« PreviousContinue »
some original and valuable papers interest readers, as the seat of the 'in the last numbers, particularly most ancient and distinguished the Ecclesiastical History of our American college. The particuState ; for the continuation and lars of the history, and description conclusion of which excellent pero of the institutions of Harvard Uniformance we impatiently wait.versity, though not so full and mi.
The true reason for this delay nute as many of her children may has been the multiplicity of claims desire, include much useful in. on the attention of our coadjutors formation. The Sketches' of the to more recent productions, of ministers of Cambridge exhibit which the authors and publishers talent and judgment, and will be have been importunate for imme- read with much satisfaction, not diate attention.
only by those more immediately In pursuance of the method, be- concerned, but by all who are cu. fore used, we shall give some ac rious to become acquainted with count of each separate article in the worthies of our land. On the the volume before us ; entering whole, this communication may be into a more detailed criticism, or considered one of the best descripgiving considerable extracts from tions of towns contained in the the more important ; and passing Historical Collections, whether we others with little farther comment, regard its composition, or the inthan a description of its purpose, formation it contains. The fol. and sometimes no more than a lowing extracts refer to topicks of mere copy of its title.
common curiosity, and will enable Three pages of · Remarks on our readers to judge of Dr. H.'s a History of Salem' precede the manner of writing : • Contents of the more legitimate • Collections. These refer to the
• In 1639, the first printing press, character, given in the last volume, Cambridge, by one Daye at the
erected in New-England, was set up at of Roger Williams, which is here charge of Mr. Glover,' who died on supposed to have been too favour. his passage to America.* The first able. Such as feel interested will compare this examination' • « The Reverend and judicious Mr. with the · history,' and also with
“ Jos. Glover, being able both in per.
“ son and estate for the work, provided, Mr. Bentley's rejoinder in the
“ for further compleating the colonies, succeeding volume. The result “ in church and commonwealth, a of what may be said on both sides “ printer,” &C.Wonder-working Provis ably and faithfully reported in idence, X an after « Collection. See Ecc. Nothing of Daye's printing is to be
found. The press was very early in Hist. in Vol. IX. p. 23-25.
the possession of Mr. SAMUELGREENE, The first article, which follows, who was an inhabitant of Cambridge, is. A History of Cambridge,' &c. in 1639, and who is considered as the by Dr. Holmes. This is a good first printer in America. His descenspecimen of the geographical, his- dants, in every succession to this day,
have maintained the honour of the typotorical, and biographical knowledge and taste of the writer. The that name, at New-London, and New
graphick art. The present printers, of style is clear; the narrative easy ; Haven, in Connecticut, are of his pos. and the reflections generally cor. terity. The first press was in use at rect and useful. This town justly Cambridge, about half a century. The excites the curiosity of travellers, it, is the second edition of Eliot's In. and an account of it will generally dian Bible, in 1685. Some reliques of
hing which was printed was the free.
The following expression, in man's oath ; the next was an almanack
note on p. 9, surprised us much : made for New-England by Mr. Pierce,
Chicketawbu was the sagamore mariner ; the next was the Psalms newly turned into metre.
of Neponcett, which could not have The Ecclesiastical fathers of New- been far from Boston,' &c. The England, dissatisfied with Sternhold river Neponsit is that which sepaand Hopkins' version of the Psalms, rates Dorchester and Milton. then in common use, resolved on a
• A Review of the military openew version. Some of the principal Divines in the country, among whom rations in North-America, from were Mr. Welde and Mr. Eliot, of Rox- the commencement of the French bury, and Mr. Mather of Dorchester, hostilities on the frontiers of Virundertook the work. Aiming, as they ginia, in 1753, to the surrender of well expressed it, to have translation, rather than to smooth their Oswego, in 1758," &c. verses with the sweetness of any para.
