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ful discharge of the great trust reposed in foundation for the argument which I was them. Disappointed of this hope, and find endeavouring to construct. Since the ing on the contrary that a minister filling aforementioned article was written, a passage njany great and lucrative ofhces, high in the in Sir William Scott's speech of the 7th of confidence of his Sovereign, one of the fore- April, 1902, has occurred to me. The whole most in his pretended efforts to reform of the speech (it was upon the non-residence aboses, has been at length himself detected bill) will be foupd in the Register, Vol. I. p. ir conniving for a series of years at the foul 1002; and, the passage I particularly allude est poatdation : the petitioners now approach to, describing aduousons as private property, the House with their claims to protection will be found in p. 1076. He tells us, that and justice; and they trust, thererore, that advowsons were originally, perhaps, rere in prosecuting the inquiries necessary for trusts;" but, that they are now become these ends, the House will proceed in that " lay lees. They are bought and sold, and spirit of tinnness and integrity which die are lay property, just as much as any tated the icsolutions of the Sub and Joth of “ other tenements or hereditarents." That April; and that they will not trust this great
this is the truth there can be no doubt; and, cause out of their own hands, nor again suf I think, there can be as little doubt of its fer themselves to be deceived by the plau- being a truth greatly to be deplored.. For, sible promises of men wlio openly violate the with submission to Sir William Scott, I prelaws of the legislature, and hold in defiance same, that, in describing advowsons as being and contempt the wholesome guards they originally mere trusts, the word “ porhaps enact against the possible inalversations of might have been omitted, without any
risk ofice; and that the petitioners also trust that either to the argument or to bistorical truth; the example of the past will act upon the and, that the buying or selling of presentzio House as a warning for the future;' that they tions to church livings is a shameful abuse, will see and acknowledge the just value of and tends directly to the degredation and those principles on which our ancestors esta ruin of the church, will, I think, be denied blised the power and authority of the House by nobody. There may be law for it; but, of Commons; that the House will feel their it is of comparatively modern, invention ; office to be that of control over the servants and, as the rights of the church stand upon of the Crown ; avd that jealousyand vigilance an ancient foundation; as that foundation is instead of confidence and compliance, are
an excellent one, I am always sorry to see their true and distinguishing characteristies; any attempt made to prop them up by moto this system the petitioners tumbly hope dern contrivancos, and, especially, when that the House will direct their immediate those contrivances have evidently been and unvarying attention, as the system by suggested by the very excess of abuse. When · which the country may best be defended, and the right of presentation to a living is openly as the only one under which the constitution bought and sold, there is little wonder that can be safe.
the living itself is regarded as private proper
ty; and, there is no very great wonder, that SUMMARY OF FOLITICS, common men should not clearly perceive the STIPENDIARY CURATES.-In the pre: justice of their being obliged to give to the ceding sheet, p.788, et seq. some granına- clergyman the tenth part of the produce of tical errors were made, in an article upon their land ; seeing that it is hardly possible thus suliject. A few lines from the begin.
