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of his song.
times in language the most contemptuous right honourable friend loosen the tie, in the and insulting, forty-three tiines; Mr. Can case of the vote of censure; and were, then, ning, in his several speeches, has repeated the suspicious and charges of the Addingit till the ear tires with the sound, and, in tons well-founded after all ? Or, did the the debate of the 18th of June, he specifi tie of itself become more binding, when calıy states his objection to those members of strengtbened with a salary of four thousand the late ministry, who were displaced by the pounds a year, though enjoyed under a cabin change. “ I shall content myself,” said he, net of ten persons, upon the beads of six of “ with vindicating my own consistency. I whom he liad voted for a resolution of cen" objected to the administration of foreign sure? This is a dilemma from which it will
• affairs, and that has been changed; I ob. not be easy for Mr. Canning to extricate him. “ jected to the naval administration, and self. The truth is, I believe (and other per“ihat has been changed ; l objected to che sons believe it 100), that, ibis gentleman had, “ military administration, and i hat has been wben he made the speech last quoied from, “ changed; I also objected to the general protiled froin a worthy colleague of his, and “superintendence of the whole, and that was, in case of accidents, endeavouring to “ has been changed." That is, he objected provide himself with two strings to his to Lord Hawkesbury, Lord St. Vincent, bow." But, I strongly suspect, that, when Lord Hobart, and Mr. Addington'; the first his present bow fails him, he way, for a conwas removed, and the other three were siderable time, at least, give over the chase of turned out, before he would join the minis ambition; for, there is no man in the oppotry. Avd, will Mr. Addington come to be sition of common sense ihat can believe removed too? This is really a question. that, looking back to the vote of censure in And bere, as Mr. Canning is 'so nice upon June, 1803, Mr. Canning could bave beri the head of consistency, I cannot help hoping, induced to enter against his inclination into that he will condescend to clear up a doubt, the present ministry: N): he has frerly which ihis same speech of his, viewed in embarked in it, and he must silk or swiat conjunction with another of his speeches, with the pilot whose praises is the burtben has excited in my mind. After having
Whether Mr. Addington will stated the grounds upon which he justified quietly suffer him to remain is another quesbis consistency in coming into the new mi. tion: it is thought by sone that he will not. nistrý, having in it' six of the former “ in- But this is a matter of very trilling import: " çapable and imbecile” cabiner, he said, ance: there is no reason why they slook! “ I candidly confess that no man was more not agree full as well as Lord Hawkesbury “ disappointed than myself" [in finding that and Mr. Canning now do. Nevertheless, an administration upon narrow principles the charge of "incapacity and imbecily' was formed). "I wish it had been other so liberally bestowed upon Mr. Addingion u wise. I have myself no object of per and his colleagues by NIr. Pili, musi, soms“ sonal ambition ; but, when my right how or other, besmoothed over, or it is, one , “ honourable friend thought be conld gain would think, quile impossible ihat any real “ assistance from me, I did not feel myself co-operation should take place.
There are " inclined to relinquish the part I was called Three suppositions respecting the course “ upon to act, because it was an arduous one." which Mr. Addington will take: the tiist i,s Mr. Canning is now going to see an instance that he will take neither office por peerage, of the danger tbere is for an orator to dab. but will give his support in the character of ble in intrigue. On the third of June, 1803, a volunteer, and with all the advantages he supported and voted for Mr. Patten's mo arising from apparent disinterestedness: The tion of censure, though Mr. Pitt spoke and second is, that he will accept, as a reward voted against it. Upon that occasion, he for his services as speaker, a coronet, a bluesaid: “For the first time in my life, I am, ribbon, and a thumping pensior, and will " by an over-tuling sense of duty, to vote dif. quietly give up all pretensions to office and “ ferently from my right honourable friend." power : the third is, that he will insist upon Now, I would beg leave to ask him, in what a seat in the cabinet, upon an ollice of great respect the tie of duty was stronger in this importance in the state, and upon the resto. instance, than in the instance before men ration to place of the greater part of those tioned. Why did he not follow his right persons who were turned out of the ministry honourable friend in his motion for the pre along with him. This last supposition is by vious question as well as in his formation of far the most probable; for, it is impossible a ministry, (when the latter was as much to believe that he would come and give bis against his wish, or, at least, against his pro support to the noinister me:ely because he fessions, as the former could be? Did his was reconciled to him; and though lie