This letter, which is said, in a phrase ; and regarding conscience note, to be from the late Goverrather than elegance, fidelity rather nour Livingston, and his friends than poetry,' their version, it seems, Smith and Scott, is a masterly was too crude to satisfy the taste of an age, neither higlily refined, nor remarks production. It comprizes a view ably critical. Hence, Mr. Shepard, of of the ambitious and tyrannical Cambridge, addressed them with this projects and attempts of the monitory verse :
French ; a character of those who
most ably and successfully oppoYe Roxbury poets, keep clear of the crime
sed their designs ; with a stateOf missing to give us very good rhyme: ment of the importance of the coloAnd you of Dorchester your verses
nies to the mother country ; in a lengthen,
strain of eloquence and argument, But with the texts own words you will which would do honour to any them strengthen.'
statesman. It abounds with those This Version was printed at Cambridge profound political remarks, which in 1640; but requiring, as it was judg. indicate deep wisdom and thorough ed, a little more art, it was commit. reflection ; and with those brilted to President Dunster, a great mas liant illustrations, which display a ter of the oriental languages, who with some assistance, revised and refined it, rapid imagination and a culuvated and brought it into that state, in wlrich taste. If we consulted our own the churches of New-England used it recollection, of passages which for many subsequent years.'I P. 19. evince these powers, we should
present for the gratification of our this press, I am informed, are still in readers very copious extracts. pse in the printing-office at Windsor One, we trust, will induce such, as in Vermont,
conveniently can, to peruse the Mr. Samuel Hall, printer to the His- original ; and room cannot be aftorical Society, printed the New Eng. forded to satiate the curiosity of Jand Chronicle at Cambridge, from the eommencement of the revolutionary war, in 1775, to the removal of the was by some eminent congregations American army from Cambridge. A “there preferred to all others in their new printing press was set up in this “publick worship." I find the eightown, the present year, by Mr. William teenth edition of this Version printed Hilliard, a son of my worthy predeces. with the Bible at Edinburgh, in 1741 ; sor in the ministry.
and the twenty-third (I suppose Winthrop's Journal.
New-England) edition, printed at Bos. # The Rev. Mr. Prince, of Boston, ton in 1730. The Rev. Mr. Prince observed, that, when he was last in revised and improved this New-Eng. England, in 1717, he found this Version land Version, in 1758.
others. The following observa- olis to Lancaster, and back. The tions on Mr.De Lancey's advance-register of proceedings respecting ment will probably be applied to the treaty is conspicuous, and inother characters and after-events terspersed with many characterisin our country :
tick anecdotes of the Indians and
others. The contrast between the • Should it now be inquired, Must not place, as he has well described it, a man, so extremely popular, be neces. sarily possessed of eminent virtue, and and what it now is, must be very warmly devoted to the weal of the striking to those, who have seen people, who thus cordially resound his this flourishing city. fame, submit to his control, and agree P. 202. List of Publick Offito adorn his triumph ? The question ces, &c. in Maryland.' can only come from a novice in history,
P. 203. Union of the British and a stranger to mankind. In the judgment of your Lordship, who is
American Colonies, as proposed deeply read in both, I am confident in the year 1754.' that popularity is no indication of me. P. 207. Report of the Com. rit. With the deluded multitude the mittee, chosen by the General As: best men are often unpopular ; the most pernicious, extolled and adored. The sembly of Connecticut, respecting people are ever ready to be bewitched, the foregoing, ' &c. cheated, and enslaved, by a powerful,
P.210. «The Reasons considered crafty seducer : and, what is worse, and offered, by the Assembly of ever ready to sacrifice whoever would the Colony of Connecticut, condisabuse and release them. The same people who could, without emotion, cerning the Plan of Union, &c. behold a Sidney bleeding in defence of
P.215. Petitions and Represenpublick liberty, could commit a riot in tations from Members of the rescuing a Sacheverel for preaching Church of England, in Boston, for sedition and subverting the nation. Bishops.' Your Lordsbip remembers, that Mas. These several documents may sanello, in the short space of ten days, was a poor fisherman, a popular incen.
amuse the antiquary, and assist the diary, a sovereign viceroy, stripped of future historian of our country. his honours, treated like a malefactor, P. 219, (An Account of the knocked on the head, and thrown into Trade,' &c. of Newfoundland, in a ditch. Who in fine was more popu. 1799. lar than the pestilent Claudius, except, perhaps, the more pestilent Cataline ?
