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Enter ALCIBIADES, with drum and fife, in varlike Tim. I pr’ythee, beat thy drum, and get thee gone. manner; PHRYNIA and TIMANDRA,

Alcib. I am thy friend, and pity thee, dear Timon. Alcib. What art thou there?

Tim. How dost thou pity him, whom thou dost Speak.

trouble? Tim. A beast, as thou art. The canker gnaw

I had rather be alone, thy heart,

Alcib.

Why, fare thee well : For showing me again the eyes of man!

Here's some gold for thee. Alcib. What is iny name? Is man so hateful to

Tim.

Keep', I cannot eat i thee,

Alcib. When I have laid proud Athens on 3 That art thyself a man?

heap, l'im. I am misunthropos, and hate mankind. T'im. Warr'st thou against Athens ? For thy part, I do wish thou wert a dog,

Alcib.

Ay, Timon, and have causo That I might love thee something,

Tim. The gods confound them all i' thy conquest, Alcib. 'I know thee well;

and But in thy fortunes am unlearn'd and strange.

Thee after, when thou hast conquerid ! Tim. I know thee, too; and more, than that I

Alcib.

Why me, Timon? know thee,

Tim. That, I not desire to know. Follow thy drum;

By killing villains, thou wast born to conquer With man's blood paint the ground, gules, gules :

My country. Religious canons, civil laws are cruel;

Put up thy gold; Go on,-here's gold, -go on; Then what should war be? This fell whore of thine Be as a planetary plague, when Jove Hath in her more destruction than thy sword,

Will o'er some high-vic'd city hang his poison For all her cherubin look.

In the sick air :: Let not thy sword skip one :
Phr.
Thy lips rot off!

Pity not honour'd age for his white beard,
Tim. I will not kiss thee; then the rot returns

He's an usurer; Strike me the counterfeit matron, To thine own lips again.'

It is her habit only that is honest,.
Alcib. How came the noble Timon to this change? Herself's a bawd: Let not the virgin's cheek

Tim. As the moon does, by wanting light to give: Make soft thy trenchant* sword; for those milkBut then renew I could not, like the moon;

paps, There were no suns to borrow of.

That through the window-bars' bore at men's eyes, Alcib.

Noble Timon,

Are not within the leaf of pity writ, What friendship may I do thee?

But set them down horrible traitors: Spare not the Tim.

None, but to

babe Maintain my opinion.

Whose dimpled smiles from fools exhaust their Alcib. What is it, Timon ?

mercy : Tim. Promise me friendship, but perform none: If Think it a bastard,“ whom the oracle Thou wilt not promise, the gods plague thee, for

Hath doubtfully pronounc'd thy throat shall cut, Thou art a man! if thou dost perform, confound thee, And mince it sans remorse: Swear against objects;' For thou'rt a man!

Put armour on thine ears, and on thine eyes; Alcib. I have heard in some sort of thy miseries. Whose proof, nor yells of mothers, maids, nor babes, Tim. Thou saw'st them,

when I had prosperity. Nor sight of priests in holy vestments bleeding, Alcib. I see them now; then was a blessed time. Shall pierce a jot. There's gold to pay thy soldiers : Tim. As thine is now, held with a brace of harlots. Make large confusion; and, thy fury spent, T'iman. Is this the Athenian minion, whom the Confounded be thyself! Speak not, be gone. world

Alcib. Hast thou gold yet? I'll take the gold thou Voic'd so regardfully ?

giv'st me, Tim. Art thou Timandra ?

Not all thy counsel.

Tim. Dost thou, or dost thou not, heaven's curse Timan.

Yes. Tim. Be a whore still ! they love thee not, that use thee;

Phr. &- Timan. Give us some gold, good Timon: Give them diseases, leaving with thee their lust.

Hast thou more? Make use of thy salt hours: season the slaves Tim. Enough to make a whore forswear her trade, For tubs, and baths ; bring down rose-cheeked youth And to make whores, a bawd. Hoid up, you sluts, To the tub-fast, and the et.

Your aprons mountant: You are not oathable.Timan.

Hang thee, monster! Although, I know, you'll swear, terribly swear, Alcib. Pardon him, sweet Timandra ; for his wits Into strong shudders, and to heavenly agues, Are drown'd and lost in his calamities.

