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That night, transported, with a sigh I said,
“ 'T is all a dream !"-Now, like a dream, 't is fled;
And many and many a year has pass'd away, Evening - banquet--the ghost of Cazziva.
And I alone remain to watch and pray! The tamarind closed her leaves ; the marmoset
Yet oft in darkness, on my bed of straw, Cream'd on his bough, and play'd the mimic yet.
Oft I awake and think on what I saw! Fresh from the lake the breeze of twilight blew,
The groves, the birds, the youths, the nymphs recall, And vast and deep the mountain-shadows grew;
And Cora, loveliest, sweetest of them all. When many a fire-fly, shooting through the glade,
angled the locks of many a lovely maid,
Still would I speak of Him before I went, There silent sat many an unbidden Guest, (66) This stedfast looks a secret dread impress'd;
Who among us a life of sorrow spent, (72)
And, dying, left a world his monument; For there forgot the sacred fruit that fed
Still, if the time allow'd! My hour draws near; At ughtly feasts the Spirits of the Dead, Mingling in scenes that mirth to mortals give,
But He will prompt me when I faint with fear. But by their sadness known from those that live.
-Alas, He hears me not! He cannot hear! There met, as erst, within the wonted grove, Twice the moon fillid her silver urn with light, l'amarried girls and youths that died for love! Then from the Throne an Angel wing'd his flight : Sins tow beheld their ancient sires again,
He, who unfix'd the compass, and assign'd
Who, while approach'd by none but Spirits pure, broke!
Wrought, in his progress through the dread obscure, And whence that voice? As from the grave it spoke ! Signs like the ethereal bow—that shall endure !(73) And who, as unresolved the feast to share, | As he descended through the upper air, Sts half-withdrawn in faded splendor there? Day broke on day as God himself were there! 'Tis be of yore, the warrior and the sage,
Before the great Discoverer, laid to rest, Wbise lips have moved in prayer from age to age; He stood, and thus his secret soul address'd : (74) Whose eyes, that vander'd as in search before, “The wind recalls thee; its still voice obey, Now on Columbus fix'd-10 search no more!
Millions await thy coming; hence, away! Cazziva, (68) gified in his day to know
To thee blest tidings of great joy consign'd, The gathering signs of a long night of woe;
Another Nature, and a new Mankind! Gified by those who give but to enslave;
The vain to dream, the wise to doubt shall cease ; to rest in death! no refuge in the grave!
Young men be glad, and old depart in peace!! With sudden spring as at the shout of war,
Hence! though assembling in the fields of air, He flies! and, turning in his flight, from far
Now, in a night of clouds, thy Foes prepare Glares through the gloom like some portentous star! To rock the globe with elemental wars, liseen, unbeard Hence, Minister of Il! (69)
And dash the floods of ocean to the stars; (75)
“ Not then to leave Thee! to their vengeance cast,
Thy heart their aliment, their dire repast!? Hark, o'er the busy mead the shell’ proclaims Inimphs, and masques, and high heroic games. To other eyes shall Mexico unfold And now the old sit round; and now the young Her feather'd tapestries, and roofs of gold. Land the green boughs, the murmuring doves among. To other eyes, from distant cliff descried, (77) Who claims the prize, when winged feet contend; Shall the Pacific roll his ample tide;. When twanging bows the flaming arrows) send ? There destined soon rich argosies to ride. W stands self-centred in the field of fame, Chains thy reward! beyond the Atlantic wave And, grappling, flings to earth a giant's frame? Hung in thy chamber, buried in thy grave! (78)
bust all, with anxious hearts and eager eyes, Thy reverend form, (79) to time and grief a prey, Bend as he bends, and, as he rises, rise!
A phantom wandering in the light of day! And Cora's self, in pride of beauty here,
“What though thy grey hairs to the dust descend I Fernbles with grief and joy, and hope and fear!
Their scent shall track thee, track thee to the end : She webo, the fairest, ever flew the first,
Thy sons reproach'd with their great father's fame, With cup of balm to quench his burning thirst ;
And on his world inscribed another's name! Abelt at his head, her fan-leaf in her hand,
That world a prison-house, full of sights of woe, And humm'd the air that pleased him, while she fann'd)
Where groans burst forth, and tears in torrents flow How blest his lot!-though, by the muse unsung, His name shall perish, when his knell is rung.
