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their judgments to those ancient denominations which had obtained the respect of ages;—which guarantees in fine the rights of the Prince and of the people, by oaths, the eternal guardians of all interest.—These dispositions were decreed by the Senatus Consultum of the 28th of Floreal last : the French people have manifested their free and independent will ; they have expressed their wish that the imperial dignity should be hereditary in the direct, legitimate, and adoptive descendants of Napoleon Buonaparté, in the direct and legitimate descendants of Joseph Buonaparté, in the direct and legitimate descendants of Louis Buonaparté. At that moment, Napoleon was, by the most just of titles, Emperor of the French; no other act was necessary to ascertain his rights and consecrate his authority.— But he wished to restore to France her ancient forms, to recal among us those institutions which the Divinity seems to have inspired, and to impress upon the beginning of his reign the seal of religion itself. To give to the French a striking proof of his paternal tenderness, the Chief of the Church has been willing to lend his ministry to this august ceremony.——What a deep and lasting impression it has left in the mind of the Emperor and in the remembrance of the nation | What conversations for future races ! and what a subject of admiration for Europe.——Napoleon prostrate at the foot of the altars which he has just raised; the Scvereign Pontiff imploring upon France and upon him the celestial benedictions, and in his wishes for the felicity of one nation, embracing the felicity of all nations !—— Pastors and priests lately divided uniting with his supplications their gratitude and their voice The senators, the legislators, the tribunes, magistrates, warriors, the administrators of the people and those who preside over their assemblies, confounding together their opinions, their hopes and their wishes; sovereigns, princes, ambassadors, struck with the grand spectacle of France again seated upon her ancient foundations; and, by her repose, securing the repose of their country l—-In the midst of this pomp, and under the look of the Eternal, Napoleon pronouncing the immutable oath which secures the integrity of the empire, the stability of property, the perpetuity of institutions, the respect for the laws and the happiness of the nation.—The oath of Napoleon will be for ever the terror of the enemies and the buckler of the French. If our frontiers are attacked, it will be repeated at the head of our armies, and our frontiers will no longer dread a foreign invasion.—
It will be present to the memory of the delegates of authority, it will remind them of the end of their labours and the rule of their
duties; and though it may not guarantee
their administration from some errors, it will iusure the prompt reparation of them. —A project of a criminal code, finished for these two years past has been submitted to the censure of the tribunals, and is now undergoing a final discussion in the council of state.——The code of procedure and the code of commerce are still in the same state the labours of last year left them in. More urgent cares have called on the Emperor, and it is one of his maxims to propose to the deliberations of the legislators, thoseprojects of laws alone which have been ripened by long and wise discussions.--The schools of legislation are about to open ; inspectors are nominated who will enlighten public teaching, and prevent its degenerating into vain and sterile proofs; the lyceums, the secondary schools are filling with a youth eager for instruction, Fontainbleau has already sent forth military men, who are remarked in our armies for their soldierly appearance, their knowledge, and their respect for discipline.—The polytechnic school peoples with useful hands, our arsenals, our ports and our workshops.--At Compiegne, the school of arts and trades obtains every day new successes. That which is to be formed upon the borders of la Vendée, is expected there with impatience, and will shortly be in complete activity.—Prizes have been decreed to sciences, to letters and to arts, and in a period of ten years, assigned to labours that H. M. wishes to recompence,
he has a right to expect that French genius
will bring forth new master-pieces.-In the department of bridges and highways, the works begun have been carried on with constancy, others are in contemplation, and every year prepares for the following years, new schemes for the prosperity of the state. But the intemperance of the seasons had deceived the foresight and the zeal of administration; rains and torrents have injured the roads more rapidly than we have been able to repair them, some labours have been destroyed, others have been for a moment suspended, great calamities have afflicted some departments, particularly that of the Rhine and Moselle. A judicious prefect, interpreter of the intentions of the Emperor, has presented the first sue cour to those unhappy men who have been the victims of it. H. M. has re-animated their courage by his presence, and has consoled them by his be:
nefits.-The scourge of contagion has as
flicted some neighbouring countries, the wi
