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pose. This is a beautiful and interesting specimen of the architecture of the age. The late Earl of Burlington, whose taste for architecture gave him the title of the English Palladio, in a question of precedency between the cathedrals of York and Lincoln, gave a decision in favour of the latter; and preferred the west front of it to any thing of the kind in Europe, observing, “That whoever had the conducting of it, was well acquainted with the noblest buildings of old Ronle; and had united some of their greatest beauties in that very work.” That nothing might be wanting to render this church as splendid in furniture as it was elegant in its decorations, it received the most lavish donations. Indeed so sumptuously was it supplied with rich shrines, jewels, vestments, &c. that Dugdale informs us Henry the Eighth took out of its immense treasure no less than 2621 ounces of gold, and 4285 ounces of silver, besides pearls and precious stones of the most costly kind. Also, two shrines, one called St. Hugh's, of pure gold; and the other of massy silver, called St. John's, of d’Alderby: at the same time the episcopal mitre is said to have been the richest in the kingdom. From the time the custom of burying in churches was adopted till the present, this cathedral has had its share of costly sepultures; its chapels, walls, and columns have been ornamented or disfigured by monumental records and emblems of mortality. But when the observer views the state of such pious memorials, and compares them with the number and grandeur of those, which history relates to have been here erected in the different periods, he is strongly reminded of the transitory nature of the very exertions made to counteract the oblivious ravages of time; and of the ineffectual mode of securing to ourselves or others the meed of posthumous fame, by the pomp of monument or lettered stone. Of many of these tombs not a vestige remains, nor are the places known where once they stood. At the reformation, for the purpose of finding secreted wealth, and under the pretence of discouraging superstition, many of them were destroyed. Bishop Holbech and Dean Henneage, both vioS s 2 lent lent zealots, caused to be pulled down or defaced most of the handsome tombs, the figures of saints, crucifixes, &c. so that by the close of the year 1548, there was scarcely a perfect tomb or unmutilated statue left. What the flaming zeal of reformation had spared was attacked by the rage of the fanatics in the time of Charles the First. During the presidency of Bishop Winniffe, A. D. 1645, the brass plates in the walls, or flat stones, were torn out, the handsome brass gates of the choir, and those of several chantries pulled down, and every remaining beauty, which was deemed to savour of superstition, entirely defaced; and the of a man in armour, Mr. Sanderson supposes was intended for Sir John Tiptoft, in the time of Edward the Third. Under the small east window is a chantry founded by Nicholas Lord Cantalupe. In this under a lofty pinnacled canopy, is an altar tomb of speckled marble, ascended by steps, having three large shields on the sides, with the figure of a man, armed as a knight, designed for the said Lord Cantalupe. And another under a like canopy, with a figure in his robes, to the memory of Dean Wymbish. At the east end of this chantry is a flat stone, with the brasses gone, to the memory of Lady Joan Cantalupe. In the centre of the east end is a chantry, which was founded by Edward the First, wherein the bowels of his Queen Eleanor were interred. “ BARTHOLOMEw Lord BURGHERSH, brother to the bishop of that name, lies opposite to him in the north wall of what was Borough's, or rather Burgherst's, or St. Catharine's chapel, on a tomb under a canopy; his figure in freestone, in armour; at his feet a lion; under his head a helmet, from which issues a lion on his side, like another with two tails, on a shield held over his head by two angels. On the front of the tomb, over six arches which have formerly held twelve figures, are twelve coats *.” “On the north side of the lady chapel, or rather on the south side of St. Catharine's or Borough's chapel, north of the other, at the feet of Bishop Burghersh, is an altar tomb, without canopy or figure. The cover is made up of two flat blue slabs, the uppermost and largest seemingly reversed, and the other a fragment of a grey slab once charged with a brass shield and ledge; neither of which seemed to have belonged to this tomb originally. On the north side are five arches with ten figures of men and women all buttoned with roses, (one man holding a scroll), and all stand- * ing in pairs, and in the spandrils of each arch over them these coats beginning from the east.” Mr. G. particularly describes the arms; gives the various conjectures which have been formed of the person for whom this monument was intended, and concludes