1 P. Martyr, Epist. 133, 152.
2 See the Eumenides of Æschylus, v. 305, etc. !P. Martyr, dec. 1, 5. 2 P. Martyr, dec, iii, c. 7. 3 Clavigero, VII. 52.
4 See the Eumenides, v. 246.
3 Rochefort, e. IX.
These gardens of the sun, sacred to song,
“Not here unwelcome, tho' unknown. By dogs of camage, (80) howling loud and long,
Enter and rest' the Friar said. Swept till the voyager, in the desert air, (81)
The moon, that through the portal shone, Starts back to hear his alter'd accents there! (82)
Shone on his reverend head.
Through many a court and gallery dim “ Not thine the olive, but the sword to bring,
Slowly he led, the burial hymn Not peace, but war! Yet from these shores shall spring Swelling from the distant choir. Peace without end;' from these, with blood defiled, But now the holy men retire; Spread the pure spirit of thy Master mild !
The arched cloisters issuing thro', Here, in His train, shall arts and arms attend, (83)
In long long order, two and two. Arts to adorn, and arms but to defend.
When other sounds had died away, Assembling here, (84) all nations shall be blest ;
And the waves were heard alone, The sad be comforted, the weary rest :
They enter'd, though unused to pray, Untouch'd shall drop the fetters from the slave; (85) Where God was worshipp'd, night and day, And He shall rule the world he died to save!
And the dead knelt round in stone; " Hence, and rejoice. The glorious work is done.
They enter'd, and from aisle to aisle
Wander'd with folded arms awhile, A spark is thrown that shall eclipse the sun!
Where on his altar-tomb (89) reclined And though bad men shall long thy course pursue,
The crosier'd Abbot; and the Knight As erst the ravening brood o'er chaos flew,
In harness for the Christian fight, He, whom I serve, shall vindicate his reign;
His hands in supplication joind;The spoiler spoil'd of all; (86) the slayer slain; (87) Then said as in a solemn mood, The tyrant's self, oppressing and opprest,
"Now stand we where Columbus stood!" 'Mid gems and gold unenvied and unblest: (88)
" Perez,' thou good old man," they cried, While to the starry sphere thy name shall rise,
"And art thou in thy piace of rest?(Not there unsung thy generous enterprise!)
Though in the western world His grave,? (90) Thine in all hearts to dwell-by Fame enshrined,
That other world, the gift He gave, With those the Few, that live but for Mankind :
Would ye were sleeping side by side! Thine evermore, transcendant happiness!
Of all his friends He loved thee best." World beyond world to visit and to bless."
The supper in the chamber done,
Much of a Southern Sea they spake, On the two last leaves, and written in another
And of that glorious city 4 won hand, are some stanzas in the romance or ballad meas
Near the setting of the Sun, ure of the Spaniards. The subject is an adventure
Throned in a silver lake; soon related.
of seven kings in chains of gold,
And deeds of death by tongue untold,
Deeds such as, breathed in secret there,
Had shaken the Confession-chair!
The Eldest swore by our Lady, the Youngest by
his conscience;' while the Franciscan, sitting by in Shot like an arrow from the shore.
his grey habit, turned away and crossed himself -"Those lights are on St. Mary's Isle;
again and again. “Here is a little book," said he at They glimmer from the sacred pile." 3
last, "the work of him in his shroud below. It tells The waves were rough; the hour was late,
of things you have mentioned; and, were Cortes and But soon across the Tinto borne,
Pizarro here, it might perhaps make them reflect for
a moment." The youngest smiled as he took it into Home by his dangerous path he went;
his hand. He read it aloud to his companion with Leaving, in rich habiliment,
an unfaltering voice; but, when he laid it down, a! Two Strangers at the Convent-gate.
silence ensued ; nor was he seen to smile again that They ascended by steps hewn out in the rock; and, Inight. “The curse is heavy," said he at parting. having asked for admittance, were lodged there. "but Cortes may live to disappoint it.”—" Ay, and Brothers in arms the Guests appear'd;
** A circumstance, recorded by Herrera, renders this visit Short and sable was his beard,
pot improbable. "In May 1529, Cortes arrived unexpectedly at Thoughtful and wan his face.
