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there will be reasonable gain to vend it here and far better in other countries.

Oatmeal and oatmeal groats may be made there in great quantity and brought hither, from which will arise much profit to the undertakers and do much good to the city of London and other parts of England.

I have a lease from Tyrone for certain woods, which if he had thought I would have enterprized as I have, he would never have granted unto me. This business being well employed great profit and commodity will arise. The like profit is to be made by joists and other sorts of timber which the Scots buy for building and other uses. So that with flyboats of good burthen, requiring small charge, we may furnish Scotland and other parts upon the sea coasts in England, and as I remember good ware in Spain. The like are slapboards, wainscott, and longboards for other uses.

Oaken planks are very saleable in all places which with devices of mills as Dutchmen have them will not be chargeable. Fair ash and oaken hoops will yield great profit in England.

Yarn would be very beneficial if it might stand with the King's pleasure to recall the license. To the end artificers may be set on work to make linen cloth, and other kinds of stuffs. It would be beneficial to the commonwealth as likewise to this new plantation.

Tan houses to be set up in these cities, and at the Newrye, for all the green hides which are brought and laden from Tredarth by Frenchmen of St. Mallowes and other parts.

The profit that may be made in building ships will be a great increase of strength unto the King's navy, and very beneficial to the undertakers.

The profit of merchandize brought from London to furnish not only the northern part but also Diblin [Dublin], and Tredarth, which are now furnished by Dutchmen, who of late are entered into the trade, and bring all kind of commodities, as silks, velvets, holland, cambric, lawn, all kind of grocery, to the great decaying of all the merchants in Dublin, who were yearly accustomed to employ great sums of money in London, which now, by reason of the Dutchman's trade thither, will in short time decay, who by reason of their small charge in shipping are able to afford their wares cheaper than those who bring it from London.

The city on the other side will lose the sale of a great quantity of wares which the merchants of Dublin were accustomed to buy of them.

There was long since at Port Rusha a fishing used by the Burtons (? Bretons) in France who came every season thither for dogfish and rays, which being well handled are a very great commodity in Spain, especially in the Condado, for there [they] are sold by weight and bought by them of Castellia


la Vieza, Cordana, Salamanca, &c., who ordinarily every week load 3 or 400 machoes and moyles. The rays in the river of Nantes likewise sell well, for they are carried up the river of Loyer, and serve many good towns upon that river, and the country next adjoining.

It is requisite that they have a fort and storehouses at Kalbegg, which must be always furnished with a store of salt and casks for the herring and cod fishing. From the Derrie and Skerries, Portrushe is but a cut over into the Isles of Scotland where there are great fishings, and yield great store of other commodities as cattle, hides, wool, &c. Since my coming to London I had conference with one Benedict Webb, a clothier, who was employed by your Lordship in France, concerning clothing, who has very good skill in making oils; he assured me there was 10l. to be made of one acres sowing (all charges being deducted). He desired me to be an humble suitor to you for license of it for us both, that none should make it in the north of Ireland but by our IIleanS, Some part of the country as I judge may prove good for hops by reason of the warmness between the woods and the poles near it. If they prove well it would be a great commodity. For the present time 200 houses built ready to the tenants hands in each city, 100 may yield yearly 5l. a house, in regard they pay no income, and to have their part of a reasonable portion of land for common besides such privileges as shall be thought fit. These 100 houses in each city will serve, for tenants will come who will build at their own charge, if the undertakers think fit so to conclude with them. " For the lands abroad:—I think fit there should be at the undertakers charge 12 castles or bawnes, according to the situation of the places which may be made more defensible than the castles. This being done substantially to the tenants hands, I think they will not grudge to pay 12d. an acre. What acres there will be in that scope of country I cannot tell by reason of the bogs and woods, neither do I know how far their limits shall extend. This will be good yearly rent coming unto them. In regard of the bogs and wood, it were best to have the lands bounded, and they to pay the King a certain rent for it altogether, for it will hardly be measured by the acre. Butter and cheese may be made in great abundance, and yield great profit. For such tenants as shall die to increase the rent. For such tenants as shall dwell in the cities to keep a sufficient quantity of arms for their defence.


When the King is pleased the undertakers should enter upon the land; it were fit the Irish tenants remain there for one year in regard of the great furtherance we may have of their work with garrons and other provisions, as likewise the rent, which being taken for the cows at 2s. the cow, will amount to 500l. Within one year, little more or less, the work will be in great forwardness, and our countrymen flock over, that we shall not so much need the Irish; and it will be requisite many of the idle persons and doubtful subjects be sent into some other part of the country. Those who carried themselves honestly in the last rebellion, are to be respected, and it might stand with the King's liking to let them remain paying a reasonable rent, and tied to some duties as shall be thought fit. The profit of 2,800l. disbursed in cattle and tillage the first year I estimate at 1,000l., if the corn fall out well these two years together. The Irishmen have been so addicted to tillage that a Bristowe banbarrell of barley was sold but for 18d. in the market of Colrane. So, by reason of the undertakers tillage, it will be cheaper, and yield great profit to transport it into other countries. The main salmon fishing of Loughfoyle and the Ban, The owners esteeming" worth 800l. or 1,000l. per annum, which by reason of vending it themselves into foreign countries by the undertakers will rise to a far greater sum. From Lough Neaugh, they may transport commodities by boat within 12 or 13 miles of Newry, where they must have a castle or fort to receive such commodities as they send out of Tyrone and other parts, as also such as come out of England. It is very fit and commodious to have storehouses at Newry, for, many times in the winter, a ship finding her lading there will make a voyage before she can get about the land to Loughfoyle, and the danger is not so great. There are fair woods in Macanns county and Torlo Brasil; whether they are in the King's hands or no, I know not. It were very fitting the undertakers dealt for them, for they will be very beneficial unto them if they go forward. The Loughe being but 12 miles from Knockvergus, they may carry their commodities and ship them away which will quit charge, rather than the shipping to go about in the winter, without great cause. For example, they will give 15s. in a thousand more to receive them at Knockvergus than at Loughfoyle. Now the Neurie is better than it. To keep continually six team of good horses in each place will quit the charges. By this means they may furnish most part of the North and make more speedy voyages in the winter and with less danger. Besides the great benefit and profit that the undertakers shall reap by this plantation, it will be a general good for the

