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Page Copy of Lord Camden's Letter upon the subject of American Intercourse, upon
which the Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica founded his Order of Council of the 21st November, - 1804
- 389 Address of tbe Assembly of Jamaica to His Majesty, upon the Subject of the
Prohibition of ihe Intercourse with America, dated 183h December, 1804 389 Prorogation of the Asembly of Jamaica, 18th December, 1804
390 Resolutions of Militia Officers, relative to the enlisting Men from the Militia into the Regular Army, i7th March, 1805
391 Tenth Report of the Commissioners of Naval Inquiry
449 Letter from General Prevost, commanding at Dominica, to the Master of the
Sloop Endeavour, relative to the Capture of that Island, dated 24th Fe-
521 Petition of Ihe Roman Catholics of Ireland, presented to both Houses of Parliament, March 25, 1805
522 Eleventh Report of the Commissioners of Naval Inquiry
602 Resolutions of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Livery men of the City of London, re.
lative to the Tenth Report of the Commissioners of Naval Inquiry, dated
6:0 Address presented to the King, by the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Common
Council of London, relative to the Tenth Report of the Conmisjoners of
Nayal Inquiry, 30th April, 1805; together with His Majes:y's An wer 69: Petition againsi Lord Meiville, presented to the House of Commons 3d May, 1805,
from ihe Electors of Westminster, 6945 from the Electors of Southwark, 699;
698 Circular Letter from Lord Hawkesbu y, Secretary of State, to the Lords Lieutenants of Counties, relative to Volunteer Corps, dated April 1, 1805
762 Dispatch from Lieutenant General Sir W. Myers to Lord Camden, relative to the Capture of Dominica by the French
762 Petition against Lord Melville, from the Borough of St. Albans, 778; siom the
County of Surrey, 778; from the City of York, 779; from the County of
954 Nemorial and Representation on the Subject of American Intercourse, presented
by the House of Assembly of Jamaica to the Lieutenant Governor thereof,
ESSAYS AND LETTERS.
Address to the Public
65 SUMMARY OF POLITICS.-The menaced Invasion.-The State of our Military Force.-Communication from the Emperor Napoleon
84 SUMMARY OF POLITICS.-The New Ministry.- Communication from France.
Continental Alliances.- Additional Burdens.--Internal State of the Country.
123 D. N.'s Defence of the Funding System
sol 125 A Speculator on Criminal Judicature
133 SUMMARY OF POLITICS, - Military Force
Bi's Letter to Mr. Windham, upon our Military Force, particularly that of the
193 SUMMARY OF POLITICS.-Jamaica Complaints.- Military Force. - Finance
212 SUMMARY OP Politics.- Jamaica Complaints.- Naval Inquiry.- New Ministry. -Military Furce
225 Anti-Gotham on Black Regiments
285 SUMMARY OF POLitics. - The Budget - Black Regiments. -Overtures for Peace. Invasion. - Parliamentary Divisions
289 SUMMARY OF POLITICS.-French Fleets.- Cape of Good Hope.- Irish Habeas
Corpus Act. Sinking Fund
tigua.-Naval Inquiry.–Tax on Salt.-Middlesex Election. The Irish
-Seriffs- Rawlins and Cox.-Parliamentary Divisions.—The Atonement 400 X. X. on ihe Jamaica Complaints
417 C. on the Inequality of the Income Tax
421 C.S. on ih-source of Taxes SUMMARY OF POLitics.-Continental Alliances.-East Indies.-- Jamaica Legislature. -Slave Trade.--Country. Bank Notes.-Irish Roman Catholics
423 Tenth Report of the Commissioners of Naval Inquiry
449 Observations on the foregoing Report and Evidence
- 4937 Asiaticus, on the Affairs of India
573 Scoto Britannicus, on Scotch Patronage
5192 SUMMA BY OF POLITICS.-Naval Inquiry Parlamentary.Cenure on Lord Viscount Melville
545 Oo Lord Melville's Letter to the Commissioners of Naval Inquiry
573 Parliameo:ary Censure of - Lord-Viscount Melville
577 Lycurgu on Mr. Canning's Spartan Virtue
599 Eleventh Report of the Comnissioners of Naval Inquiry
60% Verax's First Letter on the Reform of Financial Abuses
635 X. X. on Somerset House Economy
6;8 Asiaticus, on the Affairs of India SUMMARY OF Politics.-Meetings of the People.-Mr. Pili's Conduct.—Parlia.