The immortal gods that hear you,-spare your oaths I have but little gold of late, brave Timon,

I'll trust to your conditions :) Be whores still; The want whereof doth daily make revolt

And he whose pious breath seeks to convert you, In my penurious band : I have heard, and griev'd, Be strong in whore, allure him, burn him up; How cursed Athens, mindless of thy worth,

Let your close fire predominate his smoke, Forgetting thy great deeds, when neighbour states, And be no turncoats: Yet may your pains, six But for thy sword and fortune, trod upon them,

months,

Be quite contrary:'° And thatch your poor thin roofs i This alludes to the old erroneous prevalent opinion, that infection communicated to another left the infecter breasts, in a passage he has cited from Weaver's Plan. free. I will not,' says Timon, take the rot from thy tagenet's Tragical Story, but it seems to me doubtful. lips by kissing thee.' See the fourth satire of Donne. I can hardly think the passage warrants Johnson's ex.

2 See Act ii. Sc. 2. The diet was a customary term planation, The virgin shows her bosom through the for the regimer prescribed in these cases. So in The lattice of her chamber.' Mastive, a Collection of Epigrams :

6 An allusion to the tale of Edipus. “She took not diet nor the sweat in season.'

7 i. e. against objects of charity and compassion. Su 3 Warburton justly observes, that this passage is in Troilus and Cressida, Ulysses says :• wonderfully sublime and picturesque.' The same

*For Hector, in his blaze of wrath, subscribes image occurs in King Richard II.

To tender objects.' * Devouring pestilence hangs in our air.'

& That is, 'enough to make whores leave whoring, 4 Cutting.

and a bawd leave making whores.' á By window-bars the poet probably means the part.

9 Conditions for dispositions. let, gorgel, or kerchief, which women put about their 10 The meaning of this passage appears to be as Stee. neck, and pin down over their paps,' sometimes called vens explains il-Timon had been exhorting them to a niced, and translated Mamillare or fascia pectoralis : follow constantly their tradle of debauchery, but he in. and described as made of fine linen : from its semitrans.terrupts himselt and imprecates upon them that for half parency arose the simile of window bars. Thisüs the the year their pains may be quite contrary, that they best explanation I have to offer. The late Mr. Boswell may suffer such punishment as is usually inflicted up in thoughi that windows were used to signify a woman's harlots. He then continues his exhortacions."

upon thee!

10

12

With burdens of the dead; some that were hang’d,' | Let it no more bring out ingrateful man !
No matter :-wear them, betray with them: whore Go great with tigers, dragons, wolves, and bears;
still;

Teem with new monsters, whom thy upward face
Paint till a horse may mire upon your face : Hath to the marbled mansion all abovelu
A
pox
of wrinkles!

Never presented !-0, a root,-Dear thanks!
Phr. & Timan. Well, more gold;—What then ?- Dry up thy marrows, vines, and plough-torn leas ;
Believe't, that we'll do any thing for gold.

Whereof ingrateful man, with liquorish draughts,
Tim. Consumptions sow

And morsels uncluous, greases his pure mind,
In hollow bones of man; strike their sharp shins, That from it all consideration slips !
And mar men's spurring. Crack the lawyer's voice,

Enter APEMANTUS.
That he may never more false title plead,
Nor sound his quilletsshrilly: hoarse the flamen,' More man? Plague ! plague !
That scolds against the quality of Hesh,

Apem. I was directed hither: Men report,
And not believes himself: down with the nose, Thou dost affect my manners, and dost use them.
Down with it fat; take the bridge quite away T'im. "Tis, then, because thou dost not keep a dog
Of him, that his particular to foresee,

Whom I would imitate. Consumption catch thee
Smells' from the general weal:4 make curl'd-pate

Apem. This is in thee a nature but affected;
ruffians bald;

A poor unmanly melancholy, sprung,
And let the unscarr'd braggarts of the war From change of fortune. Why this spade ? this
Derive some pain from you : Plague all;

place? That your activity may defeat and quell

This slavelike babit ? and these looks of care ? The source of all erection. There's more gold :

Thy flatterers yet wear silk, drink wine, lie soft; Do you damn others, and let this damn you, Hug their diseas'd perfumes, and have forgot And ditches graves you all !

