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Redress.

Not possible but by the sword. Yet not to cut off all or many except they will be obstinate.

But the form.

To have 10,000 foot, 1,000 horse, and these not above a year and a half, viz.:Upon Tyrone, now the strongest enemy, 8,000 foot, 800 horse, in garrison; 1,000 (foot) and 100 horse upon Pheagh McHughe and the Cavenaghes, the rest upon some parts of Connaught. The 8,800 of Ulster in four equal parts. 1. Upon the Blackwater as high as might be up the river. 2. At Castle, Cliffer, or Castlefyne or thereabout. About Fermanaughe or Blundroisse so as they might be between Connaught and Ulster and put wards at Bellashayne and Bellicq. 4. About Monahon or Beckterbert to front on the enemy that way, and to keep the country of Cavan and Meath, from stragglers, &c. These two garrisons to be victualled for half a year for divers reasons. Their bread in meal, their malt to be brewed in the fort, with hose, shoes, &c., the supply to be brought every half year by the Deputy, and he to reform abuses if any be. The chief service to be done in winter. These placed, proclamation to be made of mercy for all that would return to obedience and all to be received, but of those the able bodies to be transported far off. After the proclamation expires none to be received, nor any pity to move to alter the course till the year and half be finished. The captains deceits in pay specially to be avoided by appointing a paymaster by poll to every band. The coronell to have power of martial law, but to be limited by instructions. 1. To protect all that come in after the first proclamation, but to send them away with pass to the Deputy to be so disposed of by him as not to return thither. 2. Not to use martial law upon a soldier but by due trial. 3. For rebels falling into their hands to be careful to know what condition they be of, and if they be of good freehold not to be executed by martial law lest the King lose the forfeiture of his lands. Against Pheagh McHughe:— I' Ballincone, 200 footmen to shut him out of his great giens. At Knockloughe, 200 footmen, 50 horse, to answer the county of Carloe, At Arckloe or Wickloe, 200 footmen to defend all the side towards the seaside. In Shillelaughe, 100 footmen to cut him from the Cavenaughes and the county of Wexfurd.

In all escheated lands, 40s. to the garrisons on a ploughland; in

that not escheated,

20s.

Reformation.

About the three castles, 50 horsemen to defend the county of Dublin. At Talbot's Town, 100 footmen to be always on his neck on that side and to keep him from breaking out into the county of Kildare. Thus within one year will he be broken. These reformations made 6,000 footmen to be always kept in pay at the country's charge, the rest to be provided for on the forfeited lands. At the end of the year and half, the rebels being by these means started (as it was in Mounster in the Lord Grey's time), then proclamation to be made for all that will to come in. More to be taken in upon assurance, viz., hostages of other great men one for another, and others for the rest. All to be utterly disarmed. To be sent into Leinster or other places and there placed to labour on land in Pheaugh McHughe's and other rebels lands, being spacious, 30 miles long and wide. The lands to be given to Englishmen and those to be their tenants, but dispersed one from another as much as may be. This for Ulster rebels; the rest to be transplanted in like sort to Ulster out of other places. Garrisons to be placed in all conquered parts and to be maintained out of the rents of the conquered lands, they being so routed as may well afford a reasonable chief rent to her Majesty and good profit to the English lord. The neglect of these garrisons in Monster, and profit only respected is the cause of overthrow there. In Ulster after the conquest 1,500 men to be laid in three fit garrisons, and plots for a town at every garrison. In Ulster, by test of ancient records, on 9,000 ploughlands, of 120 acres each, and at 21 foot the perch to each acre, at 46s. 8d. the ploughland will be above 18,000l. by year, the 40s, towards garrisons and composition, the 6s. 8d. clear rent to her Majesty. In all Ireland (as by old records) are 43,920 ploughlands of the former measure. . In Connaght, two garrisons to be placed of 500 apiece, with two towns as before, and a ward at Athlone; the president to remove thence into the midst of the country. The Deputy to translate his seat from Dublin to Athie. English inhabitants to be gotten thither. One thousand men to be placed in Leinster in five garrisons. In Meath none, but in the county of Langford 200 footmen, and 50 horsemen. In Monster about 1,000. In the cities and towns, about 500, all to be victualled out of England for two years. To keep the English laws there, but by statutes to reform all the former faults.

The English language.

The English attire.

Not to foster nor
marry with the
Irish.
English armour,
English manner of
fight.

