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governor and


25th Geo. III. cap. 31, according to which treasury shall be drawn, shall be issued to he was in future to regulate bis.conduct, the

governor and company of the bank of and which we now find be began instantly | England, in like manner as they have been to violate, continuing in that violation du heretofure issued to the treasurer of liis Ma. ring the whole of the long series of years jesty's navy;, and all such monies to be is that he alterwards remained in the office of sued to the governor and company of the Treasurer of the Navy, The act has fre bank of England, shall be placed on an acquently been quoted from, and the sub count or accounts to be raised in the books stance of its provisions have been slated ; of the


of the said but, I think it best here to insert it entire ; bank of Ingland, and to be inrituled, The or all that part of it at least which relales Account of the Treasurer of his Majesty's Mto the custody of the public money.

py, inserting the name of such treasurer lor

the time being, for the pay branch, cashier's « Act XXV. Geo. III. Cap. 31. branch, and the victualiing, branch; and on An act for belter regulating the Office of the receipt of all such monies at the exchequer,

Treasurer of bis Majesty's Navy.. the treasurer of the navy shall immediately THEREAS it appiars, by tbe reports certity to the commissioners of the navy an

made by the commissioners appointed account of the vhole receipt, under the reto examine, take, and state, the public accounts spective heads of service, and shall also cerof ibe kingoioni, that regulations are necessary tify to the commissioners of the victualling, for better conducting the busine's in the de and sick and hurt boards, the particular sunis partment of the treasurer of bis Majesty's navy; received, and applicable to those services be il therefore enacted by the King's most respectively. excellent Majesty, by and with the advice II. And be it further enacted and deand consent of the lords spiritual and ten clared, That no fees whatsoever shall be poral, and commons, in this present parlia- | paid at the exchequer or treasury for or by meni assen.bled, and by the authority of the reason of the transactions aforesaid, beyond same, Thai, from and after the first day of the amount of what hath been, usually paid July, one thousand seven hundred and upon imprests and accounts hitherto made, eighty-five, the treasurer of his Majesty's according to the former custom of transactDavy

for the time being, in all memorials to ilig business belween the exchequer, navy be by him presented to the treasury for mo pay office, and bank, severally, ney for navy services, shall pray that such ÍII. And be it further enacted, Thaly sum as he requires may be issued to the go from and after the first day of July, one vernor and company of the bank of England thousand seven hundred and eighty-nve, no on his accounts and shall transmit with money for the service of the


shall be each memorial a copy of the letter or letters issued from bis Majesty's exchequer to the from the comniissioners of the navy, victual treasurer of the navy, or shall be placed, or Iing, and sick and hurt boards, directing directed to be placed in his hands of pose him to apply for such sum or sums; in session, but the same shall be issued and di. which letier or letters the said commission rected to be paid to the governor and comers shall, and they are hereby required and pany of the bank of England, and to be directed to specily for what particular ser placed to the accounts abovementioned, vice or services the said money is wanted; according to the services for which it is and shall alse state the balances then in the craved and issued. hands of the treasurer of the navy, under

IV. And be it enacted, That the trea. each bead of service respectively; and the surer of his Majesty's navy for the time commissioners of bis Majesty's treasury for being, by himself, or the person or persons the time being, by their leiler from time to in his oflice duly authorised by the said Leatime, shall direct the auditor of the exche. surer, from and after the first day of July, quer to issue, to the governor and company one thousand seven hundred and eightyof the bank of England, on account of the five, shall draw upon the governor and treasurer of his Majesty's navy, naming company of the bank of England for all nasuch, treasurer for the time being, the sum vy services whatever, and shall specify, in for which such leuter shall be drawn, upon cach and every draft, the head of service the unsatistied order at the exchequer in for which the same is drawn; and no draft favour of the said treasurer, for which the of the said treasurer, or the person of peracceipt of the cashier or cashiers of the said sons authorised as aforesaid, shall be deemgovernor and company shall be a sufficient ed a sufficient vouclier to the said governor discharge; and all suins for which let. and company of the bank of England, unless ters of the commissioners of his Majesty's the same specifies the head of service for

which it is drawn, and has been actually ship should have been more prompt in putpaid by the said gwernor and company of ting a stop to such a daring violation of the the bank of England.