That ever Timon was. Shame not these woods, Phr. & Timan. More counsel with more money, By putting on the cunning of a carper;! bounteous Timon.

Be thou a flatterer now, and seek to thrive Tim. More whore, more mischief first; I have By that which has undone thee: hinge thy knee,'' given you carnest.

And let his very breath, whom thou'li observe, Alcib. Strike up the drum, towards Athens. Fare- Blow off thy cap; praise his most vicious strain, well, Timon ;

And call it exceflem: Thou wast told thus; If I thrive well, I'll visit thee again.

Thou gav'st thine ears, like tapsters, that bid wel. Tim. If I hope well, I'll never see thee more.

come, Alcib. I never did thee harm.

To knaves and all approachers : 'Tis most jus, Tim. Yes, thou spok'st well of me.

That thou turn rascal; hadst thou wealth again, Alcib.

Call'st thou that harm ? Rascals should have't.' Do not assume my likeness.
Tim. Men daily find it such. Get thee away, Tim. Were I like thee, I'd throw away myself.
And take thy beagles with thee.

Apem Thou hast cast away thyself, being like
Alcib,
We but offend him.-

thyself;
Strike. (Drum beats. Exeunt ALCIBIADES, A madman so long, now a fool: What, think'st
PHRYNIA, and TIMANDRA.

That the bleak air, thy boisterous chamberlain, Tim. That nature, being sick of man's unkindness, Will put thy shirt on warm? Will these moss'd Should yet be hungry!-Common mother, thou,

trees,

(Digging. That have outliv'd the eagle, 14 page thy heeis, Whose womb unmeasurable, and infinite breast,

And skip when thou point'st out? Will the cold Teems, and feeds all; whose self-same mettle,

brook,
Whereof thy proud child, arrogant man, is puff?d, Candied with ice, caudle thy morning taste,
Engenders the black toad, and adder blue,

To cure thy o'er-night's surfeit? call the creatures
The gilded newl, and eyeless venom'd worm," Whose naked natures livo in all the spite
With all the abhorred births below crisp heaven, Of wreakful heaven; whose bare unhoused trunks,
Whereon Hyperion's quickening fire doth shine ; To the conflicting elements expos'd,
Yield him, who all thy human sons doth hate,

Answer mere nature, 5-bid them flatter thee;
From forth thy plenteous bosom, one poor root! O! thou shalt find-
Ensear thy fertile and conceptious womb,

A fool of thee: Depart,
1 The fashion of periwigs for women, which Stowe
informs us were brought into England about the time 8 Perhaps Shakspeare meant curled (which was sy.
of the massacre of Paris,' seems to have been a fertile nonymous with crisp) from the appearance of the clouds
source of satire. Stubbes, in his Anatomy of Abuses, in the Tempest, Ariel talks of sitting on the curl'a
says that it was dangerous for any child to wander, as clouds.' Chaucer, in his House of Faine, says :-
nothing was more common than for women to entice Her heare that was oundie and crips.?
such as had fine locks into private places, and there to i. e. wary and curled. Again, in the Philosopher's Sa-
cut them off.

tires, by Robert Anton --2 Quillets are subtleties, nice and frivolous distinc- Her face as beauteous as the crisped morn.' tions. See Hamlet, Act v. Sc. I.

9 So in King Lear :3 The old copy reads 'hoar the flamen,' which Stee

Dry up in her the organs of increase.' vens suggests may mean, give him the hoary leprosy.

10 Thus Milion, b. iii. I. 564:I have not scrupled to insert Upton's reading of hoarse . Through the pure marble air.' into the text, because I think the whole construction of Again in Othello :the speech shows that is the word the poet wrote,

To "Now by yon marble heaven.' amici him with leprosy would not prevent his scolding, 11 i. e. their diseased perfumed mistresses. Thus in lo deprive him of his voice by hoarseness might.