mentary Divisions.-Affairs of India
Tenth Report of the Commissioners of Naval Inguiry, addressed to the se-
640 Mr. Cobbelt's First Letter to Mr. Canning, the present Treasurer of the Navy Verax's Third Letter on the Reform of Financial Abuses
689 SUMMARY OF Politics.- Proceedings against Lord Melville. - Mr. Pitt's Case 700 Mr. Cobbett's Second Letter to Mr. Canning, the present Treasurer of the Navy 705 A. B. ou Lord Melville's Places
719 Asiaticus, op Messrs. Dundas, Pitt, and Benfield
720 A. B, on the Collectors of Taxes
723 SUMMARY OF POLITICS.-Roman Catholic Petition.--Proceedings against Lord Melville.- Mr. Pitt's Case.- French and Spanish Fleets
726 Verax's Fourth Letter on the Reform of Financial Abuses
769 Aletheia, on Roman Catholic Soldiers
775 SUMMABY OF POLITICS.-Russia. - The Enemy's Fleets. --Stipendiary Curates.
India.- Proceedings against Lord Melville Verax's Fifth Letter on the Reform of Financial Abuses
801 R.C. on Iri h Commissioners
804' SUMMARY OF POLITICS.-Stipendiary Curates.- Consolidated Fund. The
Enemy's Fleets.—Sir William Heathcote and Mr. Chute. Proceedings againsi Lord Melville.- Mr. Pitt's Case
609 621 637
Łord- Melville and Mr. Pitt's Conduct
929 940 955 961 973
1804 to May. 1805, inclusive
May 1805, inclusive-
May 1805, inclusive
to May 1805, inclusive Table of the French Five per Cent. Consolidés, from December 1804 to May
LIST OF "HIS MAJESTY'S MINISTERS AS IT STOOD IN JUNE, 1805.
Cabinet Ministers. Lord viscount Sidmouth
President of the council. Lord Eldon
Lord high chancellor. The earl of Westmoreland
Lord privy seal. Right hon. William Pitt
First lord of the treasury, and chancellor of the exchequet,
(prime minister). Lord Barham
First lord of the Admiralty. Earl of Chatham
Master general of the ordnance. Lord Hawkesbury
Secretary of state for the home department. . Lord Mulgrave
Secretary of state for foreign affairs. Earl Camden
Secretary of state for the department of war, and the colonies, Lord 'viscount Castlereagh
President of the boord of controul for the affairs of India. The earl of Buckinghamshire
Chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster.
Not of the Cabinet, Right hon. William Dundas
Secretary at war.
Treasurer of the navy.
Joint paymasters of his majesty's forces.
Joint postmasters general.
Secretaries of the treasury.
Master of the rolls. Hop. Spencer Perceval
Attorney general. Sär Vicary Gibbs
PERSONS IN THE MINISTRY OF IRELAND. Earl of Hardwicke
Lord lieutenant Lord Redesdale
Lord high chancellor. Right hon Nicholas Vansittart.
Chief secretary: Kchthon Joho Foster
Chaucelor of the exchequer.“
VOL. VII. No.1.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 5, 1805.