law; and there are those who wonder wliv V. Provided always, That the monies to Mr. Bragge did not sooner profit from Lord be issued unto the governor and compiny Harrowby's inquiry, especially as his lord. of the bank of England, on account of the ship had had froni June, 1900, 10 November, treasurer of his Majesty's mavy, shall not 1601.10 complete that inquiry; after suchy a be paid ont of the bank, unless for navy ser space

of time taken up in inquiry, one might vices, and in pursuance of drafts to be have expected his lordship to inform lís suedrawn on the governor and company of the ce-zor, Mr. Bragge, of the result'; and, bank (f England, and signed by the trea rhougir he might forget so to do, one migive 8!1ies f S M jesty's bary for the time have expected Mr. Bragge (a lawyer. bo it being, or the personas persons authorised remembered) to find out the true intent and a, alor swi; in which ilrafis shail be spe meaning of the law, under which he was cihed the heads of sersice to which the sunis acing upon his responsibility ; on“ triig bit, therein mentioned are to be a pleed; and surely have expected Mr. Bragge to find out which wrafis, so drawn, shall be suilicient the meaning of this law in a sfiorter space of authority to the bank to pay cuch money to time than fron Novenaber, 1801 to the Semthe persons inentioned in such dr.fis, ir to mer of 1802! That neither Lord iturrowhy the bearer of them."

nor Mr. Broge sbariit, either directly or idi. When the reader has perused this act with direcily, in Trotter's profits, is evident; bilt, aircution, which I beseech him to do, will lie one cannot help lamenting, that they should, believe it possible, that its intention could from

ару considerations whilever, hue, for have been' misunderstood by Mr. Dundas? 60 long a time, permitied the law to be Mr. Dondas, the person who framed it; the grossly violated by their Deputy; and, still person who was to execute it; the person, niure is one constrained to lamient, that Air. who side by side with Mr. Piit, was pushing Bragge, even after he put a stop to the vio. on to power, by the means of professions of lation of the law, did not dismiss the person, an earnest desire to promote economy in the by whoin that violation had been committed. expenditure of the public money The In short (and it is a fact to be kept constantly Treasurer's act, observe by the preamble, in mind), though we see two Treasurers sucwas founded upon the report of the Com ceed Mr. Dundas; though we hear that cne miss.oners of Accounts ; that report recom of them instituted an inquiry, and thit both mended regulations in the Navy Treasurer's of them disapproved of Mr. Trotter's pracOffice similar to those adopted in the Army tices, we find that his practices were never Paymaster's office; and, by comparing the really put a stop to 'till the summer of 1802 ; two acts it will be found, that, with the That is to say, 'till Lord Sr. VINCENT 7Psolved exception of names and of circumstances si pon instituting tbat Commission of Inquiry as to which the two offices totally differed, which has brought all these mariers to light. the words are exacıly the same. One act -But, to rerurn to Lord Melville : after was, in truth, copied from the other; and, what has been said, will any one believe it therefore, the conduct of the Army Pagmas. | possible that that person could misunderters, invariably pursued since the pay-office stand the intention of the act of the 25th bill was passed, is the strongest possible of the King Will any one believe that Mr. proof, that Mr. Dundas could oot have mis. Pirt, Mr. Canning and the Master of the anderstood the intention of the act for the re Rolls could think that he bad misunderstood gulation of his office of Treasurer of the its intention? The censured lord has been Navy. Lord Harrowby went from the Pay- / represented as a person so deeply engaged in Ořice to that of Treasurer of the Navy; and, matters of higher moment, that he night upon his oath, he tells the Commissioners of probably have forgotten all about the TreaNaval Inquiry, that, fiuding a practice pre- snrership of the Navy; and, it has been envailing in his nerv office, which did not pre deavoured to hold up Trotter as an artful vail in his old office, and knowing the legal knave, who had taken advantage of his paregulutions to be the same, he was led to insi trun's misplaced confidence. It is certain, tule an inquiry into the cause of this differ that to be at once President of the Board of ence in the practice of the two oilices. He Control, that is to say, very nearly the sovesays that sickness' prevented him from com reign of India; War Secretary of Slaté; and pleting bis inquiry; but, that he had heard Treasurer of the Navy: it is very certain, nothing that convinced him, that the prac that, to fill all these offices at one and the tice of Mr. Trotter was ar all necessary or

same time is what never would liave been useful. Some people think, that his lord. attenipted by any man but a Dundas or a


