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fore mentioned were found to be diSTATEMENT OF DISEASES, &c. minished, except a pain in the left

side of the breast, which became from Feb. 20 to March 20.

more distinct. A soreness was felt The last days of February gen over the chest, rendered more unerally clear. Prevalent winds from comfortable by a short, dry cough. the north-west. In the commence This soon became more moist; and ment of March, rain followed by the expectorated matter was once fair weather. From the 8th day or twice tinged with blood. The repeated snows, melting gradually tongue was covered with a white under the influence of the sun, and mucus : the pulse about 100. At arrested by frost at night; whence this time a small degree of soreness a moisture on the surface of the of the throat existed, and this part earth during a great part of the was seen to be slightly inflamed. month. Prevailing winds, north Total loss of appetite, and of the west and west.

sense of tasting-Remarkable deGreatest cold, on the 21st Feb pression of mind.

Those appearruary. Therm. 22°.

ances continued, without much vaGreatest heat, on the 17th Mar. riation, for three days. Then the Therm. 41°

fever, and frequency of the cough, Lowest station of the barometer diminished, and the soreness of the 29.3, on the 25th February.

chest went off. The other sympHighest station 30.4, on the 28th toms subsided so soon, that the paFebruary.

tient left her chamber in a week The temperature of the atmos from the attack ; but still retained phere, during the month, has been a white tongue, a degree of pain in of an equality very remarkable in the side, and cough, of which she this climate. The mercury in the was not freed on the 14th day.... Few thermometer rarely passing 6° a cases occurred, where the attack bove or below the freezing point. was so violent as that in the in

The state of the atmosphere has stance abovementioned; but all the been more particularly noted, on

various forms of catarrh were witaccount of the prevalence of the nessed during the prevalence of the epidemic catarrh, or influenza, ad disease. Although this complaint verted to in the last report. The must be called a catarrh with fesymptoms, which seemed to be most ver, febris catarrhatis, yet there common, are there stated. We were some cases, where no febrile shall now describe those, which ap action could be observed. This repeared in the most severe and mark has been made by Sroll on strongly marked cases, taking as a the catarrh, which prevailed at specimen a single instance. A per Vienna in February and March son, who had risen suddenly in the

1777. “ Febricula exigua, erranight, was on the following day af bunda, plerosque tenuit, quosdam fected with the symptoms of a com

nulla.? He says that women were mon catarrh or cold, which were more commonly affected than : succeeded by a cough. This di men; and so far as our observation minished till, on imprudent expos has extended, we can apply the reure a week afterwards, she was mark to the disease seen here. seized with severe head-ach, vio This complaint has now diminishlent pains in the breast, back, and ed very considerably. Distinct limbs, then a fit of shivering, fol from the disease described, there lowed by nausea and vomitting. have been a few cases of RheumaIn three hours a general heat came tism and Pneumonia. on, and the chill was felt no more. After this sudden commotion of the Erratum. Page 114, line 8 from top, system had subsided, the pains be- for mechanicks read arithmetick.

THE

MONTHLY ANTHOLOGY

TOR

APRIL, 1807.

For the Anthology.

CLASSICAL LITERATURE.

In a former number a passage enemies ; and we feel the stormy tvas cited from the great author of raptures of battle ; in the next the epick song, which might probably helmet loses its lustre, and we see have given to his illustrious imita- him resigning his mind to the tor the first hint of his design. It empire of the paternal and conjuis presumed, that the reader will gal endearments. There is one not conclude, that the Roman bard, remarkable point of contact bein his formation of the character tween the two great champions of of Æneas, was under no other ob- the respective armies, well worthy ligation to Homer, than for the as. of notice. Both Hector and sistance which that passage afford- Achilles know that they must fall ed. One of Homer's heroes, Vir- before the walls of Troy. This, gil kept constantly in his eye, and so far from abating, serves only to he was, in fact, the original of his animate their confidence in battle. own. Hector's character incorpo. Paradoxical as this may appear, it rates so well the hero and the man, is capable of solution. A hero the strong lights of the one, are does not live for his life ; he lives so tempered and restrained by the for his fame ; and when he knows mellowing shades of the other, but a short space is allotted for that the mind is in a continual state the one, is resolved in that short of Auctuation, pity rises into ad- space to give an eternity to the miration, admiration relapses into other. The character of Hector pity. At one moment we behold is moreover touched, by the hand the helmet of the warrior glittering of his immortal biographer, with consternation* in the midst of his an interest still more engaging.

