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first, that the orders given at Ferrol, Cadiz, / part of that country, the assumption of a and Carthagena, should be countermanded, more dignified sense of national importance, as well for the equipment of ships of war in and a more independent exercise of sovereign any of those poris, as for their removal fion rights. – His Majesty would indeed be one of those ports to another. Secondly, most happy to discover in the counc ls of that not only ibe present armaments should Spain a reviving sense of those ancient feel. be discontinued, but that the establishinient ings and honourable propensities which have of ships of war in the different ports should at all times been so congenial to the Spanish be replaced on the footing on which they character, and which, in better times, have stood at the commencement of hostilities marked the conduct of its government. His between England and France. Thirdly, Maje-ty will, on his part, eagerly embrace that a full disclosure should be made of the the first opportunity, thus offered, of reexisting engagements, and of the future in suming a state of peace and confidence with tentious of Spain wiih respect to France. a nation which has so many ties of common From the period above-mentioned to the se interest to connect it with Great Britain, 'cond of November, several official notes pas and which he has hitherto been ever dissed between his Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires posed to regard with sentiments of the utand the Spanish minister, consisting, with most consideration and esteem. little variation in their tenour, of urgent demands of satisfaction on the one side, and of WAR WITH SPAIN. Address of His Er. evasive and unsatisfactory replies on the cellcrey the Prince of Peace, Gencralissimo other. After repeated delays and reiterated of his atholic Mlajesty's forces, to the Fleets, applications, his Majes'y's Chargé d'Affaires Armies, and People of Spain. Dated, Ma. received his passpcris on the seventh of No drid, the 10th of December, 1804. vember, and departed from Madrid on the The King has condescended to submit fourteenth of that monih. During the whole to me, as generalissimo of the royal armies, of this negotiation, no mention was made of the conduct of the war commenced with the detention of the Spanish treasure ships, Great Britain; and he commands, that all nor does it anywhere appear that 30 the principal officers of his dominions cor. account bad been received at Madrid
respond privately with me on the subject of that transaction. It is evident therefore, connected with this event. To comply with notwithstanding the attenipt made by the the terms of the confidence reposed in me, Spanish court to avail itself of hat event, and to fulfil the honourable duties enjoined in the Manifesto which has been since pub. me in the supreme authority over his galJished, that the state of war must equally lant troops with which I am invested, it is bave arisen between Great Britain and expedient that I call into activity my loyal Spain, bad the detention never taken place, zeal in his cause, and adopt the most eficcand shat, is point of fact, the rupture ulti tual means to discharge this high and impormately took place upon grounds distinct lant office.
-It is universally known, that from, and totally unconnected with, that when we were in a state of profound peace measure. The leading circumstances with England, hostilities were commenced which characterize the reiterated abuse of by ihat country, by i he capture of three fribis Majesty's moderation, were each of them gales; one was destroyed in the contest; a of a nature to have exhausted any less settled regiment of infantry destined for Minorca system of lenity and forbearance. Succours was made prisoners; many vessels laden afforded to his enemies; explanations re with grain were taken; and oihers, under fused or evaded, after repeated demands ; tbe burthen of one hundred tons, were deconditions violated, after distinct notice that stroyed. When were these robberies, these on them depended the continuance of peace. acts of ireachery and assassination, commitSach has been the conduct of the Spanish ted? When our Sovereign admitted the court; and it is, under these circunistances, ships of that nation to a free and undisturbed that his Majesty finds the domineering in. commerce, and gave the necessary supplies fluence of France exerted, and the Spanish to their ships of war. What profligacy and nation in a state of declared and open war. degradation in the one; what honour and
-His Majesty appeals with corfidence to dignity in the other. On the view of this all Europe for the acknowledgment of his pe fidy, is there a Spaniard whose indignaexemplary moderation in the whole course iion will not be excited? Is there a soldier of these transactions. His Majesty feels who will not grasp the weapon of destrucwith règret the necessity which places him tion? Brave seamen, ihree hundred of your its a state of hostility with Spain ; and would brethren have had their mangled members with beartfelt sạtisfaction observe, on the scattered to the winds; one thousand are de
