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1611. 24 June. 51. A LETTER from the KING to the EARL of CLANRICARD Vol. 629, p. 11. touching the L. Carewe's Employment into Ireland.

Although you have given so many proofs of your merit in that kingdom and readiness to advance our service, we need not to move you to more than your own birth and public duty will invite you unto; yet, in respect of the good opinion we have of your affection to our person, and the interest you have in that state, both in regard of your rank and quality as otherwise, we have thought fit to recommend unto you the furtherance of those things which we have given this bearer in charge of that state, whom we have sent to advise with the governors there, and with those in whose judgment and sincerity we repose greatest confidence, of which number because we hold you one of the principal for many respects, we have - directed him to deal freely and inwardly with you as time and occasion may require. For the rest, which may concern his own person, it is so well known to you every way as we conceive we could not have employed a man more agreeable for the service, nor more welcome to you in your own particular for the friendship that is between you.

Copy. P. 1. Endorsed, 24 Jan. 1611.
Headed by Carew.

24 June. 52. FROM the KING to Sir ARTHURCHICHESTER, L. DEPUTY of Vol. 629, p. 5. IRELAND, touching the Instructions to the Lo. Carew.

The bearer hereof, the Lo. Carewe, Master of the Ordnance, and Vice-Chamberlain to our wife, being sent into those parts by our special choice and commandment, we shall not need to use any circumstances to recommend him, or ceremony to prepare his welcome, much less when he is to put his hand to a work wherein you yourself have travailled with so good success.

We, to whom the safety and happiness of our people and kingdom is so precious, having just cause now to esteem it fit to bring the state thereof to some such perfection as it may not always resemble an infected and corrupt part, which is still subject to the trouble and charge of cure, without use or ornament to the body; and considering that our special means to proceed therein, will be to know the success and present state of that which is already past and now in motion, have thought it very expedient to appoint some person of quality and of experience, both in Ireland and in the passages of things at home, to take some particular notice of the state of that kingdom, and upon his report to frame and fasten our resolution so much the better for that which yet remaineth to be done. Which course as it is not without example in the practice of princes that have remote and subaltern governments, and particularly in the time of the


late Queen our sister, who (amongst divers others sent over as
Commissioners upon several occasions,) made choice of her
Vice-Chamberlain Sir Francis Knowllis, one of Her Privy
Council, for the like employment thither; so, on consideration,
the motive and progress thereof in itself will be clear from
any other apprehension or misconceit, either there or else-
where than it deserves.
First, because we are daily importuned by you for direction
in divers things, in some of which we have no other means
to judge than those that are known to you that are upon the
place; in others you write sometimes doubtfully what to
advise, even in matters that might depend most upon your
own discretion; and in some other things you are also varying
from some propositions formerly made and assented to by the
Commissioners, whom you have used and sent over about
divers causes, and particularly the great work of the plan-
tation; wherein, nevertheless, we have little cause to take
exception; knowing well by our long course of government
how much variation of counsel must be admitted upon
alteration of times and other accidents. Secondly, we send
him not as a visitor or sindic to inquire into the faults of you
and others who serve us, being as far from doubting your
care or integrity, as you are from ill-deserving; but because
the information which we have hitherto received concerning
that realm (although with good contentment and satisfaction)
has been particular and intermittent, now one thing, and
then another, which would only imprint a knowledge im-
perfect and without method. And, seeing there grew daily
new considerations and that a small error towards the con-
clusion of so great a work may be sufficient to disorder the
whole frame, that which we do require is to have a general
relation of things (as now they are by this bearer) that
beholding (as in a table) the true effects of former industry,
we may with a more clear judgment gather from his clear
report, some better grounds to advise what to add or alter
as there shall be cause.
This, then, being the scope of this service, and he being by
this occasion to become, for a time, as one of you to participate
and join with you in consultation for the good of that realm;
though we doubt not but he may assure himself of all courtesy
and assistance from you and the rest, yet we think it not
inconvenient that as he was formerly of that Council so he
be now admitted by a new oath, though it be rather to give
form unto his temporary residence amongst you, in the con-
dition wherein we employ him, than that his signification
shall not be sufficient to derive from you and all others that
respect and observation towards him which is fit for a person
of his rank, and qualified as he is both by our employment at
this time and otherwise. For which purpose we do hereby
require you to receive him and declare him as our Commis-
sioner for the time of his abode there, and in that quality (for