Palos; and, soon after he had landed, he and Pizarro met and
rejoiced ; and it was remarkable that they should meet, as they His velvet cap a medal bore.
were two of the most renowned men in the world." B. Diaz And ermine fringed his broider'd vest:
makes no mention of the interview; but, relating an occurrence And, ever sparkling on his breast,
that took place at this time in Palos, says, “ that Cortes was An image of St. John he wore.4
now absent at Nuestra Senora de la Rabida." The Convent The eldest had a rougher aspect, and there was craft is within half a league of the town. in his eye. He stood a litile behind in a long black
1 Late Superior of the House. nante his hand resting on the hilt of his sword; and 2 In the chancel of the cathedral of St. Domingo. his white hat and white shoes glittered in the moon 3 The words of the epitaph. “A Castilia y a Leon nuevo shine."
Mundo dio Colon."
4 Mexico. 5 Alterwards the arms of Cortes and his descendants. | 6 Fernandez, lib. ii, c. 63.
7 B. Diaz, c. 203. 1 See Washington's farewell-address to his fellow-citizens.
18 After the death of Guatimotzin," says B. Diaz, "he be 2 See Paradise Lost, X.
3 The Convent of Rabida. 4 See Bernal Diaz, c. 203: and also a well-known portrait of came gloomy and restless ; rising continunlly from his he Cortos, ascribed to Titian. Cortes was now in the 43d, Pizarro wandering about in the dark."-"Nothing proar in the 60th year of his age 5 Augustin, Zarate, lib. iv, c. 9. I and it was ascribed to the curses he was loaded with."
ways from home.-F. COLUMBUS, c. 19. Nos pavidı
at pater Anchises lætus. Note 1, page 28, col. 2.
Note 8, page 28, col. 2.
What vast foundations in the Abyss are there. descried of yore. In him was fulfilled the ancient prophecy
Tasso employs preternatural agents on a similar
Trappassa, ed ecco in quel silvestre loco
Sorge improvvisa la città del foco. xii, 33.
Gli incanti d'Ismeno, che ingannano con delusioni, al Seneca in Medea, v. 374. Which Tasso has imitated in his Gierusalemme
tro non significano, che la falsità delle ragioni, e delle Liberata :
persuasioni, la qual si genera nella moltitudine, e
varietà de' pareri, e de' discorsi umani.
Note 9, page 28, col. 2.
See Plato's Timæus; where mention is made of Note 2, page 28, col. 2.
mighty kingdoms, which, in a day and a night, had - the great Commander.
disappeared in the Atlantic, rendering its waters unIn the original, El Almirante. “In Spanish Amer-navigable. ica,” says M. de Humboldt, “when El Almirante is Si quæras Helicen et Burin, Achaidas urbes, pronounced without the addition of a name, that of Invepies sub aquis. Columbus is understood; as, from the lips of a Mexi-| At the destruction of Callao, in 1747, no more than can, El Marchese signifies Cortes ;" and as among the one of all the inhabitants escaped; and he by a provFlorentines, Il Segretario has always signified Mach-idence the most extraordinary. This man was on the iavel.
fort that overlooked the harbor, going to strike the Note 3, page 28, col. 2.
flag, when he perceived the sea to retire to a consider" Thee hath it pleased— Thy will be done !" he said.
able distance; and then, swelling mountain-high, it
returned with great violence. The people ran from * It has pleased our Lord to grant me faith and as
their houses in terror and confusion; he heard a cry surance for this enterprise-He has opened my understanding and made me most willing to go." See of Miserere rise from all parts of the city: and imme.