should be willing to wear the motto sign. As well might you ask puss to part of “ incapacity and imbecility" in bis with her whiskers and her claws! Still, after armorial bearings, provided a good round all, somebody must resign, and hence will cer. sum of money came wiih the litle, yet, it tainly arise fresh heart burnings and disputes can scarcely be imagined that his friends, and revilings in The Family. Their rage will that those who were turned out with him, not, perhaps, again extend so far as to the branded by Mr. Pilt with the marks of writing and publishing of pamphlets: they “ incapacity and imbecihty;" it cap scarcely have paid too dearly for that: but, that their be imagined, that Mr. Yorke, Mr. Bragge, quarrel will be rancorous there can be po the right honourable Hiley, Mr. Bond, Mr. doubt; and, though it may not produce any Vansitiart, and the rest of the thirteen, whom adverse votes, it will, upon trying occasions, Mr. Addingron can bring with him ; it can be very likely to take three or four, at least, scarcely be imagined vhat they will be satis from the ranks of the minister. But, the fied, that they will regard their reputation most important consideration of all is, the as restored, merely by the circumstance of strong proof, afforded by the circumstances their leader having been loaded with titles of this reconciliation, of the rapid decline of and with public money. As to peering and Mr. Pitt's power. Without inquiring into pensioning the whole of them, that is out of any circumstances, the fact of his having the question. They must and will, there SO soon come to a reconciliation with Mr. fore, come again into office, or they must Addiogton, with the man, to whom he was and will oppose the minister; and they will, speaking, no longer ago than the 18th of on every account, be justified in opposing June las:, in the words chosen for my motto, bim the more steadily and strenuously in and on whom he, before as well as since that consequence of the defection of their chief: time, bestowed almost every appellation nay, their reputation will demand such a line which our language affords, expressive of of conduct on their part ; and, then, Mr. distrust and contempt; the simple fact of his Pitt's object, his great, and, indeed, his sole, having so soon come to a reconciliation with purpose in the reconciliation, is entirely de
quite a sufficient sign of bis disfeated. Precisely what share of the power tress, especially when we consider, that the and emoluments of the state they may think whole number of votes attached to Mr. Adproper to demand, it is impossible for any dington does not surpass thirteen. The cirone unconnected with them to say; but, cumstances, however, of this reconciliation, one may venture to predict, that they will leave not a shadow of doubt as to Mr. Pili's be satisfied with any thing short of their former situation. The time was after the failure of his possessions; and, indeed, it is probable, they endeavours and expectations with regard to will insist upon something beyond them. the friends of the Prince; after a high office There stand Mr. Canning and Mr. Pitt, who had been oflered to several persons succes. turned them out upon the charge of " inca sively, and by them successively refused; "pacity and imbecility," and this charge they previous to the meeting of parliament, which must do away by obtaining a re-instatement at meeting had been most unexpectedly and least, or they must know, ihat, by giving unaccountably postponed The manner was their support to Messrs. Canning and Piti, the most humiliating to Mr. Pitt that could they tacitly acknowledge the justice of the possibly be conceived: it is stated amongst charge; they render indelible, they deepen the court news, and in all the newspapers, down to the very bone, the mark with which that the reconciliation took place in consethey were before merely branded. Their quence of a previous arrangement between return to place must, therefore, produce His Majesty and Mr.Pirt, and that the reconconsiderable inconvenience. There are not ciled parties shook hands in the presence of many of them having pretensions 10 very the former; and, I venture to state as a fact, high office; but, their introduction will, that, the friendly communication began by a nevertheless, make a general stir, a squeez
letter from Mr. Pitt to Mr. Addington, ing, a jostling, and a growling. To add and that, too, on ibe very next after the many to the pension-list would, just at this parties cuere not upon speaking terms ! When tiine, be rather unseemly. Yet, 'what is to to these circumstances is added that of. His be done? To make more offices would be Majesty's recent visit to Mr. Addington, is difficult. The Family is evidently become it not impossible to believe, thai the latter too numerous. It is time there were a check
will consent to be shoved aside by Mr. Pitt to its population ! Some persons think, that witb a peerage and a pension ?
