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Place barrels of pitch upon the fatal stake,
Win, Charles, and the rest, it is enacted thus That so her torture may be shortened.
That-in regard King Henry gives consent,
To ease your country of distressful war,
You shall become aue liegemen to inis crown ; Murder not then the fruit within my womb, And, Charles, upon condition thou wilt swear Although ye hale me to a violent death.
To pay him tribute, and submit thyself, York. Now heaven forefend! the holy maid with Thou shalt be plac'd as viceroy under him, child!
And still enjoy thy regal dignity. War. The greatest miracle that e'er ye wrought; Alen. Musi he be then as shadow of hinsself? Is all your strict preciseness come to this? Adorn his temples with a coronet ;*
York. She and the Dauphin have been juggling ; And yet, in substance and authority, I did imagine what would be her refuge.
Retaín but privilege of a private man? War. Well, go to; we will have no bastards live: This proffer is absurd and reasonless. Especially, since Charles must father it.
Char. 'Tis known, already, that I am possess'd Puc. You are deceived; my child is none of his ; With more than half the Gallian territories, It was Alençon, that enjoy'd my love.
And therein reverenc'd for their lawful king:
Detract so much from that prerogative,
War. A married man! that's most intolerable. Be cast from possibility of ail.
War. It's a sign, she hath been liberal and free. And, now the matter grows to compromise,
York. And, yet, forsooth, she is a virgin pure.-Stand'st thou aloof upon comparison ? Strumpet, thy words condemn thy brat, and thee : Either accept the title thou usurp'st, Use no entreaty, for it is in vain.
Of benefits proceeding from our king, Puc. Then lead me hence; with whom I leave And not of any challenge of desert, my curse :
Or we will plague thee with incessant wars. May never glorious sun reflex his beams
Reig. My lord, you do not well in obstinacy Upon the country where you make abode!
To cavil in the course of this contract;
We shall not find like opportunity.
(Erit, guarded. To save your subjects from such massacre, York. Break thou in pieces, and consume to And ruthless slaughters, as are daily seen ashes,
By our proceeding in hostility: Thou foul accursed minister of hell !
And therefore take this compact of a truce, Enter CARDINAL BEAUFORT, attended.
Although you break it when your pleasure serves. Car. Lord Regent, I do greet your excellence
(Aside to CHARLES With letters of commission from the king.
War. How say'st thou, Charles ? shall our con
Only reserv'd, you claim no interest
In any of our towns of garrison. And here at hand the Dauphin, and his train,
York. Then swear allegiance to his majesty ; Approacheth, to confer about some matter.
As thou art knight, never to disobey, York. Is all our travail turn'd to this effect?
Nor be rebellious to the crown of England, After the slaughter of so many peers,
Thou, nor thy nobles, to the crown of England. So many captains, gentlemen and soldiers,
[CHARLES, and the rest, give tokens of fealty. That in this quarrel have been overthrown,
So, now dismiss your army when ye please ; And sold their bodies for their country's benefit,
Hang up your ensigns, let your drums be still
. Shall we at last conclude effeminate peace ?
For here we entertain a solemn peace. (Exeunt. Have we not lost most part of all the towns,
SCENE V. London. A Room in the Palace. By treason, falsehood, and by treachery,
Enter King HENRY, in conference with Sur Our great progenitors had conquer'd ?
FOLK; GLOSTER and EXETER following. , Warwick, Warwick ! I foresee with grief K. Hen. Your wondrous rare description, noblo The utter loss of all the realm of France.
earl, War. Be patient, York : if we conclude a peace, of beauteous Margaret hath astonish'd me : It shall be with such strict and severe covenants,
Her virtues, graced with external gifts, As little shall the Frenchman gain thereby.
Do breed love's settled passions in my heart: Enter Charles, attended; Alençon, Bastard, Provokes the mightiest hulk against the tide;
And like as rigour in tempestuous gusts
So am I driven, by breath of her renown,
Suff. Tush! my good lord' this superficial taco What the conditions of that league must be. Is but a preface of her worthy praise : York. Speak, Winchester; for boiling choler The chief perfections of that lovely damo chokes
(Had I sufficient skill to utter them,) The hollow passage of my poison'd voice,
Would make a volume of enticing lines, By sight of these our baleful' enemies.
Able to ravish any dull conceit.
