitution has been far whole night's sleep, but once, though from robust, and was much injured by when awake he often had to suffer much a consumptive tendency, or rather an from pain and sickness, as well as from alcer in the lungs, the consequence of other circumstances of a very afflictive improper conduct of myself when I was nature. 1.3.6:1.18

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its, are nint, I think; in general accom- the former, which I viewed with a des panied with that sensibility of mind, gree of terrour. which is both favourable to piety, and Apprized of this defect, I never fail to speculative pursuits.*

to note down as soon as possible every "To a fundamentally good constitus thing that I wish not to forget. The tion of body, and the being who gave it same failing has led me to devise, and me, I owe an even cheerfulness of tem have recourse to, a variety of mechan. per, which has had but few interrups ical expedients, to secure and arrange lions."

pp. 101-2-3. my thoughts, which have been of the

greatest use to me in the composition Yet, notwithstanding these ad-, of large and complex works; and what vantageshe seems to have labour- has excited the wonder of some of my ed under soine peculiar defects :

readers, would only have made them

smile if they had seen me at work. But "As I have not failed to attend to the by simple and mechanical methods one phenomena of my own mind, as well as man shall do that in a month, which to those of other parts of nature, I have shall cost another, of equal ability, not been insensible of some great de- whole years to execute. This methodfects, as well as some advantnges, att ical arrangement of a large work is tending its constitution y having from greatly facilitated by mechanical methan early period been subject to a mose ods, and nothing contributes more to humbling failure of recollection, so that the perspicuity of a large work, than a I have soinetimes lost all ideas of both good arrangement of its parts.' persons and things, that I have been

pp. 105-6-7. conversant with. I have so completely forgotten what I have myself publish

“Though I have often composed much what I find in them often appears per- time. For whenever I have done much ed, that in reading my own writings, in a Attie time, it by no means follows

that I could have done much in a given fectly new to me, and I have more than once made experiments, the results of business in a short time, it has always which had been published by me.

been with the idea of having time inore "I shall particularly mention one face than sufficient to do it in; so that I of this kind, as it alarmed me much at

have always felt myself at ease, and I the time, as a symptom of all my men, if I had been hurried.

could have done nothing, as many can, tal powers totally failing me, until I was relieved by the vecollection of Knowing the necessity of this state, things of a similar nature having hap- of my mind to the dispatch of business, pened to me before. When I was com. I have never put off any thing to the posing the Dirsertations which are pre. last moment; and instead of doing that fixed to my Harmony of the Gospels, I on theʼmorrow which ought to be done had to ascertain something which had to-day, I have often blamed myself for been the subject of much discussion re: doing to-day what had better have been lating to the Jewish passover, (I have put off until to-morrow; precipitancy now forgotten what it was) and for that being more my fault than procrastinapurpose had to consult, and compare

tion. several writers. This I accordingly, It has been a great advantage to me, did, and digested the result in the com. that I have never been under the ne pass of a few paragraphs, which I wrote çessity of retiring from company in or. in short hand. But having mislaid the der to compose any thing. Being fond paper, and my attention having been of domestick life, I got a habit of wrie drawn off to other things, in the space ting on any subject' by the parlour fire, of a fortnight I did the same thing over with my wife and children about me, again ; and should never have discov- and occasionally talking to them, with ered that I had done it twice, if, after ont experiencing any inconvenience the second paper was transcribed for from such interruptions. Nothing butthe press, I had not accidentally found reading, or speaking without interrupa

tion, has been any obstruction to me • Though not a muscular man, he For Icould not help attending (as 'some went through great exertion at various cany when others spoke in my hearing. times of his life with activity. He These are useful habits, which-studis walked very firmly, and expeditiously... ous persons in general tight acquire,

p. 109.

if they would; and many persons evening in company with some of the greatly distress themselves, and others, students in their chambers. by the idea, that they can do nothing, It was by the regularity and variety except in perfect solitude or silence.' of his studies, more than by intense.