* Sic, Esteem it?


commonwealth, for by this means London may be not only
furnished with all kinds of provisions for the sustenance of
man, but also with all sorts of timber, as joists, clapboards,
wainscots, barrel boards, hogshead boards, oaken planks for
shipping, and other uses. These kinds of commodities I hope
in time may be afforded here cheaper than the boards and
timber which the Dutchmen bring hither.
By this means the undertakers shall reap that profit which
the Dutchmen do now, and be a means to set our shipping
and mariners on work, for I have seen at one time within
these eight weeks, 12 great Flemish hoys and flyboats all
laden with timber. For masts, I hear there are very fair ones
to be had out of the Isle of Scotland; by this means the Dutch-
men will not so abundantly resort hither, as likewise those
who are entered into the traffic of Ireland (if this planta-
tion go forward). -
I am in good hope there will be found such store of iron ore
that it shall bring a great commodity into the land, for the
Irish of themselves will take the ore, and in short time make
iron; and it proves to be very good of which they make
their skeynes and darts.
If this go forward it were fitting carpenters were presently
sent to cut the timber and frame the houses in the woods,
which will be easier for transportation and less chargeable.
Likewise some shipwrights to cut timber for shipping, for
that will take some time for seasoning.
Turners would do well there, the country yielding divers
sorts of timber fitting to their trade.
It is very requisite that three bridges should be made
over certain rivers within the territory and lands proferred by
the King to the undertakers, which rivers, in winter season,
with a little rain, will suddenly rise, that neither horses nor
foot can pass, be the King's service never so important.
It is also necessary a castle should be made to each of
these bridges, which will not only defend the bridges but
strengthen the country; the charge would not exceed 400l.,
which would be to good purpose.
There has been, in times past, a bridge over the Band
[Ban] at Coldrane, of which part of the foundations are yet
to be seen. Whether a bridge raised there again would be
hurtful to the salmon fishing I know not.

Two markets to be erected upon the territory and lands of the undertakers, viz., at Lemavada (which is half-way) between Coldrane and Derrie, where is already a fair castle and market kept, the other in the Glinns, half-way between Dongannon and Coldrane, which is about 16 miles distant from each place. This will not be so chargeable as profitable, the greatest charge being already set down in the estimate of charges.

Copy. Pp. 5. Endorsed by Carew.


Vol. 680, p. 106, 95. CoNDITIONs to be observed by the UNDERTAKERs of ULSTER.

Points required at the hands of the Undertakers now in service as well by their bonds as patents.

A servitor and undertaker is to perform conditions in a bond of 400l., viz.:-That he, his heirs and assigns, within three years, shall make, erect, and build one dwelling-house of brick or stone, with a strong court or bawn about the same, in or upon the proportion of land called the great proportion of 2,000 acres, for the defence of him, his assigns, and tenants, and inhabitants residing or to be resident within the premises. A middle proportion in 300l. under the same conditions. A small proportion in 200l. to build a bawn. Rents in his patent: 16l. per annum in the month August 1614, and so rateably for the middle and small proportions. Covenants in his patent.—He is to allow timber to others within two years space. His fee farmers shall also build, vicinatim. He shall have ready in his house a competent number of arms to arm a competent number of men for himself and his tenants: 12 muskets and callivers, 12 hand weapons for the arming of 24 men for his defence. Shall have 660 acres in demesne, and alienate omnia alia premissa. 2. British undertakers are to perform conditions in the patent, viz.:-Rents in his patent for 2,000 acres, viz., 10l., 13s. 4d. not as before. No undertaker or his assigns shall at any time alienate or demise any of his lands to any mere Irish, or to any that will not take the oath of supremacy, either before such alienation or demise, or within one year after, upon pain of forfeiture of the parcels so alienated or demised. Conditions in a bond of 400l.—He shall, within three years to be reckoned from Easter 1610, erect and build a dwelling-house of stone or brick, with a strong court or bawn about it. And shall also, within the said three years, plant or place upon the proportion 48 able men of the age of 18 years or upwards, born in England or the inward part of Scotland. He shall also, during the space of five years after the feast of St. Michael the Archangel, 1610, be resident himself in person or by such other person as shall be allowed. And also shall not alien the said proportion or any part thereof during the said five years but unto his under-tenants, whom he is to plant.

Copy. Pp. 3. Endd.

Vol. 629, p. 29, 96. The TITLEs of certain ACTs thought fit to be propounded

Sent out of England.

at the next Parliament to be holden in Ireland. Touching matters Ecclesiastical.

An Act for the re-edifying and repairing of cathedral and parochial churches, wherein it may be provided that the cathedral churches which are standing and not ruined, viz., Christchurch and St. Patrick's in Dublin, the cathedral churches of Laughlin, Ossory, Kilkenny, Waterford, Cashill,

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