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PSALM VI. This psalm must bave been composed in some fevere affli&tion, botb of mind and body. It is the first of those psalms calied penitential.
FOR THE FIRST MUSICIAN; A PSALM OF
I am quite exhausted by my sighs : - , every night I bedew my bed; with my tears I deluge my couch! wasted with sorrow are my looks ; || I am worn out, amidst all mine enemies !
Be gone from me, all ye workers of iniquity : for Jehovah hath heard my lamentation : JEHOVAH hath listened to my request : JEHOVAH hath accepted my prayer. Abashed and confounded shall be all my foes; they shall retreat, and be suddenly put to shame.
NOTES, Ver. 6. Hadés, the mansion of departed fouis.- Ver. 8. || I prefer the reading of the antient versions; which make David the nominative to worn out. In the present Heb. looks or eye is the nomi rative. It is of little importance which reading be followed.
PSALM VII. This psalm is, in its title, said to have been composed, on account of the words of Cbus, a Benjaminite. But who was Chulle ». We read not of fucb a pe fon in the whole history of David. The Jeniso interpreters tell us that Saul is called Cbuss; tb it is, an Ætb'opi'ın, on account of bis black Æthiopic deeds! Others, with more probability, refer it to Shimei: but still wby is Shimei called Cbus ? I believe that Chuß bere is not a proper name; but an appeliative, denoting refroacb; and I bave rendered the title accordingly. AN ELEGY OF DAVID, WHICH HE SANG TO I JEHOVAH, ON ACCOUNT OF THE REPROACH
FUL WORDS OF A BENJAMINITE. JEHOVAH! my God! in thee I trust; save and deliver me from all my foes : left, like a lion, they bereave me of life, || while there is none to save and deliver.
JEHOVAH ! my God! if this I have dones if in my hands be iniquity : if I have repaid friendship with evil, or molested even my causeless foe : may the enemy pursue and overtake me; my life may he trample to the ground; and my glory may he lay in the dust! JEHOVAH ! arise in thine indignation : stand up against the outrages of my foes; and exert, in my favour, the judgment thou hast prescribed. The people in crowds will then surround thee : on their account be thou seated on high : to the p ople let JEHOVAH do justice.
Judge me, JEHOVAH! acording to my righteousness; according to my real integrity. May evil consume the wicked !
but establish thou the righteous :
the searcher of hearts and reins. II My refuge is in JEHOVAH,
who preferveth the upright of heart;
and is never wroth without a cause.
he hath bent and prepared his bow, 14 and hath fitted to it instruments of death :
his shafts he hath tempered with burning coals. 15 - Lo! the wicked-one hath conceived iniquity,
and is pregnant with oppression :
but an abortion he shall bring forth.
but he shall tumble into the hole he hath made:
NOTES. Ver. 3. || I follow the reading of Chald. and Syr. The present Hebrew has tearing, and none to deliver.-Ver. 4. if this I have done. He seems to allude to the reproach of Shimei, who had called him a bloody, lawless man. See 2 Sam. 16.7.-—Ver. 5. The first line of this verse may be referred to Jonathan ; the second to Saul, whon David had more than once in his power to kill.--Ver. 7. the judgment thou bast prescribed; i. e. the rules of judginent laid down in the law.-Ver. 8. A picture of human judicatories. The judge is seated on an elevated bench; and the people surround him to hear and receive judgment. -Ver. 12. is never wroth without a cause. lit. is not wroth every day. So read almost all the antient interpreters ; but the present text, from a change of points, must be rendered a God wrotb every day; i. e. say. commentators, against the wicked: and so our public version. But I cannot think that this could be the pfalmift's meaning. For the rest, I thought an equipollency was here better than a literal rendering.
PSALM VIII.': When this beautiful psalm was composed, it is uncertain. The title gives it to David: but this is no sure criterion. The Gitbitb, or Gathith, is jupposed to bave been a musical instrument invented a Gatb. FOR THE FIRST MUSICIAN; ON THE GITHITH; I
A PSALM OF DAVID. JEHOVAH! our God! how illustrious thy name through the whole earth; - 2 which resoundeth thy praise to the heavens ! from the mouths even of babes and sucklings thou derivest force against thy foes : so as to filence the foe, and the self-avenger.
When I look at the heavens, the work of thy fingers, 4 at the moon and the stars, which thou hast formed : 6 What is man, I say, that thou art mindful of him? 5 “ What the son of man, that for him thou carest ?" Little less than a God thou hast made him, and hast crowned him with glory and honour ! over the works of thine hands thou hast given him dominion, and subjected every thing to his power : flocks and herds ; nay, the beasts of the forest; the birds of the air; and the fishes of the sea that traverse the paths of the waters !
JEHOVAH ! our God ! how illustrious thy name through the whole earth!
NOTES. Ver. 2. which resoundetb, &c. This line has been greatly misunderstood : I am persuaded I have given the true meaning.–Ver. 3. force, i. e, a strong and solid argument against the atheist.
PSALM IX. This psalm appears to be a general thanksgiving fong; and is thougbt to bave been composed after the wars mentioned in the 8th
sh. of 2 Sam. I would rather place it after the suppression of the two rebel ions of Absbalom and of Sbebab: If, indeed, it belong not to a much later period. I FOR THE FIRST MUSICIAN; ON THE MU
THLABEN; A SONG OF DAVID. I WILL praise JEHOVAH with my whole heart: all his wonderful deeds I will rehearse. . In thee, JEHOVAH! I will rejoice and exult; and celebrate thy name, thou Most High ! fince my foes, driven back, have stumbled ; and perished before thy face. For thou hast supported my righteous plea; haft sat on the throne as a just judge : the nations thou hast checked ; the wicked thou hast undone; their name thou hast for ever effaced ! complete desolation has consumed the foe; their cities thou hast destroyed,
their remembrance is loft! 8 but Jehovah remaineth for ever.
Preparing his thronę for judgment, 9 • with justice he will judge the world,
and with equity doom the peoples. 10 JEHOVAH is the protector of the weak;
a protector in the time of tribulation; II they shall trust in thee, who acknowledge thy
Sing psalms to Jehovah,
among the people celebrate his deeds : 13 since, inquesting blood, he hath remembered them,
and hath not forgotten the cries of the afflicted. 14. On me Jehovah hath had compassion :
seeing mine affliction from those who hated me;