And, which is more, she is not so divine, 1 The character of Machiavel seems to have made so very deen an impression on the dramatic writers of ful. It is an epithet frequently bestowed on poisonous this age, that he is many times introduced without re- plants and repiles. gard to anachronism.
4 Coronel is here used for croion. 2 Compassion, pity.
5. Be content to live as the beneficiary of our king 3 Baleful had anciently the same meaning as bane. | Benefit is here a term of law.
So full replete with choice of all delights, My tender youth was never yet attaint
With any passion of inflaming love,
I cannot tell; but this I am assur’d, Cominand, I mean, of virtuous chaste intents, I feel such sharp dissension in my breast, To love and honour Henry as her lord.
Such fierce alarums both of hope and fear, K. Hen. And otherwise will Henry ne'er pre-As I am sick with working of my thoughts.
Take, therefore, shipping : post, my lord, to Franco; Ther-fore, my lord protector, give consent, Agree to any covenants : and procure Thar Margaret may be Eng.and's royal queen. That Lady Margaret do vouchsafe to come
Glo. So should I give consent to fatter sin. To cross the seas to England, and be crown'd You know, my lord, your highness is betroth'd King Henry's faithful and anointed queen: Unto another lady of esteem;
For your expenses and sufficient charge, How shall we then dispense with that contraat, Among the people gather up a tenth. And not deface your honour with reproach? Be gone, I say; for, till you do return,
Suff. As doth a ruler with unlawful oaths; I rest perplexed with a thousand cares.Or one, that, at a triumph' having vow'd
And you, good uncle, banish all offence : To try his strength, forsaketh yet the lists
If you do censured me by what you were, By reason of his adversary's odds :
Not what you are, I know it will excuse A poor earl's daughter is unequal odds :
This sudden execution of my will. And therefore may be broke without offence. And so conduct me, where from company, Glo. Why, what, I pray, is Margaret more than I may revolve and ruminate my grief. (Erit. that?
Glo. Ay, grief, I fear me, both at first and last. Her father is no better than an earl,
(Ereunt GLOSTER and EXETER. Although in glorious titles he excel.
Suff. Thus Suffolk hath prevail'd : and thus he Suff. Yes, my good lord, her father is a king,
goes, The king of Naples, and Jerusalem;
As did the youthful Paris once to Greece ; And of such great authority in France,
With hope to find the like event in love, As his alliance will confirm our peace,
But prosper better than the Trojan did. And keep the Frenchmen in allegiance.
Margaret shall now be queen, and rule the king; Glo. And so the earl of Armagnac may do, But I will rule both her, the king, and realm. Because he is near kinsman unto Charles.
(Exit. Eve. Beside, his wealth doth warrant liberal
dower; While Reignier sooner will receive than give.
Of this play there is no copy earlier than that of the Suff. A dower, my lords ! disgrace not so your tant in two 'editions in quarto. That the second ana
folio in 1623, though the two succeeding parts are ex king,
third parts were published without the first, may be adThat he should be so abject, base, and poor, milled as no weak proof that the copies were surrepTo choose for wealth, and not for perfect love. titiously obtained, and that the printers of that time gave Henry is able to enrich his queen,
the public those plays, not such as the author designed, And not to seek a queen to make him rich : but such as they could get them. That this play was So worthless peasants bargain for their wives,
written before the two others is indubitably collected As market-men for oxen, sheep,or horse.
from the series of events; that it was written and played
before Henry the Fifth is apparent, because in the epiMarriage is a matter of more worth,
logue there is mention made of this play, and not of the Than to be dealt in by attorneyship : 2
other parts: Not whom we will, but whom his grace affects,
* Henry the Sixth in swaddling bands crown'd king; Must be companion of his nuptial bed :
Whose state so many had the managing, And therefore, lords, since he affects her most, That they lost France, and made his England bleed : It most of all these reasons bindeth us,
Which oft our stage hath shown.' In our opinions she should be preferr’d.
France is lost in this play. The two following contain, For what is wedlock forced, but a hell,
as the old title imports, the contention of the houses of An age of discord and continual strife
York and Lancaster. Whereas the contrary bringeth forth bliss,
The Second and Third Parts of Henry VI. were And is a pattern of celestial peace.
printed in 1600. When Henry V. was wriuen, we know Whom should we match with Henry, being a king, nor, but it was printed likewise in 1600, and therefore
before the publication of the first and second parts. The But Margaret, that is daughter to a king?