prived of the light of heaven, in the dun- bloody victims of their aggression; and let geons of your enemies. Valiant soldiers, an an eternal mark of infainy be impressed, and equal number of your companions in arms universal deiestation be excited for these are deprived of the swords they knew how examples of public atrocity. -- Valiant to wield, and are carried to a remote island Spaniards! the nobleness of your character where they will either perish with hunger, no longer admits you to be inactive wit or be constrained to unite with the ranks of nesses of the-e disgraceful scenes. The lore the detested foe. Remember, ihen, your sa of our King for his people is perfectly known, cred obligations. Generous Spaniards, a and leaves no doubt that his numerous bas. few innocent and defenceless fishermen are sals will coincide in his wishes, and gratify reduced to the lowest step of human misery, bis expectations. To arms, then, my fellow and their afflicted wives and deserted soldier, and countrymen, and engage in the offspring implore your pity, and demand war in the way most linely to burl a terrible your protection. To fine, thousands of fami- | destruction upon our ruemics; hot while lies, expecting support from the wisdom of we spread the ierrors of battle, let us not, in the state, in a season of famine, are brutally imitation of our enemies, desert hore genedeprived of the subsistence provided for ral maxin:s of humanity, which are respected them, and exclaim, with the voice of thun. by all regular governments. In order that der-Vengeance! Vengeance! Let us then, the Chiets of the Siate may proceed in this my countrymen, obey; the King expects it, important business with the energy which and honour and justice require it at our hands. the occa ion requires, and the King com, If the English have forgotten that the blood mands, I proclaim, in his royal oame, that if which circulates in the veins of Spaniards is the success of any enterpri.e should not be the same which flowed in the breasts of those equal to the wisdom by which it is planned, who triumphed over the Carthagenian, the and the gallantry with which it is executed, Tioman, the Vandal, aud the Saracen, it is they will not be considered responsible for time that the recollection should be revived: the event: but they will be liable to the coait is time to convince them that we will pre sequences, if they do not put in activity the serve the fame of our ancestors unsullied, and sull extent of the resources with which they shew to them that we will perform our duty are entrusted. Nations not provided with to posterity, if it require that our ranks the means with which we are supplied, and should be thioned to add to the glorious ca placed in siiuations much more critical, bare talogue of Castillian heroism. If ihese dis known so well how to economise their lie tant islanders have attributed our desire to mited powers, as to make that people which preserve tranquillity within our borders to dared to trample on their rigbts, feel the efJamentable weakness, or to dishonourable fects of their resentment. Fan the public fear, let them at least be taught that the lat. ardour into general conflagration; avail ter can dever disgrace the bosom of a Spa- yourselves of the magnanimity of a wholo niard, glowing with all the ardent and liberal country, and prodigies will lose their characimpressions peculiar to his country. Quickly ter, and become familiar.----Under the prewill we teach them, that a loyal, virtuous, sent circumstances, it becomes the governor and brave people, attached to religion, and of the provinces to spread the generous spienamoured of true glory, can never be insult rit of enthusiasm amongst the troops under ed with impunity, much less can it endure their orders; it behoves the venerable dig. an instance of sanguinary violence directed nitaries of the Church, and the Civil Officers against its dignity and independence. If in the various political departments, to anithe English, unmindful of the principles of mate all orders and ranks of men to assert humanity respected among civilized nations, the honour of their King and Country, by abandoning all shame and remorse, have the powerful intiuence of example, and by only sought to obtain possession of our trea the attractive charms of eloquence. ---lo sures, which we should have peaceably de cases out of the ordinary current of events, livered to thein, had hey been entitled to it will be expedient to recur to means equal the property, we will recall to their memory to the occasion; and each province of ihe a fact which we trusted had been universal Empire will, according to its peculiar situaly acknowledged that the abuse of power, tion, vary in the efforts it directs to annoy the violation of public right, and the mad
the common enemy.