for them to conceive a reason for property ping there occur an instance or twio of tauto really private being held in such a way. I logy, and in p. 791, the word “.you" is in am convinced, that it is to the prevalence of serted by mistake after the words, “ I al this notion of the advowsons and livings "Lude to?! But, what I am most desirous being private property, and being by the of correcting is, a part of my statement which holders considered as sucli, that the church a correspondent bas noticed as containing an owes great part of that grudging and ill-will historical inaccuracy. I ailade to the de
which we find to exist with respect to its scription, which, in p.799, is given of the claims and its clergy. Do away this notion; migin of church property. As a description tell the people, and let them see by your of the origin of the whole of the property manner of bestowing benetices and of perthe chureh, it certaivly is inaccurate, or, at forming the duties attached to then, that least, défective; but, the reader must have you regard the livings as things hoki in trust perceived that my wish was, for perspicuity for the convenience, consolation, and salvaas well as for brevity's sake, to avoid a com tion of the people; let the people see this; pricated picture, and yet to select such a sin let it be visible to them in the conduct of bile objects as should afford a fair and firin the patron and the incumbent, ani I am
much deceived if you will not, even in a present appearances, prove to have been short space of time, perceive a returning at more deceived in his last calculations than a tachment to the Church, at least, amongst almost any other that he ever made.--It vi the common people, and particularly people be remembered, that; in the Register of the of no possessions in house or land, such as 23d of February last, p. 289 to p. 309, in we may properly enough call the poor; all the course of some remarks upon the Budget
, of whom would then perceive the church a view was taken of the decline in the Sur, establishment to be neither more nor less plus of the Consolidated Fund. The source than a means of securing the cousolations of and application of that surplus were there religious service to them, who, otherwise, described. It was shown, that the surplus would, from their poverty, be excluded arose from the permanent taxes; that it therefrom. They would perceive that they consisted of whatever was left of those tars had some interesi in the tithes, and it would after defraying the annual charge on account be difficult for the farmers to persuade them, of the national debt; the civil list and the as they now do, thai to rob the parson is pensions and salaries granted by parliament ; doing Gol service. But, if the patron, by and, of course, that this surplus was all, his manner of bestowing the living, and the the war taxes excepted, that was left * jacumbent by his manner of performing, or, maintain the army, the navy, the orinance, rather, peglecting his duty, give to the whole and to defray the miscellaneous charges ! the apperance of a concern entirely private, will here, for the sake of clearness, trouwe need not be surprised, that the poor join ble the reader with a statement of the the farmers in their clamours against tithes. income and expenditure of the country,
I will take some other opportunity of because, it is useless to read remarks upon a endeavouring to point out some of the prin- thing of which we have but a confused ides; cipal evils which result from considering and, from the manner in which the national livings as private property ; and, I think I Accounts are kept and stated, no ore who shall be able to show, that, in differing very has not bestowed a considerable portion of widely from Sir William Scott as to the in- his time upon the subject, can possibly have dulgences which ought to be granted to the any other than a confused idea of what I beneficed clergy, I am not, according to my am writing on.—The whole amount of capacity, less than he a friend of the church. the taxes, and occasional receipts, form, of I must here observe, however, that it is not course, the income of the nation, and would, to his speech, as a whole, that I object. It were there no national debt, be all laid out is a most valuable performance, and should in defraying the expenses of the year ; il be read and well con idered by every one supporting the royal family; the officers of whose attention is turned to public affairs ; state ; the judges and courts of justice; the for, however slightingly some persons may officers attendant on the parliament; the think of the church establishment altoge- army, the navy, and the ordnance; but
, the ther, I am persuaded, that, as the state grew national debt now swallows up nearly #: up with the church, so it will fall with it, whole of the income, leaving nothing worth whenever it falls.
speaking of to maintain the army and n2CONSOLIDATED FUND.--. When a mounte vy, to provide and secure the means i bank has once got fast hold of the ears of defending the country and maintaining i the rabble, it must be his own fault if he
honour. The people have a vast idea o lets go of them; and so, if one ray be per the expenses of the king and his fami; mitted to use the comparism, it must be of When taxes are laid upon them, they thun an English minister of finance, when he has that it is a new sacrifice they are called up a once embarked the people, or, rather, their to nako to royalty; and this notice t. fortunes, in his system.--I am aware how loan-jobbers and other dealers in funds are jittle effect is produced by exposures of the very airxious to encourage, in order that the errors or deceptions of the minister, upen public eye may be kept from themselv subjects of finance; but, it is, nevertheless, This race of men are, too, always the ti: right to persevere; it is riglit, now-and
to cry out og inst war, the moment itat: then to revive such subjects, so thai, when the -fects their speculations; and, they hộin explosion and its contusions come, the public frequently succeeded in persuading the per may have it in mind, that there have been ple, thut it is the current war, and that :! some few persons, who have not been de nast alone, which draws away theis mon ceived. With a view not more sanguine in taxes. How false these opinioos are wo than this it is that I now take up
bo perceived by a very simple statement : show, that the first timacier in the world," | the distribution of the national income fi! Ag lis flat crers call hii, will, according to the year.: J$03, the accounts of 1904 *
having been (for Teasons that one may easily | the nation, and the interest upon them formguess at) eyet printed.lsnin), ing an addition to the constantly increasing Total 18 cost' of the nation.....d10 (31,860,901 load of our permanent taxes. From this EXPENDITURB Wit The 1, 1, 1017,1?}}
view of the matter, I think it is just possible : king's bpusehold in
for a man of plain sense to perceive what is Sluding pensions granted by the crown. 599,000
meant by the surplus of the Consolidated ParliamentaryPensions,
Fund; and, in pursuit of my purpose, which Sataries, il and Allow. '.
