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was almost every year a Parliament, and sometimes two or
benefit, yet we find not that they ever obtained it. So as
compelled to exact their Irish duties again, which will make
Note in margin in Carew's hand to the above: It is now in the King's power at any time to break the composition. Whether it may not be prejudicial unto him to settle the same by Parliament is worthy to be considered. 6. The attainders of the late fugitive earls and other chief lords of Ulster, by outlawry, and the attainders of others who are found by offices to have been slain in actual rebellion, whereby the Crown has been entitled to great scopes of land, and many subjects titles depending thereupon, are to be confirmed by Act of Parliament. 7. The estates of the undertakers of Mounster, who are continually sued and vexed by the Irishrie, and the estates of the new undertakers in Ulster are to be established by Act of Parliament, which will encourage them to settle and build and improve their lands, and enable them to pay the King's rent and other duties the better. 8. Uses and fraudulent conveyances whereby the King and other great lords are defrauded of their wardships and escheats, and divers purchasers are daily deceived, are to be abolished and made void by Act of Parliament as in England, for hitherto there are no laws provided in Ireland to reform these mischiefs. 9. A law to be made for the punishment of pirates who are taken upon the coasts here, in which point the laws of Ireland are at this time defective. 10. The alienations of ecclesiastical persons who have already well nigh disinherited their churches, are to be restrained by Parliament as in England, and their former grants to be in some sort resumed, whereof there are divers precedents in the Parliament Rolls of this kingdom. Among others 10 Hen. 7, c. 43, an Act was made that the Deputy and
* 7 induce.
Council should examine all alienations made by churchmen, and take order for the restitution of the lands to the churches again; and such orders as they should make to have the force of an Act of Parliament.
These are matters of special importance fit to be provided for and established in Ireland, for the civil government, (for I will not speak of matters of religion,) and this to be done with all convenient speed, for until it be done things will not run in a right course, neither will the peace and welfare of this kingdom be settled.
But to what end should we call a Parliament if we may not pass such good laws as shall be propounded for the reformation and settling of this common weal, for it is to be doubted that the Irish and such as are descended of English race, of whom both the Houses of Parliament consist, being for the most part Popish recusants, will distaste and reject such Bills as shall be transmitted out of England to be propounded here in Ireland, although they be for the benefit of the Crown and kingdom, which was observed in the last Parliament, when the Lower House did obstinately refuse to pass divers good Bills containing matter of civil government, only out of a froward and perverse affection to the State.
But as the state of Ireland now stands, or is like to stand in the next Parliament, let us examine who are like to be the members of both houses, and thereupon see whether the number of Protestants or Recusants will be the greater, and, consequently, what party will carry the greatest sway in the next Parliament.
The Lower House consists of knights, citizens, and burgesses. There are 34 shires, which will send 68 knights.
In Ulster, the counties of— Armagh, 2 knights, Protestants; Tirone, 2 knights, Pro.; Colrane, 2 knights, Pro.; Donegall, 2 knights, Pro.; Fermanagh, 2 knights, Pro.; Cavan, 2 knights, Pro.; Monaghan, 2 knights, Pro.; Antrym, 2 knights, Pro.; Downe, 2 knights, PrO.
In the English pale, the counties of— Lowth, 2 knights, Recusants; Meth, 2 knights, Rec.; Westmeth, 2 knights, one Protestant, for Sir Oliver Lambert and Sir Francis Shane are freeholders there; Dublin, 2 knights, one Protestant, Sir Will. Usher, Sir J. Caroll, &c.; Kildare, 2 knights, Rec.
In Leinster, the counties of—
In Mounster, the counties of—
Waterford, 2 knights, 1 Protestant; Corke, 2 knights, 1 Protestant at least; Limericke, 2 knights, Pro.; Kerrie, 2 knights, Pro.; Tipperary, 2 knights, Recusants; Cross of Tipperary, 2 knights, Recusants.
In Connaght, the counties of—
Clare and Thomond, 2 knights, Protestants; Galway, 2 knights, Recusants; Roscomman, 2 knights, Recusants; Maio, 2 knights, 1 Protestant, Sir Jo. King, Sir John Bingham, freeholders in Maio; Sligo, 2 knights, Recusants; Leotrym, 2 knights, Recusants; yet the Earl of Clanricard may nominate who he pleases, for there is no freeholder in this county but young O'Rork.
The Citizens and Burgesses.—
In 27 Eliz, when the last Parliament was held in Ireland, there were but 26 cities and boroughs which sent citizens and burgesses to the Parliament; but in the next Parliament the number of borough towns will be double, for his Majesty has created some boroughs since his reign, and will be pleased to erect 25 corporate towns more in the escheated lands of Ulster, all which shall send burgesses to the Parliament, and be planted with Protestants and well affected subjects.
“The ancient cities and borough towns.”
Dublin, 2 citizens, Protestants, an alderman and the recorder; Waterford, 2 citizens, Recusants; Corke, 2 citizens, Recusants; Limericke, 2 citizens, Recusants; Kilkenny, 2 citizens, Recusants; Drogheda, 2 burgesses, Recusants; Galway, 2 burgesses, Recusants; Wexford, 2 burgesses, Recusants; Naas, 2 burgesses, Recusants; Trym, 2 burgesses, 1 Protestant, Sir Tho. Ash; Molingare; 2 burgesses, Recusants; Athenry, 2 burgesses, Recusants; Athboy, 2 burgesses, Recusants; Navan, 2 burgesses, Recusants; Catherlagh, 2 burgesses, Protestants, the Earl of Thomond will have the nomination; Kildare, 2 burgesses, Recusants; Kelles, 2 burgesses, Recusants; New Rosse, 2 burgesses, Recusants; Dungarvan, 2 burgesses, Protestants; Youghall, 2 burgesses, Protestants; Dingle Kush, in Kerry, 2 burgesses, Recusants; Dundalke, 2 burgesses, Recusants; Knockfergus, 2 burgesses, Protestants; Wicklowe, 2 burgesses, Protestants; Cashell, 2 burgesses, Recusants; Clonemell, 2 burgesses, Recusants.
The new boroughs erected and to be erected:—
Athlone, 2 burgesses, Protestants; Gauran, 2 burgesses, Recusants; Inistioge, 2 burgesses, Recusants; Cavan, 2 burgesses, Protestants.
Boroughs to be erected in Ulster:
Armagh Protestants, 2 burgesses; Mountnorryes, 2 burgesses; Charlemount, 2 burgesses; Tonregy, 2 burgesses.