1 diately all was silent; the sea had entirely overhis Life by his son, Ferd. Columbus, entitled, Hist. dello
whelmed it, and buried it for ever in its bosom: but Almirante Don Christoval Colon, c. 4 and 37.
the same wave that destroyed it, drove a little boat Note 4, page 28, col. 2.
| by the place where he stood, into which he threw Whose voice is truth, whose wisdom is from heaven.
himself and was saved. The compass might well be an object of supersti
Note 10, page 29, col. 1 tion. A belief is said to prevail even at this day, that
"Land!" and his voice in faltering accents died. it will refuse to traverse when there is a dead body
Historians are not silent on the subject. The sail. on board.—Hist. des Navig. aux Terres Australes.
ors, according to Herrera, saw the signs of an inunNote 5, page 28, col. 2.
dated country (tierras anegadas); and it was the genColumbus erred not.
eral expectation that they should end their lives there, When these regions were to be illuminated, says as others had done in the frozen sea, “where St. Acosta, cùm divino concilio decretum esset, prospec- Amaro suffers no ship to stir backward or forward." tum etiam divinitus est, ut tam longi itineris dux cer- F. COLUMBUS, C. 19. tus hominibus præberetur.—De Natura Novi Orbis.
Note 11, page 29, col. 1. A romantic circumstance is related of some early
And (whence or why from many an age withheld). navigator in the Histoire Gen. des Voyages, I.i. 2. “On
The author seems to have anticipated his long trouva dans l'ile de Cuervo une statue équestre, couleumher in ih
slumber in the library of the Fathers. verte d'un manteau, mais la tête nue, qui tenoit de la main gauche la bride du cheval, et qui montroit l'oc
- Note 12, page 29, col. 1. cident de la main droite. Il y avoit sur le bas d'un
Hast led thy servant poc quelques lettres gravées, qui ne furent point en- “They may give me what name they please. I tendues; mais il parut clairement que le signe de la am servant of Hirn," etc.-F. COLUMBUS, C. 2. main regardoit l'Amérique.”
Note 13, page 29, col. 1.
From world to world their steady course they keep.
As St. Christopher carried Christ over the deep The more Christian opinion is that God, at the waters, so Columbus went over safe, himself and his length, with eyes of compassion as it were, looking company.-F. COLUMBUS, C. 1. downe from heaven, intended even then to rayse
Note 14, page 29, col. 1. those windes of mercy, whereby this newe . And, rising, shoot in columns to the skies. worlde receyved the hope of salvation.—Cerlaine
Water-spouts.-See Edwards's History of the West Preambles to the Decades of the Ocean.
Indies, I. 12. Note.
Note 15, page 29, col. 1.
Though changed my cloth of gold for amice grey.--
coverers, if we may believe B. Diaz and other con
Note 23, page 29, col. 2. temporary writers, ended their days in a hermitage, He spoke ; and all was silence, all was night! or a cloister.
These scattered fragments may be compared to Note 16, page 29, col. 1.
shreds of old arras, or reflections from a river broken 'T was in the deep, immeasurable cave
and confused by the oar; and now and then perhaps Of Andes.
the imagination of the reader may supply more than Vast indeed must be those dismal regions, if it be is lost. Si qua latent, meliora putat. “It is remarkatrue, as conjectured (Kircher. Mund. Subt. I. 202), ble,” says the elder Pliny, “ that the Iris of Aristides, that Etna, in her eruptions, has discharged twenty the Tyndarides of Nicomachus, and the Venus of times her original bulk. Well might she be called by Apelles, are held in higher admiration than their Euripides (Troades, v. 222) The Mother of Mountains ; finished works." And is it not so in almost everything? yet Etna herself is but“ a mere firework, when com
Call up him that left half-told pared to the burning summits of the Andes."
The story of Cambuscan bold
Note 24, page 30, col. 1.
The soldier, etc. Gods, yet confessed later.—Milton.— Ils ne lais- In the Lusiad, to beguile the heavy hours at sea, sent pas d'en être les esclaves, et de les honorer plus Veloso relates to his companions of the second watch que le grand Esprit, qui de sa nature est bon-- the story of the Twelve Knights. L. vi. LAFITAU.
Note 25, page 30, col. 1.
So Fortune smiled, careless of sea or land !
Among those who went with Columbus, were many Rivers of South America. Their collision with adventurers, and gentlemen of the court. Primero was the tide has the effect of a tempest.
the game then in fashion.—See VEGA, p. 2, lib. iii,c. 9 Note 19, page 29, col. 2.