He knows that his native city is * There is one passage in the Iliad, eventually to fall into the hands of descriptive of the plume of an helmet, of such resplendent beauty, that I cani a merciless enemy, that all his not resist the pleasure of transcription : va!our can only procrastinate the

fatel hour, that his aged parents "Wide wav'd the golden honours of his head,

are to die by the sword, and the Trembled the sparkling plumes, and the wife of his bosom to be sold a slave loose glories shed!

in foreign lands. Vol. IV. No. 4.

In the combat between Achilles accurate to the cye, as if the bodies and Hector, the point where Ho. were presented for the transcripmer reserves the whole fire of his tion of light and shade. genius, the characters of the re This patriotick niartyr was unspective heroes blaze out in all doubtedly the original, from whence their effulgence ; but the efful. Virgil drew his portrait. Will it gence is peculiarly distinct and be thought poetical blasphemy to appropriate. Hector found this declare, that the shadow does not the trying hour of his fortitude. preserve in every feature the His army is defeated, safe within splendour and the inviolable interthe walls of the city, and himself est of the original ?- Virgil, whose only without, his implacable ene- genius savoured more of the pamy approaching, whose prowess thetick than the sublime, delighthe has proved, and knows it supe- ed to indulge in subjects most riour to his own. His aged pa- auspicious to his Muse. Whenerrents are on the ramparts, who, by er therefore Æneas mourns for the every tender expostulation and loss of his parent or his consort, intreaty, implore him to save Troy. or is agitated for the welfare of hīs and themselves from certain de- surviving boy, the bard is perfect struction by declining the combat. ly at home. Such tender scenes In defiance of all these, he calmly are so plainly the favourites of his meets his fate, and is denied his pencil, that he suffers no opportudying request, that his corpse nity of that kind to pass unimmight be restored to his parents, and proved. Witness the filial exposfind a tomb in his native country. iulation of Æneas with his father,

Often has it excited my sur- to dissuade him from his determinprise, that historick painters have ation not to survive the downfall not made this combat the subject of Troy ; his anxiety, when he of their pencils. One might rep- found bis wife no longer the living resent a sketch of the walls of the companion of his bosom ; the city, the: Trojan hero before them, amiable contest between the two his parents on the ramparts in the friends, Nisus and Euryalus, while attitude of intreaty, the terrifick the former endeavours to dissuade Achilles approaching, and the con- the latter from the meditated ex. tention between filial tenderness pedition, that he acknowledged and fortitude in the countenance of might prove ruinous to himself, but Hector. Another might repre- at the same time might involve his sent the two champions preparing friend in the same calamity ; the to engage, and by a delicate delin- affecting scene, where the aged eation ascertain the scowling brow mother of Euryalus deplores the of Achilles, and his sanguinary the death of her son ; all these, eye, opposed to the calin and and a multitude of others, proclaim unrulled countenance of his an that Virgil's muse was alive to the tagonist. The next might show touch of the pathetick. us the corpse of Hector despoiled Homer, familiar to the sublima of arms, and Achilles gazing on it and the grand, now and then conwith an inexorable countenance descended to indulge his mighty and a ferocious delignt. Let any fancy in the pathetick. Virgil's master of the pencil replenish his muse is occasionally listed from mind with Homer's ideas, and he the pathetick to the grand. This will find in himself an original as distinction rationally accounts for

um

the manifest diversity of character, such important services to poor which the original and the copy mortals. The objection has not represent. Homer sinks to the the true stamp of antiquity, and, pathetick, and the descent is easy ; like many ancient coins, bears too Virgil rises to the sublime, and it much the mark of modern time costs him an effort, and a strug' to'be genuine. The success of gle. Hector, amidst all his calam- battle then depended on muscular ities, sheds not a single tear; strength, and the dexterity of perÆneas scarcely fights a battle sonal prowess : it has since bewithout one. A confusion of cha come a science, and the ancient racter is created by this, and the target, with all its subtlety of evamind refuses to yield a ready as- sion, would not ward off a modern sent to the fact, that a man, who bullet. This gave rise to the weeps with so much facility, can thundering philippick of Don fight with so much bravery. The Quixote against gunpowder, beRoman bard is anxious to impress cause it threatened the overthrow his readers with the belief, that of chivalry. Let the strength of Æneas was more distinguished by a hero be what it might, provided his piety, than his valour. For it did not excel one of the earththis we have the authority of his born giants of antiquity, it is altoown words.

