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only excusable, but, perhaps, laudable, in with a pretext whereon to justify that genLord Stafford ; but, to support him as the tleman's remaining in the ministry, tur ibat coadjutor of Lord Sidmouth! Oh! no, no ! shall, at the same time, fully convince the it cannot be! His real situation, then, world that his lord-hip is in reality the First' nobody can fail to perceive. Yet, those Minister of England. In ihe preceding persons, who imagine that he will resign sheet, lists of the ministries of Mr. Addingin disgust, are very much deceived.He ton and that of Lord Sidmouth were given.' is come up

“ from Ardea," as Mr. Ro It was then supposed, that the Duke of bert Ward says, “ to restore the city and Portland was to retire from the cabinet, as “ save the costering state;" and, in order, well as froin the presidentship of the coundoubtless, to accomplish this patriotic pur cil. But, it appears that his grace is to repose, he will bear much more than one tain a seat in the cabiner; so that, the only would like to say. - With respect to the difference will be, that Lord St.Viocent and choice of the new Archbishop of Can'er Mr. Yorke will be out, and in lieu of them bury, it is said, though not quite positively, Mr. Piti, Lords Melville, Camden, and that Lord Sidmouth bas, upon the earnest Mulgrave, will have come in. and repeated solicitations of Mr. Pitt and COMMUNICATION PROM FRANCE (Consome of Their common friends, consented tinued from p. 96). In resuming the reto the appointment of the Bishop of Lincoln, marks upon the several points of the Speech, in lica of the Bishop of Norwich, well it is proper to begin with a continuation of known to have been fixed on, long ago, by whai has already been said respecting the Mr. Addington. · Of the prelates in ques. Communication from France, especially as tion it is not known that his Majesty has far as relates to that difference of opinion, ever expressed any particular desire to give which, upon this topic, the Pitt papers have either the preference. The appointment ap attributed to Lord Grenville and Mr. Fox. pears, therefore, to have been lett to be settled Lord Grenville expressed his joyat the prospect by the two premiers; and, it is as was before of a co-operation upon the Continent; and apobserved, said, that Lord Sidmouih has proved of the determination not to enter finally yielded to the earnest and repeated into negotiations with France, till the powsolicitations of Mr. Pitt and some of their ers with whom we were engaged in conticommon friends. This is very likely to be dential intercourse and connexion had been correct; for, as Lord Sidmouth has no par: advised with. Opposed to this Mr. Frx said ticular connexion with the Rutland family; not one word. He said, he wished to as.' as he can regard them merely as persons certain, whether the powers described in who voted in support of him, bis insisting up, the Speech, as engaged in confidential inon the preferment of the Bishop of Norwich, tercourse and connexion witb us, were really in opposition to that of the Dr. Pretty man, our allies or noi ; and he took care clearly or, indeed, his insisting upon the prefer to state, that his doubt upon this subject ment of any Bishop other than Dr. Preity. might arise from the wording of the Speech, man, could not possibly be viewed in any o. and not from any difference of opinion, as ther light than that of a barbarous and wan to the line of conduct intended to be pur-: ton outrage on the feelings of Mr. Pitt. Never. sued with respect to the consulting of allies theless, it even this should take place, Mr. or the entering into negotiations for peace. Pilt willnot stir! Sofirm appears bis determi And, who, with some explanation of the nation " to save the city and restore the tot. phrase, would have been satisfied with the "tering state," that if he were compelled to words " confidential intercourse and con-, descend a step or woin official rank, it would “ nexion ?" Who could tell whether there not be surprizing if he were still to 'cling were any alliance, or not?' and, if there on. To this length, however, it is hardly were no alliance, what ground was there to. probable that Lord Sidmouth will push his call upon the parliament to approve of the triumph; because, in spite of every expec ministers having advised His Majesty tation to the contrary, such inexorable per to enter into any more particular,explaseverance in huiniliating Mr. Pitt might “ nation without previous communication drive the latter out of the ministry'; and, " with certain powers on the Continent ?" though the numbers be would carry with Mr. Pitt gave satisfactory assurances of our kim would certainly be insignificant, yet, having formed an alliance with Russia, as '“ a debater," " use a phrase of The thongh, it appears, the treaty is not yet acTimes, his loss could not fail to be felt. tually signed. This was sufficient. Mr. The most probable conjecture, therefore, is, Fox made no reply ; and not one word that his lordship will pursue a course that escaped him, whence it could be inferred skall just furnish the partisans of Mr. Pitt that ihere was any difference of opinion bc