ness of application that he performed • It was while my father was at the so much more than even studious men academy that he commenced a practice generally do. At the time he was eng which he continued until within three gaged about the most important works, or four days of his death, of keeping a and when he was not busily employed diary, in which he put down the occur. in making experiments, he always had rences of the day ; what he was em- leisure for company, of which he was ployed about, where he had been, and fond. He never appeared hurried, or particularly an exact account of what behind hand. He however never carhe had been reading, mentioning the ried his complaisance so far as to negnames of the authors, and the number lect the daily task he had imposed upon of pages he read, which was generally himself ; but as he was uniformly an a fixed number, previously determined early riser, and dispatched his more seupon in his own mind. He likewise rious pursuits in the morning, it rarely moted down any hints suggested by bappened but that he could accomplish what he read in the course of the day. the labours assigned for the day, with. It was his custom at the beginning of out having occasion to withdraw from each year to arrange the plan of study visitors at home, or society abroad, or that he meant to pursue that year, and giving reason to suppose that the com, to review the general situation of his pany of others was a restraint upon his affairs, and at the end of the year he pursuits. took an account of the progress he had This habit of regularity extended itself made, how far he had executed the to every thing that he read, and every plan he had laid down, and whether his thing he did that was susceptible of it. situation exceeded or fell short of the He never read a book without deter expe&ations he had formed.'

p. 176. mining in his own mind when he would * But what principally enabled him finish it. Had he a work to transcribe, to do so much was regularity, for it does he would fix a time for its completion. not appear that at any period of his life This habit increased upon him as he he spent more than six or eight hours grew in years, and his diary was kept per day in business that required much upon the plan I have before described, mental exertion. I find in the same till within a few days of his death.' diary, which I have quoted from above,

p. 186-188. that he laid down the following daily arrangement of time for a minister's

The Appendices, which treat of studies : Studying the Scriptures 1hour. the writings of Dr. P. are next to Practical writers half an hour. Philoso. phy and History 2 hours. Classicks half

be considered. an hour. Composition 1 hour in all 5 hours. He adds below, "All wluich may be conveniently dispatched before dinner

ART. 37. which leaves the afternoon for visiting A Sermon delivered brfore the Gov: and company, and the evening for exceeding in any article if there be occa- ernour, the honourable Council, ston. Six hours not too much, nor

and both branches of the Legisseven.”

lature of the commonwealth of It appears by bis diary that he follow

· Massachusetis, on the day of gened this plan at that period of his life. He generally walked out in the after

eral election, May 27, 1807. By noon or spent it in company. At that

IVilliam Bentley, A. NI. minister time there was a society or club that of the second church in Salem. assembled twice a week, at which the, Boston, Adams & Rhoades. members debated questions, or took it in tum to deliver orations, or read essays of their own composition. When,

OBSCURITY is said, by the critnot attending these meetings, he most

icks to be one source of the subgenerally appears to have spent the lime, iç is unlucky for the rev.

erend author of the election ser: preached and prayed; in the secmon, that it is not the only source; ond church of Salem, before his for in that case, however unintelli- own 'enlightened congregation, gible, he might have enjoyed the without having his abilities called credit of producing a most sublime in question. But in an evil hour performance.

he resolved to publish., Vanity Pope observes, that, true, no urged him on, he appeared in meaning puzzles more than wit'; print, and the world were unde. and we must fairly acknowledge, ceived. His pen produced the opthat no offspring of the press, posite effect of Ithuriel's spear, which we have yet perused, has and caused this literary giant to been involved in such impenetra- shrink, from his imaginary bulk, ble obscurity as this sermon. The into'a contemptible dwarf, inferiour poetry of Lycophron is clear and in dimensions to the most diminu. intelligible, compared with the tive of mortals. prose of Mr. Bentley. We have But let us proceed to the ser. read it, and re-read it ; we have mon of this great scholar. The transposed and analyzed its sen- text is to be found in Deut. *xxi. tences. But in vain.

