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manner is. Themistocles made Xerxes, King of Per-, sia, post apace out of Grecia, by giving out that the Grecians had a purpose to break his bridge of ships which he had made athwart the Hellespont. There be a thousand such like examples, and the more they are, the less they need to be repeated, because a man meeteth with them every where : therefore let all wise governors have as great a watch and care over fames, as they have of the actions and designs themselves.

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Julius CÆSAR did write a collection of apophthegms, as appears in an epistle of Cicero; so did Macrobius, a consular man. I need say no more for the worth of a writing of that nature. It is pity Cæsar's book is lost : for I imagine they were collected with judgment and choice; whereas that of Plutarch and Stobæus, and much more the modern ones, draw much of the dregs. Certainly they are of excellent use. They are mucrones verborum, pointed speeches. The words of the wise are as goads, saith Solomon. Cicero prettily calleth them salinas, salt pits, that you may extract salt out of, and sprinkle it where you will. They serve to be interlaced in continued speech. They serve to be recited upon occasion of themselves. They serve if you take out the kernel of them, and make them your own. I have, for my recreation amongst more serious studies, collected some few of them* : therein fanning the old; not omitting any, because they are oulgar, for many vulgar ones are excellent good; nor for the meanness of the person, but because they are dull and flat; and adding many new, that otherwise would have died.

* This collection his lordship made out of his memory, without turning any book. Rawley.



1. QUEEN Elizabeth, the morrow of her coronation, it being the custom to release prisoners at the inauguration of a prince, went to the chapel; and in the great chamber, one of her courtiers, who was well known to her, either out of his own motion, or by the instigation of a wiser man, presented her with a petition; and before a great number of courtiers, besought her with a loud voice, “ That now this good time, “ there might be four or five principal prisoners more “ released : those were the four evangelists and the

apostle St. Paul, who had been long shut up in an “ unknown tongue, as it were in prison; so as they “ could not converse with the common people.” The Queen answered very gravely, 66 That it was best “ first to inquire of them, Whether they would be “ released or no.”

2. Queen Ann Bullen, at the time when she was led to be beheaded in the Tower, called one of the king's privy chamber to her, and said unto him, “ Commend me to the king, and tell him, that he “ hath been ever constant in his course of advancing

me; from a private gentlewoman he made me a “ marchioness; and from a marchioness a queen, “ and now, that he hath left no higher degree of “ earthly honour, he intends to crown my innocency “ with the glory of martyrdom.”

3. His majesty James the first, king of Great Britain, having made unto his parliament an excellent and large declaration, concluded thus; “ I have now

given you a clear mirrour of my mind; use it there

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