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tween him and Lord Grenville. Indeed, , but, when, in order to compensate for their the articles, in the ministerial papers, in- disappointment, they were assured, that, if sisting upon such a'differences really appear they would but come ihe next night, they to bave been prepared beforehand. The should see bim dance in a piot bottle, it is partisans of Mr. Pitt seem to have made said, that even the half-idiot Cockneys per. sure that he had provided the means of ceived, either that they were : nature's embarrassing and confusing his opponenta; “ fools,' or the fools of the operator. and some of these discreet gentlemen have CONTINENTAL Allsances. -That an gone so far as to induce some persons to con alliance and hearty co-operation between clude, that the intended alliances with, and this kingdom and the great powers of the subsidies to, the continental powers, have for continent are the only means of checking their sole object, the bumbling of the Oppo- the encroachments of France, and of presilion, and preserving Mr. Pilt's place, in serving our own independence, every man, stead of the humbling of Napoleon, and pre of any political information, now, notwith. serving the independence of England! This standing the efforts of Mr. Wilberforce, .must surely be not so; but, if such be the ob seems to be convinced. The Speech af. ject, it will be a great pity; because it cer fords reason to believe, that an alliance of tainly will not be effecied, and the attempt this sort, to some extent at least, has will have cost us very dear. No : the op bren, or will be accomplished. That position stands upon a basis not to be shaken we have formed treaties with Russia and by any thing that Mr. Pitt could, even in Sweden is certain ; and, if the ministerial bis best days, have done. There is not the writers are to be believed, there is a pros, least probability that any difference of opinion pect of inducing Austria to join the coali, will arise between the leaders of opposition tion. Of Prussia, no hope, at present, apo relative either to peace or war. Thosc candid pears to be entertained.

With respect 10 writers, who are paid for the purpose, do, the principle of this great measure, there indeed, continue to insist, that the New Op. will be no difference of opinion, except position, as it was called, having pledged what may arise from the maxim laid down themselves to maintain the justice and hi by Mr. Wilberforce, who insisted, that the ness of eternal war, can never, upon a ques. " ministers and people of this country were tion of this sort, be in harmony (without an too honest to have any connexion with the abandonment of principle on one side or the powers of the Continent." But, though other) with the Old Opposition, they having there can be hardly aoy difference of opi: pledged themselves to maintain the justice inion as to the general principle of continen, and fitness of cternal peace. The conclusion tal connexions, or as to the principle, perhere is logical enough, and all that is want haps, of the particular coalition now proing to render the argument sound, is, truth jected; and, though it is possible, that the in the premises. It is, indeed, true enough, ministers may so conduct themselves in this that these premises were, over and over respect, as to afford little or no ground of again, argued upon as admitted and poto difference of opinion as to the detail of its vious facis, by ihe makers of the peace of formation, or the means and mode of carAmiens and their partisans ;-but; they were rying into effect; yet, it must be allowed not, for all that, the less false ; and, it must to be very probable, that, as to these, there be remeinbered, that they were constantly may be very good ground for opposition. denied by every person, to whom such wild Let us hope, that this will not be the case ; and sweeping notions were attribuied. It but, it is necessary to guard against the fallasuited the purpose of Mr. Addington and cious conclusion, that, because you approve Mr. Pitt extremely well, to inculcate a be. of the principle of a measure, you are to apo lief, that those who opposed their peace, prove of the measure in all its parts, and also were persons who wished for eterral war; of the manner of its execution. And, this and that those who objected to their so soon caurion is, it will be granted, peculiarly nechanging that peace into a new war, were cessary, when we consider, who are the pero persons who wished for eternal peace. Now sons, by whom the present proposed mea. ihing would be more conyenient to them sure is to be executed; when we recollect then a belief of this sort, it being always their conduct in the former war agaiust sure to put their opponents apparently in the France, and especially when we recollect wrong. But, tricks of this sort, though very their language and conduct at the last peace, good, in some cases, for the first lime, will when all our allies were abandoned for the not bear a repetition. We are told, that the sake of sugar and spice islands, when we Cockneys went once to see a man six seet heard Mr. Addington, who is now again af doigts dance a bornpipe in a quart bottle ; the head of affairs, make the declaration

