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atteining their oljects :, an? the Catholics would not embark in the serrice of gosen“ willful, that as Nir. Piti could not concur ment; but, we see that they ise supported “ in a hopeless att mpt to force it now, that the petition of the Catholics, while Mi. Pitt, ” he must at all times a press with the same in whose behalt the bigla sounding pros decision as it be an auserie opinion, mises were given, ļas ouped the go.

any unconstitutional conduct in the Ca ing into a comuittee, even to enaire « tholic body. Under the circumstances whether those claims, the granting of which " it cannot be doubied that the Catholics he regarded as essential to the suj ty of the “ will take the most loyal, dutiful and pa country, ought to be granted, or not. in his " tient line of conduit, that they will not speech, made during the late debate, the I suffer theinsclies to be led into measures, sumn of what he is reported to inre said was,

which cái, by any construction, give a that he still entertained his former opinions « bando to the opposers of their wishes, as to the wisdoin of granting the Catholic " tither to misinterpret their principles, or claims; but that, finding that there were " to raise an argument for resisting their ostacles to the carrying of such a measure; “ claims; but that by their prudent and ex he had, for the present, given up all thoughts

emplary demeanour they will afford and of attempting to carry it. This might be a * ditional grounds to the groving number very good reason for his vote on Tuesday " of their advacates, to enforce their claims night; but, where are we to look for his jus. " on proper occasions, until their objects titication in goin, during the existence of

can be finally and advantageously at these obstacles Cichling in the service of

tained." -The o:her paper was entitled, that government, in which neither conscience " THE SENTIMENTS OF A SIXCERE FRIEND, nor honour would suitir him to continue,

(t. e. Marquis CorxWALLIS) TO THE unless those obstacles were reuored? The " Catholic CLAIMS,' and was worded Roman Catholics were told, as we have sçeń thus : “ If the Catholics should now pro in the paper abore quoted, that be siood " ceed to violence, or entertain any ideas of pledged not to embark in the service of

obtaining their object by convulsive mea government, except on the terris of the sures, or forming associations with men of Catholic privileges being obtaines!.Whe, jacobinical principles, they must of course therefore, they yw him again embarked in lose the support and aid of those who hare that service, they naturally expected, that all sucrificed iheir oun situations in their the obstacles to the granting of their claims

Breese', but who would at the same tine were removed ; instead of which they find " feel it to be their indispensable duty to these obstacles to be greater than ever; and

oppose escry thing terding to confusion. they see this the great supporter their " On the other hand, should the Catholics claims, become their opponent! Weil might " le sensitle of the benefits they possess by Mr. DILLON declare, as lie did in a having so many choracters oj cminence manner very houourable to his character;

well might he, as a man of " crucine and VICE OF GOVERNMENT, EXCEPT ON THIE honour,” declare, that he could no longer TER3$ of THE CATHOLIC PRIVILEGES give his support to Mr. Pitt..----It is curious BEING OBTAINBI), it is to be hoped, that enough, that, of tlie ministers who resigned ou balancing the advantages and disad in ill, the only person, iq whose behalf Vantages of their situation they would any pledge was, in reality, given to the Roprefer a quiet and peaceable deineanour mia Catholics; the only person who pub

any line of conduct of an opposite de- licly declared, that " neither conscience nor scription,"Pledged, observe! Pledged " honour ivould suiter him to make part of not to embark in the service of government a government” that would not or could except on the terms of the Catholic privileges not bring forward and support the claims of being obtainel! These “ characters of emi the Catholics; the only person who stood

nence" were, doubtless, Mr. Pitt and his thus deeply committed, was that very gencolleague Mr. Dundas, now Lord Melville; Uemu, who, of the ministers that resigned the Lords SPENCER and GRENVILLE, and in '1801, has been the only one to oppose Mr. Windham. Others were meant, per those claims. For any thing that I have haps, but these were the gentlemen who re ever seen or heard, there would be nothing signed in 1801, upon the grounds stated by incousistent, nothing arguing a want of Mr. Pitt. The three latter had, I am pretty principle, in cither of the other gentlemen, confident, nothing to do with the papers cir who resigned 11) 1801, again entering the caculated in Ireland ; I cay almost take upon binet, though it should appear to them imme to assert, that they give no pledge what possible to carry the measure which they then ever as to the terms on which they would or endeavoured to carry They made no una