gether incredible, that he could

atchieve such wonders, as he freQuicquid apud duræ cepatum est quently did, if he relied on the

mænia Trojæ ; Hectoris Æniæque manu victoria Grai. competency of his own nerves to

accomplish them. Amidst such Hæsit, et in decimum vestigia retutit a storm of darts, hissing around his annum,

ears, a mind, not at all disposed to Ambo animis, ambo insignes prestantibus scepticism, would pause to inquire,

armis, Hic pictate prior.'

how is it possible, that every one

should fail of its own accord in Many English criticks have cen- accomplishing the object of its sured both of these immortal bards errand ? Poets, aware of this dif. for the prodigai introduction of ficulty, have summoned the supertheir Deities. Adopting the max stition of the age, in which they im of Horace,

lived, to their assistance, and have

given their heroes sometimes a Nec Deus intersit, nisi dignus vindice visible, and sometimes an invisible nodus

guard of Deities to defend them. Inciderit......

The formidable objection of imthey have not treated with becom- possibility now vanishes at once ; ing respect those celestial digni- the darts are turned aside, or if ties, who condescended now and they wound, the favoured hero then to spare the blood of their goes through the ceremony of favourites in the hour of danger by bleeding a little, and returns fresh shedding their own. It is hoped, for the combat. Achilles himself, it will not be thought presump- who loved fighting better than mution, nor subject a man to the im- sick, has the lionesty to confess, putation of Paganism, to advocate that the cause of Deities long since dead, who during their lives, if To mow down troops, and make shole

• 'Tis not in hiin, tho' favour'd of the sky, poets may be credited, rendered

armies, flyi'

mour,

This is more important to the Fate. The bards, availing them. principle now advocated, as the selves of this poetick licence, hero was encompassed with im- crowd the narrow span of their mortal armour, impenetrable to heroes' lives with as many danmortal darts, and did not feel se gers, as fancy can depict, and after cure, even though he was fave all, surrender them to mortality at oured of the sky. I hope, in this last, by the conclusive declaration, day, it will not be deemed neces 6 sic fata jubebant." sary to vindicate the character of The Pagans allowed to their Achilles from that vulgar slander, Deities an unlimited agency in that his body was by hiş mother human affairs ; they partook of dipped in the river Styx, and ren the vices and virtues of the world, dered as impenetrable as his ar. over which they presided, and

Achilles is wounded in the even the father of Olympus was hand in the river Scamander, not exempt from them. Mortals, which is of itself a full refutation after their deaths, (Hercules for • of that calumny. Recurring to instance) were created Divinities,

the question, respecting the un- and some during their lives (Alex. necessary interposition of the an. ander for instance) were thus made cient Deities for the preservation Gods by anticipation. The objecof their heroes in the hour of dan. tion above mentioned seems more ger, it is amusing to observe the particularly pointed against the dexterity of the poets. The doubt gross notions of theology, than naturally suggests itself, that every against the subordinate employ: man must die ; and if he has a ment of the Deities. What wonDeity to protect himself from der then that the Gods should asdeath in one case, why not in ano, sume an interest in human life, ther ? According to this argu- when, even before they had quitment the hero would be immortal. ted it, they were allowed the exPoets, especially those who can ercise of their functions ? By command' supernatural assistance, their heroism they had obtained, are difficult men to entrap, and to for the most part, their celestial obviate this objection they have pre-eminence : superstition had created a power, whom they have invested them above with the same denominated Fate, against which propensities they harboured beit is out of the power even of the low; and, allowing this to be the immortals to defend their heroes. case, it would be a violation of So that until the very crisis of their nature to represent them, as not destiny arrives, they, by celestial peculiarly 'interested in the proassistance, perform prodigies of tection of those, who were their valour ; but when the time comes, rivals on earth, and would soon in which only such assistance be their equals in heaven. could be wanted, it is denied, and they are left to be the victims of

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