is to show that the “ first financier in the anoes.: 114 398,007
word” has been quite out in his calcula 3. Courts. of Justice 40,03%
tions respecting it, I proceed to state, that Charge for this one
this surplus, has been, for several years, year, for interest and management, paid to the is
upon the decline, in direct contradiction to iban jobbars and money.
the calculations, the estimates, and the as dealerse on account of the
surances of those “ two first financiers in fational Acoly, sro,25,36,4,488 28,700,533
" the world," Mr. Addington and Mr. Pitr. Remainder
In the autumn of 1802, it was estimated at
7,845,000:- In the summer of 1803, it Now, let the reader look at the figures, and was perceived to have been over estimated, he will see clearly who it is that swallows up and it dropped down to 6,500,000). in a his taxes. Not the king, not the parlia sort of day's budget, opened before a ment, not the judges, not the princes, not
dozen or two of wearied and drowsy spesthe pensioners, who, all put together, do
tators. Still, however, the anxious and not take much more than a twentieth part,
person who presided, or sat, over so much as is given to the owners of the these matters, at that time, did, as we say, national debt to that endless swarm of in cases somewhat similar, reckon the contractors and jobbers, who crowd the ine chickens before they were hatched; for the "tropolis, and to keep.whom in idleness, the yield (to use a cant word of the Board of country is drained to its extremities; its Agriculture) amounted, as we have seen blood is sucked away oven from the ends of above, only to 5,162,428. This grievous its fingers and its toes!But, to return disappointment was a lesson of caution to now to the Consolidated Fund and its Sur Mr. Addington, wlio, just before he quitted plus'; the reader must observe, and bear in the nest, as one may call it, and delivered mind, that, because the interest upon the over the eggs to his worthy successor, reckonhational debt is paid out of the taxes, the ed, as part of the resources for the year annuali aggregate amount of the taxes, as 1801, the sum of " only 5,000,0001." to abave stated, for instance, called, a fund, come by way of surplus from the Consoli: and blié epitheț consotieated is prefixed to it
dated Fund, which surplus, alas! amounted for a reason much about as good as that for to just 2,200,000). This unfortunate hatch which the substantive itself was adopted. was brought out under the wives of Mr. However, so it is.: the total anmal amount Pitt; and, here we arrive at the point, to of the taxes and occasional receipts, which,
which I have been endeavouring to conduct if cant were driven from the financial the reader in such a manner as to render the vocabulary, wonld be called, the national in- attention he shall bestow on it not altogether come, as I have called it above, is called the
useless. Mr. Pitt, in his budget sp.cch, Consolidated: Funct; and, the Remainder
made, on the 18th of February last, acabove stated, in the case of the year 1803, is knowledged, yes, he did frankly acknciofilled the Surplus of the Consolidated Fuvd. ledge, that an error in calculation had becu
This surplus is, then, all that remains to committed by ..... Mr. Addington! Flavprovide for all the greit purposes of national. ing, as it would seem, exhausted himself by defence, of war, of negotiation, of colonial this effort of candour, he was unable to exgovernment, and of internal policy and im- plain very clearly the causes whence this faprovenients all which, at present, cost more
mous surpius should be more productive in than forty millions a year The deficiency future. What, however, was delicient in must, of course, be made up in some other fact
, and reason, he took special care to make way; and, we see, and feel, that it is made up in assertion. He told the faithful and up yearly, by taxes, called war taces (as good-natured Connions, that the surplus of distinguished from the other, which are
the Consolidated Fund for this present year called purmanent taxes), and by loans, bor would amount, at least to 4,000,000l. and towed lof jews and other money-lenders;
at that sum he reckoned it in his estimate of the principal of which loaus forming an ad the means to defray the expenses of the dition to the constantly increasing debt of, year. That he was wrong we cannot
sitively assert, till we see the end of tlie new taxes upon consumption; that the year ; but, having now, by an excess in the sources of taxes appeared to be impeired; indulgent disposition of that great personage that there was ground for apprehending the
Mr. Sturges and his worthy associate Mr. our taxes upon consumption had reach Huskisson, obtained a knowledge of the limit beyond which they could not be the yield” for the first quarter, made more productive. That this opinion may, without being thought very presump was well founded, the account for the last tuous, venture to guess at what will be quarter tends strongly to prove. We know,