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when we heard his coadjutor, Mr. Pile, nt forward his war system of finance, in June,


ter, or give his unqualified approbation to, 1903, he made use of these words : “ The similar sentiments. This consideration is, 6 committee will perceive, that the great indeed, of vast importance, whether as af “ object I have in yiew is to raise a large fecting the forming of a continental coali part of the supplies within the year. The tion, or the attainment of its professed ob “ extent to which I wish to carry this prin. ject. For, besides the want of confidence “ ciple is ibis, that there shall be no increase which, in the continental powers, must wbatever of the public debt during the arise from tbe present unstable appearance of

He afterwards qualifies this the English cabivet, on whatever side ihac statement by saying, that the provisions he cabinet is viewed, it is quite impossible not has made for carrying on a vigorous, and to foresce, that, upon the urgency of cir even a protracted contest, will prevent the cumstances at bome, or upon the first re necessity of making any greater addition to verse of fortune abroad, there will arise, the public debt" than what will be annually even in the very bosom of the government, liquidated by the sinking fund." The fal a rivalship for popular favour through the lacy of such statements as this latter was means of peace; and, foreseeing this, the shown at the time, and, I was sorry to hear, continental powers will, it is to be feared, very much to the mortification of Mr. Pitt. never enter heartily into the contest, and To liquidate means, to “ clear away;" but, constantly be too much disposed, each 10 how is any part of the national debt cleared make ihe best bargain she can for herself. away,” unless we cease to pay the interest Will any man, who takes an impartial view on it » When my neighbour tells me, that of all the circumstances of the case, deny . he has liquidated one half of a bond that he that such a result is to be apprehended? had entered into, I understand bim, and and, if such should be the result, who will wbo would not understand bim, as having deny that we shall then be in a much worse cleared away one half of the principal of the situation than we now are ? Considered in bond, and, of course, that he no longer has themselves, there is no objection to subsi to pay interest on it? Is not this the sense in dies, though subsidies without an English which all mankind understand the word lie army will avail litile; but, if by subsidies quidate ? How, then, can that word be apwe obtain no real, and no degree of per. plied to the operation of the sinking fund, manent, security, it will not be denied, that which operation consists of a mere transfer to raise twenty or thirty, or even ten, mil of a portion of the evidences of the national lions of money in taxes, for the purpose of debt, and which never does, or can, Jessen, sending the said money abroad, inust prove in the smallest degree, the amount of ibe ina very serious injury. This, therefore, is terest annually to be paid ? The way to view all that can, at present, be said of the pro the national debt is, to confine your eye to posed measure : a coalition against France, the interest only. If

f you
find that grow

less, in which we are a party, is, in itself consi Then you may truly say that some of the dered, greatly to be desired; but, that, if debt has been liquidated, cleared away, paid there be a want of energy, of confidence, of; but, while you are called upon to pay of fortitude, of real patriotism, in the persons interest to the same annual amount as if conducting it, it may hasten, and may add there were no sinking fund, to believe that to the horrors of, the evil that it is, on our that fund is producing an annual decrease in part, intended to preveot. That, according the debt, argues a degree of stupidity almost to the way in which it is used, it may prove beneath the human species. To say the a blessing, or a curse; it may tend to give truth, however, the people are not thus stuus permanent peace and security, or, afier a pid; they do not thus give up their faculties long and ineffectual struggle, it may plonge of calculating and reasoning, and yield to a us, first in ruin and finally in slavery. credulity so blind as that to which their

ADDITIONAL BURDENS.-To those who hopes in the effect of the sinking fund are believed the former statements and promises attributed: they are deceived as to a point of either of the present premiers, the pas of fact. They think that part of the debt sage of his Majesty's speech that alludes to in is really liquidated every year; really cleared tended additional burdens may appear some. away ; really paid off; and, of course, that, what surprising. To the readers of the Register, however, it scarcely can so appear,

* See this memorable speech : Register, seeing that, as often as the occasion has of. Vol. III. p. 906, et seq. The part he quoted fered, an endeavour has always been made is in p. 91d. to guard them against this sort of disap | Register, Vol. III. p. 920.