Note 26, page 30, col. 1. or Huron or Ontario, inland seas.
Yet who but He undaunted could explore. Lakes of North America. Huron is above a thou- Many sighed and wept; and every hour seemed a sand miles in circumference. Ontario receives the year, says Herrera.--1, i, 9 and 10. waters of the Niagara, so famous for its falls ; and
Note 27, page 30, col. 2. discharges itself into the Atlantic by the river St. Lawrence.
The solemn march, the vows in concert given.
His public procession to the convent of Rábida on Note 20, page 29, col. 2.
the day before he set sail. It was there that his sons By Ocean severed from a world of shade
had received their education; and he himself appears La plû part de ces îles ne sont en effet que des to have passed some time there, the venerable Guardpointes de montagnes : et la mer, qui est au-delà, est ian, Juan Perez de Marchena, being his zealous and une vrai mer Méditerranée.—Buffon.
affectionate friend. The ceremonies of his departure Note 21, page 29, col. 2.
and return are represented in many of the fresco Hung in the tempest o'er the troubled main.
| paintings in the palaces of Genoa. The dominion of a bad angel over an unknown sea,
Note 28, page 30, col. 2. infestandole con sus torbellinos y tempestades, and his While his dear boys-ah, on his neck they hung. flight before a Christian hero, are described in glow. “But I was most afflicted, when I thought of my ing language by Ovalle.—Hist. de Chile, IV. 8. two sons, whom I had left behind me in a strange Note 22, page 29, col. 2.
country- before I had done, or at least could be No voice, as erst, shall in the desert rise ;
known to have done, anything which might incline
your highnesses to remember them. And though I Alluding to the oracles of the Islanders, so soon to
comforted myself with the reflection that our Lord become silent; and particularly to a prophecy, deliv
would not suffer so earnest an endeavor for the exered down from their ancestors, and sung with loud,
altation of his church to come to nothing, yet I conlamentations (Petr. Martyr. dec. 3, lib. 7) at their sol. emn festivals (Herrera, I, iii, 4) that the country would
sidered that, on account of my unworthiness," etc.be laid waste on the arrival of strangers, completely
F. COLUMBUS, C. 37. clad, from a region near the rising of the sun. Ibid. II,
Note 29, page 30, col. 2. 5, 2. It is said that Cazziva, a great Cacique, after
The great Gonzalo. long fasting and many ablutions, had an interview Gonzalo Fernandes, already known by the name with one of the Zemi, who announced to him this of the Great Caplain. Granada surrendered on the terrible event (F. Columbus, c. 62), as the oracles of 2d of January, 1492. Columbus set sail on the 3d of Latona, according to Herodotus (II, 152) predicted August following. the overthrow of eleven kings of Egypt, on the ap
Note 30, page 30, col. 2. pearance of men of brass, risen out of the sea.
Though Roldan, etc. Nor did this prophecy exist among the Islanders
Probably a soldier of fortune. There were more alone. It influenced the councils of Montezuma, and extended almost universally over the forests of Amer
"than one of the name on board. ica. Cortes. Herrera. Gomara. “The demons whom
Note 31, page 31, col. 1. they worshipped,' says Acosta,“ in this instance told
The Cross shone forth in everlasting light! them the truth."
The Cross of the South;“una Croce maravigliosa.
di tanta bellezza,” says Andrea Corsali, a Florentine, Callid on the Spirit within. Diadaining flight,
Calmly sbe rose, collecting all her might. writing to Giuliano of Medicis, in 1515, “ che non
Dire was the dark encounter! Long unquellid, mi pare ad alcuno segno celeste doverla comparare.
Her sacred seat, sovereign and pure, sbe held. E s'io non mi inganno, credo che sia questo il crusero At length the great Foe binds her for his prize, di che Dante parlò nel principio del Purgatorio con And awful, as in death, the body lies!
Not long to slumber! In an evil hour apirilo profetico, dicendo,
Inform'd and lifted by the unknown Power,
It starts, it speaks! "We live, we breathe no more !” etc.