gilance of administration has preserved our territory from it; it is rapidly diminishing in those places where it exercised its ravages. In maintaining the measures which are still dictated by prudence and a regard for the ublic health, the introduction of the evil will be prevented, without interrupting the communication necessary for the aliment of our commerce and of our manufactures.— ln the centre of La Vendée a new city is building, intended to be the seat of the administration. From thence it will exercise over every point an active and sure superintendance ; from thence knowledge and sound principles will be propagated throughout that department in which ignorance and the want of instruction have so frequently delivered over simple and honest minds to the intrigues of malevolence. — Decrees of the Emperor have recalled commerce to the left bank of the Rhine, and bestowed, on Mentz and Cologne, all the advantages of real emporiums, without the danger of in- troducing contraband goods into the interior of France.—Manufactures are improving; and whilst in vain declamations, mercenaries paid by the British government boast its distant and precarious resources dispersed over the seas and the Indies; whilst they describe our workshops as deserted and our workmen dying with misery, our industry extends its roots over our own soil, repels English industry far from our frontiers, and has succeeded in equalling it, in what formedits glory and its success, the perfection of its machines, and is preparing to dispute with it consumers in every place where it can meet with and reach it. — Our first manufacture, agriculture, has enlarged and become clear—a system of exportation, in such a manner combined, that it shuts and opens according to our wants, assures to the husbandman the price of his labour, and abundance to our markets. New encouragements prepare the improvement of the race of our horses, our wools are meliorated, our fields are covered with cattle, and throughout every part of the empire its true riches multiply.—Aided by riches, renewed security has given a freer scope to active beneficence: excited by religion, and by the recollection of our misfortunes, the latter is not limited to charities of the moment; it embraces the future, and trusts its treasure to government, which guarantees to it an employment conformable to its wishes. Never have so many legacies and pious donations been made in favour of the hospitals, and of the establishments of beneficence. Some of these institutions have been created or re-established by Private persons; never has suffering hu
manity found more friends, nor indigence more succour. They are distributed with as much wisdom as zeal, and the hospitals of Paris directed with an intelligence which multiplies the cares in economising the funds, relieve all wants, cure many evils, and are no more those murderous asylums which devour their numerous and miserable population. The number of the indigent of the capital is accordingly thirty-two thousand below that which it was in 1791, and twenty-five thousand less than that which it was in the year 10,––Religion has resumed its empire; it no longer exercises itself but for the good of humanity; a wise tolerance accompanies it, and the ministers of different
forms of worship, who adore the same
God, do honour to themselves by testimonies of reciprocal respect, and know no other rivality than that of virtues. Such is our position within ; without, , French courage, seconded by Spanish good faith, has preserved to us St. Domingo; Martinique braves the menaces of our enemies, and, under a paternal government renders stronger and more durable the ties which attach it to the mother-country.——Guadaloupe has enriched itself with the spoils of British commerce, and Guyana continues to prosper under at active and vigorous administration.——The isles of France and of Re-union would be at the present day the emporium of the riches of Asia; London would be in convulsions and despair, had not inexperience or weakness baffled a scheme most ably concerted. The isles of France and of Re-union, however, are still enriched with the prizes which we have taken from our enemies.—Our armies are always deserving of their reputation. With the same valour and the same discipline, they have acquired that patience which waits for opportunities without murmuring, and confides in the prudence and designs of the Chief who conducts them. Our soldiers, our officers, learn to govern the element which separates them from that island, the grand object of their resentment. Their audacity and their address astonish the oldest and the most experienced mariners.--Our fleets, by continual manoeuvres, lead the way to combats; and whilst those of our enemies wear out in striving against winds and tempests, ours learn without destroying themselves to fight against them. In fine, since by the war we have gained Hanover, we are more in a state than ever to strike decisive blows against our enemies. Our navy is in a better state than it has been for these ten years past; upon land, our army is more numerous, better disciplined, and better provided with every thing calculated to ensure victory than it ever was. In the department of finances, the same activity prevails in the receipts, the same regularity in the management, the same order in the administration of the treasure ; and almost always the same stability in the value of the public debt.——The war in the first instance necessitated extraordinary expenses, but the funds for them were expended in our own soil, and have given us vessels, ports, and every thing which is necessary for the development of our forces against our enenies.——These extraordinary expenses have now ceased, and those exacted by our warlike attitude will henceforth be directed by an economy which the urgency of our preparations for attack and defence did not admit of.--The revenues of the crown will 'support all the expenses of the coronation, and those still demanded by the splendour of the throne. The lustre which surrounds .it will never be a burden to the nation. The situation of Europe has experienced but one important change.