First Part of Henry VI. had been often shown on the Her peerless feature, joined with her birth, stage, and would certainly have appeared in its place, Approves her fit for none, but for a king?
had ihe anthor been the publisher. JOHNSON. Her valiant courage, and undaunted spirit (More than in women commonly is seen,)
THAT the second and third parts, as they are now Will answer our hope in issue of a king;
called, were printed without the first, is a proof, in my
apprehension, that they were not written by the same For Henry, son unto a conqueror,
author: and the title of The Contention of the Houses Is likely to beget more conquerors,
of York and Lancaster, being affixed to the two pieces Jf with a lady of so high resolve,
which were printed in quarto, is a proof that they were As is fair Margaret, he be link'd in love.
a distinct work, commencing where the other ended, Then yield, my lords; and here conclude with me, but not written at the same time; and that this play was That Margaret shall be queen, and none but she.
never known by the title of The First Part of King K. Hen. Whether it be through force of your in their volume, to distinguish it from the two subse.
Henry VI. till Heminge and Condell gave it that name report,
quent plays; which being altered by Shakspeare, as. My noble lord of Suffolk; or for that
sumed the new titles of the Second and Third Parts of
King Henry VI. that they might not be confounded with | A triumph then signified a public exhibition ; such the original pieces on which they were formed. The as a tournament, mask, or revel.
first part was originally called The Historical P'ay of 2 By the intervention of another man's choice; or the King Henry VI.
MALONE. discretional agency of another. The phrase occurs twice in King Richard III. :
3 To censure is here simply to judge. “If in judging * Be the allorney of my love to her.'
me you consider the past frailties or your own youth.' Again :
4 Grief, in the first line, stands for pain, uneusiness, *I, by allorney, bless thee from thy mother.' in the second, especially for sorrow
SECOND PART OF
KING HENRY THE SIXTH.
TH13 and .
that troublesone period of this prince's reign, which new modelled, he transposed many of the parts; and Inok in the whole contention between the houses of York greatly amplified and improved the whole. Several and Lancaster: and under that title were these two lines, however, and whole speeches, which he thought plays first acted and published. The present play sutficiently polished, he accepted, and introduced, withopens with King Henry's marriage, which was in the out any, or very slight, alterations. Twenty-third year of his reign [A. D. 1445), and closes Malone adopied the following expedient to mark these with the first battle fought at St. Albans, and won by the alterations and adoptions, which has been followed in York faction, in the thirty.third year of his reign [A. D. the present edition :- All those lines which the poet 1455] : sv that it comprises the history and transactions adopted without any alteration, are printed in the usual of ten years.
manner; those speeches which he altered or expanded The Contention of the Two Famous Houses of York are distinguished by inverted commas; and to all lines and Lancaster was published in quarto ; the first part in entirely composed by himself asterisks are prefixed. 1594 ; the second, or True Tragedy of Richard Duke of The internal evidences upon which Malone relies to York, in 1595; and both were reprinted in 1600. In a establish his position are, 1. The variations between the dissertation annexed to these plays, Mr. Malone has old plays in quart, and the corresponding pieces in the endeavoured to establish the fact thai these two dramas folio edition of Shakspeare's dramatic works, which were not originally written by Shakspeare, but by some are of so peculiar a nature as to mark two distinct preceding author or awhors before the year 1590 ; and hands. Some circumstances are mentioned in the old that upon them Shakspeare formed this and the followquarto plays, of which there is not the least trace in the ing drama, altering, retrenching, or amplifying as he folio; and many minute variations occur that prove the thought proper. I will endeavour to give a brief ab. pieces in the quarto to have been original and distinct stract of the principal arguments. 1. The entry on the compositions. No copyist or shorthand writer would Stationers' books, in 1594, does not mention the name invenit circumstances lotully different from those which of Shakspeare ; nor are the plays printed with his name appear in Shakspeare's new-modelleu draughts, as ex. in the early