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Pitt. It was impossible that the duties of honour. -- Mr, Pitt, in the debate just them all could be, in a proper manner, dis quoted from, was followed by Mr. Wilbrrchargrd by any man upon earthr; or, if they force, who strongly censured he conduct of could, the ottices themselves were of too liia Mr. Tierney, and who insisted that, as to Mr. tle importance io have such sataries attached Dundus, " there never was more autention, to them. But what did Mr. Dundas hiin. "! shiligence, and a sidairy in any office, ihan self say upon this subjeci, when, in 1797, “ in chat over which that righit hom. gent, Ur. Tierney bought forward a set of reso u · "s president. Inderd; lie thought him a 1100€ (escribing the several offices and sources lel jor imitation. It was, there of emolument cujoved by this Briarean siates " fore, not withum indignation that he 11:11: Upoz that oculsion Mr. Duodas said, o listened to the insinuations throud out that with regard to the office of Trea " against ministers ou tisie occasion." Scrap

surer of the Navy, it had been considered Bernard od sije others, of that stamp, “: by sume as a sanccufe ; bui, it had not spsk in the $8:11 min ; and, Mr. Tiemney,

berri so is him. He had attended a great after a reply, in .ch he did no: spure ." deal to the laterest of those whom it was theol, saw his motion rejected without a di“his business. 10 pay the sailors and those vision. Thus it w89, that, for twenty years, * relatives who were to receive their wages; tb-y proceeded. They ruse by professions " and that, aisbough the bill be brought of reform and econoary; and after thre hd • into parliament was a shurt one, yet ibe obtained sale possession of power, thev, tarihe " attention he gav: to the subjert was very mennarr aire de cribed, filled every i1] laborious. He spoke handsomely of all quiry into their conduct; vill, fistubarely for " the gentlemen in the offices under luis di the cuntry, lol St. Vincent resolved to " rection' inot a word about Jellicoe, or instituie the Boari of Coomis,joreis. Mr. --- who defrauded the Treasurer's Wilberforce and Scrupe Bernard knew, as office] “ for their talents and diligence. well as Mr. Tierney, obat ilir. Dundas held “ He confessed, however, that he could three great ofices; and, they ought to have

give the House no encouragement to ex known, that he couli not discharge the du

pect any reduction of the public expendi ries of them. Mr. Wilberforce noce, piro " ture of 'bis offices : for, he knew not of haps, begins to think it his « indignation" " one single point, in which, consistently at an attempt to insure an inquiry into “ with the due discharge of official doiy, the matter was not altogether proper. lle " there could be any retrenchment. He must begin to find that he was deceived; “ must decline saying any thing of his ow'n that he was misled; that he was more aa talents; bot, he could safely lay bis hand instrume:t to shelter abuses and corruption ; '“ upon his heart, and declare, that, in po one his conduct on Monday niglie es inces prolly

instance was he conscious of having ne clearly that he has now discovered his error. “ glected his public duty." I his laying the What I have had in view, in this re. hand upon the heart is now worn out. Mr. ference to the debate of 1511 December, Piti foilowed, of course, and he said, that 1797, is, 10 show the fallacy of ihad notion, the “ labours of his right honourable friend, wluch the endless tribe of the Dundasses and " in th public service, would be adequately their followers are now endeavouring 10 “ estimated ooly by pos'erity, after ihe peru. propagare ; to wil; that all be jaule was “ sil of the documents whicb would be left be Trotter's ; that « bonesl Harry Dandus hind him!' Gracious Heaven ! how care know nothing of be matter;" and, in fact, ful a mao ought to be of what he says ! that bonest Harry hardly knew that he was " What documents trow?" Ab! cruel, treasurer of the navy. We find that it was cruel Lord Melville! to burn all those pre quite the coutrary. That he was all rigicious documents for mere pasiime at “ Mel lance and activity: all life and soul: "all “ ville Castie," and 10 leave posterity no

eye, all car. - But,' we are not yet thing but the few scraps that are to be traced come to the close of the history of the act of in the Tenth Report! Posterity may, indeed, parliament, which has been so gros ly vrofind the noble name of Dandas inscribed in lated. That act was not a mere official ar. Dir. Trotter's accounts; and, it has been rangement, introduced by Mr. Dundas, and suggested, that certain select passages from left to his interpretation, as it has been en. the Tenth Report should be engraven on that dearoured, to be represenled. The general statue, which the people of Edinburgh hive topic, in which that of this act was included, voted, and have, probably, began to erect, lo was thought to be of importance encogh to the memory of this bosom friend and inse make a prominent feature in the speech parable associate of him, to whom the wise from the throne. The King sold the pare acres of Loaden did intend to do a similar

