Annual Report of the Commissioner of Patents, Parts 2-3

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1855 - Agriculture
Prior to 1862, when the Department of Agriculture was established, the report on agriculture was prepared and published by the Commissioner of Patents, and forms volume or part of volume, of his annual reports, the first being that of 1840. Cf. Checklist of public documents ... Washington, 1895, p. 148.

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Page 4 - And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.
Page 356 - ... thrown around the stems. In favorable seasons a few hops may be picked from these young plants in autumn, but in general there is nothing the first year. Late in autumn the ground may be carefully dug with a spade, and the earth turned toward the plants, to remain during the winter.
Page 371 - ... life of a tree is from seed to two or three years of age. This period is rendered safer by the use of nursery grown material. But since planting is more expensive than sowing, a careful study is necessary to determine which of these operations is best. Planting in the mountains should usually be done in the spring as soon as the ground can be worked. In this way growth starts imme*In the spruce forest this is true only if fire is kept out.
Page 42 - No wolf can stand against them ; but bears are moie potent adversaries ; if a bear can reach a tree, he is safe ; he rises on his hind legs with his back to the tree, and sets the dogs at defiance. In the night the shepherds rely entirely on their dogs...
Page 73 - In about four days, in warm weather, they hatch, and the pale-red larvse "crawl down the leaf, working their way in between it and the main stalk, passing downward till they come to a joint, just above which they remain, a little below the surface of the ground, with the head towards the root of the plant.
Page 285 - Jersey, being that portion of their report which relates to quinces, to the American Pomological Society, at their annual meeting held at the city of Boston, in September, 1854."* Expectation rises on tiptoe. Here is the statement: — "Apple and pearshaped quinces are both cultivated. The apple-shaped we think best for general cultivation, and, with ordinary care, produces fine crops.
Page 374 - ... and then remove only the weaker canes. Cultivation should be thorough and frequent. I prefer to plow both in the fall and in the spring, turning the furrow against the row in the fall and into the center in the spring. Then use the disc or spring-tooth harrow until in July. Start the cultivation as early in the spring as the ground can be worked and go over the surface at least once each week. As the season advances see that the harrow is set more shallow with each cultivation and follow it each...
Page 72 - It was first observed in the year 1776, in the neighborhood of Sir William Howe's debarkation on Staten Island, and at Flat Bush, on the west end of Long Island. Having multiplied in these places, the insects gradually spread over the southern parts of New York and Connecticut, and continued to proceed inland at the rate of fifteen or twenty miles a year.
Page 156 - Meantime, should any grass have escaped the previous hoeings and weedings, it will show its crest before the Rice matures and be plucked up by the roots. All white rice will be stripped off by hand. HARVEST. And now the grain is ripe for the sickle. The time for harvest is come. Gladsome, bounteous harvest! A season, it is true, of laborious exertion, but a season also of cheerful emulation, of rustic joyous festivity.
Page 228 - All experience shows that in every kind of created thing, be it man or beast, or bird, the mysterious principle, called life, remains during the whole period of existence what it was at first. If vitality is feeble in the beginning, so it remains. Weak parents produce weak children, and their children's children are weaker still, as imperial dynasties have sadly shown.

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