editions ; but, after the poet's death, an edi. hibited in the first folio; or insert rchole speeches, of tion was printed by one Pavier without date, but really, which scarcely a trace is found in that edition. In some in 1619, with the name of Shakspeare on the title-page. places a speech in one of these quartos consists of len This he has shown to be a common fraudulent prac. or twelve lines : in Shakspeare's folio the same speech Lice of the booksellers of that period. When Pavier re. consists perhaps of only hall the number. A copyist by published The Contention of the Two Houses, &c. in the ear, or an unskillul shorthand writer. mighı mucilate 1619, he omitted the words “as it was acted by the earl and exhibit a poet's thoughts or expressions imperfectis; of Pembirooke his servantes,' which appeared on the but he would not dilale and amphty them, or introduce original title-page,-just as on the republication of the totally new matier. old play of King John, in two parts, in 1611, the words Malone then exhibits a sufficient number of instances
as it was acted in the honourable city of London,' were to prove, beyond the possibility of doubt, his position : omitted, because the omitted words in both cases mark. so that (as he observes) we are compelled to admil, ed the respective pieces not to be the production of either that Shakspeare wrote rico sets of plays on the Shakspeare. And, as in King John, the letters W. Sh. story which forms his second and Third Parts of King were added, ir 1611, to deceive the purchaser; so in Herry VI.. hasty sketches, and entirely distinct and The republication of The whole Contention, &c. Pavier, more finished performances; or else we must acknow. having dismissed the words above-mentioned, inserteil ledge that he formed his pieces on a foundation laid by these :- Newly corrected and enlarged by William another writer or writers ; that is upon the two parts of Shukspere:' knowing that these pieces had been made The Cuntention of the Two Houses of York, &c. It is the groundwork of two other plays: that they had in a striking circumstance that almost all the passages in lact been currected and enlarged, (though not in his co- the Second and Third Parts of King Henry VI. wbich px', which was a mere reprint from the edition of 1600,) resemble others in Shakspeare's undisputed plays, are and exhibited under the titles of the Second and Thiru not found in the original pieces in quarto, but in his ri. Parts of King Henry VI.; and hoping that this new edi. faccimento in folio. As these resemblances to his other tion of the original plays would pass for those altered plays, and a peculiar Shakspearian phraseology, ascer. and augmented by Shakspeare, which were then un- iain a considerable portion of these dispuiet dramas 10 published.
be the production of that poet; so, on the other hand, A passage from Greene's Groatsworth of Wit, ad other passages, discordant, in matters of faci, from his Juced by Mr. Tyrwhite, first suggested and strongly other plays, are proved by this discordancy not to have supports alone's hypothesis. The writer, Robert been composed by him: and these discordant passages, Greene, is supposed to address himself to his poetical being found in ihe original quarto plays, prove ihai frienu, George Peele, in these words :-“Yes, trust them those pieces were composed by another writer. not (alluding to the players), for there is an upstart It is observable that several portions of English his. crowe beautified with our feathers, that with his tory had been dramatised before the time of Shakspeare. lygre's heart wrapped in a player's hide, supposes hee Thus we have King John, in two parts, by an anony. is well able to bombaste out a blank verse as the best of mous writer ; Edward I. by George Peele'; Edward il. you; and, being an absolute Joannes factotum, is, in by Christopher Marlowe; Edward III. anonymous his own conceit, the only Shakescene in a country. - Henry IV. containing the deposition of Richard II. and
O tyger's heart wrapped in a woman's hide ! is a line the accession of Henry to the crown, anonymous; Hen. in the olil quarto play entitled The First Part of the ry V. and Richard Nil. both by anonymous authors. It Contention, &c. There seems to be no doubt that the is therefore highly probable that the whole of the story allusion is to Shakspeare, that the old plays may have of Henry VI, had been brought on the scene, and that been the production of Greene, Peele, and Marlowe, or the first of the plays here printed, formerly called some of them; and that Greene could not conceal his The Historical Play of King Henry VÍ. and now named mortification, at the fame of himself and his associates, The First Part or king Henry VI. as well as the Two old and established playwrights, being eclipsed by a new Parts of the Contention of the Houses of York and Lan. upstart writer, (for so he calls the poet,) who had then carter, were the compositinns of some of the authors perhaps first attracted the notice of the public by exhi- who had produced the historical dramas above enume. biring two plays formed upon old dramas written by rated. them, considerably enlarged and improved. The very Mr. Boswell, speaking of the originals of the second term that Greene uses, 'lo bombaste out a blank verse,' and third of these play, says, "That Marlowe inay exartly corres ends with what has been now suggested. have had some share in these compositions, I am 1106 This new pies, says he, knows as well as any man disposed to deny; but I cannot persuade myself that how w amplify and swell out a blank verse.