Many a modern reader will exclaim in the lanNote 32, page 31, col. 1.
guage of Pococurantè, “Quelle triste extravagance!" Roc of the West! to him all empire given! Let a great theologian of that day, a monk of the Le Condor est le même oiseau que le Roc des Augustine order, be consulted on the subject. “Corpus Orientaux.-Buffon. “ By the Peruvians," says Vega, ille perimere vel jugulare potest; nec id modo, verùm "he was anciently worshipped ; and there were those et animam ita urgere, et in angustum coarctare novit, who claimed their descent from him." In these de- ut in momento quoque illi excedendum sit."-Lugenerate days he still ranks above the Eagle. THERUS, De Missa Privata. Note 33, page 31, col. 1.
Note 42, page 31, col. 2. Who bears Axalhua's dragon-folds to heaven.
And can you shrink ? etc. As the Roc of the East is said to have carried off! The same language had been addressed to Isabel. the Elephant. See Marco Polo.-Axalhua, or the la.-F. COLUMBUS, c. 15. Emperor, is the name in the Mexican language for the great serpent of America.
Note 43, page 31, col. 2.
Oh had I perish’d, when my failing frame.
His miraculous escape, in early life, during a sea-
Note 44, page 31, col. 2.
The scorn of Folly, and of Fraud the prey.
Nado nocchier, promettitor di regni!
1 By the Genoese and the Spaniards he was regarded Strait of Magellan. I, 4.
as a man resolved on “a wild dedication of himself
to unpathed waters, undreamed shores ;” and the Note 36, page 31, col. 1.
court of Portugal endeavored to rob him of the glory High-bung in forests to the casing snows. of his enterprise, by secretly dispatching a vessel in A custom not peculiar to the Western Hemisphere.
the course which he had pointed out.“ Lorsqu'il The Tunguses of Siberia hang their dead on trees; avait promis un nouvel hemisphere, says Voltaire, parceque la terre ne se laisse point ouvrir.”—M.
“on lui avait soutenu que cet hémisphère ne pouvoit Pauw.
exister; et quand il l'eut découvert, on prétendit qu'il Note 37, page 31, col. 1.
avait été connu depuis long-temps." -and, through that dismal night.
Note 45, page 31, col. 2. “Aquella noche triste.” The night, on which
- He spoke not uninspired. Cortes made his famous retreat from Mexico through
He used to affirm, that he stood in need of God's the street of Tlacopan, still goes by the name of La
particular assistance; like Moses when he led forth NOCHE TRISTE:~HUMBOLDT.
the people of Israel, who forbore to lay violent hands Note 38, page 31, col. 1.
upon him, because of the miracles which God wrought By his white plume reveal'd and buskins white. by his means. “So," said the Admiral, “ did it hapPizarro used to dress in this fashion; after Gonzalo, I pen to me on that voyage.”—F.COLUMBUS, c. 19.whom he had served under in Italy.
"And so easily,” says a Commentator, "are the work.
ings of the Evil One overcome by the power of God!" Note 39, page 31, col. 1. D'er him a Vampire bis dark wings display'd.
Note 46, page 31, col. 2. A species of bat in S. America ; which refreshes "In his own shape shall Death receive you there." by the gentle agitation of its wings, while it sucks This denunciation, fulfilled as it appears to be in the blood of the sleeper, turning his sleep into death. the eleventh canto, may remind the reader of the
Harpies in Virgil.-Æn. III, v. 247. Note 40, page 31, col. 1. 'Twas Merion's self, covering with dreadful shade.
Note 47, page 31, col. 2. -Now one,
Rose to the Virgin.Now other, as their shape served best his end.
Salve, regina. Herrera, I, i, 12.-It was the usual Undoubtedly, says Herrera, the Infernal Spirit as-service, and always sung with great solemnity. “I sumed various shapes in that region of the world.
remember one evening,” says Oviedo, “when the ship Note 41, page 31, col. 1.
was in full sail, and all the men were on their knees, Then, inly gliding, etc.
singing Salve, regina," etc. Relacion Sommaria.The original passage is here translated at full
The hymn, O Sanctissima, is still to be heard after ength. Then, inly gliding like a subtle flarno,
1-magnum si pectore possit