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PLEDGLD NOT TO LIBIRK IN THE SER

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bending declarations ; : nobody circulated sider who are the persons that hold this lanpledges for them. They would then have guage, we cannot help fearing, that, for carried the measure, if they could have done every word they speak for his lordship, they it; and, if they could, they would have done speak two words for themselves.-Ing it now. But, they, indeed, were left at per 719 the reader will find a letter from one of fect liberty to re-enter the cabinet, and yet my correspondents, relative to the places de to choose whether they should agitate the Lord Melville, to which letter I beg leave to question, or not. How different, then, has refer him.--The base attempts to throw their conduct been from that of Mr. Pitt! all the blame upon Mr. Trotter will, it is ruThe truth appears to be, that the professions moured, be entirely frustrated. In the libel, of attachment to the Catholic' cause, made in written by the venomous upstart, who has so the speeches and circulated papers above much to do, apparently, in conducting the spoken of, were intended for the purpose of Oracle newspaper, this insinuation was preserving influence amongst the Catholics, thrown out. Lord Melville was repre ented in which mfluence nobody else was to have as owing his fall partly to the treackery of share. The purpose was answered for a Mr. Trotter. That gentleman was not named, while. The influence was preserved. In indeed; but, the insinuation was too broad the end, however, such contrivances seldom to be misunderstood; and, that it was excesfail to produce, as in the present instance, sively base, every one must allow; for, the embarrassment and confusion to the con greatest of Mr. Trotter's faults, and the chief trivers.

ground of the public resentment against him, PROCEEDINGS AGAINST LORD MelvilLE. is, that he has gone every length to screen kés

The Lords hare given permission to guilty superior. Lord Melville to appear before the Select Com MR. PITT'S CASE (continued from p.701.) mittee of the House of Commons; but, The manifest impropriety of pretending to on the 16th instant, Mr. Leycester, the chair- publish an account of what has passed in the man of the committee, reported to the Select Committee was noticed, at the time House, that upon a full consideration of the when the following very curious and imper restrictions and limitations contained in the tant paragraph was copied from a ministerial minutes of conference, it did not appear to paper of the 9th instant : “Mr. Pitt and Mr. them that they could proceed satisfactorily Long have been twice examined before for the purposes for which they were consti " the Select Committee of the House of tuted in the examination of Lord Melville, Commons, upon the subject of some terwithout trenching on the regulations under porary assistance afforded to the house of which he was permitted to appear before “ Boyd and Benfield, to enable them to them. It is thought, however, that the make geod an instalment of the Imperial committee will soon make their report. Loan; a measure deemed necessary to In the mean time, the unprincipled parti “ the maintenance of the honour and credit sans of Lord Melville are still insisting, that

of the country."

Who Boyd and Ber: the public have lost nothing by his malversa field were the reader may, probably, recoltion. Any thing' so impudent as this never, lect: but, lest he should not, I have endezsurely, was heard of before! It has been voured, by my motto, to intice him into a proved; clearly proved, upon principles history of Benfield's financial and political universally admitted, and expressly laid down rise, which he will find given, in a most cirand acted upon by Mr. Pitt himself, that the cumstantial and satisfactory manner, in Mr. public has lost to a very great amount, in Burke's speech upon the subject of the Na consequence of those malversations; and yet, bob of Arcot's Debts, which speech every . there are persons, so totally dead to all sense man in the kingdom should now read

. of shame, as still to assert, that the public -But, is it possible, that this minis ! has, from this cause, experienced no loss. terial paper can have spoken the truth? Such persons know well that their insincerity Has such a fact come out before the Seis evident to all men of information ; but, lect Committee ? Or, is it probable, that it this they disregard ; they care not how much may come out, and is this statement throua they are despised, so that they succeed in de out, at first in the form of a numour, ceiving any portion of the people; so that they in order to break the blow! or, is an act succeed in-furnishing a pretert for doubt, and, so flagrantly corrupt thus mentioned with a dhereby, assuage, though in ever so small a view of preparing the public mind to be redegree, the public indignation. This zeal in conciled to some act of corruption not the cause of Lord Melville might be, in some quite so flagrant? The last appears to be sort, excused, if we could possibly impute it the most probable, especially when we can to any amiable motive; but, when we con sider how well such a device is calculated

