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For the Anthology.
The following “elegant and glowing stanzas” are not from the pen of Mr. Barlow ; nor were they recited by Mr. Beckley at the “ elegant dinner,” given by the Citizens of Washington to Captain Lewis.
See National Intelligencer, 16 January, 1807.
ON THE DISCOVERIES OF CAPTAIN LEWIS.(1)
GOOD people, listen to my
tale, 'Tis nothing but what true is ; I'll tell you of the mighty deeds
Aichiev'd by Captain Lewis-
By fair and easy motion,
Until he met the ocean.
HEROICK, sure, the toil must be
To travel through the woods, sir ; And never meet a foe, yet save
His person and his goods, sir ! What marvels on the way he found
He'll tell you, if inclin'd, sir But I shall only now disclose
The things he did not find, sir.
And, spite of all the pains he took
The animal to track, sir,
With navel on his back, sir.
Till even it was ended,
From Welchmen straight descended:
The fancies it might tickle :
A Mountain, sous'd in pickle.
For still he had his reason-
Attempted he to seize on.
He knew he was not able
He'll tell you 'tis a fable.
He never with a Mammoth met,
However you may wonder ;
Above the ground or under
Notes. (1) There are some understandings, graduated on such a scale, that it may be necessary to inform them, that our intention is not to depreciate the merits of Captain Lewis's publick services. We think highly of the spirit and judgment, with which he has executed the duty undertaken by him, and we rejoice at the rewards bestowed by congress upon him and his companions. But we think with Mr. John Randolph, that there is a bombast in Politicks, as well as in Po etry; and Mr. Barlow's “elegant and glowing stanzas” have the advantage of combining both.
(2) “With the same soaring genius, thy Lewis ascends,
“ And seizing the Car of the Sun, “O'er the sky-propping hills
, and high-waters he bends, “And gives the proud earth a new zone." Thus sweetly sings the soaring genius of Barlow. He has in this stanza obtained an interesting victory over verse. He has brought zone and sun to rhyme together ; which is more than ever was attempted by his great predecessor in psalmody, Sternhold.
He never dreamt of taming tides,(3)
Like monkeys or like bears, sirA school, for teaching floods to flow,
Was not among his cares, sir Had rivers ask'd of him their path,
They had but mov'd his laughterThey knew their courses, all, as well
Before he came as after.
For what is old Discovery
Compar'd to that which new is ? Strike-strike Columbia river out,
And put in-river Lewis !
Let dusky Sally henceforth bear
The name of Isabella ;
Be christen'd Monticella-
Tom Pain may be when drunk, sir-
Which once was call'd a Skunk, sir.
And must we then resign the hope
These Elements of changing ?
That after all his ranging,
But Water in the Fountains ?
Of rugged Rocks the Mountains ?
As sure as I'm a sinner !
The hero to a dinner-
A bard, the tide who tames, sir-
By G-, we'll change thier names, sir!
And when the wilderness shall yield (4)
To bumpers, bravely brimming,
While all our heads are swimming,
And name (the thing's agreed on)
The flying frigate Fredon.
Can overturn a nation ;
A great regeneration ;-
Old Nature's Constitution,
Huzza ! for REVOLUTION !
Let old Columbus be once more
Degraded from his glory ; And not a river by his name
Remember him in story
" And tamed the last tide of the West.
" Then hear the loud voice of the nation proclaim,
“ And all ages resound the decree,
“ Who taught him his path to the sea.” Barlow's Stanzas .
Here the young Hero is exhibited in the interesting character of schoolmaster to a river ; and the proposition, that the river should take his name by way of payment for his tuition, appears so modest and reasonable, that we should make no objection, were not that the wages inust be deducted from the scanty pit. tance of poor Columbus. He has already been so grossly defrauded by the name of this hemisphere, that we cannot hear with patience a proposal to strip bim of that trifling substitute of a river, which had so late and so recently been bestowed upon him.
invite the attention of the reader to the rare modesty of Mr. Barlow himself, who, in committing this spoliation upon the fame of Columbus, does not even allow him the chance of an adjudication, .. but undertakes, by self-created authority, to make proclamation for the whole nation, and to pronounce the decree for all ages!