Learn how to blend excesses of despotism, have ever been the wisdom with patriotism, and let every comawful presage of the fall of Empires. Let mander, and every district, in obedience to them hide their dishonoured heads; let them him, present before the Sovereign and Cititremble in the contemplation of this ill-got zens of the State, and before the eyes of all ten wealth; let them shudder before the Europe, deeds worthy of the country to
which they belong. When any opportunity the legislative body, in their ceremonial be afforded of destroying the foe, wait not dresses, repaired to the hall of their sittings. for orders from a distant officer of govern The ceremony of the opening of the session ment: let not delay diminish the impressions for the year, had rendered some changes neof pascent valour, and ler not the natural cessary in the interior disiriburion of the courage of man be fritrered away in the col hall. The estrade of the throne had been lision of idle formalities.--Contemplate established upon and before the ordinary tricontraband commerce as the highest crinie; bune of the president; some of the orators it is conducive only to satisfy the avarice of and secretaries of the legislative body on the our enemies; the manufactures they offer top of the soubassement. The ascent was you, are prepared by the reeking hands of by two flights of steps, placed on each side. those who are bathed in the blood of your The throne, elevated five steps above the fathers, and your brethren. Impress all estrade, was placed under a palm-tree, on the around you with a sense of horror, at the trunk of which were suspended the arms of practice of this nefarious intercourse; and the Emperor. The throne was composed of when it is universally felt, 'when not a Spa- two props in the form of two pedestals, on riard will disgrace himself by this pernicious which were placed two Genji, symbols of connexion, when Europe shall understand justice and strength, supporting a crown her genuine interests, aod every port of the above the head of his Majesty. Over the Coniinent shall be closed upon these in throne was a canopy bespangled with bees truders, theo will our vengeance be com and stars, and an eagle reposing on his thua. plete: the insupportable arrogance of the derbolts. Opposite the throne, in the triIslanders will be humbled; they will be lost bune of the constituted authorities, was a caamid the chaos of their own ruins; and they nopy for her Majesty the Empress, and will be recognized only as the violators of places for the Princesses. The legislative public right, and as the tyrants of the body had yesterday appointed, in a private Ocean.---- May the spirit here applauded be sitting, a deputation of 25 members' to rethat of the whole nation ; may we all of us ceive this day his Majesty the Emperor. At readily sacrifice our private indulgence to the half-past eleven the members of the tribugeneral cause; and if there should be an in nate, council of state, and the twelve depusulated character among us not animated by ties of the conservative senate, entered the this noble disposition, may he catch the fame hall, and took their places. At twelve, a of patriotism from his associates, and not discharge of artillery having announced the disgrace the Spanish name by frigidity and arrival of the Emperor, the deputation, with indifference. The age and infirmities of the president at its head, set out to meet his some will not permit them to rake a personal Majesty.---The procession shortly entered part in this glorious enterprize, but they may the hall, whilst martial music was heard on by their opulence, or by their counsel, con every side; all the legislators rose up. Those duce to the general design; and this bis Ma of the deputation went back to their places. jesty expects, and l implore of them; and The Emperor ascended his throne, and all thus, by arailing ourselves of every resource Those who accompanied him sat down to the with which God and nature have furnished right and left in those places assigned them. us, the effects of our indignation will be ter On each side of the throne, on the first step sible to our enemies. In fine, if any parti- underneath it, were placed the princes and cular Member of the State should wish ex dignitaries ; on the second range of steps beclusivelyto undertake some scheme which he neath, on the right, sat the ministers; on thinks likely to annoy the English, and for the left the grand officers of the Empire; in which he shall require the assistance of go the front of ihe steps, upon stools, were the vernment, let him communicate his project grand chamberlain and grand equerry; to to me, and I will provide him with the ne the right the grand master of the cessary means, if bis purpose should be so nies; behind the Emperor, and standing, the well formed as to conduce to the injury of grand marshal, the master of the hunt, the Britain, and the glory of Spain.
colocels, general of the guard, and the aids. (Signed) THE PRINCE of Peace. de camp; at the two angies of the ballus-,
trade were the two masiers of the ceremoFOREIGN OFFICIAL PAPERS nies; the pages were on the two flighits of FRENCH ANNUAL Exposé, at the Opening steps, and at the bottom of the estrade were. of the Session of the Legislative Body at Pa the heralds at arms. In front. in the circu. ris, on the 26b of December, 1804.
