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" at once secure from every attack, they “ listened to suggestions, thrown out (no

were enabled to retire in peace, and “ matter by whom) of Mr. Pitt's being dis“ without, as they conceived, any dimi.u « posed to enter again into administration." “ tion of character or reputation." That Here we have their own statement of the this favour was conferred solely on Mr, Piri motives whence the negotiations for place must be evident; for Mr. Addington was began, in the winter of 1903 ; and we find the successor of only that one gentleman; that these motives were, like all the others by nor had the others, except Mr. Dundas, per which the parties appear to have been actuated, haps, any share in recommending him to the keeping of ihe power and envoluments of either the king or the people; and, things the state amongst themselves, and the exso turned out, that he never received any

clusion of all others from baving therein any support from them, never having: in their share whatever. Then follows a statement opinion, deserved it. But, what we have relative to the terms of the proposed accomto attend to at present, is, the Family notion modation. Mr Piti,” says the writer, expressed in this passage. This writer was offered to resume his foriner situation talks of " engaging to carry on the adıninis 66 in the cabinet, and that vacancies would letno tration,” as one ialks of carrying on ano. u be made for the purpose of admittiog Lord ther's business for him ; and the concern NIelville into the cabicet, and others of seeins to beconsidered perfectly as a juivale " Mr. Pilt's triends into different official si. one: no idea of public duty appears to baie " tuations. Now," says he, “ let it be conentered into the writer's mind : Mr. Ad ir sidered, who, besides Mír. Addington, are dington was so kind as to carry on the go ( the members of ihe cabinet. Be it revernment and to shelter Mr. Pitt, and for membered, that they were originally Mr, that, whether Mr. Pilt ought to be sheltered " Pitt's friends, and not Mr. Addington's ; or not, Mr. Addington is to be applauded! " that they even came into the cabinet, not A little further on the writer has to speak “ only in vitill, but named by Mr. Pits; and of the change in Mr. Pite's Parlian?entary e what could be apprebended by Mr. Pitt conduct towards Mr. Addington, and to “ from an administration composed of such iemark upon the causes and influence persons? What doubt could be entertain, whence that change proceeded. “I will “ ed of bis maintaining all ihe influence and

believe," says bc, -- that he [Mr. Pitt) was " all the preponderance which belong to a “ not so insensible to the force of private “ prime minisier? Can any man seriously

friendship as to resolve, all at once, to se “ believe that he could object upon any

parate himself from the companion of “ such grounds? For we are not told what « his youth and the friend of his riper years; *s situation Mir. Addington could be placed **6 from the man with whom he had lived so “ in upon any such supposition, or how it “ long upon terms of the utmosi familiarity. was to be contrived that he should take .6 I believe he felt, as every man must feel, " the lead of his leader. The fact is, thaç " that, by taking office with his approbation, “ in this respect, as in all others, Mr. Ad" and under such circumstances, Mr. Ad dington acted towards Mr. Pirt with that 6 dington had acquired a claim to his sup “ full confidence which became an bonour« port." Here again, the taking office is “ able man towards one whom he considerconsidered as a mere private concern.

The ” ed to be equally honourable. and. as yet, claim to support does not profess to be « his friend. He offered either to go vut en grounded upon any public reason, but solely " tirely, or to take the siluation, whitever it upon the private connexion and obligations was, which Mr. Pilt should assign him; of the parties. After having pointed out, “ such a situation as would put it out of bis pretty intelligibly; the persons who had se power. if he were so inclined, to be again cretly been labouring to withdraw Mr. Pite's « Mr. Pitt's successor. Could now,' Iak, support from Mr. Addington, and describing ." Mr. Addington give stronger or more The danger there was of seeing the former “ unequivocal proofs of his sincerity of his anged in opposition to the latter, the writer os attachment to Mr. Pite?" Very strong in, coucludes thus: “It was, no doubt, in order deed! Unquestionably very sirong! So