they entirely proceeded from his pen. Some passages Shak-praia tid for the old plays, what Berni had be are possessed of so niuch merit, that they can scarcely ture done to lac Orlando Innamorato of Boiardo. He I be ascribed to any one except the most distinguished of Shakspeare's predecessors; but the tameness of the ge-produced previous to 1592, but were not printed until teral style is very different from the peculiar characte.libey appeared in the folio of 1623 astics of that poet's mighty line, wnich are great energy To Johnson's high panegyric of that impressive scene bar of thought and language, degenerating too fre. in this play, the death of Cardinal Beaufort, we may quently into tumour and extravagance. The versifica- add thai schlegel says, 'It is sublime beyond all praise. una appears tu me to be of a different colour.--That Can any other poet be named who has drawn aside the Marlowe, Peele, and Greene, may all of them have had curtain of eternity at the close of this life in such an a share in these dramas, is consonant to the frequent overpowering and awful manner? And yet it is not practice of the age; of which ample proofs may be mere horror with which we are filled, but solemn emofound in the extracts from Henslowe's MS. printed by tion; we have an exemplification of a blessing and a Mr. Malone.'
curse in close proximity; the pious king is an image of Fruin the passage alluding to these plays, in Greene's the heavenly mercy, which, even in his last moments, Greatsworth of Wit, it seems probable that they were labours to enter into the soul of the sinner.'
KING HENRY THE Sixth.
A Herald. Vaux. HUMPHREY, Duke of Gloster, his Uncle. Hume and SouthWELL, two Priests. CARDINAL BEAUFORT, Bishop of Winchester, BOLINGBROKE, a Conjuror. A Spirit raised by him. great Unt to the King.
Thomas HORNER, an Armourer. "PETER, his Man. RICHARD PLANTAGENET, Duke of York: Clerk of Chatham. Mayor of St. Albans. EDWARD and RICHARD, his Sons.
SIMPcox, an Impostor. Two Murderers. DUKE of SOMERSET,
Jack CADE, a Rebel : DUKE of SUFFOLK,
GEORGE, John, Dick, Smith the Weaver, Mi. DUKE of BUCKINGHAM,
of the King's Party. CHAEL, &c. his Followers. LORD CLIFFORD,
ALEXANDER IDEN, a Kentish Gentleman.
MARGARET, Queon to King Henry.
} of the York Faction. ELEANOR, Duchess of Gloster.
MargERY JOURDAIN, a Witch. Wife to Simpcox. LORD SCALES, Governor of the Tower. LORD Sar. SiR HUMPHREY STAFFORD, and his Brother.
Lords, Ladies, and Attendants ; Petitioners, AlSIR JOHN STANLEY.
dermen, a Beadle, Sheriff, and Officers; CitiA Sea Captain, Master, and Master's Mate, and
zens, Prentices, Falconers, Guards, Soldiers.
SCENE, dispersedly in various parts of England.
Lend me a heart replete with thankfulness !
For thou hast given me, in this beauteous face, SCENE I. London. A Room of State in the Pa-. A world of earthly blessings to my soul,
lace. Flourish of Trumpets ; then Ilaulboys. * If sympathy of love unite our thoughts. Enter, on one side, King HENRY, DUKE of iQ. Mar. Great king of England, and my gra. GLOSTER, SALISBURY, WARWICK, and Cardi
cious lord ;
In courtly company, or at my beads,-
With you mine alder-liefesta sovereign,
* Makes me the bolder to salute my king As by your high imperial majesty
With ruder terms; such as my wit affords, I had in charge at my depart for France,
And over-joy of heart doth minister. As procurator' to your excellence,
• K. Hen. Her sight did ravish: but her grace in To marry Princess Margaret for your grace ;
speech, So, in the famous ancient city, Tours,
· Her words y-clad with wisdom's majesty, In presence of the kings of France and Sicil, * Makes me, from wondering fall to weeping joys ;' The dukes of Orleans, Calaber, Bretaigne, and Such is the fulness of my heart's content. Alençon,
Lords with one cheerful voice welcome my love. Seven earls, twelve barons, twenty reverend bi- AU, Long live Queen Margaret, England's hapshops,
piness! I have perform'd my task, and was espous'd;