——Spain reposed under a neutrality to which France had consented, and which the British cabinet had acknowledged; her vessels were suddenly attacked, and the treaty of Amit ns was violated with regard to her as it had previously been with regard to France. His Catholic Majesty has taken the part commanded him by the dignity of his throne, by good faith outraged, and by the honour of a generous people whose destinies he directs ——The Emperor of Austria devotes to the restoration of his finances, the prosperity of his provinces, the progress of their commerce, that repose prompted by the frankness of his character and the interest of his subjects. The Italian republic, administered, and governed by the same principles as France, requires, like that power, a definitive organization, which shall insure to the present generation, and to future generations, all the advantages of the social pact. United to this republic by the duties imposed on him, both as president and as founder of that state, the Emperor will reply to the confidence it testifies towards hitn, and insure its destinies and its independence, by serving the interests of the French people, to whom also it owes its existence, and by conciliating the interests of these two friendly nations with the well-understood interests of the neighbouring powers. By the changes called for by the will of a nation and by the interest of all, absurd calumnies will fall to
the ground, and France, who has herself erected barriers where she had fixed her limits, will no longer be accused of a wish to overleap them. Helvetia enjoys in peace the benefits of her constitution, of the wis. dom of her citizens, and of our alliance.— Batavia still groans under an olygarchical government, without union in its views, without patriotism and without vigour. Its colonies have been a second time sold and delivered up to England, without firing a gun; but this nation possesses energy, morals, and condiny; it wants only a firm, patriotic, and enlightened government.— The King of Prussia has shown himself, upon every occasion, the friend of France, and the Emperor has profited of every one which has presented itself, to consolidate this happy harmony.—The Electors and all the Members of the Germanic Body faithfully maintain the relations of benevolence and friendship which unite it to France. —Denmark follows the counsels of a wise, moderate and judicious policy.—The spirit of Catherine the Great will watch over the councils of Alexander I. ; he will recollect that the fiendship of France is a necessary counterpoise for him in the balance of Europe, that, placed at a distance from her, he can neither attain nor disturb her repose, and that his great interest is to find in his relations with her, a necessary vent for the productions of his empire.—Turkey is wavering in her politics; she follows, through fear, a system which her interest disavows. —May she never learn at the expense of her own existence, that fear and irresolution accelerate the fall of empires, a thousand times more fatal than the dangers and losses of an unfortunate war.—Whatever may be the movements of England, the destinies of France are fixed: strong in her union, strong in her riches and in the courage of her defenders, she will faithfully cultivate the alliance of her friends, and will not act so as either to deserve enemies nor fear them.—When England shall be convinced of the impotence of her efforts to agitate the Continent; when she shall know that she has only to lose in a war without either end or motives; when she shall be convinced that France will never accept any other conditions than those of Amiens, an
will never consent to leave to her the right of breaking treaties at pleasure, by appropriating Malta—England will then have at: rived at pacific sentiments. Hatred and en
vy have but their day."
Printed by Cox and Baylis, No. 75, Great Queen Street, and published by R. Bacow, bow Street, Cowest Garden where former Numbers may be had 3 sold also by J. Ludd, Crown and Miue, Pall-Mall.
18th June, 1804. 101] -
$in George RUMBold.—Nete remitted by
Sir Arthur Paget, His Britannic Majesty's
Minister at the C art of Poienna, ofton the Saô
ject of the Dootation of Sir G. Rumbold.
The occurrence which has lately taken place at Hamburgh, is already too well known to his Excellency the Vice-Chaucellor of the Court and of State, for the undersigned envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of his Britannic Majesty to think it necessary, at this time, to state the details of it. But however habituated one may be to behold the French government heap violence upon violence, and atrocity upon atrocity, this last enterprize is such, that, perfectly convinced that there can be but one manner of regarding and appreciating it, the undersigned would nevertheless think himself wanting to his duty, if he did not solicit the particular attention of his excellency, to a crime as revolting in itself, as it is pernicious in its relations with the great interests of the German empire.——The undersigned thinks it impossible that his Majesty the Emperor in his quality of chief of that empire, could rest a tranquil spectator of so audacious a violation of all political rights and decorum ; and he flatters himself, that in the present atrocity, the known principles and sentiments of his Imperial Majesty will suggest measures conformable to the common interests of all independent powers. The undersigned seizes this opportunity, &c..A. PAGET.
DOMESTIC OFFICIAL-PAPERS. Middlesex Election.——Petition of certain Freeholders of the County of Middleter, presented to the House of Common; on the 25th of January, 1805, by Lord IWilliam Russel, complaining of the Conduct of
Sheriff Leighton and Shaw.