Othello > 4 to foresee his particular is to provide for his 6 "Tis such another fitchew; marry, a perfum'd one.' private advantage, for which he leaves the right scent 12 Cunning of a carpers is the fastidiousness of a of public good.

critic. Shame not these words, says Apemantus, by 5 To grave is to bury. The word is now obsolete, coming here to find fault. Carping momuses was a but was familiar to our old writers. Thus Chapman in general term for ill-natured critics. Beatrice's sarcastic his version of the fifteenth Iliad:

raillery is thus designated by Ursula in Much Ado the throtes of dogs shall grave

About Nothing :-His manless limbs.'

"Why sure such carping is not commendable.' 6 This image (as Warburton ingeniously supposes) 13 " To crook the pregnant hinges of the knee.' would almost make one imagine that Shakspeare was

Hannlet acquainted with some personifications of nature similar 14 Aquila Senectus is a proverb. Tuberville, in his to the ancient statues of Diana Ephesia Multimammia. Book of Falconry, 1575, says that the great age of this

7 The serpent which we, from the smallness of the bird has been ascertained from the circumstance of its
eye, call the blind-rorm, and the Latins cæcilia. So always building its eyrie or nest in the same place.
in Macbeth :-

lo And with presented nakedness outface
• Adder's fork and blind-10orm's sting'

The windis.'

King Lear, Act ii. Sc. 3.

9

Tim.

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Tim.

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Apen. I love thee better now than e'er I did. Apem. I, that I was
Tim. I hate thee worse.

No prodigal.
dpem.
Why?

Tim. 1, that I am one now;
Thou flatter'st misery. Were all the wealth I have, shut up in thee,
Apem. I Aatter not; but say, thou art a caitit? I'd give thee leave to hang it. Get thee gone.-
Tim. Why dost thou seek me out?

That the whole life of Athens were in this!
To vex thee. Thus would I eat it.

(Eating a root. Tim. Always a villain's office, or a fool's. Арст.

Here; I will mend thy feast.. Dost please thyself in't ?

[Offering him something. Apem. Ay.

Tim. First mend my company, take away thyself, Tim.

What! a knave too ? Apem. So I shall mend mine own, by the lack of Apem. If thou didst put this sour cold habit on

thine. To castigate thy pride, 'twere well : but thou Tim. "Tis not well mended so, it is but botch'd; Dost it enforcedly; thou’dst courtier be again, If not, I would it were. Wert thou not beggar. Willing misery

Apem. What would'st thou have to Athens ? Outlives incertain pomp, is crown'd before:1

Tim. Thee thither in a whirlwind. If thou wilt, The one is filling still, never complete;

Tell them there I have gold; look, so I have. The other, at high wish: Best state, contentless, Apem. Here is no use for gold: Hath a distracted and most wretched being,

Tim.

The best, and truest Worse than the worst, content.

For here it sleeps, and doos no hired harm. Thou should'st desire to die, being miserable. Apem. Where ly'st o' nights, Timon? T'it. Not by his breath, that is more miserable. Tim.

Under that's above me. Thou art a slave, whom Fortune's tender arm Where feed'st thou o' days, Apemantus ? With favour never clasp'd; but bred a dog, Apem. Where my stomach finds meat; or, rather, Hadst thou, like us, from our first swath,' pro- where I eat it. ceeded

Tim. 'Would poison were obedient, and knew my The sweet degrees that this brief world affords

mind! To such as may the passive drugs of it

Apem.

Where would'st thou send it ?
Freely command, thou would'st have plung'd thyself Tim. To sauce thy dishes.
In general riot; melted down thy youth

Apem. The middle of humanity thou never knewIn different beds of lust; and never learn'd est, but the extremiiy of both ends: When thou wast The icy precepts of respect, but follow'd

in thy gilt, and thy perfume, they mocked thee for The sugar'd game before thee. But myself,

too much curiosity;", in thy rags thou knowest Who had the world as my confectionary;

none, but art despised for the contrary. There's a The mouths, the tongues, the eyes, and hearts of medlar for thee, eat it.