Q. Mar. We thank you all.
[Flourish. And humbly now upon my bended knee,
Šuff. My lord protector, so it please your grace, la sight of England and her lordly peers, Here are the articles of contracted peace, Deliver up my title in the queen
Between our sovereign and the French king Charles, To your most gracious hands, that are the substance? For eighteen months concluded by consent. or that great shadow I did represent;
Glo. (Reads.) Imprimis, It is agreed between the The happiest gift that ever marquess, gave, French king, Charles, and William de la Poole, marThe fairest queen that ever king receiv'd. K. Hen. Suffolk, arise.-Welcome, Queen Mar- quess of, Sufolk, ambassador for Henry king of’Enge
land,--that the said Henry shall espouse the lady garet;
Margarel, daughter unto Reignier king of Naples, I can express no kinder sign of love,
Sicilia, and Jerusalem; and crown her queen of Than this kind kiss.-0 Lord, that lends me life, England, ere the thirtieth of May next ensuing.
Item--That the cluchy of Anjou and the county of 1 'The marquesse of Suffolk, as procurator to King Maine, shall be released and delivered to the king her Henry, espoused the said ladie in the church of St. Mar- father ting. At the which marriage were present, the father and mother of the bride ; the French king himself, that 3 I am the bolder to address you, having already fa was uncle to the husband; and the French queen also, miliarized you to my imagination. that was aunt to the wife. There were also ihe Dukes 4 i. e. most beloved of all: from alder, of all; for of Orleance, of Calabre, of Alanson, and of Britaine : merly used in composition with adjectives of the super. seven earles, twelve barons, twenty bishops.!--Hall lative degree : and liefest, dearesi, or most loved. and Holinshed.
5 This weeping joy, of which there is no trace in the 2 i. e. to the gracious hands of you, my sovereign, original play, Shakspeare frequently uses. It is intro who are, &c. In the old play the line stands :- duced in Much Ado about Nothing, King Richard IL
"Unto your gracious excellence, that are.' Macbeth, and King Lear.
K. Hen. Uncle, how new?
* York. For Suffolk's duke-may he be suffocate, Glo.
Pardon me, gracious lord ; * That dims the honour of this warlike isle! Some sudden qualm hath struck me at the heart, * France should have torn and rent my very heart, And dimm'd mine eyes, that I can read no further. * Before I would have yielded to this league.
K. Hen. Uncle of Winchester, I pray, read on. "I never read but England's kings have liad
Win. Item, It is further agreed betueen them - Large sums of gold, and dowries, with iheir wives : that the duclues of Anjou and Maine shall be released. And our King Henry gives away his own, and delivered over to the king her father; and she sent To match with her that brings no vantages. over of the king of England's own proper cost and * Glo. A proper jest, and never heari before charges, without having dowry.
* That Suffolk should demand a whole fifteenth, K. Hen. They please us well.--Lord marquess, * For costs and charges in transporting her ! kneel down;
* She should have staid in France, and starv'd in We here create thee the first duke of Suffolk,
France, And girt thee with the sword.
* BeforeCousin of York, we here discharge your grace
* Car. My lord of Gloster, now you grow too hoi; From being regent in the parts of France, * It was the pleasure of my lord the king. Till term of eighteen months be full expir d.
* Glo. My lord of Winchester, I know your mind Thanks, uncle Winchester, Gloster, York, and « 'Tis not my speeches that you do mislike, Buckingham,
. But 'tis my presence that doth trouble you. Somerset, Salisbury, and Warwick;
• Rancour will out : Proud prelate, in thy face We thank you all for this great favour done, I see thy fury: if I longer stay, In entertainment to my princely queen.
• We shall begin our ancient bickerings. Come, let us in ; and with all speed provide Lordings, farewell; and say, when I am gone, To see her coronation be perform’d.
I prophesied-France will be lost ere long. (Enil. (Exeunt King, Queen, and SUFFOLK. Car. So, there goes our protector in a rage. Glo. Brave peers of England, pillars of the state, l 'Tis known to you he is mine enemy: 'To you Duke Humphrey must unload his grief, * Nay, more, an enemy unto you all ; • Your grief, the common grief of all the land. * And no great friend, I fear me, to the king, • What! did my brother Henry spend his youth, * Consider, lords, he is the next of blood, · His valour, coin, and people, in the wars? * And heir apparent to the English crown; "Did he so often lodge in open field,
* Had Henry got an empire by his marriage, • In winter's cold, and summer's parching heat, * And all the wealthy kingdoms of the west, • To conquer France, his true inheritance ? * There's reason he should be displeas'd at it. . And did my brother Bedford toil his wits, * Look to it, lords ; let not his smoothing word • To keep by policy what Henry got ?