The Lower House will be able to counsel by increase of so many freeholders as are by this plot like to grow. The Upper House being all Irish, new barons may be called to remain after baronets, as Edw. III. did to overrule his clergy. Then the whole realm to be divided into shires, hundreds, lathes, or wepentakes and tythings as King Alfred did in England in like case, and every borshoulder or tything man to answer for the tything, &c., but utterly to expel the present order of one lord or chief man of a sept to answer for the rest. For the noblemen, an oath of fealty to be taken of them all, and then one to be pledge for another. Commissions to be granted unto every shire for inquiry of the tenure of lands, and lords not to usurp services in one. And some lands in every country to be reserved to the Queen to plant English in, both to instruct and reform the good Irish and to discover the bad. The tything man, Irish. The head borough or head of a lathe or wepentake, that is, fifty tythings, to be English or Irish of good assurance. The alderman of the hundred to be English, and once a year to take view of the whole hundred, and to reform defects. The stat. Edw. IV. to be revived for everyone to take a several surname and not the name of their sept as they do how. To plant husbandry, and every man that keeps 20 cows to keep a ploughland, to plant artificers and markets, to plant schoolmasters in every parish for the first elements, in every country or barony for further learning of the sciences, and an ordinance for every noble and gentleman to put their children to learning. A riding marshal in every shire, with 10 or 12 men for the idle vagabonds, one to stock, two to whip, three to hang, but not the sheriff in anywise to have power of life as he now has.

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You command me to assist the Lord James Butler with all my power in the prosecution of a certain James [Fitz] Gerald, called Earl of Desmond, who, like his predecessors, is a rebel against your Majesty. I have learned by the relation of certain servants of the Earl of Kildare that my brother the Earl of Ormond suffers grievous disturbances from those who are under your obedience, and without him we shall be unable to effect your pleasure. I pray you to cause him to be relieved from such disturbances and to return home. You may rest assured that if he be released to us we shall render you acceptable service.

Copy, Latin. P. 1. No date.

236. In the 34 H. VIII., 6th Nov., Methe was divided into two

shires.

The baronies of Methe:-
Duleeke, Seryne, Slane, Murgallen, Navan, Keules.
The half barony of four—Moyferraghe, Deese, Rathonthe,
Donboyne—containing the parishes of Killalow, Demore,
Clone, Moylaghe, Logherne, Old Castle, Luin.
Westmethe made a county.

The baronies of Westmethe :—

Rathconiete, or the Dalton's country; Rossaughe, or the De La Mares country, anciently called Moyurackeye, Fercullaghe, or the Tirrells' country; Kilkenny West, or the Dillons' country, anciently called Maghirquirke, containing the parishes of Kilkenny, Dromvran, Bonowne, Ovghvalle, Artenecrane, Alone, Brawny, Jurin.

Delvin, Maynshell, Magheritierran, Corkery, Ferbille, Moygnoise.

The half barony of [four] and a little country called Movlagaghe, containing the parishes of St. Feighers, Kilpatricke, Mayne, Beallaghilla, Lickela, Fogeran, Hilton.

Copy. P. 1.

HEADS TOUCHING IRELAND.

The diseases and peril of our state lye in 1, Ireland; 2 Scotland; 3, Pap. at home. For Ireland to be considered. 1, What the present state is 2, What may be the remedy : 3, Who the executioners of the remedy.

1, The present state: The combination general, few sound; The Pope and Spain of intelligence with the combination. Experience how little foreign aid of men and money driveth her Majesty to great expense of treasure. The endangering that whole realm if, by slow ministering the remedies from hence, foreign princes be encouraged to send greater aid, &c. 2, The remedy: To resolve to proceed to a thorough reformation and to induce her Majesty hereunto. 1, The honour of doing that none hath before her done. 2, The aptness of this time, her forces being already there and charges of transport past. 3, The Parliament like to be willing to yield a subsidy of 200,000l.

The commodities of the reformation: Stay of the wavering, who seeing her Majesty's resolute purpose to reform, &c.; spending less treasure, &c.; in common years 30,000l., Increase of clear yearly revenue 10,000l. p. annum; Earl of Des.’ lands alone 9,000l. yearly : Planting: Religion: Justice: So that the act of this reformation cannot be but most honourable and christian.

The manner of proceeding in this reformation: To maintain a competent garrison. To bridle the evil-affected. Sir H. Y.'s opinion and plat allowed by the Lo, Pres. To plant Monster, Ulstar, Knights Walley, &c.

The planting to be with. Noblemen and gentlemen of good freehold in England, for others are not able, &c., and so degenerate there, or else return, &c. These noblemen and others to take land there at her Majesty's hands in fee farm at some reasonable rent. The number of these nobles, &c. to be set down, with the number of horsemen to be found by them.—Present, till they be quietly planted. Future, for the preservation of their quietness. Her Majesty to bear the name of their service, and for their encouragement to lend every of them 1,000l. The experience of the Earl of Essex enterprise. Names: Mr. Phil. Sydney, Sir John Perrot, Sir Tho. Shurlay, Sir Tho. Scott, Sir Rob. Germyn.

Ulster, Monster. 20 gentlemen in either, and every of them to keep 20 horsemen. The charges of the said reformation not above 40,000 the year, and to continue only two years. The matter to be dealt with by Parliament. 3, The executioner of this reformation. A man agreeable to her Majesty's mind. 2, Uncorrupt. 3, Wise. 4, Martial. Mr. Pelham sufficient but not agreeable, and concert of his inclination to his profit. L. G. if M. could like of him and yield some relief I to him.

After resolution upon any, his stay not to be above a month here, for upon notice there of a new governor disorders grow before his arrival.

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