That he, Ceorge Rose, Mr. Long, Mr. Canning and together with all those who were turned out others, who have been regarded as more par. with him, intend quietly to vote for Mr. ticularly hostile to Mr. Addington, will re Pitt with that gentleman's charge of " **
si infecity and imbecility," still ringing in “ fices, upon the questions of who shall their ears, and in the ears of all those who " have the precedence in i he cabinet, or the are now to sit in judgment upon their talents “ 21sting vote in it. Are there no subjects and their characters? let it be remember " of national importance, npou which it is ed ion, that Mr. Addington and his rela “ possible for bese ministers to be delitions and adherents have, as the saying is, « berating? Is it improbable to suppose
a crow 10 pluck" with their former col " that mutual concessions, and reciprocal keagues, who so shorily turned about and approximations, may be taking place upon became the colleagues of Mr. Pitt. It has, " such points as the Catholic Question, the indeed, been suggested, that it was a con “ Spanish War, the fusion of the Militia trivance between those who went out and “ into the Regular Army, or any other meathose who remained in, to get Mr. Pitt into sures of equal dignity and importance ?" the situation where he now is, in order to What! Mr. Addington! That Mr. Adenfeeble him, to degrade him, to take from dington, whom Mr. Pitt turned out, only him all support but their own, thus to ren six months ago, as “ incapable" of pablic der him their dependent, and to make use affairs ! That Mr. Addington, to whom of him merely as a maker of speeches and Mr. Canning objected !
Mr. Canning objected! That very Mr. as a defender of their administration. This Addington now" deliberating " with Mr. is, however, impuring too much foresight | Pitt upon the principal measures to be pure to the parties ; though it must be confessed, sued, or laid aside! It is good to hear that that, if such was their intention, they have Mr. Pitt is at last brought to " deliberate" most completely succeeded. But, it must with some one; and, it is pretty well known, be presumed, i think, that it was not; and, that, towards others as well as Mr. Adthai Mr. Addington and his adherents, have dington, he has, since his return to power, a very good ground of quarrel with those become more condescending than formerly; who staid behind them in place. That the that he patiently hears those now, whom benevolent principles of the reconciliation formerly he would not see, and that he talks will embrace this case also there can be no | long in cases where it used to be impossible doubt ; but, it is hard to believe, that the to extract more than a single monosyllable Addingtons will suffer those who deserted from him. It was regarded as a good sigo, them to continue to derive any advantage that the Lacedemonians had been brought from their desertion. The sharing of power to quit their laconisms, and to talk like and emoluments is, however, not the thing other people. What! “ mutual concessions that will produce the striking effect upon " and reciprocal approximations" between the minds of the people and of foreign Mr. Addington and Mr. Pitt! A “ ques. nations, with regard to ihe situation of Mr. " tion who shall have the casting vote in Pitt; it is the share which Mr. Addington “ the cabinet !" There is, then, it seems, will have, and which he must let the world to be some “ counting of noses " at last ! karo ke has, in the management of the affairs The measures here mentioned are, inof the country : in the proposing, the dis- deed, of importance. The Catholic quescussing, and the determining upon the great tion might, perhaps, be easily gotten over ; measures of state. He has been, and by but, not so the Spanish Iar, and the Military Mr. Pitt, too, charged with, and turned out Project Bill. With regard to the former, the for, '" incapacity and imbecility;" and be conduct of the two Premiers is completely ac must drag on a degraded lite under that variance; and, indeed, the measures of Mr. charge, unless he takes his full share in Pitt, as to Spain, were preceded by a demigoverning the country. Indeed, there is no official condemnation of the measures of Mr. appearance of any backwardness, on his Addington relative to that power. There are part, in this respect. The Times, a paper some persons who suspect, that the recent entirely devoted to him, has, on the 4th conduct of Mr. Pitt; that his orders and instant, in an article bearing all the marks counter orders; his embargots and counter of authority, given a pretty broad bint of embargoes; his hesitation, his evident doubts Mr. Addington's intention, and that his in. and apprehensions, are to be ascribed to the tention is not to act an underling part, will parliamentary danger wbich he perceives be easily perceived." If there are any must arise from the pushing of things so fac 6 subjects' in discussion, after the recon as to bring the House to decide between his ” ciliation that has taken place under the conduct and that of Mr. Addington !0 “ highest auspices, it is not very reason wards Spain ! As to the Military Pro“ able for any one acquainted even with the ject, that is the very subject upon the " names of the right honourable gentlemen discussion of which Mr. Addington was " alluded to, to inter that those subjects torned out. Mr. Addington has his project " turn upon the rank or emolument of of. too; but, it was thrown aside, and its author