" It is said, that there has not been a sufficient change in the Ministry. But, surely, the right honoure " able gentleman below" (Mr. Addington) " must, at least, be satisfied that the change is sufficient. It “ surely will not be considered that it is no change that the office of first lord of the Treasury is now held by
Few persons will doubt, I believe, that a very real change has taken place in that department." Mr. Pitt's Speech, June 18, 1804. PARL. DEBATES, Vol. II, p. 740, 747. 1]
[ 2 TO THE PUBLIC.
to condemn a conduct, which, to them, At the commencement of each year, would inevitably seem inconsistent, if not since the establishment of this work, it has involving an abandonment of principle. It been the custom for me to say a few words, is not meant to allude here to mere conas to the extent of its circolation; not so tractors and jobbers; to the leeches of the much with a view to private as to that of community; but to men of honesty and public interest. To judge of the merit of a real loyalty and patriotism, many of whom public journal by the number of copies sold, might have been excused for disapproving would be to discover but little knowledge of the obiervations upon the subject here of the various circumstances, by which the referred to. No such effect has, however, sale of such publications is generally in been produced; and, I am persuaded, that fiuenced; bur, when we have to speak of a there are very few sensible and honourable work, from the pages of which every thing men in the kingdom,' who, whatever might calculated to amuse the frivolous or to en be their sentiments at first, are not now as * tertain the incolent is sedulously excluded; anxious as I am to see SIR FRANCIS BUR'which are occupied entirely with dry poli DETT seated as one of the inembers for this tical matter, requiring seriousness and re county. Indeed, the profligacy, which can flection in the perusal to render it at all va applaud the promotion of Mr. Mackintosh, luable, and, not aided by the sprightliness of the ministerial coalition with Mr. Tierney, wit or the e mbellishments of style, but, in the employing of Mr. Redhead Yorke and its unenticing yarb; addressed directly to many others of the same stamp; which can, the understanding and the reason, thereon in all cases where the minister gains an acsolely relying for its success; when we have cession of strength, preach forgiveness, har'to speak of such a work, it is, I think, fair to mony, ani unanimity; and, in all cases presume, that the extent of its circulation where he meets with opposition, inculeate, may be regarded as a criterion whereby to with more vehemence than ever, «eternal form a tolerably accurate judgment of the resentment and hostility ; this profligacy is prevalence, generally speaking, of its prin. so glaring and offensive, that it has dome ciples and opinions. From this persuasion what might well have been expecicd dom it is that I am, upon the present occasion, it, namely, excited the indignation of every induced to state, that, notwithstanding the man whose indignation is worth notice. unexampled depopulation of the town, Tile other circumstance, above alluded io, during the six monihs embraced by the Vor- az. likely to have an unfavourable ettect lume just finished, there were many more upon this work, is, its steady opposition to the copies of this work sold during that time than present ministry of Mr. Pilt. It was natural during any former six months since tbe' comer to suppose
here also, that
many very worthy mencement of the work. In a former address and even very sensible men vrould, reçol. to the public, I was led to make a statement lecting the professions with which I comof this kind, in order to remove the impress menced my career in England, think that sion, which the reports of the then ministe they perceived 'a' departure from prinrial writers might have produced. Now, ciple; and, though it has, I trust, been inindeed, the same reason des not "ekist controvertibly proved, that there has been bat, there are two circumstances which app no such departure, even in the slightest deto render the statement necessary to
grèe, still it might reasonably have been First ; it was natural to suppose, that the f feared, that the deep-rooted prejudices of part, which I thought it my duty to take te- 1 good men, long attached to the name of Pitt specting the Middlesex Election would ope from the purest of motives, and, moreuver, Tate unfavourably towards the Register; strongly averse from making an acknowbecause, all those, whose eyes had not been ledgment involving an accușation of their constantly fixed upon political causes and own discernment, would have alienated a events, must have been regarded as likely considerable number of my readers, parti
