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Castle Donington, a vicarage;
including Wartoft Grange.
Cole Orton, a rectory.
Diseworth, a vicarage.
Dishley, a donative; including
Thorpe Acre.
Garendon Abbey.
Gracedieu Nunnery.
Hathern, a rectory.
Kegworth, a rectory; including
the chapelry of Walton Iseley.
Langley Nunnery. -
Leicester Abbey, and Abbey
Gate. , -
Lodington, a vicarage; includ-
ing the chapelry of Heming-
ton. -
Lou GHBOROUGH, a rectory;
including the hamlets of
Knightthorpe and Wood-
thorpe; Burley Park, and
Loughborough Old Park.
Newton Linford, a chapelry.
Osgathorpe, a rectory.
Packington, a vicarage; includ-
ing the chapelry of Snibston.
Quorndon, a chapelry.
Raunston, a rectory.

Rothley, a vicarage and peculiar jurisdiction; including the chapelries of Cawduell, Gaddesby, Grimstone, Keame, Mountsorell superior, Wartnahy, and Wykeham. Rothley Temple, extraparochial. Seile Nether, a rectory; including the hamlets of Over Seile, Donisthorpe, and Okethorpe. Shepeshed, a vicarage. Stretton en le Field, a rectory. Swebston, a rectory; including the hamlets of Newton Burguland, and Snareston. Swithland, a rectory.

Thurcaston, a rectory; includ

ing the hamlets of Anstey and Cronston.

Ulvescroft Abbey, extraparo

chial. Wanlip, a rectory. Whatton, Long, a rectory. Whitwick, a vicarage; including the hamlet of Swannington, and the manor of Thringston. Woodhouse, a chapelry.”

END of LeicestERSHIRE.


The county of Lincoln presents to the topographer, antiquary, historian, naturalist, and agriculturalist, a theme replete with interest; and to each of these, the latter excepted *, it also unfolds a subject hitherto unexplored, and consequently full of novelty. Its topographical history having never been given to the public, renders it extremely difficult to collect into one focus the numerous rays of information that are now dispersed in various directions to and to give a concise, but satisfactory account of the principal places, persons, and subjects, which peculiarly, and directly, belong to the county, is an arduous task; but it devolves to me as a duty, and I will endeavour to execute it in a manner satisfactory to myself, and to the liberal reader. The present history must, however, be very brief, as its limits are bounded by the volume, and that must not be disproportionably large. Hence, if I omit some places, or am not satisfactorily copious respecting others, I hope to experience the indulgence of those gentlemen of the county whose local partialities may have required, or anticipated, more circumstantial details. - Ll 2 . That That part of the British Islands now called Lincolnshire, was, anterior to the Roman conquest, possessed by a class of the Britons known by the name of Coritani, who have been already described in the third volume of this work. During the dominion of the Romans in Britain, this district was included within the province of Britannia Prima; and from the evident remains, and best published accounts, it is indubitable, that it was intersected by different roads, occupied by military stations, and some of its natural inconveniences removed by means of Roman science and industry. The exact number of stations, roads, and encampments, however, is not, I believe, ascertained; but the Rev. Thomas Leman, of Bath, who has particularly studied the Roman Topography of England, has kindly furnished me with the following information on this subject. “The British Ermin Street, afterwards adopted by the Romans, enters this county to the west of Stamford, and, joining the north road, runs by Durnomagus, (Great Casterion,) and Causennis, (Ancaster,) through Lindum, (Lincoln,) and in medio, about fifteen miles north of it, to Ad-Abum, near the banks of the Humber. A second branch of the same street branches off from this road to the westward, about five miles north of Lincoln, and crosses the river Trent near Littleborough, the Segelocum, and proceeds in a north-westerly direction to Doncaster, the Danum of Antoninus. A third branch of this road, separated from that first described, after crossing the Nen River in Northamptonshire, and ran in a straight line to Lolham Bridges; whence it probably continued, with the Car-dyke, all the way to Lincoln. “Another branch left the Ermin Street, about six miles north of Stamford, and ran by Stenby, Denton, and Bottesford, towards ad Pontem, in its way to Southwell and Bantry. “The Foss, beginning on the coast not far from Ludborough, is visible from Ludford, where was a station, probably Bannotallum, to Lincoln, on to Crocolana, (Bruff) to Newark, &c. Besides these, there are also remains of other British track-ways; particularly particularly one from Horncastle, which is supposed to have been a station towards Castor and the Humber. Another road, called the Salt Way, branched off from the Ermin Street, near

* On this subject we have had two large volumes; one entitled “A Ge. neral View of the Agriculture of the County of Lincoln.” By Arthur Young, 8vo. 1799. This was followed by another volume of about 440 pages, entitled, “A Review of the corrected Agricultural Surrey of Lincolnshire;’ &c. by Thom As Stone, 8vo. 1800. This volume contains also, “An Address to the Board of Agriculture, a Letter to its Secretary, and Remarks on the

recent Publication of Sir John Somerville, and on the subject of Inclosures.” w # At the end of the volume will be given a list of such books, &c. as have

been published respecting the topography of this county.

