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PHILIP.

PHILIP, born after his father Lewis the Younger's decease, and simnamed Ingenuous, was prince palatine elector of the Rhine, after the death of Frederick the First; before the wars of Bavaria, he was a most potent, rich, and redoubted prince; but, having refused to make peace, upon very equitable conditions, which the Emperor Maximilian had offered to him, he was by him declared a rebel; and being left by the French-men, that were the cause and instruments of this war, he lost a great part of his dominions, with many of his nobility and others, which were either slain in the battle, poisoned, or executed; he died in Anno 1508, and was buried at Heidelberg. He married Margaret, daughter of Lewis the Rich, Duke of Bavaria, and had twelve children by her, whose names be these:

Lewis, Prince Elector of Palatine.
Rupert the Virtuous.
Frederick, sirnamed Pious, Prince Elector Palatine.
Philip, Bishop of Freisingen.
George, Bishop of Spires.
Henry, Bishop of Utrecht and Worms.
John, Bishop of Regensburg.
Wolfgang, Duke of Newmarckt.
Æmilia, married to George the First, Duke of Stetin and

Pomerania,
Helena, married to Henry, Duke of Meckelburg.
Elisabeth, married to William the Younger, Landgrave of

Hesse, and after his death to Philip the Second, Marquis

of Baden.
The Fourth Daughter was an Abbess.

LEWIS THE SIXTH.

LEWIS the Sixth, Prince Elector Palatine, Duke of Bavaria, &c. was a wise and prudent prince, and a great favourer of learning. Having most prudently pacified many tumults and discords, he was called the Peaceable or Peace-maker. He lived fifty-five years and above, died in Anno 1544, and was buried at Heidelberg; he married Sybilla or Sidonia, Daughter of Albert the Fourth, Duke of Bavaria, but had no issue by her.

FREDERICK the Second, brother to Lewis the Sixth, and sirnamed Pius, Prince Elector Palatine of the Rhine, and Duke of Bavaria, born in December, in Anno 1482, excelling in many high and princely virtues, was much admired and praised of all men. He was so much inclined to pity and devotion, that, in Anno 1546, he abolished of Lorrain, by sending unto him a selected company of experimented warriors, who died all in the battle; the Frenchmen, that were on their side, having first begun to fly, and (as it were) betrayed them, in anno 1431. He learned the Greek tongue in his old age; because he had understood that the Emperor Sigismond had found great fault with the barbarous education of unlearned princes. Being very aged, and having waxed blind, he died in anno 1436, and was buried at Heidelberg. He had two wives, the first Blanch, daughter of Henry the Fourth, King of England; the second Mechtild, daughter of Lewis Earl of Piedmont and Savoy, and had by her three sons :

Lewis, Prince Elector Palat. of the Rhine. ','*, Frederick, tutor and administrator of the Palatine Electorate,

Rupert, Archbishop of Cologne.

LEWIS THE FIFTH.

LEWIS the fifth, called the Younger and Virtuous, Prince Élector Palatine of the Rhine, and Duke of Bavaria, being a religious and peaceable prince, a lover of justice, and very mild and affable withal, was much beloved for his singular virtues. He died in anno 1449, and was buried at Heidelberg : he married Margaret, daughter of Amadeus Duke of Savoy, and widow of Lewis, Duke of Anjou, married after his decease to Ulrick, Duke of Wirtemberg, and had, by her,

Mechtild, married to Lewis, Duke of Wirtemberg. isill
Philip, Prince Elector Palatine.

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FREDERICK THE FIRST.

FREDERICK the first, sirnamed Victorious, born the first of August, in anno 1425, was at first tutor and administrator to the young Prince Philip, his nephew, and afterwards, by adopting of him to his son, became Prince Elector Palatine; he was a most valiant and courageous prince, most constant and invincible at arms, and fought many dangerous combates; he secured his country from all foreign invasion, and purged the highways of robbers; he was a stout defender of the Imperial dignity and Majesty, against all the subtle and treacherous plots of the popes. He forced Ulrick, Duke of Wirtemberg, 'to leave off the unlawful suing for his wife's dowry, from Philip, his pupil, which he sought by arms; and afterwards being again invaded by the same prince, that was assisted by Charles, Marquis of Baden and one of his brethren, he vanquished them all in one battle, near unto Heidelberg, and took thom prisoners, on the first of July, 1462; whom, after a little while, he set at liberty, for a great sum of money, being content with the honour of so famous a victory. He was never married; he died in anno 1476, of his age the fifty-first.

PHILIP.

PHILIP, born after his father Lewis the Younger's decease, and sirnamed Ingenuous, was prince palatine elector of the Rhine, after the death of Frederick the First; before the wars of Bavaria, he was a most potent, rich, and redoubted prince; but, having refused to make peace, upon very equitable conditions, which the Emperor Maximilian had offered to him, he was by him declared a rebel; and being left by the French-men, that were the cause and instruments of this war, he lost a great part of his dominions, with many of his nobility and others, which were either slain in the battle, poisoned, or executed; he died in Anno 1508, and was buried at Heidelberg. He married Margaret, daughter of Lewis the Rich, Duke of Bavaria, and had twelve children by her, whose names be these:

Lewis, Prince Elector of Palatine.
Rupert the Virtuous.
Frederick, sirnamed Pious, Prince Elector Palatine.
Philip, Bishop of Freisingen.
George, Bishop of Spires.
Henry, Bishop of Utrecht and Worms.
John, Bishop of Regensburg.
Wolfgang, Duke of Newmarckt.
Æmilia, married to George the First, Duke of Stetin and

Pomerania,
Helena, married to Henry, Duke of Meckelburg.
Elisabeth, married to William the Younger, Landgrave of

Hesse, and after his death to Philip the Second, Marquis

of Baden.
The Fourth Daughter was an Abbess.