cularly when it was considered, that my swering the queries of your correspondent work stood, at first, almost exclusively upon to the best of my abilities. ---If the debt the support of persons of this description. and costs be paid into court in bank notes, So far, however, from this having been the and the creditor shall insist on payment in case, I have received, from persons formerly specie, I conceive it would be expedient to strongly attached to Mr. Piil, not less, per inform the debtor by notice, that such payhaps, than a hundred and fifty written as ment will be insisted on, and the trial pro. surances, that the reasons, whereon I have ceeded on if it be not so made. The debfounded my conviction of the destructive tor has thus full notice why he is forced to tendency of that gentleman's system of rule, trial, and there is then, in truth, but one have produced conviction equally strong in point for the court to determine, whether a the minds of the writers; while, on the creditor be compellable, by law, to accept other hand, I have received only seven let payment in bank notes. I am aware that ters, expressing a dissent from my opinions the practice of paying money into court is in this respect, two of which I have pub- entirely its own creature, modified at its lished, the other five not being intended for own will in such a manner as to discourage, publication. This fact may, perhaps, ex as much as possible, unjust and vexatious licite surprise, and I confess, that I myself tigation; and it may, -therefore, be conwas, at first, surprised at it; but, when one tended, that in the exercise of a discretion duly reflects upon the conduct of Mr. Pitt, which has created and modified this pracsince his retirement from office, in 1801, the tice, a lodginent in bank notes might be subject of reasonable surprise is, that he yet held to be a sufficient lodgment to save retains the attachment of one independent costs. But this, I conceive, could not hapo upright and sensible man, who was attach pen; the discretion of the court will be aled to him previous to that time.With ways regulated by principles of law and jus. regard to my motives for publishing this lice, and such a decision would be so clearwork, as well as for the manner of conduct. ly a breach of both law and justice, as I am ing it, they have been often enough stated, satisfied could not occur. Before the reand, indeed, one would think it impossible striction act, indeed, if a debt and costs had that they should not be evident to every been lodged in bank notes, and a captious reader of common sense and common infor- creditor had made the objection that the mation: nevertheless, there are not want-lodgment was insufficient, because not ing, amongst the well-known and undis made in specie, it is possible the court in guised hirelings of the day, those who bc its sound discretion might overrule the oblieve, or, rather, who wish to make others jection; and though not strictly right in believe, ihat I am “ a self-interested scrib
a self-interested scrib- point of law, yet it would not be unjust, 66 bler." A scribbler” I may be ; but,
because bank notes, could without expense to believe that I am a self-interested? or trouble, be converted into specie. But one, not only must the believer know no the case at present is widely different: thing of my character, but he must be total bank notes cannot be converted into specie Jy blind to the tendency of my conduct; for, but with trouble, and at a loss. In the forif self-interest were my objcct; who is there mer case, the debt and costs, had in truth, that can fail to perceive, that, as to any and effect, been lodged in court; in the thing beyond the effects of mere industry, I latter case they have not, but a representalong bave been, and yet am, pursuing exact. tive of them only, of arbitrary and fluctualy the wrong course
ting value, which may, and at present does, Jan. 1, 1805
W. COBBETT. fall considerably short of the real debt. It
might as well have been contended before
the restriction act, that a lodgment in E.s. Sir, -Your correspondent, Crito, de chequer-bills, when at a discount, would sires my answer to two queries, on the sub have been sufficient, Bank notes are no ject of refusal of bank notes in payment of more known to our laws, as payment, than debts. Though I agree with him that your Exchequer-bills. The act of Parliament valuable paper should not be occupied with has only prohibited arrest on mesne process, opinions on practical law, yet, as I am or the holding to special bail, in case of a anxious to lend all the assistance in my pow tender in bank notes. But it has gone no er to any measure tending to the repeal of farther. It has not prohibited arrest in exethat mischievous law, the restriction act; cution, nor in any other manner altered the and, as I formerly studied the law, and still existing law. But for the court lo deprive maintain an intercourse with several dearn. 1 "the party of his costs in the case supposed, ed lawyers, I shäd: iške the. liberty of ap- would alter the law in a most essential and
REFUSAL OF BANK NOTES.