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he could not attain by practising those of an opposite character.

The Exercises in Reading and Declamation have been taken from some of the best ancient and modern authors; and they are well adapted to the purposes of the Student in Elocution. They are divided into paragraphs, and subdivided into sections. The latter division is marked by vertical bars. In concert reading, as soon as a section is pronounced by the teacher, the members of the class should repeat it together, in the proper pitch and time, and with the requisite degree of force. When a paragraph shall have been pronounced in this way, it should be read singly by each member of the class. Sometimes it will be found advantageous to let each pupil, in turn, give out a piece, and the other members of the class repeat it after him; the teacher, meanwhile, making the necessary corrections. In fine, the exercise of reading should be practised in a variety of ways according to circumstances. When a piece is given out with gesticulation, the members of the class should rise simultaneously, immediately after the first section is pronounced, and repeat the words and gesture. As the organs of speech require much training to enable them to perform their functions properly, the pupil should repeat the same exercise till he can articulate every element, and give to each syllable the pitch, force, and time which the sentiment demands.

The art of reading and speaking is not inferior m importance to any branch of learning; yet there is none more generally neglected. While many of the merely ornamental branches are cultivated with zealous assiduity, Elocution is allowed, at best, but a feeble support. Among the numerous colleges with which our country abounds, there is not, perhaps, a single one endowed with a professorship of Elocution! And among our numerous public speakers, how small a number can deliver a discourse without having half the body concealed by a desk or table! The orators of classic (Ireece never ensconced themselves behind elevated desks, nor "stood upon all fours," as some of our public speakers do :* they were masters of their art. Hence they needed no screen to conceal uncouth attitudes and awkward gestures from the scrutinizing eye of criticism; nor had occasion to present the crown of the head, instead of the face, to the audience, to hide the blush of ignorance: they exposed the whole person to the audience ; they stood erect, in all the dignity of conscious worth; their attitudes were fit models for the statuary; their gestures were replete with grace and expression; their elocution defied criticism.

Let us endeavour to restore Elocution to its former place in the department of useful instruction. Nothing is wanted but a correct medium, laudable ambition, and common industry, to enable our American youth to rival those ancient orators whose eloquence, it is said, M shook distant thrones, and made the extremities of the earth tremble."


* See Figure 1, page 70.



Abou Ben Adliem Leigh Hunt. 459

Account Current Anonymous. 374

Adams and Jefferson Wirt. 369

Alexander's Feast Druden. 403

An Address to a Young Student Knox. 372

Annabel Lee Edgar A. Poe. 440

Antony's Oration over Caesar's Body Shakspeare. 368

A Psalm from Life Longjelloxo. 461

Apostrophe to Light Milton. 244

Apostrophe to the Queen of France Burke. 225

Barbara Frietchie J. 6. Whitlier. 510

Battle of Hohenlinden Campbell. 220

Battle of Warsaw Campbell. 226

Battle of Waterloo Byron. 227

Beautiful Snow Watson. 467

Belshazzar R. W. Procter. 416

Bernardo Del Carpio Mrs. Hemans. 399

Bingen on the Rhine Mrs. Norton. 508

Bridge of Sighs Hood. 502

Brutus's Oration on the Death of Ca?sar Shakspeare. 266

Bugle Song Tennyson. 442

Casabianca Mrs. Hemans. 354

Cato's Senate Addison. 351

Cato's Soliloquy Addison. 364

Charge of the Light Brigade Alfred Tennyson. 419

Character of Pitt Robertson. 302

Childe Harold's Address to the Ocean Byron. 222

Clarence's Dream Shakspeare. 303

Darkness Byron. 248

Declaration of Independence Jefferson. 322

Douglas's Account of Himself Home. 320

Drifting T. Buchanan Read. 524

Dying Christian to his Soul Alexander Pope. 462

Edward and Warwick From the French 337

Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard Gray. 316

Evelyn Hope Robert Browning. 4:'t7

Excelsior H. W. Longfellow. 493

Extract from a snpposed Speech of John AdaIns. in

support of American Independence Webster. 379

Extract from a Speech of Robert Emmet, Esq., Before

Lord Norbury, on an Indictment for High Treason... 381

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