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his covenant, in raising up a' saviour in the family of Abraham. Hence the seal which is stamped under the New Testament, is altogether confirmative of the faith of the subject, and is beautifully described in these words : “ To him that overcometh, will I give of the hidden man. na, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a name written which no man knoweth, saving he that receiveth it."
The only seal spoken of in the New Testament as the guarantea and property of all Christians, is “ this seal of the holy spirit." Neither baptism nor the Lord's supper are ever so called, nor can they be so called, in conforma ity to the meaning of words; yet we admit that they are both confirmative of the faith and hope of the Christian. These ordinances have been for a long time called a seals of the covenant of grace:" with what propriety, I confess, I never yet could see; one thing is certain, there is no authority from the scriptures for so calling them. Nor can I understand how any human being could use them as seals, or as 6 sealing ordinances." I should be glad to see a scriptural and rational explanation of them as such. I do not wish to derogate, nor do I, in my opinion, derogate any thing from either their solemnity or importance, by saying, that I do not conceive how they can be called sealing ordinances.. Baptism is an ordinance by which we formally profess Christianity. It is the first constitutional act in the profession of Christianity. It confirms nothing in the covenant of Christ, that was pot confirmed before. It is no stamp, nor confirmative mark, of that covenant, for it was ratified by the blood of Christ. The baptized person carries nó mark, no seal of confirmation, that is visible to himself, or to others, in consequence of his shedience to this rite. The Lord's Supper is commemorative of the death of Christ, and an expression of our faith in his atoning sacrifice, by which he has' maile peace, and by which we enjoy the peace of God in our hearts. It confirms our faith, it promotes our love, it cherishes our hope, and produces benevolence and brotherly kindness. But our participation of it confirms nothing in the covenant of Christ, that was not confirmed before. We might, with as much propriety, call all the ordinances of the Gospel, seals of the Co. venant of Grace, as these. The whole blessings of this, tovenant, have been as fully enjoyed by many who axe
no.in Ileaven, who could not, who did not, receive Thomps reliances, as by aliy other saints in Heaven or in Carl's. The thief upon the cross, had as full an enjoy. 1.untuftion, as any other in ancient or modern times. Aisha Sandy, both under the Patriarchal and Christian age, Titre had hil the blessings of redemption as fully bestowe ed upoo them, as any who have been baptized, and have partici,inted of the Lord's Supper. Now if baptism ani the Lord's supper, were the seals of this covenant, it would follow, that they wlio never had received tliem, were deprived of the security, for the enjoyment of this covenant; and, of course, had no confirmation of it to Theni, How much more rationally does the Apostle speak of that star, which all true Christians enjoy-Eph. 1, 15, to by who also, after that ye believed ye nere SEALED wiih thai holy spirit of promise, which is the earnest of our innerzialice until the redemption of the purchased possessioni, unto the praise of liis glory.” On these words let it be observed, 1. That all believers, after believing the Gospel, are
sealed by the holy spirit. 2. That this seal, or impression of the spirit, is their
sole earnesi or pledge, until they enter into the en
joyment of the inheritance of the saints. 3. That this seal is a sufficient guarantee and earnest,
and requires not any external ordinance to perfect
it. This testimony is further confirmed by the same Apos. $ tle, aod in the saine epistle. Ep. 4, 30 : 6 Grieve not the boly spirit of God whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption." ;
So full, so uniform, in his testimony, and so esplicit, is the Apostle, upon this topic, that in his Epistle to the Corinthians, 2 Ep. 1-22, he expresses it very clearly, in these words : « God who hath also sedited us and given us the earnest of the spirit in our hearts.“ This inward mark, or seal, is explained to be an impressiog of the image of bin, who hath created as anew--Col. 3, 10.
Such is the seal of which the New Testament speaks. This is sufficient without our faciitious seals, which at best are a prostitution of language, unwarrantable in the highest degree, and tending to perplex and confuse, ra. ther than to enlighten or compose the mind of the Christian.
I am sorry that my present opportunity forbids me to
enter into a full discussion of this subject. I have only introduced it but what has been said, is designed to cause the reader to reflect and examine for himself. The subject on which I write, is established independent of these views, and requires not any thing far fetched to support it.
I expect to hear it said, that I have denied the seals of the Covenants of Grace, to maintain my cause-yet the truth is, I have merely volunteered these remarks. My Wews are established long since, in respect of the subject under discussion--and I deny not, but contend for the true seal of the covenant of Christ-which, I maintain, in a few words, to have ever been the same in substance, and never to have had any other seal, than tkat of the Spirit. I call upon them, who say that baptism and the Lord's supper are the seals of the New Covenant, to prove it and I will then engage to prove, in a more sygtematic way, that they are not. I will prove that the covenant of Christ, or of Grace, has ever been the same, and that its only seal, in all ages, was the impression of the spirit on the minds of the faithful-That if the Lord's supper was a seal of it, and to be used as such, it would be the most unmeaning thing in the world, ever to use it more than once.