A petition of the several persons, whose *ames are thereunto subscribed, was deliver“d in at the table, and read; setting forth,
[102 that the peitioners are freeholders of the County of Middlesex, and claim to have had a right to 'yote at the last election for that county; to it at such election Sir Francis Iłurdett, Baronet, and George Boulton Mainwaring, losguire, were candidates to represent the said county in parliament; that upon a show of an as the sher:s: James Shaw, Psiand Sir William Leighton, Knight, de lared the majority, on the view, to be in favour of Sir Francis Burdett, but a poll being duly demanded for the said election, the same was granted by the said sheriff, and commenced on the 23d day of July, I So?: that the said poll continued open on the first day till about five o'clock in the cvening; thit on every other day during the continuance of the same, the poll was kept open seven hours; that on divers days during such continuance, several persons attended at the booth, appointed according to law, to give their votes and did accordinely declare their votes to be in favour of Sir Francis Burdett, whose names, places of abode, and freeholds, and in whose occupations their freeholds were, were duly entered on the poll, but the sheriff refused to permit the scratches or marks to be set opposite to their names, denoting the candidate for whom they voted, until their title to vote" had been examined into, although they offered to substantiate their titles by their oaths, nor would the sheriff allow such examination to take place at the booth, but insisted on their attending in a box, placed in a different part of the hustings, to undergo such examination ; and although such persons, in cornpliance with such requisition, did accordingly attend at the said box, yet the cousideration of imany votes so circumstanced was adjourned, for want of time, till the days respectively succeeding, and thereby great delay and confusion arose; that, in order to prevent the same in future, application was at sundry times, by the agents, friends, and counsel of Sir Fraucis Bordett, inade to the
sheriff of the said county, to keep the poll open longer than seven hours, as by law he was bound to do when upon good and suthcient cause requested so to do: that the said sheriff, at the several times aforesaid, refused to accede to such application; that on the 14th and 15th days of the poli, the said sheriff, together with Newman Knowlys, Esq., who then and there sat as assessor or assistant to the said sheriff, severally, and at sundry times, declared, that if at three o'clock on the said 15th day the votes of any persons that had been before that time objected to should not have been examined, the said sheriff would proceed upon such examination, and determine on the same after three o'clock on the same or the following day; and the petitioners further state, that at three o'clock on the 15th day of the poll, several voters were in attendance at the sheriff's box, in obedience to orders given by the sheriff, waiting to be examined in respect to the titles to their votes, which had been previously entered on the poll, and their votes declared, some for the said George Bonlton Mainwaring, but many more for the said Sir Francis Burdett; and the petitioners humbly submit, that if the poll had been cast up at such hour, without any further examination of such voters, the names of such votes ought to have been reckoned and thereby a majority of votes received on the poll declared, as in fact it was, in favour of Sir Francis Burdett; but the petitioners further state, that thc poll was not cast up, nor the numbers declared, till the following day, and, in the mean time, the sheriff, in compliance with his aforesaid promise, proceeded to satisfy himself respecting the titles of the voters so previously enter, d on the poll, and, after such examination, directed marks to be set opposite to their names, some in favour of the said Sir Francis Burdett, and some for the said George Boulton Mainwaring, according to the votes previously given for one or other of the said candidates; that a majority of the votes received on the poll did thereby also appear in favour of Sir Francis Burdett, and the said Sir FrancisBurdettought to have been returned to serve in this presentparliament for the county aforesaid; and that the said sheriff, well knowing the premises, did, on the 16th day of the said election, illegally, wrongfully, wilfully, and falsely declare the majority of numbers to be in favour of the said George Boulton Mainwaring, and illegally, wilfully, wrongfully, and falsely, returned the said George Boulton Mainwaring to serve for the said county in the presci: parliament, although the said Sir Fran
cis Burdett had a majority in number of votes received on the poll in his favour, and ought to have been returned in the stead and place of the said George Boulton Mainwaring to serve in the present parliament for the County of Middlesex aforesaid; and therefore praying the House to order the said false return of the said sheriff to be amended, by directing the name of the said George Boulton Mainwaring to be erase: therefrom, and the name of the said Sir Francis Burdett to be inserted therein in the stead and place of the name of the said George Boulton Mainwaring, and that the House will appoint an early day for taki's their petition into consideration, and grant to the petitioners such further relief in the premises as to the House shall seem meet. — Ordered, That the said petition be taken into consideration upon Tuesday the 19th day of February next, at three of the clock in afternoon.——Ordered, That Mr. Speaker do issue his warrant or warrants for such persons, papers, and records, as shall be thought necessary by the several parties on the hearing of the matter of the said pe. tition. M, pples ex Election.— Petition of str. tain Freeholders of the County of Middle. sex, relative to the Qualification of Mr. Mainwaring, presented to the House of Commons by Mr. Creevey, on the 28th of January, 1805. A petition of the several persons, whose names are thereunto subscribed, being fied: holders of the County of Middlesex, and claiming to have had a right to vote at the last election for that county, was delivered in at the table, and road; setting forth, that, at the last election of a knight of the shire for the County of Middlesex, Sir Francis Burdett, Baronet, and George Boulton Mainwaring, Esquire, were candi. dates to represent the same county in pas’ liament; that, on the shew of hands, the then sheriff declared the majority to be in favour of the said Sir Francis Burdett; that, thereupon, a poll was duly demanded in la: vour of the said George Boulton Mainwa" ring, and was proceeded on from day to day; that, at the close of the said election, the said sheriff returned the said George Boulton Mainwaring as duly elected to represent the said county in parliament; that, after the demanding the said poll, and proviously to the stanting thereof, or proceek ing on the same, the qualification of the said George Boulton Mainwaring to repro sent the said county in parliament was duo requested of him, and the said Georg"