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two years space. That his fee farmers, lessees, &c., shall build

in the vicinity of each other. To have ready in his house,
12 muskets and callivers, 12 hand weapons for the arming of
24 men for defence, 600 acres in demesne, and right to alien
all the other premises.
Conditions in the patent, viz., no undertaker or his assigns
shall at any time alien or demise any of his lands to a meer
Irish, or to any who will not take the oath of supremacy,
either before such alienation or demise, or within one year after,
upon pain of forfeiture of the parcel so aliened or demised.

Endorsed by Carew.
Copy. Pp. 2.

Vol. 600, p. 20. 146. A TRUE DECLARATION of the PROTESTANTS of what passed the day before the beginning of the Parliament the first day and the Friday following, in the Lower House or Chamber in Dublin.

Upon the 17th of May, being the day before the return of the writs of summons for this present Parliament, and the last day of Easter term, the Lo. Deputy being informed that divers persons were like to intrude themselves into the House of Commons, who were not returned, either as knights or burgesses, to prevent all such disorder and inconvenience that might ensue thereupon, did first in the forenoon of the same day cause proclamation to be made in all the King's courts at Dublin, that all such as knew themselves to be returned for knights, citizens, or burgesses of this Parliament, should about three of the clock in the afternoon of the same day attend his Lordship and the Council in the castle of Dublin; at which time, the greater part of those who were returned gave their attendance accordingly. Hereupon the Lo. Deputy and Council, taking seats in the open court of the castle, caused the clerk of the Crown of the Chancery, into whose office all the writs of summons were returned, to bring a book of the names of all such knights, citizens, or burgesses; to call by name all such ; which being done, his Lop. took a view of every particular person then appearing, and immediately caused solemn proclamation to be made, that none should presume to come into the House of the Commons but such as were returned as aforesaid.

The next day being the first day of the Parliament, the knights, citizens, and burgesses being assembled in a void room between the upper and lower house of Parliament, the Deputy with the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, being set in the Upper House, before his Lordship would admit the Commons to enter to hear the Lord Chancellor's speech, he caused them all to be called again by the clerk of the Crown's book, and thereupon as many as did appear were admitted; where the Lord Chancellor's speech touching the calling of this Parlia


ment being ended, the Lo. Deputy, spake and willed them
that they should repair unto the Commons House, and there
make choice of their Speaker, whom he would have to
oe presented unto him upon the Friday next following.
His Lordship did not intimate unto them that his Majesty
had by letters required him to recommend to their election
a gentleman sufficient in his Majesty's opinion, and whom he
himself would have commended to that place, if his Majesty
had left the nomination to him. Howbeit his Lordship did not
then name the gentleman, but said that some of the Privy
Council that were members of that House knew his Majesty's
pleasure in that behalf, and left it to them to name him
when they should be assembled to elect the Speaker.
According to that direction they immediately departed into
the House of the Commons to make choice of a Speaker; where,
having taken their places and sitting quietly some time, Sir
Thomas Ridgway, Baronet, Vice-Treasurer and Treasurer at
Wars, and one of the Privy Council of this realm, rose up, and
after some expressions of joy to behold an assembly of so many
worthy knights and gentlemen in a Parliament in this kingdom,
declared that the first thing they were to do was to choose a
Speaker; and having expressed at large, with what gifts and abi-
lities the person fit for that place should be qualified, he named
Sir John Davies, Kt., Attorney General for this kingdom, being
one of the serjeants-at-law in England, to be the fittest person
to supply that place, and signified that he was the man whom
the Lo. Deputy had intimated to have been recommended by
his Majesty, who was to approve or disapprove the person
elected; which speech being ended, the greatest part of the
house, with a general acclamation, gave their voices for Sir
John Davies. Thereupon Sir James Goughe, Kt. stepped out
of his place disorderly into the middle of the house, and offered
to make a speech there, but being willed by the house to go
back into his place, and there to deliver what he had to say, he
made a speech nothing pertinent to the matter, which was the
election of a Speaker, but alleged that such persons as were
returned for the boroughs newly erected, and such others, as
were not resident and dwelling in the boroughs for which
they were returned, were not members of the house; and
therefore he thought it fit that matter should first be examined
and decided, before the house proceeded to the election of a
Speaker; but concluded nothing to the point in question, until
being demanded for whom he gave his voice, he named Sir
John Everard, who was sometime a justice of the King's
Bench, but being an obstinate recusant was by the King's
special direction deposed and sent from that place.
His speech was seconded by Sir Chr. Nugent and W. Tal-
botte, who was some time Recorder of Dublin but displaced for
refusing to take the oath of supremacy, who moved the house
that before they proceeded to an election of a Speaker they
would purge the house of such as were not lawfully called