liament, that he " trusted ihey would take

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" into early considération the matters sug. "particularly to remedy, by altering the

getdin ise reports of ibe Commissioners of great source and pretence for delay in she l'abile decommes, and such further reli $ office, the practice of the sub-accounts "ations as migbe apprar to be necessary in " Apts. , battad of the manner now in use " the ditterent others of the kingdom." To ** of their receiving money from the Irfussurer bich the Commons made the following of the Navy, and holding an account

". That we are deeply sensibles ot " with bim, it is suggesied by my right you Majesty', pite dal goodness and care ““ bon. triend hat die sub-accountants

of your people, in reruminending to us, at si shul draw. by imprest, and shall have " the same sime, a justrga d to the econo personally to account to the Exchequcr.

my requisitr in every departinent; a duty “ Jo addition to these incans and to reduce which your Majeniy's faithfuil Commons " the balances in behandy of the Treasurer

tec.always incumbent upon themi, • of the Navy for ibe time being, the mom " and, at this time, peculiarly indi-pensa Dry is, in fullitt, to be placed in elte

ble That we shall alco proceed, with cristody of the Bank of England as is now " a, much expedition as possible, to the by the custom with the arniy expendienie." " consideration of the reports of the Con Now let anyone look at ihe Pay

missioners of Accounts, as well as of Office Actinseried above; let him recollect " srch further regulations in the different not only what has been since, but what uns “ offices of the kingdom, as may appear at the time, the invariable practice of the

likely to conduce to the public advan. Pay Office, with regard so the custody tage."

It was not, then, a irifliny mat of the public money ; let him recollect let. On the contrary, it was brought for what were the objects that the Commissionwardibus prominenly as a powerful means ers of Accounts bad in view, and what were of gaining popularity and insuring the pos their suggestions as to the accomplishing of "session of place and emolumeni. When those objects; and then let him believe, if

the billwas joirosluced there was nu debate; he call, for o e single moment, that Mr. · for was there any debate in any of the Dundas couid inisunderstaod, or that Mr. stages of the bill; but, in a committee of Pilt thinks he could have misunderstood, the the whole H se on that part of His Ma.. intention of the act, which the Commons jesty's speech relating to the reports of the have now declared him 10 have grossly

Commissioners, of Accounts, Mr. Piri de violated. What, then, are 'we to think of 'scribed the intention of the ministry, and of the attempt to roften down, to friiter away, Mr. Dunas in particular, as so the new to de troy, in fact, the censure finally passed regulations about to be introduced into the by ibat assembly, by substituting the words Office of the Treasurer of the Navy. He “ contrary to the intention of the law,” in begao by a high commendation of the Coin. lieu of “ a grass violation of the law :". missioners of Accounts, and besought the Tbus have we before us all the licks of this legislar ure in mike haste to profit from the chain of facts and circumstances. First the valoable lighıs derived from their reporis. people, groaning under the accumulated Proceeding then to the point in question he burdens heaped on them by a lavish expensaid: “ I have the happiness to say, that ditore, petition the parliament to retrench my right honourable friend, the present that expenditure ; secondly, we find the ." Treasurer of ibe Navy, has, in conse House of Commons appointing commission

quence of the repirl of the Commissioners on ers to inquire into the natan; of effecting 16 bis particular office, taken the whole of such retrepchment; thirdly, we see th$ " the practice and of their suggestions into House of Commons passing a resolution “ his most able consideration; and, he has, shat the treasurer of the nary and the pa eS after much inquiry and deliberate con master of the forces should be suffered to "" sultation, formed a plan which promises derive no profit from the use or interest to be effectgal. It seems, in his eyes, of the public money ;

next, the sala" to have all the ends in view whicb the ries of those officers are greatly augmented Commissioners recomiend, and which this by a warrant of His Majesty, in order to “ House must be eager to pass.

