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world, and foreigners who have translated him into their languages) of all this number not a inan hath ftood up to say one word in his defence.
The only exception is the author 4 of the following poem, who doubtless had either a better insight into the grounds of this clamour, or a better opinion of Mr. Pope's integrity, join'd with a greater personal love for him, than
any other of his numerous friends and admirers,
Farther, that he was in his peculiar intimacy, appears from the knowledge he manifests of the most private authors of all the anonymous pieces against him, and from his having in this poem attacked s no man living, who had not before printed, or published, some scandal against this gentleman.
How I came pofleft of it, is no concern to the reader; but it would have been a wrong to him had I detained the publication; since those names which are its chief ornaments die off daily so fast, as muft render it too foon unintelligible. If it provoke the author to give us a more perfect edition, I have my end.
Who he is I cannot say, and (which is a great pity) there is certainly nothing in his stile and manner of writing, which can distinguish or discover him : For if it bears any resemblance to that of Mr. Pope, ’tis not improbable but it might be done on purpose, with a view to have it pass for his. But by the frequency of his allulusions to Virgil, and a laboured (not to say affected) fhortness in imitation of him, I should think him more an
4 A very plain irony, speaking of Mr. Pope himself.
5 The publisher in these words went a little too far; but it is certain, whatever nimes the reader finds that are unknown to him, are of such; and the exception is only of two or three, whole duiness, impudent scurrility or self conceit, all mankiud agreed to have justly entitled them to a place in the Dunciad.
5 This irong had fmall effect in concealing the author. The Danciad, imperfect as it was, hae-n e been published two days, but the whole Town gave it to Mr. Pope.
admirer of the Roman poet than of the Grecian, and in that pot of the fame taste with his friend.
I have been well informed, that this work was the labour of full 7 fix years of his life, and that he wholly ferived himself from all the avocations and pleasures of the world, to attend diligently to its correction and perfection; and fix years more he intended to beftow on it, as would seem by this verse of Statius, which was cited at the head of his manuscript.
"O mihi biffenos multum vigilata per annos,
• Duncia ! 8 Tience also we learn the true title of the poem; whicka with the fare certainty as we call that of Homer the Bliad, of Virgil the Æneid, of Camoens the Lufiad, we may pronounce, could have been, and can be no other ahan
The DUNCIAD. It is ftyled Heroic, as being doubly fo; not only with respect to its nature, which, according to the best rales of the ancients, and stricteft ideas of the moderns, is criBieally such ; but also with regard to the heroical dispofition and high courage of the writer, who dar'd to ftir op fuch a formidable, irritable, and implacable face of mortals.
There may arise fome obscurity in chronology from the Names in the poem, by the inevitable reinoval of
This alfer was honestly and seriously believed by divers gentlemen of the Dimeiad. J. Ralph, pref. to Sawney. “We are told it was the labour of 9t six years, with the armolt asliduiry and application : It is no great com" plistens to the anthor's fene, to have employed so large a part of his y life,* eis. So alfo Ward, pref, to Dargen, “ The Danciad, as the pabs que lisher very wisely confesses, coft ihe author fix years retirement from all qe the pleafures of life ; though it is fomewhat difficult to conceive, from qe either its balk or bezuty, that it could be fo long is hatching, etc. Bat ço the length of time and closeness of application were pebrioned to pre
pollefs the reader with a good opinion of it."
& The prefacer to Curl's key, p. 3, took this word to be really in Srarias et ky a quibble on the word Durcia, the Dassiad is fusused.” Mr. Ward mito follows him in the same opinion.
home authors, and insertion of others, in their niches For whoever will consider the unity of the whole design will be fenfible, that the poem was not made for these authorsing but these authors for the poem., I should judge that they were clapp'd in as they rose, fresh and fresh, and changa from day to day; in like manner as when the old boughs wither, we thrust new ones into a chimney.
I would not have the reader too much troubled or anxious, if he cannot decypher them; sinct when he shall have found them out, he will probably know ho more of the persons than before.
Yet we judg’d it better to preserve them as they are, than to change them for fictitious names ; by which tlić sàtire would only be multiplied, and applied to many inftead of one. Had the hero, for instance, been called Codrus, how inany would have affirmed him to have been Mr. T. Mr. E. Sir R. B. etc. but now all that unjuft scandal is saved by calling him a name, which bga good luck happens to be that of a real perlon.
LIST Ρ Ε Ν DI
In which our Author was abused, before the Publica
tion of the DUNCIAD; with the true Names of the Authors,
REFLECTIONS critical and satiricat on a late Rhap,
sody, called, An Essay on Criticism. By Mr. Dennis, printed by B. Lintot, price 6 d.
A New Rehearsal, or Bays the younger; containing an Examen of Mr. Rowe's plays, and a word or two on Mr. Pope's Rape of the Lock. Anon. [by Charles Gildon] printed for J. Roberts, 1714, price is.
Homerides, or a Letter to Mr. Pope, occasioned by his intended translation of Homer. By Sir Iliad Dogrel. [Tho. Burnet and G. Ducket efquires) printed for W. Wilkins, 1715, price 9 d.
Æsop at the Bear - garden; a vision, in imitation of the Temple of Fame, by Mr. Preston. Sold by John Morphew, 1715, price 6 d.
The Catholic Poet, or Protestant Barnaby's Sorrowful Lamentation; a Ballad about Homer's Iliad. By Mrs. Centlivre, and others, 1715, price id.
An Epilogue to a Puppet-shew at Bath, concerning the said Iliad. By George Ducket, esq. printed by E. Curl.
A complete Key to the What-d'ye-call-it. Anon. [by Griffin a player, supervised by Mr. Th-] printed by J. Roberts, 1715.
A true character of Mr. P. and his writings, in a letter to a friend. Anon. [Dennis] printed for S. Popping, 1716, price 3d.
The Confederates, a Farce. By Joseph Gay, [J. D. Breval] printed for R. Burleigh, 1717, price i s.
Remarks upon Mr. Pope's translation of Homer; with two letters concerning the Windsor Forest, and the Temple of Fame. By Mr. Dennis, printed for E. Curl, 1717, price is. 6d.
Satires on the translators of Homer, Mr. P. and Mr. T. Anon. [Bez, Morris] 1717, price 6 d.
The Triumvirate : or a Letter from Palæmon to Celia at Bath. Anon. [Leonard Welfted] 1711, folio, price i s.
The Battle of Poets, an heroic poem, By Tho. Cooke, printed for J. Roberts, folio, 1725.
Memoirs of Lilliput. Anon. [Eliza Haywood] octavo, printed in 1727.
An Essay on Criticism, in profe. By the Author of the Critical History of England [J. Oldmixon] octavo, printed 1728.
Gulliveriana and Alexandriana; with an ample preface and critique on Swift and Pope's Miscellanies. By Jonathan Smedley, printed by J. Roberts, octavo, 1728.
Characters of the Time; or an account of the writings, characters, etc. of several gentlemen libelled, by S and P-, in a late Miscellany, octavo, 1728.
Remarks on Mr. Pope's Rape of the Lock, in letters to a friend. By Mr. Dennis ; written 1724, though not printed till 1728, octavo.
Verses, Letters, Esays, or Advertisements, in the public
Prints. British Journal, Nov. 25, 1727. A Letter on Swift and Pope's Miscellanies. [Writ by M. Concanen.]
Daily Journal, March 18, 1728. A Letter by Philo. mauri. James-Moore Smith.
Id. March 29. A letter about Thersites; accusing