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for hereby are unfolded the motives of individuals, and the influence of parties; from whose pertinacity
and intrigues proceed conflicts, projects, and esta
blishments which the agitators never contemplated, and which the most sagacious observers of human nature could not have anticipated. Among the changes that have taken place in the condition of political society, the separation of the American colonies from the parent country has been by far the most prolific and extensive in its effects of any in the history of modern ages. It is presumed, therefore, that little need be said on the value of the correspondence of DR. FRANKLiN, whose extraordinary abilities as a statesman were felt and acknowledged in both countries, and by persons of opposite sentiments. But what renders his letters on the public concerns in which he was engaged peculiarly interesting, is the spirit of candor that runs through the whole of them, and the style of simplicity by which they are recommended as models of epistolary composition, and stamped beyond all question as authorities of the first character; though certainly not written with a
view to publication. Here will be seen to equal advantage, the philosopher and the man of busimess, the moralist and negotiator, the profound legislator, and the familiar friend, who opens his mind and delivers his sentiments with the same ingenuousness on matters of science and policy, the conduct of private life, and the interests of nations. The correspondence contained in this collection, is indeed a store of the soundest lessons: of practical wisdom upon subjects of universal moment, and it is also a repository of information which will afford the best instruction to politicians, and will prove a sure guide to the future historian, who shall undertake the task of recording the several stages that have led to the establishment of American Independence, with the consequences of that event upon the states of Europe. The MEMOIRs of THE LIFE, and the PRIvaTE CorRespondence of Dr. FRANKLIN, will show much more clearly the great chain on which the fate of nations depends, than the debates of senates, the cabals of cabinets, or the details of battles: and to all Englishman, the Letters, now for the first time
to the Rev. Dr. Mather, July 7, 1773. Dissenters'
to His Most Serene Highness Don Gabriel of Bour-