It tends to

compensate them for the loss of what they sy keep down balances in the hands of the formerly made by such use or interest; tien 4. Treasurer of the Navy for the time comes the act regulating the office of the

being. ....The plan is framed upon tbe Paymaster of the forces, which act has been " suggestion of the Commissioners." [I be daly executed from the moment it was in seech the reader to look back at hese sug force to the present time; afier this we find gestions.] We shall have to simplity the a recommendation of ihe Commissioners of

manner of keeping the accounts, and Accounts recommending a similar act far:


the regulation of the Office of Treasurer of Act was passed ; that act from which Mr. the Navy; to give ihis recommendation the Dundas copied the Navy Treasurership greater weight, and to satisfy the people, that Ace. Mr. Burke, immediately began to put his majesty and his ministers were sincerely the former act in execution, and thereby solicitous to guard the public treasure from efected a real x form, and set an example being misapplied, the King, in his spec ch of integrity and obedience to the law, from the throne, calls the attention of the which example bas, in the Pay master's Commons to the subject ; the Commons, in office, been juvariably followed to the a committee of the whole House, take the present day. Mr. Dandas copied the act, natter into their serious consideration, the but he took good care not to copy the minister clearly describes the intention of the conduct of the celebrated framer. He bill about to be submitted, ibe bill is sub took good care never to put the act in milled by the person who is immediately to execution. That was not wanted. The put it into execution, and, after all this, ifrat act bad answered its purpose when it very person begins to act, and for sixteen had furnished the occasion for making proyears continues to act, exactly contrary to fessions, and had thereby gained an addition ibe intention thus solemnly promolgated. of popularity. The violation of this law has And, when the daring violator of the law is been gross, it has been daring, shameful, at last derecicd; when a motion of censore seandalous; but, insulting and injurious 89 on him is proposed in tbat sa ne assembly, ir lias becn to the people of his country, where, wiih professions of superior purity and deadly as is the wound which it is caland of disinterested zeal for the public ser culated to give to the government itself, still vice, he first stood forward with ihe draft of it is not a thousandih part so hateful as the that law, theo is an attempt made to give hypocricy with which it has all along been to the sense of the House such an expression accompanied. It not only came forth in the as ta induce the world to believe, that he guise of reform; but the day, on which its has disobeyed the law merely because he did approach was first announced, was chosen not understand its imłentian! To this dilem for ihe making of a solemn profession af ma, however, are those who take this grourid political puriiy; principles of more than reduced, and this is the point to which I Spartan severity were proclaimed ; a ge. wish to rivet the abtention of the reader : peral denunciation against defaulters and either the intention of the law and of its peculators of every description, and down to framer was such as it was described by Mr. å size the most minute, was made; places Pitt in the speech above quoted, or it was granred even by patent from the Crown pot. If the former, then has the law been were declared not to be sheltered from the wilfully as well as grossly violated : if the curtailing and suppressive power of parliaJaster, then was the law intended to deceive mect. And here. I cannot refrain from the people, the parliament, and the king, quoting the remark, made at the time by and, under the garb of relorm, to carry on Mr. Fox, upon this last mentioned effusjon the work of corruption.

Which of these of remorseless virtue. “ I know perfectly Lord Melille and bis friend may choose, well," said he, “ that it always has been, is, to me, and, I believe, to the public in " and always will be oppopolar for any man general, a malier of perfect indifference ; to hold an opinion such as I hold, and as but, one of the iwo it is inipossible for them • I ever will avow upon this subject, but, to avoid. I capuot disnsiss this part of “ in spite of the unpopularity that will atthe subject without an endeavour to direct os tend such a declaration, I scruple not to the attention of the reader, for one moment, say, that I will never on any account give towards the general conduct of Messrs. my consent to touch any part of die Pitt and Dundas, at the title when this low einoluments deriveable under a grant from was passed. We all recollect, that reform, " the Crown." Here we have the characthe name of the reform, was the ladder by ters of the iwo men in epitonje. Mr. Fox means of which they atteined the summit of has been thought indiscreet for pursuing a

political rask and power. Yet, observe, line of public conduct so widely different . how ditferent was their cooduct from that of from that of his antagonist; but, in contests. their opponents ! It was during the short for political fame it is the sanse as in cone administration of Lord Rockingham, and tests in arms : those who are victors at the while Mr. Fox was Secretary of State, that end of the war jastly claim the superiothe resolution of the 18:h of June, 1782, rity.

rity. Mr. Pitt chose popularity for the peo was passed. It was during the short ad desial of his ámbition; it is always ministration of the Duke of Portland, Mr. "! weak foundation, slipperya and unsure; Fox, Mr. Burke, &c. that the Pay Otlice but he chose the very worst sort of il; be

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