" H fell,"

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upon that part of the debt, they have no our ability to continue the war. tonger to pay interest. From very extensive says he,“ do my lot, in the late parliament and careful observation, I am convinced, 6 of Ireland, to represent to the House, that that, out of every ten thousand persons in " the revenues of ihat country were in a ra. the kingdom, nine thousand, nine bundred " pidly decaying and decreasiog state; and, and ninety-nine, who view the matter in

upon the same occasion, I prognosticated, this light. It they knew that they had " that they would not become better. Ex. interest to pay upon the “ liquidated" part “perience has verified the prediction ; for, of the debt, as well as upon the part not so far from being better, they are actually

liquidated," is there a man amongst them, “ in a worse stale, as will appear from a who would not scout the whole project? - statement of the Irish debt at different per To remove this deep-rooted and widely. “ riods." He then took several periods, spread deception must, however, be left to beginning with 1793 ; but, it will be better the hand of time; we will, therefore, re to take them further back. turu to the subject more imrnediately before

In 1793, Ireland had no debt. us, taking up the premier where we left bim, promising the parliament, that, though In 1988, it amounted to..

In 1984, her debt began with £1,527,500 the war should be vigorous and protracted, in 1994,

1,718,240 he had, in his budget of June, 1803; pro: 'In 1798,

. 2,134,140 vided the pecuniary means for supporting it


In 1800, (year before the union) 24,207,290 without any addition to the national debi,

In iso3,

39,541,2;8 beyond the sum of six millions a year, which sum, he said, would, of course, be raised

In 1804, (month of July).. 53,296,356 by loan. He was speaking of Great Bri After drawing a comparison, as to the te. tain only, but we must not quite forget Ire lative amount of the loans made by England land, when we are talking upon these inat- and Ireland, he proceeds thus. “ The ters. For Ibat year, indeed (1803), his 16 worst circumstance of all that belongs to war taxes not being likely to come in:o full or this ruinous system, is, that the Govern. operation very soon, he took a loan of ten - ment of Ireland is borrowing money cute millions for Great Britain and of two mil in Ireland; and, by that means, are not lions for Ireland; but, he assured ihe Par only creating absentee debts and absentee liament, that this would not be tie case in “ taxes, but are contracting all the means future. Notwithstanding these assurances, “ó which the country possesses of increasing however, he came last year, to the same “ her exports and diminishing her imports

. unobjecting body of men, demanded, and " But, the debt to be raised has a still instantly obiained, authoriiy to make a loan worse lendency: it has the effect of diof 10 millions for England and of 5. mil minishing that revenue which should pay Jions for Ireland ! -- And here it is proper to

" the interest of it. Ireland is in as bad a stop a moment, and to say a word or two ". state with regard to her revenues as her with a view of shiewing, that these loans for " debt. In the year 1800, the amount of Ireland are not altogether unworthy of the " the ordinary revenue was 2,800,000l

. notice of us English people. Five millions " when the debt was but 25 millions ; lat and three quarters was the sum borrowed on year, the revenge was 2,789,coul

, that account of Ireland last year. The whole an. is 16,000l. less than it was the

year nual revenue of Ireland amounts to only w fore the union, and the debt of Ireland about two million eight hundred thousand now being 53 millions. But, assuming pounds! The anpoal permanent revenue of 66 the net produce of the ordinary revenue England (using ihat word to avoid repetition at 2,800,000l, the amount of interest and of the clumsy phrase Great Britain) amounts charges to be detrayed thereout, on the to about 36 millions; and what would lor gole account of the vacional debt, said, were she to borrow 52 millions in one 2,500,000l. ; so that, scarcely 300,000l

. year? But, this, we shall be told, is only “ will remain' to be applied to the joint for one year and away. So very great a “ charge of the empire, Irel ind's propor: Joan will not be made for lielaod every

“ tion of that joint charge being, for this year, perhaps, but a loan, very nearly equal year, 4 millions! But ihe jurospicct is still in amount to the whole of her aubual reve worse, for it appears, that the revenue vue, has been made every year; for many “ has decreased since January last, in the years past. Let us hear Mr. Foster, the proportion of from 2 to 3 hundred thou• Irish Chancellor of the Exchequer upon this “ sand the year, and if it consubject : for it is one of very great importance,

tinue to diminish in the same ratio to the and closely connected with the question of " end of the year, there will remain waking