* Bewitch your hearts ; be wise, and circumspecta Have you yourselves, Somerset, Buckingham, What though the common people favour him, . Brave York, Salisbury, and victorious Warwick, Calling him-Humphrey the good duke of Gloster ; • Receiv'd deep scars in France and Normandy • Clapping their hands, and crying with loud voice• Or hath my uncle Beaufort, and myself,
' Jesu maintain your royal excellence ! ! With all the learned council of the realm, • With-God preserve the good duke Humphrey ! • Studied so long, sat in the council-house, • I fear me, lords, for all this flattering gloss, Early and late, debating to and fro
• He will be found a dangerous protector. • How France and Frenchmen might be kept in awe? * Buck. Why should he then protect our sove• And hath his highness in his infancy
reign, • Been crown'd in Paris, in despite of foes ? * He being of age to govern of himself, • And shall these labours, and these honours, die ? " Cousin of Somerset, join you with me, • Shall Henry's conquest, Bedford's vigilance, And all together-with the duke of Suffolk,
Your deeds of war, and all our counsel, die? We'll quickly hoise Duke Humphrey from his seal. • O peers of England, shameful is this league ! * Car. This weighty business will not brook delay; • Faial this marriage, cancelling your fame : * I'll to the duke of Suffolk presenily. (Ezil. • Blotting your names from books of memory : Som. Cousin of Buckingham, though Hun• Razing the characters of your renown:
phrey's pride, • Defacing monuments of conquer'd France ; . And greatness of his place be grief to us, Undoing ali, as all had never been!
" Yet let us watch the haughty cardinal; * Car. Nephew, what means this passionate dis- His insolence is more intolerable course ?
• Than all the princes in the land beside ; * This peroration with such circumstance ?! "If Gloster be displac'd, he'll be protector. * For France, 'tis ours; and we will keep it still. Buck. Or thou, or I, Somerset, will be protector,
* Glo. Ay, uncle, we will keep it, if we can; * Despight Duke Humphrey, or the cardinal. * But now it is impossible we should :
(Exeunt BUCKINGHAM and SOMERSET, Suffolk, the new-made duke that rules the roast, Sal. Pride went before, ambition follows him. • Hath given the duchies of Anjou and Maine " While these do labour for their own preferment, * Unto the poor king Reignier, whose large style • Behooves it us to labour for the realm. * Agrees not with the leanness of his purse. I never saw but Humphrey duke of Gloster
* Sul. Now, by the death of him that died for all, Did bear him like a noble gentleman. * These counties were the keys of Normandy :- • Oft have I seen the haughty cardinalBut wherefore weeps Warwick, my valiant son ? • More like a soldier, than a man o' the church,
• War. For grief, that they are past recovery: As stout, and proud, as he were lord of all, • For, were there hope conquer them again, 'Swear like a ruffian, and demean himself My sword should shed hot blood, mine eyes no · Unlike the ruler of a common-weal.
• Warwick, my son, the confort of my age ! 'Anjou and Maine! myself did win them both; · Thy deeds, thy plainness, and thy housekeeping, • Those provinces these arms of mine did conquer : Haih won the greatest favour of the com:8ɔns, . And are the cities, that I got with wounds, 'Excepting none but good duke Humphrey.• Deliver'd up again with peaceful words ?
And, brother York," thy acts in Ireland, • Mort Dieu !
intended in sounds and words. In the old play he jun 1 This speech crowded with so many circumstances gle is different. • And must that then which ye won of aggravation.
with our swords, be given away with words.'' 2 King Reignier, her father, for al his long style, had 4 Richard Plantagener, Juke of York, marrier Cicely, too short a purse to send his daughter honourably to the the daughter of Rali Neville, earl of Westmore and, by king her spouse.--Holinshed.
Joan, daughter to John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, by 3 The indignation of Warwick is natural, but might his third wise, dame Catharine Swinfoid. Richard Ne. have been better expressed : there is a kind of jingle ville, earl of Salisbury, was son to the earl of Westmure.