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. Proceedings against Lord Melville. tros judiciat to the public service, and insulting terns under their permission and connivance to the House, and the nation at large, for and therefore praying the House to continue Lord Melville any longer to continue in his. such commission of inquiry as has already. Majesty's councils, or to hold any place of discovered such abuses, and to institute any. trust, profit, or bonour, in or under the new commission which may be necessary to govermnent'; and that they conceive all ascertain whether in any other department other persons who may be implicated in, or of the state the national finances have beer have connived at, 'such abuses, to be incapa misapplied, and also to devise such legal pro ble any longer of serving the country with ceedings upon those instances of misapplicahonour or advantage, and ought equally to tion already before the public as may satisfy be brought to a severe. 'account; and there the general cry for justice, by bringing all foré praying, that the House, taking these persons concerned to a strict responsibility. matters into their serious consideration, will vigorously promote and prosecute those in

SUMMARY OF POLITICS. quiries, and cause the powers of the said Many important subjects, which belonged commissioners to be prolonged and extended, to this head, have, during the last four or fist and other measures to be adopted, in order weeks, been unavoidably omitted. I say that such further inquiry may be made into unavoidably, because there was not time, and, the receipt, management, and expenditure of in some instances, not room, to introduce the public money, and the conduct of the them, without excluding part, at least, of public offices, as may lead to the detection of that which has been inserted relative to the all abuses and the punishment of all offences, Tenth Report and matters commected thereand that such a system of vigilance and ecca with; and; which exclusion I could, in my nomy may be established, as may effectually own mind, have found nothing to justify, guard against the recurrence of such flagrant convinced as I have all along been, and as: abuses.

still am, that, compared with the danger to

be apprehended from an alienation of the PETITION AGAINST LORD MELVILLE pre people from the government, all other daa* sented to the House of Commons on the gers, though some of them in themselves very 25th of April, 1805, from the Mayor and great, are of trifling importance. To see the Corporation of the City of Salisbury, set powers of the Continent, from whom co-opeting forth

ration was expected, shrinking from our 1 hat the petitioners have perused, with touch'; to see our West-India islands, submuch concern and interest, the resolutions of mitting, one after another, to contributions the House of the 8th and 10th days of this demanded by an enemy, of wlrose maritime instant April, with concern, that any charges

force the ministerial writers have constantly of the nature therein implied should attach been speaking in terms of contempt; at upon any individual in high official situation, this day to hear of the bustle of preparation and with interest that the representatives of

to enable our admirals to face thie combined the nation have, under the circumstance of fleets of France and Spain: either of these such charges, marked such individual with circumstances is sufficient to cause deep we their censure and reprobation ; and that the gret in the mind of any man attached to his petitioners beg leave to state, that, in com country; but, neither of them, nor even all mon with the nation at large, they have to la of them put together, is a thousandth part.so ment the weight of the burdens to which the much to be dreaded as the loss of the hearts legislature has found it necessary to submit of the people. To secure these the House ther, but they claim for themselves, in com of Commons has taken one important step: mon with the nation at large, the merit of and, it is the duty of every man to make use having borne them with patience, readiness, of all the constitutional means in his power and equanimity, trusting that what had been to induce them to pursue, to a satisfactory granted liberally would be applied faithfully; termination, the excellent work they have but when a suspicion is gone forth, under the

begun. authority of parliamentary commissioners, PROCEEDINGS AGAINST LORD MELVILLE. and that suspicion apparently adopted by the The history, somewhat disjointed indeed, et House, that peculation has been hard at these proceedings' was, in the foregoing work, the petitioners take leave to call upon sheet, p. 672, brought down to the sch the national representatives for redress, re ultimo, when it was determined, in the minding them that it is of little consequence House of Commons, to form a select conte as a public grievance, of little consequence mittee, in the manner described in p070, in point of official morality, whether the ac to inquire, as far as related to the conductiot tual peculation be by men of great authority Lord Melville, -into the circumstances. DO and power, of by their deputies and subal- specting the diverting of the naval money

to other purposes, alleged by his lordship to Privy Seal in Scotland, some suggestions be of a public nature. The Commons have, have been offered me, which should not, foa since the formation of the select committee, a moment be suppressed. In answer to a sent a dressage to the Lords, requesting that question, put by Mr. Fox, on the 6th instant. berd Melville may be ordered to appear be whether Lord Melville bield any place of fore the committee, the Lords have taken the profit during the pleasure of the Crown, Mr: request into consideration, and this paper will, Pitt is said to have answered, "Novie but probably be printed before their decision be for life;" 2 which is probably true, if the known - In the mean time a very impor Letter of the Grant only is considerede for tant and most satisfactory step has been taken we know of none he contimes to bold, but by his Majesty, who has resolved to strike the annuity of 1,5001., granted in July last, Lord Melville's name from the list of his and the office of Keeper of the Privy Seal of

