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to their ship with this news to the rest of their people, which did much comfort their hearts.*

On the fifteenth of December they weighed anchor, to go to the place they had discovered, and arrived the sixteenth day in the harbor they had formerly discovered, and afterward took better view of the place, and resolved where to pitch their dwellings; and on the five and twentieth day of December began to erect the first house for common use, to receive them and their goods.' And after they had provided a place for their goods and common store (which was long in unlading for want of boats, and by reason of foulness of the winter weather, and sickness of divers) they began to build some small cottages for habitation, as time would admit; and also consulted of laws and orders both for their civil and military government, as the necessity of their present condition did require.† But that which was sad and lamentable, in two or three months' time half their company died, especially in January and February, being the depth of winter, wanting houses and other comforts, being infected with the scurvy and other diseases, which this long voyage and their incommodate condition had brought upon them, so as there

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Comers,” and knew the “ Rock," on which they first landed. When so aged that he could not be abroad, the Elder was informed that the “Rock" covered, or about to be covered, by the erection of a store and wharf; and he was so affected by the information, that he wept grievously. Out of respect to the feelings of the Elder, and perhaps veneration for the place, the “Rock” was not covered. The writer of this note had these facts of the Deacon himself, and they are also substantially so related by Dr. Holmes. — Annals, vol. i.

p.

168. * December 4, dies Edward Thomson, servant of Mr. White. The first that dies since their arrival. December 6, dies Jasper, a boy of Mr. Carver's. December 7, Dorothy, wife of Mr. William Bradford; she fell from the ship and was drowned, while her husband was absent on this exploring expedition. — New Eng. Chron. 165.

† Here, as in subsequent parts of the Memorial, the inquisitive reader will desire to see a more extended and full account of the daily employments of the Pilgrims, we refer him to the Appendix, where we have extracted from Prince's Chronology and Bradford's History all such matter as may be needful to give information additional to what is contained in the Memorial.

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