10 avert a state of things so distressing to anxious was be good soul! io quiet the ap“ his feelings, and to procure a return of that prehensions of his jealous friend, that he was

friendship which lie continued affection- ready to submit even io brcome a peer of the « a'ely to cherish, as well as to secure to the realm for that purpose! And yet we have į country the more immediate assistance of the confidence o reproach the French, for & abilities, which were valued as highly by thrir time subinission to the insolence of

him as by any man alive, that Mr. Au- Napoleon and his brethren! But, let us take dington, early in the year 1809, readily one more passage. Retorning to the subject

as

en

of Mr. Pitt's conduct in Parliament, the even a peerage not excepted! Hear this, ye writer says : "his support has not been even pretenders to modesty, and “ bide your di" that which an indifferent person, coming “ minisbed heads :" the son of Doctor Ad“ into office under such circumstances, dington, Mr. Pitt's family physician, is wil“I would have been entitled 10 clain : still ling to become a peer of England; and that « less was it that which was due to a man, 100 from the sole, ihe disinterested, the amia who had been his intimate friend and ble motive of allaying 'he jealousy and eran

conpanion for so many years, who bad quillizing the mind of his friend !--That gone along with him in every public men a friendship like this should ever have been,

sure, and who, in the very act of taking for a moment, interrupted, must be a suboffice, was plainly doing an act of friend ject of considerable surprize to every one uní ship." This is, perhaps, more outrageous acquainted with the discordant sempers, ihe than any thing else we have ever heard from jarring interests, and jostling pursuits of the one of The Family. The writer, in the several members of this numerous Family. course of his pamphler, brings forward several For this reason, and in order the more corpublic measures of Mr Pilt that were un rectly to judge of the probable consequences wise, injurious to the conntry, and “ cali of the reconciliation, it seems urcessary to * lated only to keep his place ;" he accuses say a few words as to ihe causes and prohim of having inisconducied the war against gress of the late quarrel in 'The family. That, France, and of having, in 1791, done un act to the moment of Mr. Addington's leaving by wbich our influence on the Continent was the chair of the House of Commons, the finally destroyed: apt, it is afier all this, most perfect burreony and otection sut isted that he brings forward the circunstance of between him and Nir. Pitt is agreed to upon Mr. Addington having gone along witb Mr. all sides. The circumstances, under which Pilt in etery one of these inčasures, the former caine into the cabinet, have been a ground whereon the former was differently described by the differen writers. tied to claim the parliamentary sup Mr. Long represepis Mir. Addingto] as beport of the latter! This clearly shows, that ing " recommended to che king by Mr. Pirt," The interests of the nation never enter into while the author of the PLAIN R Ply pothe arguments on either side. He spoke sitively an eris, chat “ Mr. Addingtoni con., ! and voted for you opon every measure,

tinued to be perfectly ignorant of every right or wrong, for so many years, and " thing relative to the misunderstanding be' you ought to speak and vote for him in “ (ween His Majesty and Mr. Pilt, till the I return! This, considering the concern as moment when, most une pectedly, he rea Family one, was perfectly thir. But, how " ceived Flis Majesty's commands to attend insolent, how outrageously insolent, is it 10 “ him at St. James's, for the purpose of wards the king and the People! Yet, such forming an administration; that bereare ihe notions that pervade all the publica upon Mr. Addington hesitated : that lie rions and discourse of the Family and their “ took every means to prevent the change partisans. So indisputable do their parti " that was in agitation ; that it was not şans consider their right to use any means "s without great reluctance, and after sonre for the purpose of excluding all others from “ delay, that the matier, was settled ; and any share of the power or emoluments of the “ that it was during this interval, that the goveroment, that they never think it reces " offer, spoken of in the PLAIN ANSWER sary to enter into any justification of the was made by Mr. Pitt." that is to say, means they make use of, be they wbat ihry distinct offer to retain HIS SITUATIOx, may. At the time that the partisans of Mr. "í until the war should be conc'uled, and the cunAddington were representing him as the try relieved from its most pressing difficu.tics !!!" " contidential servant of the King," as the This lası fact is stated by Mr. Long, and almn'most fit to manage the affuu's of the lowed to be correct by the opposite party. nation, as the person whose loss would be It has ofien been asked, what could induce irreparable; at ihe time when he was accept Mr. Pitt to make this offer; and why, it ke ing of the support of several persons, upon could, with propriery, have retained his si. the evidently implied condition, that he ruation, his colleagues could not have rewould resist the return of Mr. Pitt to admi tained theirs ? The time of making the otter nistration ; at that very time, we now find, is, too, to be well remembered : it was at'er

truth, he was the

the purpose of forming a new adininistraway for that return. He was ready to go tion. The object of Mr. Pire in making ihe ont altogether, to take whatever situation offer must be 100 evident to need expianaMr. Pitt might think proper to assign him, tion; but, there is one circumstance alle d

a

ready to do almost anything to smooth when the king bad went for Mr. Addington for