turced out, in order to make room for ano. saying, that “ he could not help it, the King ther project and another minister. And, is 66 would have it so ;' his friends in office are ir possible that the success of this or her pro. using every possible exertion to persuade the jett should not becoine a matter of inquiry? world, that "the King never at all interfered," And, if it does become a matter of inquiry, The cause of this difference in statement can Mr. Addington and his adherents boid needs little explanation : his friends out of their tongucs? Or, will they speak and vote, otfice are anxious for his reputation; whereas either directly or indirecily, in favour of that those in office care about nothing but his which they before condemned, and that too power, and they well know, that, if the world after it has notoriously failed of success, 10 an is once thoroughly convinced, that the court extent far beyond ibeis predictions : Good has cast him off, his power is at an end. reason have they to “deliberate;" for cer Thus situated, compelled to submit to 16e tainly they have a path to tread more thorny equality, at least, of Mr. Addington, and than ever was before trodden. The fact is, being constantly exposed to the danger of that Mr. Addington does not join the pre being turned out, if he aitempt to resume sent administration; he comes in to iake his former tone and attitude, some perpossession of it, and to preserve it as long as sons seery to thrk, that, ere long, Mr. possible. That Mr. Piit has none of the peo Pitt will be seen, in a moment of mor.ple with him, the Jews and Jobbers except. tification, throwing down his Treasuter's ed, has long been notorious; and now it is staff, and leaving his more fortunate rival to not less notorious, that he has not the King the
mercy of the opposition. I am of a with him. If there could have been any different opinion. Mr. Canning is suffi .doubt remaining upon this subject the late ciently ambitiou4; butir. Capoing could, visit of His Majesty to Richmond Park, just it is said, apologize to Lord Hawkesbury as the news of the reconciliation reached the for words uttered in parliament relative to ears of the public, must bave entirely re
his lordship. Mr. Pitt's an biiion appears moyed it. The coursiers are all with Mr. Ad to be of nearly the same sort; that sort, dington, the country all with the opposition, which Swift is describing, when he begs and Mr. Pilt will now becoine merely the of us to remember, that " climbing is debater of the administration, over wbich Mr “ performed in the attitude of crawling." Addington will, in reality, have the almost The truth is, that Mr. Pitt is not in*a absolute control. This is the light in which state to bear any more changes. Much the matter is universally regarued. The of the spirit of bis public reputation friends of Mr Addington do, of course, has evaporated already. A few more transgreatly exult. Their sentiments they seem fusions, and exposures to the air, would by no means, solicitous to disguise. They render it perfectly vapid. The very rumour very frankly declare, that Mr. Adding'on is of bis intending again to resign, would inagain " The King's Minister;" and they in stanily produce a desertion so general as to .sist, with perfect iruth, that “ the measures riduce his numbers to the strength of a cor" of Mr. Pitt fully justify His Majesty's pre poral's guard; for, all men of common dis. “ ference of bis former Prime Mnister. cernment must perceive, i hat he was bidding This has been boldly stated in the demi off adieu to the cabinet for ever. This is a cial paper above quoted; and, the writer truth, 100, of which he himself appears so adds, that, " though Mr. Pitt is unquestion thoroughly sensible; and, therefore, hoxe " ably endowed with unrivalled talents as ever severe his mortification, however gla“ an orator, and possesses great practica know ring the slights and gross the insults that he “ ledge in all outiers of finarce; ytl, that no has to endure, endure them he will, ill the " candid man will consend, thai, as a states hour arrives, when he and his system are
man, versed in all those means by which destined to fall, never more to rise ; and, « the affections of a nation are conciliated, that that hour may be at po great distance, " and its permanent interests are promoted, must be the wish of every reflecting and “ he falls very far shut of the more mild, well-informed man, who is, at the same time,
more conciliating, but coi loss firm and a sincere frieod to the King, the Aristocracy, “ energetic Mr. Auding on!" We, may the Church, and the People, and who, of laugh at this ; but it is no laughing matter course, wishes to see England once more raise for Mr. Pitt. It is, indeed, expressive of
her head amongst the nations of the earth; intolerable vanity; but, are not the circum once more to resume the honours which the stances enough to render any neo vain? It Pilt admioistration bas erased from her shield, is whimsical io observe, ihat, while Mr. Pitt's once more hoist the flag which that admiņifriends out of office apologize for him by stration has made hide beneath the waves. Printed by Cox and Bayiis, No. 75, Great Queen Street, and published by R. Bagshaw, Bow Street, Covent
Garden where forines Nambers may be htd; sold also by J. Eudd, Crown and Mitre, Pall-Malla
Vol. VII. No.2.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 12, 1805.
