The New Cambridge Modern History: Volume 10, The Zenith of European Power, 1830-70

Front Cover
J. P. T. Bury
CUP Archive, Jan 3, 1960 - History - 788 pages
The theme of this volume is indicated by its title. The period of 1830-1870 is shown to have been the time when European political, cultural and economic dominance was at its height.

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Contents

CHAPTER I
1
Nihilism and populism page 3745
5
Liberalism menaced from both Left and Right
6
The South unites in defence of slavery Militant antislavery in the North page 61719
19
CHAPTER II
22
Growth of textile industries
28
The golden age of the American sailing ship Transport by steamship
35
Extension of factory system 423
42
Relative activity of Mediterranean ports
419
The Levantine ports
425
Britain a predominant influence in Mediterranean politics
431
Enfantins belief in a canal connecting the Mediterranean with the Red
437
His failure to secure a revision of the constitution
444
The functions of the Corps Législatif and Senate
450
Rapid increase in foreign investment and industrial production
457
French intervention in Mexico
464

CHAPTER III
49
Interdependence of different branches of science illustrated in exploitation
56
The perfecting of spectrum analysis
59
Pasteur and microbiology
67
Controversy between Anglicans and Nonconformists concerning state education 856
88
Frances attitude to General Council
97
CHAPTER V
104
The Liberals and freedom of education
107
The universities
114
Connection between press and political parties
127
CHAPTER VI
134
The desire to attain a belief increasing preoccupation with psychology
157
Decline of the traditional heroic hero
163
Comparison between Tolstoy and Dostoevsky
169
Dramatic writing below level of that reached by the novel and poetry
181
The Marxist challenge to liberalism
188
The U S A and Belgium provide models for constitutionmakers
194
The Piedmontese Statuto of 1848 and its importance as a national symbol
206
The SchleswigHolstein problem
220
Mazzini and Italian nationalism
226
Russias traditional nationalism
245
Ambiguities of French policy page 249 Reasons for the Eastern powers acquiescence in the peaceful solution of
250
Failure of the Slav Congress in Prague
251
Tsar sends Brunnov to London and drives a wedge between Great Britain
256
Peace endangered by Prussias antiRussian policy and the revolt of Lombardy
262
The 1850s a period of markingtime and consolidation
271
Early days of steamships
277
Transition from wood to iron French and British hesitations 2801
283
Seniority
288
Senior officers selection of their own successors
293
CHAPTER XII
302
The military use of railways
308
The Prussian General Staff
317
Bismarck observes the military weakness of France and Austria
324
CHAPTER XIII
331
Coal iron and cotton page
333
Alignments and organisation of political parties 3389
340
The early trade unions
346
Selfgovernment the goal of colonial administration
352
The revolt of the Decembrists 58
360
The revolutionary spirit passes from army and salon to scholar and publicist
366
Homebased conspiracy and agitation 3734
373
The Polish revolt of 1863 Superficial liberalisation of Finland
376
The administration of Siberia 3834
384
The instigatorsintellectuals their inspirationFrance
390
Liberation of Lombardy and Venetia
396
Election of Louis Napoleon
404
Revolution comes to a standstill in France and Germany 4089
410
CHAPTER XVI
416
Increase and shifts in population
475
Russian plans for dismembering the Ottoman empire
476
Decline in Austrias influence Fall of Sebastopol
485
Effects of the war in France Russia and Turkey
491
The political situation in individual states
497
Prussias humiliation at Olmütz Austria fails to gain admission to the Zollverein
503
Roons proposals for reforming the Prussian army 50910
512
Bismarck breaks up the Confederation and prepares for war 51819
519
Historic units and Kreise Ferdinand succeeded by Francis Joseph
525
German becomes the official language
531
Emergence of the Balkan states
535
Hungary rejects the October Diploma
544
Final agreement with Hungary
550
The spread of liberalism and nationalism
566
The Crimean War and the war against Austria 1859
571
Prussias increase of territory and population Bismarcks policy of weakening
579
Neither France nor Prussia ready for war The secret activities of Fleury and Daru
585
France makes two capital mistakes 5901
592
French Cabinets decision to mobilise
598
Progress of nationalism
603
Congress the Executive and the Supreme Court moving towards nationalism
604
Two major conflicts during the Jackson administration 60610
611
Slavery as a Federal question
620
Abraham Lincoln becomes President 6267
627
The Gothic revival and other imitative styles
635
Frances ambitions in Mexico
641
Expansion of the Norths economic system 6412
647
Finance recruitment and states rights in the South 6513
658
6712
663
Chile and the Chilean constitution of 1833 6634
665
Perus prosperity and disorder Venezuela and Colombia
669
Monarchy in Mexico followed by an unstable republic and separatist movements
675
6856
686
Conditions bound to lead eventually to the outbreak of
693
Capture of the Taku forts
703
Repression of Chinese Muslim revolts The restored empire enters into normal
707
Western powers enforce imperial ratification of their treaties The Meiji Restoration
713
Emancipation of serfs
715
The architect a purveyor of façades Similar developments abroad
722
Parliament meets in Turin February 1861 Death of Cavour
723
481
727
The NeoGothic style in Germany Italy and France
732
484
733
THE SYSTEM OF ALLIANCES AND
749
575
751
vii
752
TransAtlantic shipping
758
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