10. I have only to observe further, of the Covenants, that the refusal of the subjects of such of them as were conditional, to be obedient to them, and the open
violation of them, has ever merited from the Almighty the severest vengeance; and that the consequences resulting from tim nsgression of them, do not cease with the violațion of them, or when a new state of things is introduced --thus we all experience, to this day, the effects of Adam's violation of that covenant under which he was at first placed. And the whole Jewish nation, to this day, feel the sad effects of the violation of the Sinai covenant by their fathers. “For the gifts and callings of God are without repentance."
The New Covenant. The New Testament or Covenant, is the only one that intimately concerns us to understand it is that which the Apostles labored to explain-it is the only one published since the birth of the Messiah-it accomplishes and
fully exhibits, that, confirmed of God in Christ; 430 years
before ghe Sinai covenant of it, Paul says, he and his associates were made able ministers. He speaks of the superiority of it to the old covenant, at sundry times, and in diverse respects. The Covenant of Cir cumcision was to the Covenant at Sinai, what the Covenapt of God in relation to Christ promised to Abraham,, is to the New Testament--a full and luminous developer ment of it.
From what Paul alone says of this covenant, in the si chap. to the Corinthians, 2d Epis. Gal. 3, and Heb. 8, 9, and 10 chaps. we are authorised to say, that it " excelleth in glory," in respect of its promises, its subjects, its seal, its inediation, and its duration. The most brilliant discoveries, the most splendid appendages, and the most august circumstances connected with the Jewish covenants, were but feeble types of it, and had “no glory by reason of the glory that excelleth.” It was devised in eternity-eternal life was promised, in relation to it, “ before the world began"-four thousand years prepared its way, and introduced its establishment. All the lights of four thousand years twinkle into insignificance, when the blaze of its splendor burst forth. When its august mediator appears--the rod of wonders drops from the land of Moses; the mitre falls from the head of Aaron, and the diadem and sceptre depart from the house of Da wid. When its sacrifice is exhibited, tlic brazen and the golden altar lose their victims, the golden censor smokes no more, and the sons of Levi no longer - minister in sacred erublems. When its promises and its laws are unfolded--no thunder bursts on Sinai, no trembling shakes the ground, no fiery law denounces vengeance but tongues of seraphs whisper peace. When its worship is instituted--the chosen trives to Jerusalem's tem. ple go up no more, the worldly sanctuary not now is thronged with carnal crowds, the bellowing herds and bleating flocks with mingled sounds no longer rend the skics--but social prayers, and united songs of triumph, rise from hearts smit with the love or Zion. When its ordinances are instituted, no bloody rite imbyes the administrator's hand; no bitter herbs accompany its sacred feasts, but froin rature's vidle domain the choicest ele. ments distinguish its sucred rites-water that periles
and refreshes.bread, the staff of life- and wine, that 64 cheers the heart of God and man," emblems of Heaven's best gift, (Judges, 9, 13.) The spirit of benevo-lence which it breathes, knows no artificial bounds, it respects not climes nor nations, tribes nor tongues ; bat embraces in its bosom 6 the frozen Icelander and the sun-burned Moor." Its spirit, is the spirit of love, of sacred awe, and of a sound mind-its zeal is not the initie riated demon of religious parties, that oft has gorych itself on blood of human sacrifice; nor is it the child of blinded bigotry por of wild enthusiasm -it is a true regard for the glory of God and the good of man. Its subjects are not the children of one birth nor those of one particular family--they are twice born, once from above; their nativity and citizenship are in Mount Zion alone. They are not subjects by constraint, but volunteers, a people made willing by the power of the Highest. Their obedience is the obedience of love, for their king accepts no other. Their seal is no external mark imposed by the hands of man, but an impression made, oot in the flesh, but in the spirit, by the finger of God. The laws by which they are governed, are laws inscribed, not upon tables of stone, nor on paper only, ininistered by human hands, but on the living tablets of the heart. The blessings which it conveys, are not surveyed by the sun, nor measured by time-rivers, nor nountains, nor seas, circumscribe them--they transcend the visible creation, thoy extend beyond the stars, and endure to eternity. The guarantee of them is not the word of inan that repentsig. nor of the son of inan that deceives : it is the promise, the oath, and the seal, of the Eternal, who is faithful to execute and omnipotent to accomplish. Blessed are the people that are in such a ca:e; yea, blessed are they wliose God the Lord Jehovah is!
for the confirmation of the abuve, I refer the reader to pages, 39 and 40 of the Debate. I request him, also, to compare, for himself, the answers which Mr. Walker gave to my nine questions on the Covenants, with the preceding article; and then to conclude, for himself, how unscriptural, unreasonable, and self-contradictory, the pedo-baptist system is.