ing it that never has been, that I recollect, " to the measure of Catholic emancipation." stated in print, and that is, that none of his Sorely we have some right to ask, how, upon colleagues, except Mr. Dundas (and, per any other than the Family principle, Mr. haps, not he) ever were consulted as to the mak-, Pitt could recommend such a person as bis ing of tbe offer, and never heard of it, till it succescor. But, there is another question came out in the pamph'et of Mr. Ling? The not less material to our present purpose; offer was, however, rejected by the King. and, that is, how came Mr. Addington to This is stated by Mr. Long, and agreed to be directly opposed to Mr. Pitt upon this soliby his opponent. Thus situated, Mr. Pitt tary question, after having, to use the words must have seen that, if Mr. Addington ac of the Plain Reply, been the 6 friend and cepted the premiership and formed a miois “ companion of his youth and of his riper try without his approbation and support, years;" after having, during all the time, such a ministry must soon have recourse for placed implicit reliance on bim;" after aid 10 the opposition, who, in that case,

having "

gone along with him in every would, in a little time, have come in to the public measure." I should like very much full possession of power, under all the po-' to bear what can be said in order to account palarity which peace could have given them. for their difference, their wide and decided The consequence of such an event to Mr. difference of opinion, upon rbis single point Pitt himself were too alarming 10 be risked. Mr. Addington never heard of the question, If Mr. Addington declined the undertaking, we are told, as a matter of dispute, till be the opposition came in at once, and the con went to the King: then, we are assured, sequences were the same, only still nearer that he “ hesitated :" he endeavoured to acat hand. No wonder, therefore, that Mr. commodate the matter between the King Pitt advised Mr. Addington to become mi and Mr. Pilt: at last he accepts office by nister, though his own offer of service was the advice of the latter, and with the promise rejected ; and what is staled by Mr. Long, of bis support, thougli it is well known that as to Mr. Pitt's recommending Mr. Adding- be accepts it for the express purpose of opton to the King, is likely to be perfectly posing the very measure, because he could correct, only that, from the manner in not carry which Mr. Pitt resigned! Where which the statement is nalle, one would is the man so dull as not 10 perceive the suppose, that the recommendation precerled molives by which both must have been 8Cthe King's choice of Mr. Addington, where tuated ? - In advising and encouraging Mr. as, it now appears, that the royal choice Addington to take the helm, Mr. Pitt secured, preceded the recommendation,

100, the power of filling all the other offices; reflect on the offer made by Mr. Pitt, at the and, we see, that the PLAIN REPLY states, time above-mentioned, to retain his place that the other members of the cabinet“ were without any intimation thereof given to his not only invited, but actually nominated colleagues ; when we reflect, that, in'the 6 by Mr. Pitt.” Thus, though it is tolerably begotiation for his return to place in 1803, well known, that Mr. Pitt intended another not a word was said about the Catholic ques person for the premiersbip, things were artion, and that, it is stated in the "6 P'LAIN ranged very much to his liking. The peace, • Reply," that, at that time, Mr. Pitt for the purpose of making which upon terms “ had made up his mind upon that head, and like those of the treaty of Amiens, if better " had actually relinquished it;" when we could not be obtained, is thought to have reflect on what has passed since, and on what been the real object of his resignation, was is likely to pass this winter relative to the made; the arrears of the loans, for wbich subject, it is next to impossible to believe, the Income Tax was pledged, were funded; that the obstacles to Catholic emancipation, and the people seemned to forget his errors; or that any circumstance or circumstances but, they also seemed to be very nzuch inattending it, was the real cause of Mr. Pitt's clined to forget bimself 100. He retired; nobo. resignation. It was, however, alleged to dy asked after him. His news-writers gave be the cause; he himself openly avowed it; out thai he was studying agriculture : not a .and, therefore, we cannot be reasonably re word by way of invitation to him to quit his

fused ihe liberty of asking, how he came to rural pursuits. His friends lamented his abrecommend to the King, the Parliament, and sence from Parliament, and found themthe Nation, a successor, who has not less selves solitary mourners; till Mr. Canning, openly avowed, that he came into power bursting with mortification, got up in the upoo the express condition of resisting the House of Commons, and, in a voice that Catholic claims;or, in the words of the PLAIN was heard through the pauses of a horseREPLY," he” [Mr. Addington; "could not laugh, made the following remarkable de" but be aware that he must be known as com claration : “ Never did young ambition la"ing into administration in direct opposition “ bour so much to attach popularity and