honor's sake) to suffer him to sign before any other of our
Council, and to take his place and give his voice in Council
accordingly, though without any participation of your power
or authority.
And now that you perceive our care for the affairs which
are in hand to be the greater, and our respect for you to be
the more, by the choice of such a person whom we so well
esteem, we will only recommend unto you this one caution:
that in your now important consultations (whether it be in
causes temporal or ecclesiastical, martial or civil), you take
such order as the community of deliberation may not be a
means to make those things vulgar which should be private, nor
let particular interest in men, that should give counsel, hinder
or divert some of those resolutions which may otherwise
concern the good of that realm, and so, by consequence, the
honor and safety of our whole estate and fortune which (as
may appear by the bitter experience of former times) have
had such participation with the difficulties of that kingdom.
Having now expressed as much as is necessary to be inserted
into letters we will briefly thus conclude. That seeing justice
and revenue hold up the frame of all estates and kingdoms,
and that we have daily information from you and others, how
happily the use and application of the first hath spread itself
over the whole face of that realm, with great applause of the
subjects, insomuch that every minister of justice fills this state
with the report of the daily concourse of people, and every
person of great or mean quality representeth here the security
of our people from rapine and oppression (than which nothing
can be more welcome to us, who do so much affect their good,)
you will think it also one of your necessary duties so far to
moderate our issues, and help to increase our receipts, as we
may not have cause to say that we do hear a noise of peace,
and do feel no effects of the same ; nor give other men (that
look upon the general state of Europe, and discern what it
was when we spent far less, and what it is now, when we
spend so much upon that kingdom) cause to think we are ill-
advised, when the state of things both abroad and at home is
so much changed by the union of kingdoms and the disposi-
tion and constitution of foreign states, from whence the ill-
affected derive so great hopes to be supported in all their
Of all which although we have given this bearer charge
to advise with you, yet, when we remember what hath passed
between you and us upon this subject, as well by those who
have been sent over from us, as by special dispatches, we know
we need not much invite you to take care of that point.

Copy. P. 5. Headed by Carew.

Endorsed : Copy of his Majesty's Letter to the Lo. Deputy of Ireland by the Lo, Carewe, 24 Jan. 1611.

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53. A LETTER from the KING to the EARL of THOMOND con

cerning the L. Carew's Employment in Ireland.

We have had such good proofs of your former service and continuance in the same disposition upon all occasions, as we have given directions to the bearer, as a principal Commissioner, to impart unto you such things as he hath in charge, as the person from whom we expect more than from most others in that kingdom, whensoever the service of that our estate is in question, both in respect of your rank and quality and of your constancy in profession of the true religion, as also in respect of the confidence that is, and long hath been, between you and him, so as those considerations do take away all occasion of further circumstances to be used concerning this particular.

Copy. P. 1. Headed by Carew.
Endorsed. 24 Jan. 1611.


THOMAS RIDGWAY, Treasurer of Ireland, touching the
L. Carewe.

If you know it not otherwise you may hereby take notice that there is allowed unto Lo. Carewe, for his travel into Ireland about his Majesty's service, five pounds by the day, with allowance also of transportation both outward and homeward, as is in such cases usual. His entertainment began the 20th day of May, and 400l. were imprest by warrant out of the Exchequer here at his departure. Now, because I know not what occasions he may have to use money there, where his expense is like to be great, and that haply he will be loth to try his own credit with strangers, when he hath money due, and daily growing due from his Majesty, wherewith it is fit he be supplied. I pray you, as he shall have occasion, from time to time to furnish him with such reasonable sums as he shall call to you for ; and I will see them repaid here to you again as you shall require.

Dated Whitehall, 28th June 1611. Signed, R. Salisbury.
Copy. P. 1. Endorsed by Carew.

55. A NoTE of such RENTs as have been newly raised by the

King's Commissioners by virtue of the Commission of Surrenders, bearing date the 9th day of July 1605, and of the Commission of Defective Titles, bearing date 10th of June 1605, and other Commissions since the 10th of November 1606, which was the first day that the Commissioners first sat.

William Parsons, Esq., 16l. 10s. ; Morrish Hurley, Gent, 7s. 10d., John King, Esquire, 28.; Sir John Talbott, Knight, 40s.; Robert Piggott, Esq., 10s. ; Sir John Everard, Knight, 3l.; Sir James Fullerton, Knight, 8l. 10s.; William Par

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Signed: Jo. Cottell. Headed: Ultimo Junii, 1611.
Endorsed. P. 1.

56. A CERTIFICATE of the ESTATE of the ARREARS and Execution of Commissions of Arrears since the 30th day of December 1605, upon which day the Commissioners first sat.

Arrears paid into the receipt of the Exchequer between the said day and the 25th of March 1607, as appears by quietus, talleys, and acquittances, the sum of 4,126l. 18s. 5d. arrearages, paid since Easter 1606; 302l. 12s. 53d.; arrearages, which have been ordered to be paid immediately upon the exhibiting of petitions for remittal, between the last of September 1608 and the last of June 1611,444l. 11s. 103d. =5,274l. 28.94d.

Arrearages installed by Commissioners between the 30th of December 1605 and the last of June 1611, to be paid at several times after the times of the instalment thereof the sum of 3,363l. 11s. 5}d.; arrearages remitted since the 30th of December 1605 by the Commissioners the sum of 9,0811.19s. 4}d.; arrearages discharged by warrant out of England since the said 30th of December 1605, 4,110l.

Signed : Jo. Cottell. Headed: Ultimo Junii, 1611.
Endorsed. P. J.

57. The last PROCLAMATION against PRIESTs and JESUITs, wherein the former one is recited by the Lord Deputy and Council.

Dated at the Castle of Dublin.

Signed: G. Carew, Thom. Dublin Canc, William Tuamensis, D. Thomond, Thom. Ridgeway, Rich. Wingfield, Nicholas Walshe, John Denham, Fr. Angier, Oliver St. John, Edw. Brabazon, Arth. Savadge, Oliver Lambert, H. Power, Fra.

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