P.220. Number of British sub. It was, therefore, well observed by the jects in the colonies, &c. 1755. protector Cromwell, that the very men, Bill for better regulating of who followed him with acclamations Charter and Proprietary Governand torrents of flattery, would, with
ments, &c. the same demonstrations of joy, accom
P. 222. Dedications to Rev. J. pany him to the gallows.' P. 85.
Eliot's Indian Bible, printed at • Description of Wiscasset," &c. Cambridge, New England, by by Alden Bradford, Esq. A short Samuel Green and Marmaduke
Johnson. 1663. but pleasant and useful account of this place, and the adjacent coun
The following dedications to the try and waters.
translation of the old and new testa. P. 171. Witham Marsh's ment in the indian language, by the Journal of the Treaty held with celebrated EL10T, are great curiosi. the Six Nations, &c. at Lancaster, ties. Such were annexed only to the in "Pennsylvania, June, 1744.' _ few copies sent to England : and are of
course the very scarce appendages of a There is much humour in the
very scarce book. Of six copies of the diary of his journey from Annap- indian bible, which I have seen, no one
possessed these dedications. The fol. VI. The constitution of the governlowing were taken from a mutilated ment, by royal charter, is a legislative copy, used in a barber's shop for waste power vested in the general assembly, paper. From this intended destruction which consists of the governour, or in they were eagerly snatched, by the his absence the deputy-governour, and hand which writes this, as truly valua twelve assistants (called the upper ble relicks.'
house); and representatives, not ex.
ceeding two from each town, chosen P.228. Sir Thomas Temple's by the freemen of the respective towns Apology for Coinage in Massa- they represent, (called the lower house.) chusetts.' A candid and respect
No act is valid without the joint con. ful correction of Dr. Robertson ; laws, institute judicatories, appoint
currence of both houses: they make enlivened with this amusing ex- judges, and other necessary officers, tract from Mernoirs of Hollis : who are sworn to a faithful discharge
of their trust. A general assembly is Sir Thomas Temple, brother to Sir holden agreeable to royal charter, in William Temple, resided several years May and October, annually; and at în New-England during the interreg. other times when called by the gover. num. After the restoration, when he nour,or in his absence the deputy-goverreturned to England, the king sent for
nour, on any emergency.' P. 234. him, and discoursed with him on the
*XXI. The civil officers of the colo. state of affairs in the Massachusetts, ny are : the governour, deputy-goverand discovered great warmth against nour, and twelve assistants, annually that colony. Among other things, he chosen in May, by the freemen of the said they had invaded his prerogative colony, and take their several and resby coining money. Sir Thomas, who pective corporal oaths, according to our was a real friend to the colony, told his royal charter : at the same time is cho. majesty, that the colonists had but lit. sen and sworn according to law, a trea. tle acquaintance with law, and that surer and secretary. By law are estab. they thought it no crime to make mo. blished one superiour court, whereof is ney for their own use. In the course one chief judge, and four other judges ; of the conversation, Sir Thomas took which court is held in each county some of the money out of his pocket, twice in a year : an inferiour or county and presented it to the king. On one court in each county, whereof is one side of the coin was a pine tree, of that judge, and two or more justices of the kind which is thick and bushy at the quorum : courts of probate in eighteen top. Charles asked what tree that districts, whereof is one judge in each was? Sir Thomas informed him it was district : justices of the peace for each the royal oak, which preserved his ma county, whereof there is one or more in jesty's life. This account of the mat. each town: one sheriff, and one king's ter brought the king into good humour, attorney in each county.' P. 238. and disposed him to hear what Sir Thomas had to say in their favour, call. P. 239. Some Account of the ing them a “ parcel of honest dogs.”
severe Drought in 1749, from a P. 231.