Privy Council. The reader will remember, Scotland. But whether either of them E that the vote of censure having been passed can be considered as legally granted, and held

on the 8th ultimo, Mr. Whitbread, upon the for life, is a new and a curious question, next meeting of the House, which took place which the capacity of Lord Melville will on the 10th, was prepared to make a motion probably cause to be agitated. An annuity, for an address to his Majesty to remove Lord or pension, payable out of the King's priMelville from his royal presence and coun vate revenue, or the Civil List, is usually cis for ever. Mr. Pitt objected to this ; granted, I believe, during His Majesty's and, it was finally agreed, simply to lay the pleasure. Can the Sovereign go furthery resolutions of the 8th before the King, leava and, by his grant, charge that revenue for a ing it to the ministers to advise his Majesty period which may exceed his own: life:;: Cr as to what further steps should be taken. charge the revenge of his successors? That This done, on the 11th, the House adjourned is one yiew; but what will be said, if it to the 25th. When it met again Mr. Whit turns out, upon the investigation proposed bread inquired, whether his Majesty had by Lord Henry Petty, that this annuity of been advised to dismiss Lord Melville from. Lord Melville is charged on the public re; his councils, to which Mr. Pitt replied, that he venue of the country, without the authority had not; and, added, that, until he should be of Parliament? -Agaiu, as to the office further instructed by the House, he should of Keeper of the Privy Seal.. Does it not not think it right to advise his Majesty to sound somewhat odd, that ihe King should command such dismission. Whereupon Mr. be advised to cominit the custody of his seals Whitbread gave notice that he should, on a to a person for life? What should we say, future day, make a motion for an address if the Privy Seal or the Great Seal of England to His Majesty upon the subject; which were given in that way?.. The Privy Seal motion was brought forward on the 6th in and Great Seal of Scotland are precisely stant. But, a debate and division were pre analagoas, though of less importance Nor vented by Mr. Pitt's stating, that, having does ile incongruity stup here... The grant FOUND it to be the opinion of the majority of of that office to Lord Melville is cither i.. the House, that Lord Melville should be dis legal, or it must be maintained, that the missed from the Privy Council, he had ad King may, by law, comit the custody i vised His Majesty to dismiss him! -There the meals of his suxessor to any person le will offer a future occasion to remark more pleases ; he muy chuse the greit officers of circumstantially upon this part of the pro that successor: If thit::is unconstitatinal; ceedings. At present I must beseech the if common sense revolts 21 is then die y cant reader's attention to some circumstances re to Lord Melville, though it porporis to be for lating to what remains to be done with re his own life, ran at the utmust, tundi onlya:spect to Lord Melville ; for, when we co! ring the life of the Sovereign

weet sider former punishments, whether of little Precedent mar bet sorted io.. Wil prece. er great. delinquents, whether we consider dent support wizal is to caly; sentially, and the case of HADILIN, or of the Lords Bacon constitutionally boudin Bizert is just one praand Macclesfield, we must perceive that cedent in the cast of Lord Meibessina much yet remains to be done to satisfy the diate predecessor. Last Nielvitte formurit demands of justice, and to furnish a useful held another of tha kviagis dents in Scotland, example. As to the grant of certain rem the Signei, a rariuc sisecotice, ulow: held venues recently obtained in the name of Lady: by his Sou; uponebiz.résigmtion. That iiat Melville, Mr. Bond's declaration, without wise was granted to bimulor life, contrary to any comment, may suffice for the present ; all precedent, and m repugnance to the ha bat, with respect to Lord Melville's annuity ture of the office, The Signetis, I believe and his office and income as Keeper of the the Seal, corresponding toilati. wilich ale

it sengebiendo 197 :