" for the joint charge, and Ireland will, in a right to demand, from him, the pro. " that respect, be a sheet of blank paper.". mised consequences, but, while some perThen he proceeds with his plans for arrest sons were really weak enongh to be in ing the progress of the evil. To what ex. expectation of those consequences, iorth tent these plans will succeed, cannot, as yet, comes the Speech, regretting the necesbe fully ascertained; but, if we are to sity of “ additional burdens and judge from present appearances, the success crifices !" But, these addit; ns may, pos. will fall very far short of the object. The sibly, arise from the subsidies expecied conclusion is, that, though the name of Ire. to be called for by the powers of the land may continue to be made use of in the Continent; and, it is right to state, making of loans, the interest of those loans, that the minister, in both the budgeter, which is the saine in effect, Ireland's speeches, above referred to, expreisly exshare of the joint charge, must fall upon cepled the sums that night be called for England; and, indeed, it is said (for 1 by such a contingency. Whatever, there. have not yet seen the pamphlet) that" lore, may be the amount of those subsidies, Irish member" recommends, as the wisest it must be added to the 6 millions a year, course, for England at once to take upon herself which he always regarded it as necessary'to the whole of the Irish national debt. In continue to borrow during the war. Suppose, speaking, therefore, of the loans of the then, the subsidies for the present year should year we must never forget to include those amount to 5 millions, as it is said they will, which are made for Ireland.--The whole the loan for England should not exceed it borrowed last year was, then, 151 mil millions, and, for Ireland (certainly within lions; and, this year, the loans will scarcely the amount of her whole an jual sevenge). amount to less than 20, or, probably, 25 it ought not to exceed { millions, or, at millions, instead of 6 millions, or 8 millions most 2 millions; yet, as was above-stated, including Ireland, the sum to which Mr. the probability is, that it must exceed 20 Addington said the wants of the nation millions for England alone, or, that new taxes would be restricted; for, it is by no means 10 the amount of the deficit must be imposed. fair to allow him to have had in view to The truth is, I believe, that we shall have borrow for Ireland a sum every year more

a very considerable : san and new taxes to a than equal to her whole revenue. --Wc great amount besides; and, the reason for must now hear the declarations of the same making these remarks, is, that penple minister, at the time of opening his budget may be prepared for the exertions they in April last. “ The committee" said he, will be called on to make. "The doubling " will observe, that, though, in the present of the Income Tax has been spoken of as " instance, the ways and means do not accom a probable measure. The tax is objection"plish the object of preventing all accumu. able only because it sets the neighbours of " lation of debt, the addition this year will a man to pry into his secrets"; to fathom “ be under 4 millions. But the committee the length of his purse; to wound and " will understand that if they should finally destroy his laudab'e pride ; in many " adopt the provisions, which I have pla cases to, mar his fortune ; to prevent his * ced under iheir consideration, there will recovering from a state of depression; to "be ways and means sufficient to meet break down his independence of spirit, and “ what I consider the average amount of to efface from his mind those notions "the war-expenses. If the system which of liberty and security, without which " I recommend be adopted, and the war (whatever other nations may be) English. “ should continue for tliree years, we shall are worth nothing. But, in that “ have arrived, at the end of those three quarier, (I mean the funds) where the

years, at a point when all addition to loudest cry has been set up against the In" the public debt will cease, and the debt come-tax, none of these objections are of " will be diminishing, even under our any weight. There the property is visible. present expenses.

Thus, we shall have The owner has, of himself, exposed the to carry on the contest, if it should con evidences of it to the world. There the "tinue beyond that period, under the cir assessor sees only what a man bas, and

cumstance of a diminution rather than does not discover what he has not, but " an increase of debt.”+ Ireland is care what, in many instances much to his ad, fully kept out of sight,'observe. All his vantage, he is thouglit to have, even by propositions were adopted ; and, we have the hawk-eved assessur himself. To a lax


the funds, therefore, there can be no * Parliamentary Debates, vol. II. p.773. objection that will not equally well apply + Ibid. vol. II. p. 356.

to a tax upon houses or land; and, the


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