(4)“ Victory over the wilderness, which is more interesting, than that over
Barlow's Toast at the Dinner,
THE BOSTON REVIEW
Librum tuum legi de quam diligentissime potui annotavi, quæ commutanda, quae
eximenda, arbitrarer. Nam ego dicere vero assuevi. Neque ulli patientius reprehenduntur, quam qui maxime laudari merentur. Plin.
few from inclination, have devoted Plain discourses on the laws and their time or their fortunes to the
properties of matter ; containing advancement of this science. Men the elements or principles of mode of sagacious minds and of extended ern chemistry, with more partic. views have embodied their own ular details of those practical and the discoveries of others into a parts of the science, most interest regular system. They have de ing to mankind, and connected fined the science of chemistry ; with domestick affairs. Address. they have elucidated its laws, and ed to all American promoters of marked the boundaries between useful knowledge. By Thomas this and the other branches of Ewell, M. D. one of the surgeons physicks, with which it is intimateof the U. S. navy.
ly connected. But however valu* Humanity, sitting at the portal of misery, able these elementary works may through the medium of science implores relief, be to those, whose desires termiwhile a tear is dropt for the unfortunate children of men.”
nate in a general view of its prinI vol. 8vo. Brisban & Brannan. ciples, the artist is often disappoinNew-York. 1806.
ted in the detail of those processes
or operations, which are the effects CHEMISTRY, as a science, has ex. of chemical laws, and on the knowl. isted but a few years. Though edge of which depends the success many philosophers, from the time of many useful and economical of Bacon and Boyle, were led by arts. In a system of chemistry the spirit of experiment and in- every fact, however insulated or duction to observe the operations of unconnected, must be noticed, and those laws, strictly termed chem- every substance, however useless ical, it was not till the age of 'La- or uninteresting, must be described voisier, of Black, and of Priestley, and its characters defined. When that the numerous facts, which they therefore every thing is entitled to had collected, were generalised and the same degree of notice, some erected into the beautiful fabrick important arts must be slightly of modern chemistry. The flame, mentioned, and all but imperfectly which these philosophers enkin- described. A work then, which dled, is now more widely diffused. should be devoted to the consider. Many from necessity, and not a ation of the chemical arts, and
Vol. IV. No. 3. T
should contain accurate descrip- of the interested, but it will event. tions of those minutiæ, which, ually sink to its proper level, and though necessary to be known, are rest on its own worth. usually omitted in elementary The preface is followed by an works, would be a valuable gift to address to the farmers, artists, and society. To supply, in some de- other citizens of our own country, gree, this deficiency, was the ob- in which are detailed at large the ject of Dr. Ewell in composing the various arts, whose operations dework before us. He professes, in pend on the agency of chemical the preface, to give a general ac- laws, and the extensive application count of the properties of matter, of the principles of this important with more particular details of the science to the purposes of life. most useful and interesting parts The account is well written, and is of the science, in a language, adapte calculated to give his readers a cored to the comprehension of the rect idea of the immense variety most common understandings.' Its of operations, which are founded object is to lessen the difficulties on the doctrines of chemical affiniand increase the conveniences of ty. But in speaking of the pleathe citizens of the United States, sures, which the chemist enjoys in by introducing them to a more in the contemplation of the effects of timate acquaintance with chemis- these laws, our author quits the try, or the qualities of the substan- sober style of science for the lances around them.' He acknowl- guage of the visionary. Here, in edges his obligations to the various fact, commences that rage for systematick works of Thompson, “something new," by which the Murray, and Accuir ; but, says subsequent pages of this work are he, it will be found, that I have characterised. We could not help advanced something new on the smiling at the affected stoicism, subjects of heat, light, electricity, with which he utters the following vegetation, manures, and on sever- curious sentence, in attempting to al other branches of