“ It is also to be observed, that, though there be a just cause of war; yet may this just cause be spoiled “ by the access of some vice that cleaves to the action from the mind of the agent, either that something “else, not by itself unlawful, doth more efficaciously inove us to be war, than the right itself; as when some kind of profit. public or private, is expected to anse from the war, being considered apart from the
cause whereon the war is justified; which vice is very dangerous" -GROTIUS. 33)
[34 CATHOLIC CLAIMS.
out a shad: w of reason, is at best a wanton LETTER II.
and injudicious suspension of the great ADDRESSED TO THE RT. HON. W. Pitt. charter of our liberties. It is there pro.
Sik,--- In the letter, which I lately ad. vided, (chap. 29) that “ No freeman shall dressed to you, I endeavoured to impress on
“ be disseised of his freehod, or liberties, your mind the necessity of fulfilling your or free customs." By liberties, Lord engagements to the Catholics, from the im Coke understands, ist. The laws of the portant considerations of honour, policy, realm; 2dly, The freedom which the suband good faith. The pains which I have jects of the realm possess; 3dly, The frantaken, to enforce the immediate execution chises and privileges which the subjects reof a measure, involving in its happy couie ceive from the favour of the crown. (See quences the existence of the empire, have Lord Coke's observations on Magna Charla, not, I truit, been bestowed without effect. 2 Institut.) On what ground can you conBut appearances are unfortunately such, as tinue to sarction any longer, by your authonot to afford a very substantial hope, that rity, the least painful restrictions against the dearest interests of the country will su Catholics, while
thus set at defiance the persede all mean and selfi-h considerations. fundamental law of the realm, that great Undismayed, however, by events that may foundation of all our liberties, and the conlead to a happy termination, and animated slant pride and boast of Englishmen? Rewith the purest motives of advancing the flect, Sir, against whom these odious rewelfare of my countıy, I will treely use the strictions continue to be directed. They undeniable privilege of every Briton, to operale, ai I shall shew you in the course Canvass the actions of his Majesty's civil ser. of my letter, solely against the Roman Cavants, and will review some of those tholics, the professors of that religion, which groupds, on which, I coucive, your opi introduced christianity and consequent cinion concerning Catholic claims was once vilization, with all its attendant blessings, decisively formed.---- There was a time, into this island; and which gave birth to a 1 Sir, when you felt the urgent necessity of those benefices, prebends, and ecclesiastical fe-toring io every Briton the rights and preferments of every kipi now existing in privileges secured by the constitution; when This country. These disabilities are perjou even sacrificed, in this noble cause, the petuated solely against the Catholic descendfirst offices of the state to a strong sense of ants of those generous and high spirited basubitantial justice, and to high and refined rons, by whose noble exertions the Great notions of honour. What gave birth to such Charter was fir:t secured, the foundation of a display of virtue and patriotism? You had Engli b liberty was first laid. It cannot be doubtless obtained a ihorough knowledge a secret to you, Sir, who must be presumed of the theory and practice if the British lo possess at least an ordinary knowledge constitution. You know that its benefits of the history of your country', that the lishould be open to all loyal subjects without berties, which fill with pride the breast of distinction; and regretting that four mil an Englishma', which have contributed lions of inhabitants, or one fourth of the more than any other calise to place th's population of the United Kingdom, remain country in the high and commanding situ.ed in a state of proscriptive exclusion, you tion it holds among ihe nations of the civilaboured to secure to them the birth-right lized world, that these benefits are to be of Englishmen. What a pity it is, that the ascribed originally to the vigour of Catholic chains of returning power, the sudden Barons, and Catholic Bishops; to the spiprospect of recovering your elevation, rited conduct of a Langton, the Catholic should have shakened your manly and de Archbishop of Canterbury at that time. termined purpose !--The truih is, Sir,
savs Home, the contimance of the restrictions and dis. u ought always to be respected by the Eng. abilities against the Roman Catholics, willi “ 16." (History of England, Vol. II. p.
“ A man,
só whose memory