yield” for the whole year. The total that new taxes were imposed last year, Fei amount of the permanent taxes from the 5th the amount collected, either in permanent of of January to the 5th of April,* is, war taxes, will not, according to all appez6,204,1821. The sums to be added to this, ances, be so great as it was last year. The to make the income of the consolidated four quarters of last year yielded in peremfund for the quarter, will be very trifling. nent taxes 29,300,000l. the first quarter of The charge upon the fund for the quarter this year has yielded only 6,200,0001. The will be about 6,261,7991. It is impossible, four quarters of last year yielded in war taxes as yet, to state with perfect accuracy what 11,400,000). the first quarter in this year has the charge upon the fund for the last quarter yielded only 2,200,000). The first quarter of will be ; but, there can be no very great the year is, indeed, generally the least promistake; and, I am inclined to think that ductive, especially in the article of Custons ;
I under-state it. If so, the charge exceeds but, the difference is not so great as to war. the income ; and, instead of a surplus of rant an expectation, that the three remain4,000,000l. we shall find Mr. Pitt in a deficit ing quarters of this year will cover the de of 242,4041. an awkward predicament for falcation, and will rise in that degree which for the first financier in the world !" is necessary to make the surplus amotint to Though to time it must be left to decide; 4,000,0001. -In estimating the tages ut yet, we may even now take a fact or two to must, too, recollect that the depreciation of strengthen our opinion. We have not the money is rapidly going on; and, tæt, account of the charge upon the consolidated though that circumstance may be viewed fund for the several quarters of the year ; with a favourable eye, when considered but, we have an account of it for the quar merely as lightening the burden of a tax, we ters of 1803. The charge upon the quarter must not forget to take it into the calceis i ending in April that year was 5,759,905l. tion, ivhen we are speaking of the amount The reader knows, that 40 millions of mo of the taxes as an evidence of the <ney have been borrowed since that time; pacity and consequent prosperity of the and, of course, that more than half a mil
country. The mill of the Bank of Eng. lion each quarter has been added to the land goes merrily on;
and the country charge on account of the debt; but, I shall, banks seem heartily disposed, according to for a moment, suppose the charge not to their several capacities, to follow so exclhave been augmented at all; and then, the lent azi example. During the last 12 months, surplus for the last quarter would be ending in February, the Bank of Eng'ad 4-15,2771. making, for the whole year, notes had increased in amount troin 1,781,1081. instead of 4,000,000). This sup 17,600,000l. to 18,500,000). and this is tite position is, however, merely for the sake of rate at which the increase bas been going ea the statement; for, it is an undeniable fact, ever since the bank notes were made a les that the charge has been considerably aug gal tender. Men must be great focis indeed mented.---At the time when the grand fi not to make paper mone, if they can get nancier tras making his promise of a surplus people to take it for things of real value, wat of 4,000,000). Mr. Fox expressed great if they call, at the same time, appeal to the doubis upon the subject. He said, he was law fór a sanction to their proceedings.afraid, that we could not liereafter have any Let it be remenibered, too, that the incredi
ing of taxes, in the present way, immst, ir * For what, if not for the purpose of there be no drau back from non-consurufconfusing, are these days taken for the na tion, create a source 6;tarus. For instance, torial accounts ? Every man that wishes to we raised 1,5001. in taxes last year, and Mr. leáp chur accounts takes you care to make Piti obtined a grant of it from the King to them up to regular periods. What, in the the "right rusty and weil-beloved comit name of cominon seue, is there in the 5th " lor" Leni Melville, as a reward for being of January more than in the 31st of Decen and faithful service's sertirnied by the sid lover! Why not, leothermortals, make
up trusty and well-beinerl" boril, ni bo, il s De accuinis to the end us year? well bun, had been 'Trearer of time
Navy. But, no matter what the service : for justice's sake, let tirem cry! Why, they Mr. Pitt, who is a very strict and 'cute per were bellowing out for the pilot but a few son, though he gives Lord Melville 1,5001.