Ponton, and ran by Denton into Leicestershire *.” Doctor Stukeley supposes, that another Roman road was made “from the northern high country,” i. e. of the Fens, “about Bolinbrook, by Stickford, Stickney, Sibsey, and so to Boston river, about Redstonegote, where it passed it by a ferry. From thence to Kirkton ’tis indubitably Roman, being laid with a very large bed of gravel; and just a mile from the river is a stone, now called the Mile-stone, standing in a quadrivium; 'tis a large round stone, like the frustrum of a pillar, and very probably a Lapis Milliaris.” In another place the Doctor says, “At Sleaford, I am inclinable to think another road came from Banovallum, or Horn-castle, to the east of the river Bane, southward by Les Yates, and so crossed the Witham by Chappel Hill and the Car-dyke, somewhere about Kyme. I think we need not scruple to assert, that Ravensbank be another ancient road, going east and west through the heart of the country, from Tid-St. Mary's to Cowbit. I have rode some miles upon it, where 'tis now extremely strait and flat. We have been informed, that 'tis actually in some old writings called RomansBank t.” The stations, encampments, &c. directly, and collaLl 3 terally

* This has been already noticed in page 316. But Mr. Turner, in his “History of the Town and Soke of Grantham,” furnishes the following additional particulars. “The Salt-way ran from the salt mines, at Droitwich, in Worcestershire, to the coast of Lincolnshire; entered Lincolnshire not far from Saltby, crossed the Witham at Saltersford, near to the town, or Roman station at Ponton. Besides the barrows, the dykes, the ramparts, called King Lud's intrenchments, on Saltby Heath, noticed in Nichols's History of Leicestershire, where Roman coins have been found, are five Barrows on the Lincolnshire side, in Woolsthorpe lordship, and two in the adjoining parish of Stainby, all within a little distance of this branch of the Ermine Street. A Roman pavement, also not far off, near Denton, and the Roman ruins near Stoke, mentioned in Nichols, &c. &c."

# Itinerarium Curiosum, p. 14, &c. Edit. 1724.

terally connected with these roads, will be described in the sub-
sequent pages of this volume. - -
A great work of this county, generally attributed to the Romans,
is the CAR-DYK E, a large canal, or drain, which extends from
the river Welland, on the southern side of the county, to the
river Witham, near Lincoln. Its channel, for nearly the whole
of this course, an extent of about forty miles, (Dr. Stukeley says
fifty,) is sixty feet in width, and has on each side a broad flat
bank. The Doctor at first ascribed the origin of this great work
to Catus Decianus, the procurator in Nero's time; and supposed
that his name was preserved in the appellation of places, &c. in
the vicinity of the Dyke. Those of Catesbridge, Catwick, Cats-
grove, Catley, and Catthorpe, he adduced in support of his hy-
pothesis; but having afterwards devoted some time and atten-
tion to the life of Carausius, the Doctor fancied he recognised
part of the name of his hero in that of the present work. Thus
some authors trifle with themselves and their readers by useless,
and often puerile etymologies. Salmon, in the “New Survey
of England,” says, that “Cardyke signifies no more than fen-
dyke. The fens of Ankholm-level, are called Carrs.” Doctor
Stukeley also admits, that Car and Fen are nearly synonimous
words, and are “used in this country to signify watery, boggy
places.” Car, in the British language, is applied to raft, sledge,
&c. vehicles of carriage. This great canal preserves a level,
but rather meandering course, along the eastern side of the high
grounds, which extend in an irregular chain up the centre of
the county, from Stamford to Lincoln. It thus receives, from
the hills, all the draining and flowing waters, which take an
easterly course, and which, but for this Catchwater drain, as

now appropriately called, would serve to inundate the Fens.

Several Roman coins have been found on the banks of this dyke.
The whole of the present county is supposed to have been named
by the Romans Lindum, asid the principal station, or town
Lindum-Colonia. . . -

During the Anglo-Saxon dominion of England, Lincolnshire -- 6 - was

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