to enable the leading Saints to ascertain the step out of the trodden path of form and precise length, to which they may venture necessary duty to render the most essential to stretch their consciences, without any "" service to his country p... Those people very great risk of being exposed to the ́scorts always assume ; always árgie upon assuinpof the wicked. Stretch them, however, tion; always take for premises admitted, the as much as they please, they would never facts and principles which their adversaries be able to save the man, who should be deny. We deny, generally, that " service found guilty of a crime any thing nearly to the country can be rendered by irreapproaching that, which,' by the Morning gularity, and breach of the law; and we de Post, in the above-quoted paragraph, is said ny, particularly, that` service to the counto have been committed, and the patient try” has been rendered by any of the acts endurance of which would mark us out for

of which Lord Melville and his associates animals fit to be shut up in penns and fed in

have been found guilty, or accused --Bit troughs. What! take money out of our

this is not the point at which the paragraph pockets in taxes, and lend it to Boyd and chiefly aims. lis evident object is to prepare Benfield, that they may be able to lend it to us for the liearing of some proof, that Mr. us; and all this to save the nation! to Pitt was, many years ago, apprised, ly maintain the honour and credit of the Bank-Director, of the practices of Lord Melcountry! Was the meaning of words

ville and Mr. Trotter. If this were true, ever before so inpudently perverted? Was

there would need no more; and, so potverthere ever so gross an Irisult offered to the fully am I impressed with the effect whikh understanding of a nation - In the mi such a fact must produce, if communicated tiisterial paper, the Sun, of the Sth instant,

to the public from an authentic source; so there appeared a paragraph, apparently in clear does it appear to me, that such a fact tended to prepare the public for a favourable would establish a crime rather greater than construction of what is likely to come out,

that which drove Lord Melville from the relative to another subject connected with

Admiralty and the Privy Council ; so the malversations of Lord Melville, which

steadfast am I in this view of the matter, paragraph was as follows : “ It has been that, in my preceding number, I did not " pretended, in the violence of party, that

notice the above-quoted paragraph, expec“ Mr. Pitt connived at Lord Melville's mis ting, day after day, to see it contradicted. conduct, and that he knew prirate ad

Contradicted, however, it has not been; and, " vantage was derived from public money.

therefore, I have thought it right to point it " This charge is positively false ; but it is

out to the attention of my readers. I had " said, that it is attempted to be supported, nearly forgotten to observe, that, in the preupon

the evidence of a person who was sent sheet, p. 720, will be found a letter, in formerly governor of the Bank. We which is very clearly and concisely described

warn ministers in future, never to listen the grounds of the connection between Paul " to that which does not relate to the

Benficld and the ministry. Every thing " basiness immediately before them ; to

appertaining to that connection must be res " beware how they hold coufidential inter garded as interesting at this time. " course with those who come to them upon

As somewhat belonging to subjects of public business. Ten years after, a slight finance, I will here notice a circutconversa!ion, which passéd, probably, at

stance which I am astonished to have time when the minister's mind was oc seen pass so long unobserved upon. The cupied with other pressing and inportant Receiver General of the Customs does, I be" matter, it is thought just, it is thought lieve, pays, by direction, his daily receipts, " no breach of the rules of social inter- daily into the Banking Shop of SMITH, course, to bring up such a conversation PAYNE, and SMITH, who make

up

their ac“ in evidence against him,

as if it had count with him each Saturday only, and who been a forral représentation, and for the are not required to pay the amount into the purpose of injuring his reputation! I Bank of England, till the gubsequent Tues

will not characterize such a conduct; day. When this practice first began, 'Lord "he who holds it will, I trust, find CARRINGTON was, I believe,' at the bed " it justly estimated in his future in of the above-named banking 'shop; - in "tercourse with mankind. There are which two of the noble lord's brot!er's “ other points upon which “much 'mis remain. There are, doubtless, very substan.

representation has gone forth. Every tial reasons for having adopted, and for still

irregularity, though it had for its object pursuing, this mode of conveying the Co" the public service, is now branded as cor

tom-House receipts to the Bank; but, one rupt. If the conduct of public men is to

would like to hear those reasons. be tried by such rules, what man will over

FRENCH AND SPANISH FLLETS. 1.