lar part forming the first rank of the Am. PREPARATORY CEREMONIES.
phitheatre. were placed the deputation, com1: At eleven in the morping the members of posed of twelve senators; upon the two next
seats, to the right, were the councillors of ministers have given me of their respecuve state, and to the left, the tribunes; on the departments. I am fully satisfied with the remaining seats of the Amphitheatre sat the prosperous state of our finances : whatever members of the legislative body, in the cen may be the expenditure, it is covered by the tre of whom, and in the front of the throne, revenue. How extensive soever have been was the president, on a particular seat; on the preparations imposed upon us by the his side were the questors, and behind him exigencies of the war in which we are eo, two ushers. All the persons present being gaged, I call upon my people for no new saseated and covered, Prince Joseph, the grand crifice. It would have been highly gra. elector, quitted the right of the Emperor, tifying to me, on so solemn an occasion, 10 advanced towards the ballusırade, and asked see the blessings of peace diftused over the of his Majesty permission to administer the world; but the political principles of our oath to the members of the legislative body, enemies, their receot conduct towards Spain, A questor then called the legislators, who but too strongly speak the difficulties that successively pronounced aloud, standing : oppose it. I am not anxious to enlarge the " I swear obedience to the coostitutions of territory of France, but to assert iis integrity, " The Empire, and fidelity to the Emperor." | I feel no ambition to exert a wider stretch The appeal terminated, the Emperor rose, of intiuence in Europe ; but not to descend the legislators uncovered themselves, and his from that which I have acquired. No state Majesty delivered the following
shall be incorporated with ihe Empire; but I shall not sacrifice my rights, or the ries that
bind me to the states that I have created. Deputies from the departments to the le In bestowing the crown upon me, my peogislative body, tribúnes, and members of my ple entered into an engagement to exertevery council of state: I am come, gentlemen, to effort which circumstances may require, in preside at the opening of your session. 'My order to preserve unsullied that splendour anxious desire is, to impress a more impo- which is necessary for their prosperity, and sing and august character on your proceed- indispensible for their glory, as well as for ings; yes, princes, magistrates, soldiers, citi. mine. I am full of confidence in the energy zens, we have all of us, in the career we of the nation, and in the sentiments it entere have to run, but one object-the interest of taios for me. Its dearest interests are the the country. If this throne, to which Provi. constant object of my solicitude. --- Deputies dence and the will of the nation have raised from the departmenis of the legislative body, me, be dear in my eyes, it is because that tribunes, and members of my council of throne can alone defend and maintain tbe
state: your conduct, gentlemen, during the most sacred interests of the French people. preceding session, the zeal with wbich you Unsupported by a vigorous and paternal go glow for your country, your attachment to vernment, France would have still to fear the
my person, I hold as pledges of the asreturn of those calamities by which she has sistance for which I call upon you, and been afflicted. The weakness of the su which, I trust, I shall receive from you
du. preme power is the deepest misfortune of na
ring the course of the present session. tions. As a soldier or First Consul, I entertained but one thought; as Emperor, I In the sitting of the 31st of December, the am influenced by no other—and that is, every President read the following Message. thing that contributes to the prosperity of At the Palace of the Tuilleries, joih NiFrance. I bave had the good fortune to il rose, year 13.-Napoleon Emperor of the lustrate France by victories, to consolidate French. We have nominated and do noher by treaties, to rescue her from civil broils, minate, Messrs. Champagny, Minister of the and revive among her inhabitants the in Interior ; Regnaud and Lacuée, Councillors fluence of morals, of social order, and of re of State, to repair to the Legislative Body ligion, Should death not surprise me in this day, 1011 Nivôse, and there make the the midst of my labours, I fondly hope I may statement of the situation of the Empire. transmit to posterity a durable impression, By the Emperor, (Signed)--NAPOLEON.that must serve as an example or reproach to The Secretary of State, (Signed) H. B. my successors. The minister of the inte MARET, rior will submit to you a statement of the si
EXPOSÉ. tuation of the Empire The deputation from Mr. Champagny.--"Gentlemen, Io conmy council of state will present to you the sequence of the nomination of which iofordifferent objects that are to occupy the legis mation has just been given to you, I am lature. I have given instructions that there going to have the honour of stating to you be laid befüre you the accounts which my the situation of the French Empire.--The