Tim. On what I hate, I feed not. Al duty, more than I could framne employment;8 Apem. Dost hate a medlar ? That numberless upon me stuck, as leaves

Tim. Ay, though it look like thee. Do on the oak, have with one winter's brush

Apem. An thou hadst hated meddlers sooner, thou Fell from their boughs, and left me open, bare should'st have loved thyself better pow. What man For every storm that blows;'-1, to bear this, didst thou ever know unthrift, that was beloved after That never knew but better, is some burden: his means? Thy nature did commence in sufîerance, time Tim. Who, without those means thou talkest of, Hath made thee hard in't. Why should'st thou didst thou ever know beloved ? hate men?

spem. Myself. They never flatter'd thee : What hast thou given? Tim. I understand thee; thou hadst some means If thou wilt curse,-thy father, that poor rag, to keep a dog. Must be thy subject: who, in spite, put stuff Apem. What things in the world canst thou To some she-beggar, and compounded thee, nearest compare to thy flatterers ? Poor rogue hereditary. Hence! be gone !

Tim. Women' nearest ; but men, men are the If thou hadst not been born the worst of men, things themselves. What would'st' thou do with Thou hadst been a krave and flatterer.:

the world, Apemantus, if it lay in thy power? Apem.

Art thou proud yet ? Apem. Give it the beasts, to be rid of the men. l'im. Ay, that I am not thee.

4 The old copy reads "The passive drugges of it.' | To have wishes crowned is to have them completed, Drug or drugge, is only a variation of the orthography to be content, The highest fortunes, if contentless,

of drudge, as appears by Baret's Alvearie.

5 The cold admonitions of cautious prudence. Rehave a wretched beinz, worse than that of the most ab.

spect is regardful consideration :ject furtune accompanied by content. 2 By his breath means by his ruice, i. e. suffrage.

Reason and respect 3 i.e. froni infancy, from the first suathe band with

Makes livers pale, and lustihood deject.'

Troilus and Cressida, which a new-born infant is enveloped. “There is in this speech a sullen haughtiness and malignant dignity, 6 i. e. more than I could frame employment for. suitable at once to the lord and the man-hater. The im 7 O summer friendship, patience with which he bears to have his luxury re. Whose flatt'riny leaves that shadow'd us in our proached by one that never had luxury within his reach, Prosperity, with the least gust drop off is natural and graceful.' Johnson. Ó si sic omnia. In In the autumn of adversity.' the conception and expression of this note (says Mr.

Massinger's Maid of Honour. Pye) we trace the mind and thic pen of the author ; a 8 Dryden has quoted two verses of Virgil to show how collection of such notes by Johnson would have been well he could have written salires. Shakspeare has indeed a commentary worthy the critic and the poet. here given a specimen of the same power, by a line bit Johnson has adduced a passage somewbat resernbling ter beyond all biuerness, in which Timon telís A peman this from a letter written by the unfortunate favourite of tus that he had not virtue enough for the vices which ho Elizabetli, the Earl of Essex, just before his execution. condemns. Dr. Warburton explains rorst by lowest, : I had none but divines to call upon me, to whom I said, which somewhat weakens the sense, and yet leaves it if my ambitiou could have entered into their narrow sutficiently vigorous. hearts, they would not have been so humble ; or if my I have heard Mr. Burke commend the subtlety of dis delights had been once tasted by them, they would not crimination with which Shakspeare distinguishes the have been so precise. The rest of this admirable leto present character of Timon from that of Apemantus, ter is, as Johnson justly observes, too serious and so whom, to vulgar eyes, he would seem to resemble lemn' to be inserted here without irreverence. It was

Johnson, very likely to make a deep impression upon Shak. 9 Curiosity is scrupulous exactness, finical niceness speare's mind. But indeed no one can read it without Baret explains it picked diligence, Accuratus corporis enotion. Johnson copied his extract from Birch's Me: cultus. 'A waiting gentlewoman should flee affection or moirs of Queen Elizabeth, and has erroneously printed curiosity,' (i. e. affectation or oderniceness ) - 11 some. dateiders for didines

times means scrupulous anxiety, precision

Tim. Would'st thou have thyself fall in the con- Thy grave-stone daily: make thine epitaph, fusion of men, and remain a beast with the beasts? That death in me at others' lives may laugh. Apem. Ay, Timon.