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the beginning of this pro fute people persuaded tíat hions of the ministerşef Enge peeted, triat we shoitid:toch be the int laud häre derrianded at sti'the

govern mainis certainty and abarm about the combined where they reside a similar exclusion of this to theets of France and Spain ;', ini cui official paper. If pieces of ifiis kind uiere taš ports“ yoyki so soon have been thrown into be omnted in political gazet: ss; what Batter confusion, in order to hasten ott ships to could be found to fill them I mustalsa enable or amirals to meet the enery that inform you, Sif,' 111 bordet itd. free you frena the English feet would have buen compelled the doubt you have testitod on this subject to sneak duty from the blockade of Cadiz at that the insertion of the said official aude the sight of an approacling French fleet: in the Portuguese Gazette was with the known few people expected to see diese things, even ledge of the goverument, because at det noe though the Addingtons had continued alone thin! that it exposed itreit by crasing te be in the ingenient of atiairs, and still fever transcribed any official papiers ppblished in expected to see them come to pass under the other European gazottes, and under the heal rule of " thre PILOT; Mr. Canning's “Pilot;" ef Foreign countries. Similac articies, laidas thegreat-minded, the vigorous, the warlikemi- fully copied, and unconspanied by reficenister! To the vigour of the pilot and the wis- tions, have never proved euber the approbat dom of a couple of his young friends," we tion or disapprobation on the part of the goare indebted for the war with Spain), and, of vernment which permits there to be printed. course, for the junction of the French and -I confess, Sir, that I cannot see bosti Spanish fleets, together with all the conse can give the least offence. The same article, quences of that junction. : The FRERES at a period somewhat later, might have been having dispatched the diplomatic part of the copied by the English gazettes, in which no business, their brother-in-law, SIR JOHN doubt it has been published. Besides, you ORDE, was selected to carry on the war ! know, Sir, that after discussions on a similar The papers tell us, that “ the gentlemen subject, which took place before my minise “ concerned in the West-India trade" have try, His Royal Highness the Prince Regent waited upon Nir Pitt to inquire into the state caused to be notified to you, that the official of the desence of those possessions. This publications of the English goverument would puts one in mind of the silly fellow remon also be translated into the Lisbon Gazette strating with his wooden god. These gen I embrace this opportunity of renewing oo “ tlemen" have been crawling at the heels you professions of the consideration will of Mr. Pitt these 20 years, Let them take which I'am," &c. the consequences. Could I be certain that the cruse of their alarm would produce 'no injury to the kingdoin, I should laugh to see

PRUSSIA AND SWEDEN.

image! them wring their hands, tear their hair, and

by the Suedish Chandraires at Bete cry liķe old Shylock at the loss of his dear

lin to the frussian Carnet relative to e ducats.

Note of Buron Hardenbire, of the W

Dec. 1804. -The ilale THIS VIR PUBLIC PAPERS.

not stateil ; but it has just made its apter: ENGLAND AND PORTUGAL. - Vale of the ance here-in England, from the Hamburg Portuguese Minister to the English Minis

Puders, ter at that Court (Lord Robert Fitzgerald) The undersigned Charge d'Affaires from in answer to the Note of the lateer (See p. the King of Sweden, bas just received in: 259) relative to the Publication, in the structions from lis Court, relative to barca Liston Gazetér, of the Declaration of the Hardenberg's note, of the 24th December, Prince of Peace.-Date, Liston, 14 Felia 1801. By the express cuinuand of is 1805.

jesty, the undersigned returns the following ŞIR, I received the note which you answer. His Excellency the Minister of the addressed to me, of date January 25, in re Calinet will be pleased to recollect, that im gard to an article in the Supplement to the modiately on receipt of the said note, the Lisbon Gazette, containing a faithful trans' King declared that, the aiais being of an lation of a paragraph taken from the Madrid ture of equial concern to Sweden ani to Pus; Gazette of Dec. 20'last. After having had sia, bóth clusély united by treaties, by mytu the honour, Sir, to explain to you verbally friendship, and by the ties of consanguinits, the reasons which authorized the insertion of his Majesty had resolved to consult with the that article, I hoped ibat you would be fully Emperor of Russia on the overture made to convinced that no solid reason could be al him, and to give his answer at the same line ledged for requiring the suppression of it. I with that which his Imperial Majesty might am certain that the said article was translated thick proper to trapsmit-to Berlin. The last into all the gazettes of Europe; and I am accounts from St. Petersburgh have filly jus