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Secretaries of State in England. hold. The and lent by, Lord Melville to other branches office of keepers of the Signet was accord of the public service ; with regard to this ingly attached to that of Secretary of State point, the ministerial. paper, the Couriet. for Scotland, an office which subsisted till of the 8th instant, has the following curious abont the year 1745, when the name was remark : " From the exaniination of Vio dropped, but the keeper of the Signet is in " Pitt, and Mr. Long, before the Select fact the Secretary. Is it not monstrous to say " Committee, it has, we understand, satisa person may be appointed Secretary of the factorily appeared, that the mottey King for life; that the King renounces the “vanced by the Treasurer of the Naty power of changing his Secretary; and still to the Board of Treasury, in 1790, was more, that the King may name the Secretary “ applied to the prevention of great pulle of his successors? These are some of the calamity; and, after averting the most points, to which it is to be presumed Lord perilons commercial distresses, was. CorHenry Petty intends to call the attention of rectly repaid to the department from the House; and that they are well worthy " which it had been borrowed on this naof its attention), will not, I think, be deni “tional exigency:"--This paragraph, let red by any one, who entertains a disinterest it be observed, was inserted, word for word, ed regard for the monarchy, and who consi in the other ministerial papers, ihe ORACLE, ders how important it is, that the King the Sull, and the MORNING HERALD; àod, should be afforded, apon occasions like the in the remaining paper of that descriptica, present, every fair opportunity of showing the MORNING Post of the gth, the persons, that the Crown not less than the House of who are taking such uncommon pains to preCommons is the guardian of the rights and possess the public mind, and who may easily interests of the people:

be guessed at, thought proper to ventore to Mr. Pitt's case. It will be remember- speak out a little planner; as thus : * Mr. ed (see p. 670), that the principal object of Pitt and Mr. Long have been twice exa. the Select Committee of the House of Com " mined before the Select Conmittee of the mons, now sitting, is to inquire into the his House of Commons,' zipon the subject of conduct of Mr. Pit!, relative to three points; some temporary assistance afforded to the 10 wit; 1. the obt::ining a writ of privy seal, house of Beyd ond Benficld, to enable them whereby to excuse Lord Melville from pay " to make good an instalment of the Imperial ing the balance of 24,0001. due from him to Loan; a measure deemed necessary for the public on account of Mr. Jellicoe's defal " the m'iintununce of the honour and creilut of 'cation ; 2. the knowledge which he had of

the ro'intry."

What! is this, then, the certain sums of naval money having teen great pu"lic service? Was this the way, in drawn from the Bank of England contrary which Mr. Pitt and Lord Melville scued the

to law, and lent by Lord Nelville to other nation? Surely, this never can he true. • branches of the public service; 3. whether, What! Boyd and Benfield! The famiru or not, Mr. Pitt was informer, or knew, Messrs. Bord and Benfield of the no less fac that Messrs, Dundas and Trotter drew nie mo's Messrs. Pitt und Dundas! Paul Bennaval money from the Bank of Englar:di and field? Mr. Dundas's Paul Beufeld? The applied it to purposes of private advantage. Nach of Arcot's Paul Benfield ? Really, 17

The reacier must be aware of the gross this should prove to be the case, if it should impropriety of attempting to state, in point, prore that, in order to support Boyd an? what has come out betore the Committe. Benfield (för whose sake, be it remeutered As in the ease of Lord Melyille, bowever, the Bank of Engłud uus thrown into the the ministerial papers having begun their en shade), sums, already raised upon the sun denvours to aniicipate the report of tive Com. were lent'to these loan-jobbers, in order to mittee, and to prompt fie public to a prema enable them to lead the pollici OVA **0ture decision, I think it right just to point rey, for which interest and a lonks were out these endeavours, and to cantion my paid by that public to them; if this should Teaders against the share which this venal be proved, it wo:ut be a libel indeed upon tribe is Jaying for their judgment.--the House of Commons; it would be to imTouching the transaction relating to the writ pute corrup:ion to the wkde of the governof privy seal, they have, as yet, said nothing. nrent, to insinuate tsat any of the persons But, with regard to the second point, the concerired in such a crinie, śrch a priviligate knowledge which Mr. Pitt had of the withdessance of the law, sach á fagrant act! drawing of certain sunts of naval money pablic robbery, ronid escape condigo per. afrom the Bank of England, contrary to daw, ment. The subject shuflke rerired in smert. Printed by Cox and Bavlis, Nr.75, Great Queen Street, an? published by R. Bigstaw, Bw.Sort. Three Garden, where former Numbes

may be had; sald also sy do Budd, Ctbva and Mive, fl-Maldiv

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Vol. VII. No. 207 LONDON, SATURDAY, MAY, 13, 1305. *} BY {PRICE JOD..