O thou sweet king-killer, and dear divorce Tim. A beastly ambition, which the gods grant

[Looking on the gold. thee to attain to! If thou' wert the lion, the fox | 'Twixt natural son and sire! thou bright defiler would beguile thee: if thou wert the lamb, the fox Of Hymen's purest bed ! thou valiant Mars ! would eat thee: if thou wert the fox, the lion would Thou ever young, fresh, lov'd, and delicate wooer, suspect thee, when, peradventure, thou wert ac- Whose blush doth thaw the consecrated snow cused by the ass: if thou wert the ass, thy dulness That lies on Dian's lap! thou visible god, would forment thee ; and still thou livedst but as a That solder’st close impossibilities, breakfast to the wolf: if thou wert the wolf, thy And mak'st them kiss! that speak'st with every greediness would afflict thee, and oft thou should'st

tongue, hazard thy life for thy dinner: wert thou the uni- To every purpose ! O thou touch of hearts ! corn, pride and wrath would confound thee, and Think, thy slave man rebels ; and by thy virtue make thine own self the conquest of thy fury:' Set them into confounding odds, that beasts wert thou a bear, thou would'st be kill'd by the May have the world in empire ! horse : wert thou a horse, thou would'st be seized Арет.

'Would 'twere 80; by the leopard : wert thou a leopard, thou wert But not till I am dead !-I'll say thou hast gold: german to the lion, and the spots of thy kindred Thou wilt be throng'd to shortly. were jurors on thy life : all thy safety were remo- Tim.

Throng'd to? tion, and thy defence, absence. What beast Apem.

Ay. could'st thou be, that were not subject to a beast ? Tim. Thy back, I pr’ythee. and what a beast art thou already, that seest not

Apem.

Live and love thy misery! thy loss in transformation ?

Tim. Long live so, and so die!-I am quit.Apem. If thou could'st please me with speaking

(Erit APEMANTUS. to me, thou might'st have hit upon it here : The More things like men ?-Eat, Timon, and abhor commonwealth of Athens is become a forest of

them. beasts.

Enter Thieves. Tim. How has the ass broke the wall, that thou

i Thief. Where should he have this gold? It is art out of the city ?

some poor fragment, some slender ori of his reApem. Yonder comes a poet and a painter: The mainder: The mere want of gold, and the fallingplague of company light upon thee! I will fear 10 from of his friends, drove him into this melancholy. catch it, and give way: When I know nut what

2 Thief. It is noised, he hath a mass of treasure. else to do, I'll see thee again.

3 Thief. Let us make the assay upon him; if he Tim. When there is nothing living but thee, thou care not for't, he will supply us easily; If he covetshalt be welcome. I had rather be a beggar's dog, ously reserve it, how shall's

get it ? than Apemantus.

2 Thief. True; for hc.bears it not about him, Apem. Thou art the cap* of all the fools alive.

'us hid. Tim. Would thou wert clean enough to spit

1 Thief. Is not this he? upon.

Thieves. Where? Apem. A plague on thee, thou art too bad to

2 Thief. 'Tis his description.

3 Thief. He; I know him. Tim. All villains, that do stand by thee, are

Thieves. Save thee, Timon. pure."

Tim. Now, thieves ?
Apem. There is no leprosy but what thou speak'st.
Tim, If I uame thee,

Thieves. Soldiers, not thieves.

Tim. Both too; and women's sons. I'll beat thee,-but I should infect my hands.

Thieves. We are not thieves, but men that much Apem. I would, my tongue could rot them off!

do want. Tim. Away, thou issue of a mangy dog ! Choler does kill me, that thou art alive ;

Tim. Your greatest want is, you want much of I swoon to see thee. Apem. 'Would thou would'st burst.

Why should you want? Behold the earth hath

roots ; Tim.

Away, Within this mile break forth a hundred springs : Thou tedious rogue ! I am sorry, I shall lose

The oaks bear mast, the briars scarlet hips: A stone by thee.

[Throws a stone at him. The bounteous housewife, nature, on each bush Apem. Beast! Tim. Slave!

Lays her full mess before you. Want? why want?

1 Thief. We cannot live on grass, on 'berries, Apem.

Toad!
Tim.

water,
Rogue, rogue, rogue! As beasts, and birds, and fishes.
[APEMANTUS retreats backward as going.

Tim. Nor on the beasts themselves, the birds, and I am sick of this false world; and will love nought

fishes. But even the mere necessities upon it.