When we

“ power, as my right honourable friend bas ment of the PLAIN Reply, complained “ laboured for two years past to detach them. to Mr. Pitt and " what they expec'ed from “ He has, in that period, laboured, not for u him, and could never obtain from him, “ fame, but for obscurity; but, much as he was, not that he should put any restraint “ has laboured, be cannot succeed ; fur he upon Mr. Canning's oratory, but that he " cannot withdraw himself from the notice “ should disavow the sentiments allered by “ of a people whom he has saved."* Mr. " that genıleman : that he should say, or William Gifford has told us, in a note to one “ give authority to others to say, that Mr. of his poems, of a poet, or novel-writer, “ Canning was not his representative in wbo, in a desperate case of public neglect, “ parliament, was not delivering his opicaused j to be givea out that he was dead, “ nions; which was a mistake, chat, owing in order thereby to furnish occasion for the 16 to Mr. Piri's silence on that head, was acexpression of such sentiments of regret for “ tually made by some persons, and hardly hás loss as might have a favourable operation “ kept clear of by o hers." Thus soured opon his restoration to life. Mr. Pitt's friends were ihe tempers of The Family at the close did not give out that he was dead: they de of the year 1802, a time when the ministers clared him, however, to be very sick; bur, were uiterly at a loss to know whether they though they accompanied this declaration should determine upon the continuance of witb the expression of most awful apprehen- peace, or a renewal of the war ; a time, to sions as to the consequences, the nation ap ihem, of uncommon anxiety and alarmı. peared perfectly resigned ; and, when Mr. Under the favourable effects of peace and Pite came back to Parliament from Bath, of two abundant harvests, Mr. Addington's it appeared, by his division upon Mr. Pat affairs had been so prosperous, that he proten's motion, that in detacbing people from bably began to forget every thing har lic him, he bad succeeded to a much greater and Mr. Pitt must have talked about, daring estent than Mr. Canning appeared six months the days of interval between his being sent before to have been aware of; for, upon for by the King, and the final acceptance of that occasion, it appeared, that Mr. Fox, at the premiership. The newspapers seemed the cod of a twenty-years' opposition, had a to have become his instead of Mr. Piti's : far greater number of steady friends than he paid little attention to what was said, in Mr. Pitt had, at the end of a twenty-years' the House, against the measures of the for. ministry. In short, Mr. Pitt now began to mer ministry : the place appeared to begin feel that he was in imminent danger of sink to look like his own : and, he evidently did, ing into complete obscurity, and he appears at one time, think himself capable of holdto have resolved, about the eod of the year ing it as long as he pleased by playing off 1802, to make an effort to save himself from the three other parties against each oiher, so intolerable an end. Mr. Canning, who as occasion might serve. But, when he had never opened his lips against the mi saw another war coming on, so close upon nistry from the time they came into power the heels of his peace, he began to tremble, to the month of November 1802, now be and lost no time in endeavouring to avoid gan to attack them, and that, 100, in a the open hostility of Mr. Pitt, which lie manner which clearly shewed, that his shafts dreaded much more than that of Buonaparté were levelled at the men. Mr. Pitt kept or of all the commanders in the world. Ac. away. He was sick. He went to Baih. cordingly we are told in the Plain Rerly, They wanted no witch to tell them what all that “ in order to avert a state of things this meant. Their newspapers attacked Mr. “ so distressing to his feelings, and to proCanding with unbounded rage; and their cure a return of that friendship which he pamphlets have since made his conduct the « continued affectionately to cherish, he, nain charge against Mr. Pitt, whom they early in the year 1803, listened to sugaccuse of having kept aloof himself, while he “gestions thrown out of Mr. Pitt's being let loose Mr. Canning upon them, in order to disposed to enter again into administraworry them into a surrender at discretion; " tion.” This led to the negotiation for and, indeed, whoever reads Mr. Canning's place, which, as we have seen, terminared speeches during the period alluded to, and in widening the breach. · Mr. Pirt wanted compares them with the pamphlet of Mr, Mr. Addington tirst to resign, in effect, and Long, will not be much astonished at the to suffer him, called upon by the King accusation.t When the signal was thus himself, to form just such an administration thrown out in the conduct of Mr. Can. as he pleased ; iotimating at the same time, ning, the ministers, as appears by the state his intention to bring in Lords Spencer and