hither. Then Sir Oliver St. John, Knt., Master of the Ord-
nance and one of the Privy Council, rose up and told the
House that he had been a member of the House of Commons
in sundry Parliaments in England, and that by his experience
he knew the course to be, that first a Speaker should be chosen,
and afterwards the house should nominate a select number of
committees to examine all questions arising upon returns of
sheriffs; and, therefore, though that motion of the gentleman,
who spoke last was just and reasonable, if it had been made in
due time, yet the house must first make choice of their Speaker,
before they could nominate the committees: That after the
Speaker should be chosen, and the committees appointed all
questions that could be made upon the returns of sheriffs
should be examined and decided to their satisfaction. And
then approaching what was first spoken in commendation of
Sir John Davies, touching his fitness to supply the place of
Speaker, &c. he gave his voice for him ; whereupon there was a
confused acclamation, some naming Sir John Davies, and
others Sir John Everard, yet by those few which named
Everard, nothing was said in commendation. To the intent
there might not be any more time spent in impertinent
motions Sir Oliver St. John added these words: “Gentlemen,
the voice of Parliament is to decide controversies by questions,
and questions by numbering of voices, and for the trial thereof
I know by experience that they who are of the affirmative
part are to go out of the House to be numbered, and to leave
those that are of the negative part to be numbered within the
House.” And, therefore, to bring this controversy to the true
point of trial he said: “All you that would have Sir John
Davies to be Speaker come with me out of the House;” and
thereupon Sir Oliver St. John and the rest that gave their
voices for Sir John Davies, (which were the greater number
and all Protestants) went into the next room appointed for
the division of the House, that those that remained within and
those that went out might be severally numbered.
The division being thus made, Mr. Treasurer and Mr. Mar-
shal (being two that went out of the House) moved Sir
Chr. Plunkett and Sir Chr. Nugent being within, to join with
them in numbering both, which they utterly refused to do,
knowing the number that gave voices for Davies to be greater.
Then Mr. Treasurer and Mr. Marshal made offer to num-
ber them that were in, which they perceiving rose up out of
their places, and gathered themselves together in a “plumpe,”
to the end they might not be numbered. Then Mr. Treasurer
and Mr. Marshal passing again out of the door, to the end
they might number those without, the door was suddenly
shut after them; and instantly those that were within, not pur-
suing the first proposition of purging the House before they made
a Speaker, cried “An Everard ” “An Everard I" and intruded
Sir John Everard into the Speaker's chair. This unexpected
noise caused Mr. Treasurer and Mr. Marshal to open the door,