tified the conviction which the King enter- his cause not to support it. This declaration, tained relative to the sentiments of the Em- nevertheless, is not in any sense to be consiperor of Russia on this subject; and as his dered as a challenge, as it presupposes the Imperial Majesty soon after resolved to take case of an attack; and the King would the some steps, the King would no longer delay less omit making this remark, as he would an answer, such as the Emperor of Russia with pleasure see the interest of both states kas also found adapted to the present case. united for the general welfare, and the conTrue to the principles of that dignity which nexions between himself and his Prussian ought to characterize every sovereign of an Majesty maintained for ever by reciprocal independent state, the King cannot permit contidence and firiendship. his general political system, the system of his

(Sigued) Von BRINKMANN. alliances, and the engagements which perhaps may spring from it, ever to become the LORD HARROWBY to Lord Gower.object of a discussion. His Prussian Majesty The following Letter is translated from has himself declared, that it is his principle the French Official Paper, the Moniteur, to regard this indisputable right of every of the 20th of March, 1805, prefaced ly sovereign; he cannot therefore but acknow the following remark: The alsurdity of ledge it in its application. If then he will a Trecity of Sulsily letueen Sweden consider, that no measure of the King ever and England is such, that tho king of furnished the slightest ground for suspecting Sweden himself appears to disavow it. its being directed against the particular inte The following is a Letier from Lord rest of Prussia, the right of demanding fir Harrowly to Lord Gower, written on ther explanations on those measures (the na !he 5th of Nor. 1804, which affords elutnre of which sufficiently indicated their ob cidations on this and other points, that ject), is consequently not afforded. Tlie " will be read with interest." This LetKing cannot as yet persuade himself that his ter has not l'een publicly avowed by Lord Prussian Majesty will persist in his intention llarrouloj; l'ul, it has no: been publicly to modify the general polity of Sweden, by disavowed; though it has now been pub the influence of his systern of neutrality, lished in the London papers more than six which influence would be the more inadmis weeks. sible, since the said system (on which the I am glad to hear you have got so far in King does not permit himself to judge, with so short a time. The concluding part of respect to the states of his Prussian Majesty, your letter gave no hopes of great success; and the neighbouring states which have for but the news from Copenhagen (received the mally recognized it) cannot possibly extend 11th) relative to the arrival of the Amethyst, its effects so far as to confine the general dis prored that our fears were groundless. I positions of a Sovereign, who (as such) does hope you will prevail on Russia, if not to fire not recognise any person's supremacy, and, great guns, at least to publish thundering is a member of the Germanic Empire, only manifestoes about the seizure of the Chevathat of the Emperor of the Romans. The lier Rumbold. Sweden has sent the account King, therefore, has no other explanations to of the expense of 25,000 men, amounting to gire than there, that he will invariably about forty-cight millions of livres tournois ; prove true to his principies, the justice and and I conclude from it, that the Swedish midignity of which must constantly be the best nisters have made this account on purpose to guarantees of his intentions. His Majesty have it rejected. We know nothing yet of readily belieres that the King of Prussia will the first negotiation.-M. Frere has been acknowledge the justice of the preceding re- very ill. On the 28th of September he sent marks ; and that he will not avail himself of a note to Cevallos, to complain of the armacome erroneous and exaggerated assertions ments at Ferrol. The only answer he reto attempt an unjust conquest. Of this the ceived was, that those armaments were not King must be doubly convinced, on consi- destined against Great Britain.-- Parliadering that those assertions (even by the ment is adjourned to the 3d of January. The avoval of the Cabinet of Berlin itself), are King is returned, perfectly well in every remade by a government, the hostile senti spect. The dispatch of this day is particu: ments of which, towards his Majesty's per-larly calculated for the Court of Berlin, be. son, are known to all Europe. Should it, cause it has hitherto shewn very little incli, revertheless, be possible, in spite of the dation to enter into those views. But even King's corniction, in this respect, that an Vienna requires much spurring on it:apactual attack be made on Pomerania, his Ma-pears from the reports of Sir Arthur Paget, justyd. ciares, that he will not be wanting in that affairs have not been more forwarded by allies, si ho will too clearly see the justice of the negotiation of Rasumowsky. As lung as

Supplement to No. 20, Vol. VII.--Price 10d.

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