Grenville, if they chose it, because he * Register, vol. II. p. 1755. readily supposed, ihat his coming in Wilbe + See Register, vol. II and III. out some such aid, would only be a prelude

war.

to his fall, never to rise again. To this would have been gained by prolonging the proposition, bewever, Mr. Addington would administration of M. Addington, seeing not consent ; and thus was he left to reel that, whenever he went out Mr. Pitt would, along as well as he could, sustained by the ut first, come in. The nation wanted to see coniesis of tle other parties rather than by him fairly turnod out. He had still the reany strength of his own. This was pecu pulation et resigning: his partisans were liarly ihe case in the discussion of the sea still bold and loud: it was necessary that he veral questions at the breaking out of the should come again and try what he could do

And here, it was truly curious to ob with affairs which lie bad so embroiled, serve the exact proportion that was observed with the vessel which he had “ pilored into in the movements of Messrs. Canding and "port in sufity.. Mr. Pitt and Mr. CanPitt respectively. . At the outset of Mr. ning appear to have thought, that, when Addington's ministry, and all along through they had formed their new mipistry, they the discussions relative to the peace with had out. wilted the opposition, made them France and ihe Convention witb Russia, Mr. The ladder of their ambition, They now, Canning preserved a profound silence, but perhaps, begin to feel, that they were misgave the ministers bis vote ; while the lauer taken; and, that they were doing the very gave then his active oratorical support : thing ihat every sensible man of the opposifrom the meeting of parliameot in Novem tion must have wished them to do, unless, ber, 1802, to the breaking out of the war in deed, Mr. Pilt could have been brought to in May, 1803, the disapproving silence of take a second place in the ministry. I think the former gradually grew in:o an oratorical I can venture to say, that no one of the disapprobation; while the active oratorical leaders of ihe opposition was at all deceived support of the latter sunk by degrees into a by the result of their co-operation with Mr. disapproving silence: at the breaking out of Pits; and, as to myself, let the pages of the the war, and upon the question on Mr Patten's | Register for the months of April and May motion in particular, the former came to last speak for me, and say, whether I was direct and generai censure, in vote as well not, all along, fully aware of what finally as in language; while the latter, keeping took place. To me it was equally clear, and at his slated distance, found some things to I have endeavoured to render it so to my censure, but not everything, and, there readers, that the Addingtons would not long fore, moved, supported, and voted for, the remain separated from Mr. Pitt. That ho previous question. But, the disgnise was would do without them as long as he could no looger to be preserved. The Addingtons was certain; and, if he could have regained saw that it was useless any longer to ditempt bis former colleagues, their peoance would to keep their places by conciliating Mr. Piti; have been, perhaps, of long duration ; but, they appear to have resolved to stand as long they would naturally seek to rejoin him, as they could in defiance of him ; and, as well knowing, that, of themselves, they some of the Old Opposition were disposed could do nothing, acd that they never could to lend them their aid, and even to continue rise to any degree of consequence amongst to support them rather than suffer them to the opposition. The formation of the prefall under Mr. Pitt, there appeared to be sent ministry was singularly favourable 10 some reason to suppose, that thry would theni : it has already effected their purpose, have lived over the next session, unless a and that, too, in a way that they scarcely co-operation should take place between Mr. could bave hoped for. They know Mr. Piu's Pitt and Mr. Fox ; if that co-operation took distress, they know the endeavours he has place, though only for a few days, it was made to stand without their aid, and they evident that their ministry was at an end. will value themselves accordingly, --This To effeci, this co-operation was in agitation brings us to the third point. But, in order so early as the summer of 1803 : it was not io form a judgment as to the probable code brought to bear till the month of April sequences of the reconciliation that has now last, and the consequences are well known. taken place, we must look back a little to Mr. Erskine and Mr. Sheridan were averse reasons which were alleged for turning the Adfrom the co-operation, because, said they, dingtons out. There were several distinct reaibe consequence will be the re-opening of the sons, but there was one general one, namely, cabinet to Mr. Pitt, rather than which we their unfitness for office, or, in the words ought to support the present minister. of Mr. Pitt himself, their “ incapacity and These gentlemen certainly acted consistently, imbecility.In the pamphlet of Mr. Long, it' ibat was their view, and they have de this charge is repeated no less than eighteen clared it to have been their only view; but, times; in the pamphlet of Mr. Robert their judgment, in my opinion, failed them; Ward, who now sirs close at the back of his tur, nothing, in the theo siate of things, 1. modern Camillus, iỊ is repeated, and some

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