and perceiving what was done, they resolved to number those
that were without, and for that end, standing the one on the
one side of the door, and the other on the other, willed those
that were without to pass into the House again, and so num-
bered them by the poll as they came in with a loud voice;
and the number of them which were without and gave their
voices for Sir John Davies was one hundred twenty and seven,
whereby it was manifest that Sir John Davies had the greater
number of voices, for the entire number of the House (if it had
appeared), is but two hundred and thirty-two, and of those
there were six that did not appear, whereof two were recusants
and four Protestants.
Therefore, because it was so apparent as no man could con-
tradict it, that Sir John Davies was chosen by the greater
number of returned knights and burgesses, Mr. Treasurer
spake in reproof of that great contempt and disorder com-
mitted, by intruding Sir John Everard into the Speaker's chair,
being not elected by the greater number of voices. And
thereupon declaring that the voices given for Sir John Davies
were 127, which was by much the greater number, with fair and
gentle terms required that Sir John as Speaker, duly chosen,
might be placed in the chair; nevertheless Sir John Everard
sat still and refused to come forth. Then Sir Oliver St. John
spoke to the same effect, and added that if he would not come
out, they who had elected Sir John Davies should be enforced
to pluck him out; notwithstanding he sat still. Whereupon
Mr. Treasurer and Mr. Marshal, gentlemen of the best quality,
took Sir John Davies by the arms and lifted him from the
ground and placed him in the chair upon Sir John Everard's
lap, requiring him still to come forth of the chair; which he
obstinately refusing, Mr. Treasurer, the Master of the Ordnance,
and others whose places were next the chair, laid their hands
gently upon him and removed him out and placed Sir John
Davies quietly therein.
Thereupon Everard, and all the rest who gave their voices
for him (being in number four score and eighteen and no more),
all recusants, in contemptuous manner departed out of the
House into the void room appointed for the division, where
they remained because the outer door of the House was shut,
which was by direction of the House when they first sat. Then
Sir John Blenerhassett and Mr. Beere, late the King's Serjeant,
were sent by the House to require Sir John Everard and the
rest to return into the House, who having delivered their
message brought back for answer that Sir John Everard and
the rest that were with him would not join with those that
elected Sir John Davies to be Speaker, but appeal to the
Lo. Deputy.
Then Mr. Treasurer and Sir Henry Poer addressed them-
selves from the House to know the cause why Sir John Everard
and the rest that were without would not return, and join
with the greater number that were within; and they having



likewise delivered their message made report to the House,
that William Talbotte the lawyer made answer for himself
and all the rest in these words: “Those within the House are
no house, and Sir John Everard is our Speaker, and therefore
we will not join with you, but we will complain to my Lo.
Deputy and the King, and the King shall hear of this.” And
after some pause and silence the Speaker, sitting in the chair,
began a speech declaring (as the manner is) his disability and
unwillingness to accept the place, &c., in the midst of which
Sir Wm. Burke and Sir Chr. Nugent came in without any
reverence and interrupted, calling for the keys of the outer
door; and being commanded by the Speaker to take their
places, they contemptuously refused so to do, and in the like
irreverent manner went out of the House again. Then the
outer door being opened, Sir John Everard and all the party
departed out of the castle, affirming they would not return
any more. And this in effect is all that passed in the Com-
mons House the first day, being the 18th of May.
Upon the Friday following appointed by the Lo. Deputy
for presenting the Speaker, the Speaker and the rest in number
130, whereof 14 are of the Privy Council of this realm, came and
sat in the House of the Commons, about 9 of the clock in the
forenoon expecting to be called into the Upper House there
to present their Speaker. Shortly after they were sat the
Lo. Deputy sent a message requiring that Mr. Marshal and
the Master of the Ordnance might be sent unto him, who
presenting themselves before him, and all the lords being
then in their Parliament robes and ready to go to the Upper
House, his Lordship told them that William Talbotte the
lawyer and others of that party who were departed from the
greater number of the House had been with him, and that his
Lordship had required him to let the rest of that party know
that it was his Lordship's express pleasure that they should
all forthwith repair to the House of the Commons to join with
the rest in presenting the Speaker, and that Talbotte had
desired respite of one hour to bring his Lordship an answer.
Nevertheless, his Lordship (having better advised of the short-
ness of the time) had resolved to enlarge that time until three
of the clock in the afternoon. In the mean time his Lord-
ship thought it fit that the House of the Commons should
send their Serjeant-at-Arms to summon all those, that had
separated themselves from the greater number, to come to the
House at that hour, and to join altogether in presenting the
Speaker. Mr. Marshal and the Master of the Ordnance
returning with this message, the House sent them back again
with this answer, that they and their Speaker would attend
his Lordship at the hour appointed, but they desired to be
excused for sending their Serjeant-at-Arms unto them because
they had addressed themselves unto his Lordship.
Thereupon the House rose and returned again at three of the
clock, at which time neither Sir John Everard nor any other

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