You must eat men. Yet thanks I must you con, Then, Timon, presently prepare thy grave;

That you are thieves profess'd ; that you work not Lie where the light foam of the sea may beat

In holier shapes : for ihere is boundless theft 1 Alluding to the unicorn's being sometimes over

In limited! professions. Rascal thieves, come from striking his horn into a tree in his furious Theobald proposed " you want much of meet, i, e. much pursuit of an enemy See Gesner's History of Animals, of what you ought to be, much of the qualities befilling and Julius (@sar. Act ii. Sc. 1. 2 This seems to imply that the lion' bears, like the you an human creatures. Steevens says, perhaps we

should read :Turk, no brother near the throne.' 3 Both Steevens and Malone are wrong in their ex. Your greatest want is that you expect supplies from me,

• Your greatest want is, you want much of me.' planation of remotion here ; which is neither removing of whom you can reasonably expect nothing. Your from place to place, nor remoteness;' but "remoring necessities are indeed desperate, when you apply to one uway, removing afar off. Remotio. 4 1. e. the top, the principal.

in my situation. Dr. Farmer would point the passage s See Act iii. Sc. 4.

differently, thus: 6 Warburton remarks that the imagery here is ex.

*Your greatest want is, you want much. Of meat quisitely beautiful and sublime.

Why should puu want,' &c. 7 Touch for touchstone:

10 Limited professions are allowed professions. Thus

in Macbeth: "O Buckingham, now do I play the touch,

• I'll make so bold to call, for 'tis my limited service.' To try if thou be'st current gold.'

I will request the reader to correct my explanation of li. 9 The old copy reads, “Enter the Banditti. mited in Macbeth, where I have unintentionally allowed 9 The old copy reads:

the old glossarial explanation to stand, which interprets Your greatest want is, you want much of meal.' it appointed.

curse,

men.

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Here's gold: Go, suck the subtle blood of the grape Tim. What, dost thou weep ?--Come nearer :Till the high fever seethe your blood to froth,

then I love thee, And so 'scape hanging : Trust not the physician; Because thou art a woman, and disclaim'st His antidotes are poison, and he slays

Flinty mankind; whose eyes do never give, More than you roh: iake wealth and lives together; But thorough lust and laughter. Pity's sleeping, Do villany, do, since you profess to do't, Strange times, that weep with laughing, not with Like workmen. I'll example you with thievery:

weeping! The sun's a thief, and with his great attraction Flav. I beg of you to know me, good my lord, Robs the vast sea: the moon's an arrant thief, To accept my grief, and, whilst this

poor

wealth lasts, And her pale fire she snatches from the sun : To entertain me as your steward still. The sea's a thief, whose liquid surge resolves Tim. Had I a steward so true, so just, and now 'The moon into salt tears:' the earth's a thief, So comfortable? It almost turns That feeds and breeds by a compostures stol'n My dangerous nature mild. Let me behold From general excrement : each thing's a thief; Thy face.-Surely this man was born of woman.The laws, your curb and whip, in their rough power Forgive my general and exceptless rashness, Have uncheck'd theft. Love not yourselves : away; You ; erpetual-sober gods! I do proclaim Rob one another. There's more gold : Cut throats; One honest man,-mistake me not,—but one: All that you meet are thieves : To Athens, go, No more, I pray, -and he is a steward.Break open shops ; for nothing can you steal,

How fain would I have hated all mankind, But thieves do lose it : Steal not less, for this And thou redeem'st thyself: But all, save thee, I give you; and gold confound you howsoever! I fell with curses. Amen.

(Timon retires to his Cave. Methinks thou art more honest now, than wise ; 3 Thief. He has almost charmed me from my For, by oppressing and betraying me, profession, by persuading me to it.

Thou mighi’st have sooner got another service: i Thief.' 'Tis in the malice of mankind, that he For many so arrive at second masters, thus advises us; not to have us thrive in our mys- Upon their first lord's neck. But tell me true terv.

(For I must ever doubt, though ne'er so sure,) 3 Thief. I'll believe him as an enemy, and give is not thy kindness subile, covetous, over my trade.