i hele verore Ni Speakes, I think isin spicient cicattress', tive connection of the Ministets " with dt. Akin on the the reneral election ; 'I have lait spen to'yon the counection of Alkinson aad " Benfields Inate shown infeld's employment of his valib, in orentias parliamentary interest, o

provare a ministerial protection ; 'I have set belore your eyes but lacus. concern in the eco: of the Nabob " of arcal, his parences to hide blat concern from the publicse, and the liberal protection which he has

secutive ! trom the minister. If this chain of circumstances its not lead you necessarily to conclude,' that " beinni ter las paid to the starise of Benfield the services done, by Benfield's connectilins, to his 1 * imbi ion, 1 b Thot know any thing short of the confession of the party dar can persuade you of his 1 gula"-BURKE, Speech on the Nabou of Arcot's debts, 24th Feb. 1745. 70's]

[706 TO MR. CANNING,

mencement of the "new ara," anhounced THE PRESENT TREISURER QE THE NAVY,

in the Olacle ? But, 'to prevent this, a very LEITER II.

important step is previously necessary; to 814.-lu tesiuming the discussion, bes, wit; to prevent the printing and publishing guy in the foregoing Letter (p:659), we must of truse speeches'; for, unless that were done, bear in mind, that tue cause, whence I was to prevent the printing and publishing of inlined to address you, was, a threat ainss. comments on the speeches would be to make all persoas concerned in conducting the Press cvery member of parliament a licenced libelof this country, billing the Editors th:reof ler. A man would, in such case, have noto take notice and receive warning, that a thing to do but to obtain a seat for a few days,

great chunge has now taken place in the just long enough to give him time to make

system of forbedrince hitherto adhered to, three or four motions and speeches, and he "aut declaring that a neiü crd has now be might, with perfect impunity, send forth, all

gum" which threat was conveyed to the over the world, and put upon record for ever, polic in a printed paper, in the Cracle, pur-charges of the most infamous nature against porting to be a speech delivered by you, in every one, whose repiitation he might wish the House of Commons, on the 2d instant. to destroy.' Am I told, that a person so deThe author, or publisher, of the several ar famed would have the law to avenge him? rictes, of which the last-micntioned was the Avenge liim on uhom, and how? On the Illus remarkable, laving stated, as the ground printer and publisher, not on the maker of Oj Lie threat, that Mr. Grey and other gen the speech, who is protected from all inquitemen of the Opposition had complained of ries as to what he'miy say itt parliament. · le publication of a libel on the House of And, how is such injured person to be Cumarons, it behoves us, as was proposed in avenged? Will the punishment of the printer p. 0$4,, to inquire into the nature and ten and publisher avenge him? Will that'atford dency of the libel, published in the Oracle him restress? Will that destroy the effect of and complained of by Mr. Grev, compired "the defamation? Where, then, is he, in such with publications in general touching upon case, to seek for protection to liis character, the proceedings in partiainent;. whence we. except through the same channel, which has was be able to judge of the propriety and de Conveyet to the woril thelbel against him? teney of proclaiming the conumencemerit' of Yut, it the doctrin, tiat it is awful so

a new oro," merely becanse the priblisher Courront open speeches of inembers of patni that live had been brought before the Jianent, be' maintained, if this be the docUutise, imprisone 1 a few days in the cham tring to be adhirer! io in the " new ära," a bers of Wesunipseor Hall, and then released person so deumit must not make use of the with a reprimand from the Speaker.

press even to detail bis character, because, It is hardly intended, in this " new era,. in the case supruge (201.such cases have free clatirely to prevent the press from comment- gienty ari zen), he could not do it without ng upon the proceedings in parliament; be coanning on the speech of a member Case siich" prevention would, of course, ex of parliament. But, wly seek any' case other tun } to all the bills introduced and all the than that now before tis?• Dir. Stuart is i:10 1.** D255€.?; and, if the press must not make seiste to, priblish an infamous libed on the rjusentations of the evil tendency of bills use of Commons; complaint is made cal acts, to boast of the lilerty of the prtss, against him by the members of the Oppos":

call that liberty "ibe palladium of free tion; he is imprisoned and reprimanded, (49," is only to expose ourselves to ridi andi, because of it,' lie, under the form of a Cise and contempt. Is it the speeches, which speech or youn, 11741 del inuits the con Huile not to comment upon, after the com dictors of all the public prints in England,

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bidding them, and that, too, in the most as-price; * while this is the case, shall we be suming and offensive manner, to“ take no forbidden to comment upon publications thus “ tice and receive warning" of the cessation produced, especially when we consider, that of forbearance, and of the commencement of these publications frequently contain very&. new ära."