Many of them who never a year, takes care to clap on me an ad-thougiit of kneeling before their Maker, dition of Income Tax to the amount of 751. were crawling round the dirty rooms' at the And, who shall say, that, when Mr. Paikes London Tavern to get at the hem of his was, (as the Sun newspaper tells us) remind garment. They toasted him as the greatest ing him of the malversations of Messrs. Dún and honestest man in the world. I grudge das and Trotter, he was not of opinion, that "them neither his greatness nor his honesty. they ought to be suffered to pursue their I wish them to feel the effects of both. Did crirse uninterrupted, seeing that to inter- they not, with ostentation most scandalous, rupt them must, in all provatsility, consider proclaim themselves indebted to him for exably diminish the amount of the tax collect istence, and dependent upon him for its ed upon their income? Connire, indeed! continuance? Servility so loathsome was The vulgar herd may call it conniving, or nerer before witnessed in the world. There just what they please ; but, I am greatly was a perfect rivalship amongst them, who fuistaken if the hint I have here thrown out, should become stewards, that is to say, a sort properly amplified, and tolerably well set off of waiters, at the festivals given in honour of by a nasal twang accompanied by turning up him! And, thuis, too, observe, for the inan the eyes and clapping the hand to the heart, who eitaced the Lillies from the arms of would not be more than cuiicient to obtain Englanit; for the man who made bank the unanimous sutirages of The Saints. notes a legal terder ; for the man who had
I cannot take leave of this sulject en approved of the peace with France, as a tirely without begging the reader seriously means of husbanling our resources, aiter to ask himself, whether he thinks, that, with having added three hundred millions to the our present system of finance, we can possia national debt for the purpose of carrying on Hy continue the preseit war for five perrs.
Oh! that these slaves could but Let him recollect, that we must make a loan be set apart from the rest of the nation! If of about 25 or 30 millions every year; that they could but suffer alone, what a consolathe national debt alone will cost us 10 inil tion would it be to every loyal and publiclions a year before this day six years ; and spirited man! But, the castle must be dethat our other expenses will cost us as much fended, if possible, though we, at the same more at least. Can, then, this Pitt system time, defend the rats. Whether we shall be continue ? Is it possible that it can continue? able to defend the castle is anoiher question, - What, then, will be the consequence? These and a question, too, which is the system be are questions which every man, who thinks not soon changed, will admit of much disabout public affairs, should put to himself, pute. We stand, at this moment, waiting and should endeavour to solve.
for a blow. We are not like men fighting The Exeur5 FLELT3.-----In a prece with other men ; but, like houseless travelding page of this sheet will be found the lers listening to the thunder, and every moFrench official accouut of the proceedings ment expecting the bolt to fall upon us.
of the French fieet in the West Indies. Do Who would lrave dared to foretell; who, "minica, Nevis, St. Christopher's, and Mont only three months ago, would have dared to serrat, were all invaded and laid unler con foretell the existence of such a state of tribution by then, one after another ; the things! “ Every where" (sag's General Ermagazines were destroyed; the troops in nout, the French coinniander at Guadaloupe, one case carried oil prisoners of war; and
in his letter to Nipoleon);
every where, all the shipping in the harbours taken or de “ in these seas, is the flag of the English stroyed! }!ere's to the pilot that urea “ humbled; all their men of war hide " thered the storin!" Where is thi; tlatterer " them elves; their trade is annihilated, now? Where is he with his songs and bis “ and their merchantmen have sought secuodes? Where are his birthday verses? “ rity and protection in neutral ports, since · Where his inscription for the statue? He is they did not conceive themselves safe be
a man of sharp faculties; and, must he not, “ hind fortifications, which surrendered as - then, if he be not dead to all shime, must soon as they were attacked." Doubtless le not blush at the recollection of these this is an exaggerated description ; biit, we marks of his servility to “ the pilot:" Pvor know, that it is but too true; and must ve pilot! people blame him for not keeping a not be base in ieed to fcel no resentment jouk-out, when I think it is pretty evident, against those who have been the cause of that lie is very wise to look at somi.---Let such disgrace! Let us remember, too, wherre hem blau...; let them treb): ; let thon this diep.itch of Ernout would find Napo