If noto a usuring kindness; and as rich men deal I Thief. Let us first see peace in Athens : There gifts, is no time so miserable, bui a man may be true, Expecting in return twenty for one?

(Eseunt Thieves, Flav. No, my most worthy inaster, in whose Enter FLAVIUS.

breast Flav. O you gods !

Doubt and suspect, alas, are plac'd too late :

You should have fear'd false times, when you did Is von despis’d and ruinous man my lord ?

feast : Full of decay and failing? O monument And wonder of good deeds evilly bestow'd! Suspect still comes where an estate is least.

That which I show, heaven knows, is merely love, What an alteration of honouro has

Duty and zeal to your unmatched mind,
Desperate want made!
What riler thing upon the earth, than friends,

Care of your food and living: and, believe it, Who can bring noblest minds tó basest ends!

My most honour'd lord, How rarelys does it meet with this time's guise,

For any benefit that points to me, When man was wish'de to love his enemies.

Either in hope, or present, I'd exchange Grant, I may ever love, and rather woo

For this one wish, That you had power and wealth Those that would mischief me, than those that do! To requite me, by making rich yourself. He has caught me in his eye: I will present

Tim. Look thee, 'tis so!—Thou singly honest My honest grief unto him; and, as my lord,

man, Shall serve him with my life. My dearest master! Here, take :—the gods out of my misery

Have sent thee treasure. Go, live rich, and happy: Timon comes forward from his Cave.

But thus condition'd; Thou shalt build from men; Tim. Away! what art thou ?

Hate all, curse all : show charity to none; Flav.

Have you forgot me, sir ? But let the famish'd flesh slide from the bone, Tim. Why dost ask that? I have forgot all men; Ere thou relieve the beggar: give to dogs Then, if thou grant'st thou’rt a man, I have forgot What thou deny'st to men; let prisons swallow them, thee.

Debts wither them to nothing: Be men like blasted Fliv. An honest poor servant of yours.

woods, Tin.

Then

And may diseases lick up their false bloods ! I know thee not: I ne'er had honest man

And so farewell, and thrive. About me, I; all that I kept were knaves,

Flav.

O, let me stay, To serve in meat to villains.

And comfort you, my master.
Flar.
The gods are witness, Tim.

If thou hat'st
Ne'er did poor steward wear a truer grief

Curses, stay not ; fly whilst thou'rt bless'd and free: For his undone lord, than mine eyes for you. Ne'er see thou man, and let me ne'er see thee. 1 The moon is called the moist star in Hamlet, and

(Exeunt severally. the poet in the last scene of The Tempest has shown that he was acquainted with her influence on the tides. enemics I will defend myself, is a sufficient comment The watery beums of the moon are spoken of in Romeo on this passage. and Juliet. The sea is therefore said to resolve her into 7 To give is to yield, to give way to tears sall tears, ia allusion to the flow of the tides, and per. 8 The old copy reads : haps of her influence upon the weather, which she is

It almost turns sil to govern. There is an allusion to the lachrymose

My dangerous nature wild.. nuure of thie planet in the following apposite passage in the emendation is Warburton's. Timon's dangerous King Richard III:

nature is his savage wildness, a species of frenzy in. • That I, being govern'd by the walry moon, duced by the baseness and ingratitude of the world. It May bring forth plenteous tears to drown the world.' would be idle to talk of turning a dangerous nature 2 i. e. compost, manure.

wild;' the kindness and fidelity of Timon's steward was 3 • There is no hour in a man's life so wretched but more likely to soften and compose him; and he does he always has it in his power to become true, i. e. honest.' | indeed show

himseif more mild and gentle to Flavius in 4 An alteration of honour, is an alteration of an consequence, being moved by the tears of his affectiondonourable state to a state of disgrace.

ale servant. 5 How rarely, i.e. how culmirably. So in Much Ado 9 I think with Mr. Tyrwhite that If not has slipped About Nothing, act jij. Sc. I, 'how rarely featur’d.' in here by an error of the compositor, caught from the

6 j. e. desired. Friends ard enemies here mean is not of the preceding line. Both sense and metro those who profe88 friendship and profess enmily. The would be better without it. proverb •Defend me from my friends, and from my 10 i. e. away from human habitation

10

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