3. The sermon begins thus : -ibi omnis Effusus labor.

"We refer to the Hebrew scriptures Ipse diem noctemque negat discernere for political, united with religious recolo,

flections, as their government combined minvolvit caligine cæca

these two objects, which the christian Prospectum eripiens oculis.

scriptures do not.' Mr. Bentley early obtained, and Pray, Mr. Bentley, what is the had long enjoyed, the reputation government of the Hebrew scripof a great scholar. He had hold- tures ? The great scholar proen a distinguished rank among the ceeds, American literali; and a demo- “The religious sentiments of all ages, cratick congress considered them-' and the nature of all religious establishselves as paying a compliment to ments, as well as the example of the learning, when they chose for their primitive settlers of New England,

have concurred in recommending the chaplain the Minister of the second

appropriate devotions of this day." church in Salern. But whence was this fame derived ? What evidence Here is a discovery! The rehave the world ever received of ligious sentiments of all ages, past the superiour talents of Bentley ?' and present, and the nature of all This question is not easily an- religious establishments, that is,, swered. The reputation for great the religious establishment in Juparts is very oddly acquired in this dea, and the religious establishcountry, where all our geese are ment in England, and the religious swans, and our swans, alas ! too establishment in France, before often turn out geese.

and since the revolution, and every Had Mr. Bentley been satisfied' other religious establishment, in with the literary character, which whatever part of the world, have ignorance and credulity bestowed concurred in recommending the on him, he might still have passed, appropriate devotions of this day. with those who do not know him, What day? Why the day of genfor, what the English style, a very eral election in Massachusetts, to, clever fellow. He miglit still have be sure. The sentence can have

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p. 12.

no other possible meaning, and the men, who are fond of riddles, enige discovery does infinite honour to mas, and conundrums, humbly ac the ingenuity of the reverend ora- knowledging our utter inability to tor.

comprehend it, and firmly belier

ing, notwithstanding the author is Such is the truth, which is accepted, minister of the second church in Safrom the words of the lawgiver of the Hebrews.

lem, that he will never be hanged

for a witch, Instead of accepted, he should have written received, or more for-,

ART. 38. cibly suill, contained in the words, The Christian Monitor, No. IV., &c. The great scholar is remind- containing aine discourses on rein! ed, that we do accept truth, as 4:, ative duties, and reasons for be+ child accepts an orange or a piece lieving the truth of divine rou. of gingerbread, or a young lady a elation. 12mo. Boston, Munroe present from her lover...

& Francis. Speaking of the first settlers in our country, he says,

IT is impossible for us to view

with indifference any exertions of • They possessed in ship-building the A society for the promotion of knowledge, which the French had com

christian knowledge, picty, and charmunicated, and which a late English artist has rendered familiar to his

ity. As believers in the gospel, countrymen!

we ardently wish the success of

every endeavour which is made to We rather suspect, that the extend it ; and heartily approving great-scholar' is mistaken in suppo- of the views and spirit, with which sing that the French at that period the Christian Monitor is conducted, excelled in ship-building, nor do we cordially recommend it to the we know to what English artist he pious, as well adapted for edificarefers. Sir Walter Raleigh,many tion, and to the rich and liberal years before, had written a treatise for distribution. on this art, which is still extant; The fourth, fifth, and sixth of nor was 'it long before the peace these discourses are selected from of 4763 that the French built any the sermons of Francklin, and the ships of superiour excellence. The eighth and ninth from those of Courageux, captured by the Mon- Riddoch. The rest were never mouth, a short time previous to before published. A prayer and that peace, was the first evidence, a hymn is affixed to each discourse.. which the English received of the In a very small compass is com. superiority of French naval archi.. pressed a very clear and satisfactecture.

tory view of the duties of aged We would willingly, for our men, and of aged women; of husown amusement, and for that of bands, of wives, and of the publick, make 'more remarks of children to parents and to each on this performance, which the other ; of superiours, and of inauthor courteously styles a ser- feriours. It is the lowest praise of mon, did not its remaining obscur- a work, expressly intended to aid itý set all further criticism

at de the progress of piety and virtue, fiance. We would recommend it that it is written with elegance ; however to the attention of all and the pious author, who consethose ingenious ladies and gentle crates his labours to this best of

Vol. IV.* NO. 6. Tt


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