MS. of Mr. James Blake, of Dor• Inquiry relative to his Majesty's Colony of Connecti chester.' This gentleman was a cut, 1773, with the Answers by the
very minute annalist and sensible
remarker. Governour, &c.1774. This State
P. 241. • Grand Jury's Bill happily has experienced no revolution in its government ; the fol: against Mary Osgood.' Presentlowing is therefore accurate histo
ment for witchcraft and league
with the devil ! ry, though some verbal alterations
P. 242. may be the proper consequence of
Biographical Notice posterior changes in the state of of Rev. James Noyes, first minis,
ter of Newbury.' our nation :
A Description and Historical 'Q. VI. What is the constitution of Account of the Isles of Shoals.' the government ?
From this very interesting narra
tive much information and gratifi P. 262. Ecclesiastical History cation may be derived.
of Massachusetts,' &c. This is
the commencement of a work, • These islands, in former times, long wanted and expected. If were in a very respectable and flourishing state. The inhabitants were
general conjecture be correct resindustrious, prudent, temperate, and pecting the author, it could not be regular and decent in their attendance in abler or more diligent hands. on the institutions of religion. They A subject of this important nature, had magistrates and other officers an.
the execution of which, as far nually chosen by the people, to execute their wholesome laws and regulations;
as it has been prosecuted, reflects and to maintain order and peace in the honour both on the society and the society. The inhabitants were res individual, merits more full discus. pectful, kind, and generous to their sion, than can well be allowed in minister : and considering the nature of their employment, and their conse dy tediously long. Reserving then
the closing part of an article alreaquent habits, they dwelt together in a good degree of harmony. Such ap. our comments, for the Continuapears to have been the prosperous and tion of this History in an after volhappy state of the inbabitants of these
ume, we close this notice with islands, particularly during the minis- the earnest and respectful wish, try of Mr. Tucke. This good man
I pede fausto. died, deeply and universally lamented, on the 12th of August, 1773. P. 257. • From the dispersion of the inhabi.
ART. 35. tants of these isles in 1775 till Novemþer 14, 1800, the few, who remained, A poem on the restoration of learn, bad lived for the most part, without
ing in the east, which obtained law or order, destitute of the means of Mr. Buchannan's prize. By religious or moral instruction, and had Charles Grant, M. A. fellow of of course, degenerated into a pitiable Magdalen college. state of ignorance, poverty, anarchy, and wickedness. At the period last
Nec remorantur ibi ; sic rerum sum
ma novatur mentioned, when their new meeting house was dedicated, the inhabitants
LUCR. assembled, and, by the written com Salem, Cushing and Appleton. pact annexed, formed themselves into 1807. 8vo, à social state, and, in a formal manner, pledged themselves to abide by certain This poem we have not read regulations, and elected two of their with unmingled delight. Sepanumber, as assessors, who, with the rate from its imperfections, which missionary, for the time being, were are scarcely worth regarding, the invested with the power to carry said
perusal of it excites many a paineompact into effect.
In consequence of all these things, ful sensation. Allowing the poet these islands are renovating in their ap
to have struck the sweetest and the pearance; and a hope is entertained, boldest strains, yet are they not that they will soon rise to their former less mournful, than delightful to state of regularity, and respectability. the soul. If his subject demanded Should Massachusetts and New Hampshire cede their right in these islands the full flow of his verse, it is one to the U.States (a plan which some have with wlich so many unpleasant contemplated), and the federal govern. recollections are associated, that ment should think it expedient to estab- the tear of pity might moisten the lish them as a free port, and form a barbour, and erect the necessary fortifica.
eye, while the melody of numbers tions and lights, they would soon be enraptures the ear. While he decome a place of much importance to the plores the persecuting bigotry of United States.'
P. 260, Arungzebe, the irruption and rar