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Greek Lexicon. His wife, to whom he was married in 1805, and three children, survive to mourn their irreparable loss.
The number of societies, both at home and abroad, of which he was an honored member, attests the widespread recognition of his merits. He was President of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; President of the American Oriental Society; Foreign Secretary of the American Antiquarian Society; Fellow of the Massachusetts Historical Society, the American Ethnological Society, the American Philosophical Society; Honorary Member of the Historical Societies of New Hampshire, Rhode Island, New York, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Maryland, and Georgia; Honorary Member of the National Institution for the Promotion of Science, the American Statistical Association, the Northern Academy of Arts and Sciences, Hanover, N. H., and the Society for the Promotion of Legal Knowledge, Philadelphia; Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences at Berlin, the Oriental Society of Paris, the Academy of Sciences and Letters at Palermo, the Antiquarian Society at Athens, and the Royal Northern Antiquarian Society at Copenhagen; and Titular Member of the French Society of Universal Statistics.
For many years he maintained a copious correspondence, on matters of jurisprudence, science, and learning, with distinguished names at home and abroad: especially with Mr. Du Ponceau, at Philadelphia, — with William von Humboldt, at Berlin, with Mittermaier, the jurist, at Heidelberg, with Dr. Prichard, author of the Physical History of Mankind, at Bristol, — and with Lepsius, the hierologist, who wrote to him from the foot of the Pyramids, in Egypt.
The death of one thus variously connected is no common sorrow. Beyond the immediate circle of family and friends, he will be mourned by the bar, among whom his daily life was passed, by the municipality of Boston, whose legal adviser he was, by clients, who depended upon his counsels, by good citizens, who were charmed by the abounding virtues of his private life, — by his country, who will cherish his name more than gold or silver, by the distant islands of the Pacific, who will bless his labors in the words they read, - finally, by the company of jurists and scholars throughout the world. His fame and his works will be fitly commemorated, on formal occasions, hereafter. Meanwhile, one who knew him at the bar and in private life, and who loves his memory, lays this early tribute upon his grave.
THE SCHOLAR, THE JURIST, THE ARTIST,
AN ORATION BEFORE THE PHI BETA KAPPA SOCIETY OF
Then I would say to the young disciple of Truth and Beauty, who would know how to satisfy the noble impulse of his heart, through every opposition of the century, -I would say, Give the world beneath your influence a direction towards the good, and the tranquil rhythm of time will bring its development. - SCHILLER.
In this Oration, as in that of the 4th of July, Mr. Sumner took advantage of the occasion to express himself freely, especially on the two great questions of Slavery and War. In the sensitive condition of public sentiment at that time, such an effort would have found small indulgence, if he had not placed himself behind four such names. While commemorating the dead, he was able to uphold living truth.
The acceptance of this Oration at the time is attested by the toast of John Quincy Adams at the dinner of the Society:
"The memory of the Scholar, the Jurist, the Artist, the Philanthropist ; and not the memory, but the long life of the kindred spirit who has this day embalmed them all."
This was followed by a letter from Mr. Adams to Mr. Sumner, dated at Quincy, August 29, 1846, containing the following passage :
"It is a gratification to me to have the opportunity to repeat the thanks which I so cordially gave you at the close of your oration of last Thursday, and of which the sentiment offered by me at the dinner-table was but an additional pulsation from the same heart. I trust I may now congratulate you on the felicity, first of your selection of your subject, and secondly of its consummation in the delivery. . . . . The pleasure with which I listened to your discourse was inspired far less by the success and all but universal acceptance and applause of the present moment than by the vista of the future which is opened to my view. Casting my eyes backward no farther than the 4th of July of last year, when you set all the vipers of Alecto a-hissing by proclaiming the Christian law of universal peace and love, and then casting them forward, perhaps not much farther, but beyond my own allotted time, I see you have a mission to perform. I look from Pisgah to the Promised Land; you must enter upon it. ... . To the motto on my seal [Alteri sæculo] add Delenda est servitus."
Similar testimony was offered by Edward Everett in a letter dated at Cambridge, September 5, 1846, where he thanks Mr. Sumner for his "most magnificent address, an effort certainly of unsurpassed felicity and power," then in another letter dated at Cambridge, September 25th, where he writes: "I read it last evening with a renewal of the delight with which I heard it. Should you never do anything else, you have done enough for fame; but you are, as far as these public efforts are concerned, at the commencement of a career, destined, I trust, to last for long years, of ever-increasing usefulness and honor."
Mr. Prescott, under date of October 2d, writes:"The most happy conception has been carried out admirably, as if it