chemistry.' describe the last moments of a In common, however, with many chemist : • Instead of trembling,' other authors who have prejudged says he, on finding his extremithe publick sentiment, Dr. Ewell ties losing their genial warmth, and has informed us, that an allowance growing dark with livid fluids ; inshould be made for the errours of stead of giving way to shrieks and the work, by considering, that it lamentations, while his perception was written in the moments of lei- is failing, his mind may be amused sure, in the intervals of profession- in contemplating the exercise of al avocations. It is of little con- the laws of his visible body, till it sequence, however, to his readers, takes a final departure for enjoywhether it was composed in broad ment in other scenes. This, how. day, or by.the midnight lamp; in ever, is merely the commencement the hours appropriated to business, of the climax, which is at length or during the moments usually de- unfolded in the last page of this advoted to relaxation and social en- dress, where our author steps forth, joyment. A work will be ulti- arrayed in all the terrours of inmately estimated by its intrinsick spiration, in the following sublime merit. It may be, for a while, up- passage : • Ye free agents ! ye held by the patronage of the friend- guardians of the young ! can you ly, or supported by the clamours allow those under your care te neglect learning the principles of its favour. Our curiosity, how, this all-important science ! Whatever, was somewhat checked on the then will you say, when arraigned perusal of the observations, prefixat the bar of justice, before a Crea- ed to the account of the unconfinator, an assembled universe, for ne- ble bodies. We are told, in the glect of duty ? Your hoary locks title-pages that this work professes will not cover you ! the number of to discourse on the laws of matter, the accused will naught extenu- and hence we are led to expect, ate, and in vain will you deny the that it ranges through the whole charge ! The children of succes. circle of physical science. Yet, in sive generations will rise up around the first paragraph, we are present, you-In the face of heaven they ed with a definition, or rather ex, will bitterly complain of the beau- planation, of the science of chem. ties, to which they were insensi. istry. The object of chemistry,' ble ! At this awful denunciation; says he, being to ascertain the we confess; we were somewhat properties, or qualities, or laws of startled
matter, it follows, that every thing
around us, commencing with the Steteruntque comæ et vox faucibus air, and ending with the earth, are hæsit.'
the subjects of chemical research The substance of the work is Dr. Ewell surely cannot be igno. comprised in fifteen discourses, in rant, that by this observation, which which our author has pursued the in the table of contents is called a subject systematically, and has a- definition, he confounds this scidopted an arrangement that is well
ence with mechanical philosophy calculated to give a correct view of and natural history. The distincthe objects of this science. He tion, however, between these de first divides all bodies into confina- partments of physical science is ble and unconfinable. The latter very obvious, though the precise term he applies to the four ele. boundaries of each may not have ments, heat, light, electricity, and been exactly ascertained. Natural galvanism. Under the former are philosophy is employed in the in. included, first, the aëriform or ga- vestigation of those effects, which zeous fluids, and the various liquid result from sensible motion.* The bodies, resulting from their union. return of a body to the earth, when —2. The simple combustibles and deprived of the power by which it the products, arising from their was elevated, depends on the oper: combination with oxygen.-3. The ation of an unknown law or power, simple or undecompounded acids. inherent in matter, called, by Sir -4-Alkalies.-5. Earths.-6. Me- I. Newton, gravitation ; which is tals.-7. Vegetable-and, 8. Ani- simply an expression of an ultimate mal chemistry. The whole is con- fact, beyond which the most acute cluded with an address' to his mind is lost in uncertainty.
ratio of the momentum of this We shall now proceed to exam- body, or in other words, the intenine the work itself. A new and sity of the power, is determined original production on any subject on mathematical principles, and of science, is such a rara avis in the effect is referred to the doctrinę this hemisphere, that we opened the leaves of this work with a suf- * Henry's epitome of chemistry. In ficient degree of prepossession in troduction.