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Who sate the nearest, by the words o'ercome,
Slept firft; the diftant nodded to the hum.
Then down are roll'd the books; ftretch'd o'er'em lies
Each gentle clerk, and mutt’ring feals his eyes,
As what a Dutchman * plumps into the lakes, 405
One circle first, and then a second makes;
What Dulness dropt among her sons imprest
Like motion from one circle to the rest:
So from the mid-most the nutation spreads
Round and more round, o'er all the sea of heads. 410
At last Centlivre + felt her voice to fail,
Motteux himself unfinish'd left his tale,
Boyer the State, and Law the Stage gave o'er \,
Morgan || and Mandevil § could prate no more ;
Vol. II.
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Norton

it, expecting his approbation : This Doctor afterwards published the same piece mutatis mutandis, against that very person.

| This is said by Curl, Key to Dunc. to allude to a sermon of a rever rend Bishop.

. It is a common and foolish mistake, that a ludicrous parody of a grave and celebrated passage is a ridicule of that passage. The reader, therefore, if he will, may call this a parody of the author's own sublime Similitude in the Essay on Man, Ep. iv.

As the small pebble, etc. but will any body therefore suspect the one to be a ridicule of the other? A ridicule indeed there is in every parody ; but when the image is transferred from one subject to another, and the subject is not a poem burlesqued (which Scriblerus hopes the reader will distinguish from a burlesque poem) there the ridicule falls not on the thing imitated, but imitating. Thus, for instance, when

Old Edward's armour beams on Cibber's breast, it is, without doubt, an object ridiculous enough. But I think it falls neie ther on old king Edward, nor his armour, but on his armour-bearer only, Let th's be said to explain our Author's parodies (a figure that has always a good effect in a mock epic poem) either from profane or sacred writers.

† Mrs. Sufanna Centlivre, wife to Mr. Centlivre, Yeoman of the Mouth to his Majesty. She writ many Plays, and a Song (says Mr. Jacob, vol. i. P. 32 ) before the was feven years old, She also writ a Ballad against Mr. Pope's Homer, before he began it.

† A. Boyer, a voluminous compiler of Annals, Political Collections, elc. - William Law, A. M. wrote with great zeal against the Stage; Mr. Dennis answered with as great ; Their books were printed 1726. Mr. Law

affirmei's

215

Norton * from Daniel and Oftræa sprung,
Bless'd with his father's front, annd mother's tongue,
Hung silent down his never-blushing head;
And all was hush'd, 'as Folly's self lay dead.

Thus the soft gifts of Sleep conclude the day,
And stretch'd on bulks, as usual, Poets lay. 420

affirmed, that “The Playhouse is the temple of the Devil ; tħe peculiar “ pleasure of the Devil ; where all they who go, yield to the Devil ; where “ all the laughter is a laughter among Devils; and all who are there are

hearing Music in the very porch of Hell." To which Mr. Dennis replied, that " There is every jot as much difference between a true Play, and

one made by a Portaster, as between two religious books, the Bible and the Alcoran.” Then he demonstrates, that " All those who had written a“ gainst the Stage were Jacotites and Nonjurors; and did it always at a time “ when something was to be done for the Pretender. Mr. Collier publifhed « his Short View when France declared for the Chevalier; and his Dissuasive, “ just at the great storm, when the devastation which that hurricane wrought, " hari amazed and altonished the minds of men, and made them obnoxions “ to melancholy and de{ponding thoughts. Mr. Law took the opportunily “ to attack the Stage upon the great preparations he heard were making a “ broad, and which the Facotites flattered themselves were designed in their favour. And as for Mr. Bedford's Serious Remonítrance, tho' I know “ nothing of the time of publishing it, yet I dare to lay odds it was either “ upon the duke d'Amont's being at Somerset-house, or upon the late rebelli:n." DENNES, Stage defended against Mr. Law, p. ult. The same Mr. Law is Author of a book, intitled, An Appeal to all that doubt of or disbelieve the truib of the Gospel; in which he has detailed a System of the rankeft Spinozism, for the most exalted Theology, and amongst other things as rare, has informed us of this, that Sir Isaac Newton fole the principles of his philosophy from one Jacob Bebman, a German Cobler.

|| A writer against Religion, distinguished no otherwise from the rabble of his tribe, than by the pompousness of his Title; for having stolen his Morality from Tindal, and his Philosophy from Spinosa, he calls bimself, by the courtesy of England, a Moral Pkilofopher.

7 his writer, who prided himself as much in the reputation of an Im. moral Philosopher, was author of a famous book called the Fable of the Bees; written to prove, that Moral Virtue is the Invention of knaves, and Christian Virtue the Imposition of fools; and that Vice is necessary, and alone fufficient to render Society Aourishing and happy.

* Norton De Foe, offspring of the famous Daniel, Fortes creantur fortibus. One of the authors of the flying Port, in which well bred work Mr. P. had. fome tine the honour to be abused with his betters; and of many hired scur. ridicies and daily papers, 10 which he neser fet his name.

Why

Why should I fing, what bards the nightly Muse
Did slumb'ring visit, and convey to stews;
Who prouder march'd with magiftrates in state,
To some fam'd round-house, ever open gate!
How Henley lay inspir'd beside a sink,
And to mere mortals seem'd a priest in drink * :
While others, timely, to the neighb’ring Fleet +
(Haunt of the Muses) made their safe retreat.

425

.

* This line presents us with an excellent moral, that we are never to pass judgment merely by appearances ; a lesson to all men, who may happen to see a reverend Person in the like situation, not to determine too rafhly: since not only the Poets frequently describe a Bard inspired in this posture,

(On Cam's fair bank, where Chaucer lay inspir'd, and the like) but an eminent Casuilt tells us, that " if a Priest be seen in

any indecent action, we ought to account it a deception of sight, or illu“ fion of the Devil, who fometimes takes upon him the shape of holy men 6 on purpose to cause scandal."

† A prison for insolvent Debtor's on the bank of the Ditch.

The End of the SECOND BOOK.

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BOOK thie THIRD.

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ARGU M E N T.

FTER the other persons are disposed in their proper

places of reft, the Goddess transports the King to her Temple, and there lays him to flumber with his head on her lap; a position of marvellous virtue, which causeth all the Visions of wild enthusiasts, projectors, politicians, inamoratos, castle-builders, chemists, and poets. He is immediately carried on the wings of Fancy, and led by a mad Poetical Sibyl, to the Elysian Made; where, on the banks of Lethe, the souls of the dull are dipped by Bavius, before their entrance into this world. There he is met by the ghost of Settle, and by him made acquainted with the wonders of the place, and with those which he himself is destined to perform. He takes him to a Mount of Vision, from whence he shews him the past triumphs of the Empire of Dulness, then the present, and lastly the future; how small a part of the world was ever conquered by Science, how soon those conquests were stopped, and those very nations again reduced to her dominion. Then distinguishing the Island of Great Britain, hews by what aids, by what persons, and by what de

grees

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