church made barracks for the parliamentary soldiers. In 1782, the floor of the cathedral was new paved, which occasioned a great change in the state of inscribed stones, and the alterations lately made in the transepts and choir, have totally disarranged many of the principal tombs. In the choir were four monuments, one of which is said to have belonged to REMIGIUs, the first bishop. Mr. Gough” ebserves, “both Remigius, who began to build this church, and his successor Bloet, who finished it, are said by Willis to have been buried in the church of Remigius's building; the first in the choir, the other in the north transept, and both to have had contiguous monuments, or as he calls them, chapels on the north side of the choir.” It seems probable that the present monuments ascribed to both were erected over their remains within the old choir, when it was rebuilt by Bishop Alexander in the reigns of Henry the First and Stephen. This choir was continued further east about the close of Henry the Third's reign, and the screen, rood-loft, and stalls, made in that of Edward the Second. To one of these periods may those monuments therefore be ascribed. The knights on the front of this monument may denote soldiers placed to guard our Lord's sepulchre; as on a tomb in the north side of the altar at Northwold in Norfolk, where are three armed men between three trees, all in a reclining posture. Another monument commemorates Catharine Swinford, wife of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster. - Her

* Sepul, Mon. Vol. I. Part II, p. 11, 18.

Her figure is engraved on a brass plate, and the following inscription is preserved on the fillet:

“Ici gist Dame Katharine, duchesse de Lancastre jadys femme. de la tres noble & tres gracious prince John duc de Lancaster; fils au tres noble roy Edward le tierce. La quelle Katherine moreult le x jour de May i'an de grace mil. ccce, tierz. De quelle almes Dieu eyt mercy & pitee.” Amen.

At the foot of the above is another monument, to the memory of Joan Countess of Westmoreland. She was only daughter of John of Gaunt, by the above wife, and was also interred here in November 1440. Attached to a monument of grey marble, on a fillet of brass, was this inscription:

“Filia Lancastr. ducis inclyta, sponsa Johann's
Westmorland primi subjacet his comitis.
Desine, scriba, suas virtutes promere nulla
Vox valeat merita vix reboare sua.
Stirpe, decore, fide, tum fama, spe, prece, prole,
Artibus & vita polluit immo sua.
Natio tota dolet pro morte. Deus tulit ipsam
in Bricii festo, M. quater C. quater X.”

In the south aile were twenty-four monuments; among which were those to Bishops Repingdon, Gravesend, and Grosthead. In our lady's chapel was a marble altar monument, or cenotaph, with the figure of a queen, and on the edge, in Old Englis characters, this inscription: - v

Hic sunt, sepulta viscera, Alianore quondam Regine
Anglie Uxoris Regis Edwardi fili Regis Henrici cujus
Anime Proprietur Deus. Amen. + Pater noster,”

On the north side of the same chapel were two curious tombs of freestone, arched and carved. One of those, with the figure

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* Gough, Sep. Mon. Vol. I. Part II, p. 108.

cludes—“Notwithstanding the various opinions about this tomb, it is most probable it was erected for John Lord Welles, who died thirty-fifth of Edward the Third, 1361, seized of vast possessions in the county of Lincoln".” n the aile, on the south side of the choir, is the pedestal of a monument, which Stukeley supposed to have been formerly the shrine of St. Hugh, the Burgundian, and in his Itinerarium Curiosum he has given an engraving of a raised altar tomb, with an elegant pinnacled shrine, of a pyramidal shape, under this name. But Mr. Lethieulier, in the first volume of the Archaeologia, observes, that no instance occurs of a saint having two shrines dedicated to him in the same church. The imputation of the Jews having from time to time crucified children has been, by Rapin and some other historians, considered as an unfounded calumny. It is mentioned, however, by Mathew Paris, an historian of veracity, who was unlikely to be deceived as to an event which happened during his life time. The fact is established, Mr. Lethieulier thinks, beyond all contradiction, by a commission from the king to Simon Passeliere and William de Leighton, to seize for the kings use the houses belonging to the Jews, who were hanged at Lincoln for crucifying a child, &c. Many defaced monuments, and others which had lost both figures and inscriptions, were taken up during the new paving, and are intended to be placed in the ailes of the choir, or in the cloisters. On the north side of, and connected with the cathedral, is the Cloist ERs, of which only three sides remain in the original state. Attached to the eastern side is the CHAPTER House, a lofty elegant structure. It forms a decagon, nineteen yards in diameter, the groined roof of which is supported by an umbilical pillar, consisting of a circular shaft, with ten small fluted columns attached to it; having a band in the centre, with foliated capitals. From this the groins issue, resting on small columns on each side. One of the ten sides forms the entrance, which is of the same altitude as the Chapter House. In the S S 4 - other * Gough, Sep. Mon. Vol. I. Part II, p. 111, 113,

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