And, merely because this vere animadversions upon individuals as well threat is published as the speech of a mem as upon bodies of men? The truth, is, tha ber of parliament, must none of us, the par- the speeches have, for so long a time, beca ties threatened, comment upon it ? Must we suffered to be taken down and

published, that hang our heads; slink about as- if we were there is now little reason to suppose, that the guilty, seeming to acknowledge that we exer- practice will ever be put a stop to; and, the cise our profession, and even that we wear our right of commenting upon what has been *ears, by mere indulgence? Dol, then, contend printed and published is so evident, that it is for the right of calling members of parliament, not likely it should ever be seriously called in to an account for what they say in their pla- question. The same rules, therefore, that ces, of criticising every word that drops are observed with respect to other publicafrom their lips, and thus preventing them tions will, of course, be observed with refrom freely speaking their minds ? No such pect to comments upon proceedings in perthing It is not what they say in their liament. If they be neither seditious Dor places, but what is printed and published libeilous, in the eye of the law, as that la under their names, that I claim the right to is interpreted in other cases, they ought to be comment on, to criticise, to praise, to ridi- regarded as innocent; and if they be sediicule, or to censure. Am I told, that such tious or libellous, they ought to be regarded

publications are néither made nor authorized as criminal; the ouly difference being, that by the persons, under whose names they each House possesses, as it ought to posses, - ppear. Sometimes they are not. But that the right of inflicting immediate punishment

, circumstance can have no weight. The pub- without having recourse to any other tribu"lication is made, and, being made, I may, nal. Here, then, we come, Sir, to the without at all offending against the privilege point in view, namely, whether the fibel

of parliament, make on it any remarks that published by Mr. Stuart, and inserted in I choose. · Will it be said, that, then, two p. 673, was, or was not, libellous, and whe conductors of public papers, one by publish ther it did, or did not, exhibit a wide deparing a report of the speeches, and the other ture from the practice which those who conby commenting on them, when reported, duct the press of this country have general; may, with impunity, represent as fools or observed with regard to the decisions of parlia.

knaves, any of the members of parliament, ment as well as to the speeches, or imputed against whom they may, for whatever rea speeches, of its members. It was no ordinary sons, choose to combine their mischievous measure, on'which the writer in the Oracie talents ? Not with impunity, Sir. No; the was commenting : it was not on a regulation parliament as a body, and its members or law, the expediency or inexpediency of individually, have, at all times, in their hands which had become matter of dispute ; it was a ample powers for the prevention of such at decision upon a most important subject, a sotacks

upon them. They, or either of them, lemn decision of the House of Commons, can, in the first place, prevent their speeches and that, too, let it be remembered, in the from being heard by any persons but them- judicial capacity of that House. The majoselves; if they indulge us with the hearing, rity of the House were termed " intemperete they can prevent us from taking down their judges ;” their decision was called!' a speeches; and, they can punish, at their " presumptuous" one, “ directed and efidiscretion, any one who pullishes a report of any speech or speeches delivered in either * This circumstance is not introduced for House." Is any thing more wanted to pre the purpose of swelling out an enumeration serve their proceedings from the rude touch I am ready to prove the fact I here allude so, of the press ? They have only to enforce their I am ready to prove, not only that the doorown standing orders, and then no one can keepers of the House of Cominons late comment on their speeches, without be inoney for admitting persons into the gal. conuing liuble to punishment at their own lery, but, that they demand money for such discretion; but, while those orders are not admission, and that they turn persons are enforced, while people are suffered to take who refuse to come up to their demands

. down and to publish the speeches, and while Whether these practices be sanctioned by, or the-means of taking them down, while ad known to the superiors of these door-keepers, mission to the gallery of the House of Com I know not, but of their existence I am cere anons, is-sold, and sold, too, at a very high tain, and am ready to produce proof.

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