interior situation of France is at this day | braced in its duration generations and ages. what it was in the calmest times ; no move --The senate was, as it should be, The meat which can alarm the public tranquil. organ of the common inquietude. Soon lity; no crime which belongs to the remem. burst forth that wish to see the power herebrance of the revolution ; every where useful divary which dwelt in all hearts truly french; undertakings, every where the improvement it was proclaimed by the electoral colleges, of public and private property attest the pro- | by the armies, the council of state, magisgress of confidence and of security. - The trates, the most enlightened men were conJeaven of opinion no longer sharpens the spi sulted, and heir answer was onanimous.--rits; the sentiments of the general interest, The necessity of hereditary power in a state the principles of social order, better known so vast as France, had been long since perand more refined, bave attached all hearts ceived by the First Consul. lu vain had he to the common prosperity. This is what all resisted the force of principles, in vain had the administrations proclaim; this is what he tried to establish a system of election the Emperor has witnessed in all the depart which might perpetuate public authority, ments he has travelled through ; this is what and transmit it without danger and without has just been demonstrated in the most siri troubles.-- Public inquietudes, the hopes king manner. All the armies have seen them of our enemies, accused his work. His selves at once separated from their generals, death was to be the ruia of bis labours. It all the military corps from their chiefs; the was till this term that foreign jealousy, and superior tribunals, deprived of their first ma. the spirit of discord and anarchy waited for gistrates; the public ministry, of its first or Reason, sentiment, experience dictated gans; the churches of their principal pastors; equally to all Frenchmen that there was no the towns, the countries, simultaneously certain transmission of power but that which quitted by every one who has power and in was effected without interval, ibat there was Auence over men's minds ; the people every no tranquil succession but that which was where abandoned to their genius ; and the regulated by the laws of nature.When people have every where shown then selves such motives supported such pressing wishes, desirous of order and of the laws. At the the determination of the First Consul could same moment the Sovereign Pontiff travelled not be doubtful. He resolved then to ac, ept through France. From the banks of the for himself and for two of his brothers after Po to the borders of the Seine, he has every him, the load which was imposed on him where been the object of a religious homage by the necessity of circumstances.---From Tendered him by that immense majoriiy, bis meditations ripened by conferences with who, faithful to the ancient doctrine, see a the members of the senate, by discussions in commou father and the centre of the coin the councils, by the observations of the mon belief in him whom all Europe reveres wisest men, was formed a series of disposias a sovereign, raised to the throne by his tions which fixes the inheritance of the impiety and his virtues.--A ploe laid by an perial throne ; – which assigns to the princes implacable Government, was going to re. their rights and their duties ;—which proplunge France into the abyss of civil wars mises to the heir of the empire an education and of anarchy At the discovery of that regulated by the laws, and such that he will horrible plot, all France was moved; io. be worthy of his high destinies ;- which dequietudes ill laid asleep, were again awa signates i hose who, in case of minority, will kened, and in every mind was at once found be called to the regency, and marks The lianew, principles which have been those of mits of their power; -which places between all wise men, and which were constantly the throne and the citizens, dignities and of* ours before error and weakness had alienated fices accessible to all, encouragements and men's minds, and guilty intrigues had mis te
recompences of the public virives ;-which - led their opinions. The nation had ex give to men honoured with great distinctions,
perienced that power divided was without or invested with great authority, judges suf- accord and without strength ; it had been ficiently great to bend neither before their made sensible that intrasted for a time, it authority, nor before their distinctions ; was only precarious, and permitted neither which gives to crimes against the public long labours nor long thoughts; that intrust safety and the interest of tbe empire, judges ed for the life of a single man, it grew weak essentially attached to the safety of the emwith him, and left alter him only chances pire and to its interests ; --- which places of discord and of anarchy ; it was convinced more lustre and more weight in the funcin fide that there were safety, for great na tions of the legislator, more development tions, only in hereditary power; that it and more extent in the public discussion of alone secured their political life, and em the laws;- which recals the 'tribunals and