LEWIS THE SIXTH.

LEWIS the Sixth, Prince Elector Palatine, Duke of Bavaria, &c. was a wise and prudent prince, and a great favourer of learning. Having most prudently pacified many tumults and discords, he was called the Peaceable or Peace-maker. He lived fifty-five years and above, died in Anno 1544, and was buried at Heidelberg; he married Sybilla or Sidonia, Daughter of Albert the Fourth, Duke of Bavaria, but had no issue by her.

FREDERICK the Second, brother to Lewis the Sixth, and sirnamed Pius, Prince Elector Palatine of the Rhine, and Duke of Bavaria, born in December, in Anno 1482, excelling in many high and princely virtues, was much admired and praised of all men. He was so much inclined to pity and devotion, that, in Anno 1546, he abolished and chaсed Popery quite out of his dominions, and placed the true and sincere doctrine of Christian * religion in place thereof. He loved his country and subjects so dearly, that he desired nothing so much as the good and prosperous estate of such as lived under him, and the safety of whole Germany. He was so much given to peace, that, during those domestick and cruel dissensions that were then, he spared neither cost, charges, labour, nor pains to attain thereto, and thereafter to enjoy the same ; Not that he was not skilful and expert in warfare; seeing that by the states of the empire he was chosen general of the army, when the town of Vienna was besieged by the Turk, and by his nephew most valiantly defended and freed of all danger; but because he had learned by experience, how blessed and happy a thing peace was. He was, moreover, a great favourer and cherisher of all sorts of good learning, and learned men. In such great and weighty affairs of the empire as he meddled with, he proved wary and careful in enterprising, prudent in managing, and fortunate in the event and success. He died in Anno · 1556, of his age the 74th. He married Dorothy, daughter of Christiern King of Denmark, and had no issue by her.

OTHO HENRY. OTHO Henry, Prince Elector Palatine, son to Rupert the Virtuous, and nephew to the elector Philip, born in April, in Anno 1502, succeeded his uncle in the Electoral Palatinate, which he had resigned over to him, while he was dying, in Anno 1556 ; and enjoyed the same scarce three years, but died at Heidelberg in Anno 1559, and was buried there also: A prince very commendable in his actions, a stout defender and advancer of true religion, an earnest lover of peace, and withal endued with wisdom and magnanimity. He married Susanna, one of the house of Bavaria, widow of Casimir, Marquis of Brandenburg, and had no children by her.

FREDERICK. THE THIRD. FREDERICK the Third, son of John Earl of Obrinca, Simmeren and Spanheim, the posterity of Lewis, sirnamed Pious, having here failed, succeeded by right descent to the Palatine Electorate. He was a peaceable prince, and a singular protector of the muses. He died in November, in Anno 1576, of his age the 62d. He married first Mary, daughter of Casimir, Marquis of Brandenburg, in Anno 1537; and afterwards Æmilia, daughter of the Earl of Newenar, and widow of Henry of Brederode, in Anno 1569, having no children by her. The first bore unto him these eleven:

Albert, who died in his infancy.
Lewis the Seventh, Prince Elector Palatine, &c.
Elisabeth, married to John Frederick, Duke of Saxony.

! Reformed.

Herman-Lewis, Prince Palatine, who was drowned in the

river at Bourges in France,
John Casimir, Prince Palatine of the Rhine, &c. Tutor and

Administrator of the Electorate.
Susanna Dorothy, married to William, Duke of Saxony.
Albert and Charles, who died in their infancy.
Anne-Elisabeth, married to Philip the Second, Landgrave

of Hesse.
Cunnegunde-Jacob, wife to John Earl of Nassaw, in Dillem-

berg. Christopher, Prince Palatine, slain in the Low-Countries.

LEWIS THE SEVENTH. LEWIS the Seventh, Prince Elector Palatine, Duke of Bavaria, Earl of Simmeren and Spanheim, born in July, in Anno 1539, was a very religious prince, of a sincere and unspotted life and conversation. He brought all the churches of the Palatinate to a most commendable and good order. He increased, with great liberality, the revenues of Heidelberg university, and maintained justice and peace with prudent dexterity and policy. He had to wives; the first, Elisabeth, daughter of Philip, Landgrave of Hesse, by whom he had many children. The other Anne, daughter of the Earl of Emden. He died, in Anno 1583, of his age the 44th, and was buried at Heidelberg. These be the names of his children :

Anne Mary, married to Charles Prince of Summerland, &c.
Elisabeth, Dorothy, Frederick, and Philip, dead in their

infancy.
John, Frederick, Lewis, and Christian, dead in their childhood.
Frederick the Fourth, Prince Elector Palatine, Duke of

Bavaria, &c.
Philip and Dorothy died in their first years.

FREDERICK THE FOURTH.

FREDERICK the Fourth, Prince Elector Palatine, Duke of Bavaria, &c. born in Anno 1574, after his father's decease, having Jived nine years under the rule and government of John Casimir, his uncle and tutor, and being, at his death, in Anno 1592, of full age, succeeded his father in the electorate. He was a virtuous and religious prince, favoured learning much, and was very careful in ordering and settling the estate both of ecclesiastical and civil affairs througout all his countries. He founded the town and castle of Manheim between the mouth of the Neckar and the Rbine, in Anno 1606, where before stood a mean village and fortress of that name, as a most strong

VOL. IV.

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