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and this wall, with the temples and other circumstances actually existing; to demonsacra it enclosed, would not only mark these strate that the works on which our belief places, but in a certain sense, would pre- relies were actually written in the country, serve them; as the mosque of Omar pre- at the times, and by the persons, eye-witserves the site of the temple of Solomon, nesses, which they purport to be. at this day. While, therefore, we abandon Having thus, as we think, established the the commemorative altars and stations, identity of the present site of Calvary and which we think it not worth while to defend, the Holy Sepulchre with the same localities and while we heartily wish that all these mentioned in Scripture, we shall now give places had been left in their original state an explanation of the ground-plan annexed, to tell their own story, we must be allowed. | premising, however, that whilst we find no to relieve the memory of the Christian em- reason to doubt the two places above menpress Helena from the guilt of deforming by tioned, we do not pretend to offer any supintentional honours these sacred localities; port to the numerous commemorative altars and the monks, however ignorant or credu- and stations which have been crowded tolous, from the imputation of imposing on gether within the walls of a single church. their pilgrims and visitors, in respect to the In a former number of the Magazine (32) site of the places they now show as peculiar- the reader will find a drawing and description ly holy.

of the Holy Sepulchre which will prevent On the whole, we are called to admire any necessity of repetition. the proofs yet preserved to us by Providence, of transactions in these localities nearly two

Explanations. thousand years ago. Facts which, for cen- A. Chapel of the Holy Sepulchre, over which is turies, employed the artifices and the pow- the chief cupola of the church. er of the supreme government in church

B. Chapel of the Greek Church, the largest in the and state, of the Jewish hierarchy, and of

building. The sides are covered with five paintthe Roman emperors, to subvert, to destroy ings, embellished with chaste muuldings richly the evidences of; yet the evidences defied gilded. Froin the ceiling hang three costly their malignity ;-of the barbarians-Sara- chandeliers, the largest of which was lately cens and Turks, to demolish; but they still

presented to the Greeks by the Emperor of Rus

sia. It is valued at 50,000 piastres, or £500. survive ;--of heathen philosophy, and soi- The star in the centre denotes the locality of a disant modern philosophy, to annul, but in marble basin holding a hemisphere of the same vain. The labors of Julian to re-edify the

material, with a black belt crossing its circumfer

euce, said to mark the centre of the worid! temple continue almost living witnesses of his discomfiture. The sepulchres of the C. Golgotha or Mount Calvary. soldiers who fell in assaulting Jerusalem

a. Entrance to the Church. remain speaking evidences of the destruction of the city, according to prediction, by

b. Stair-case leading up to Calvary, beneath which

are the tombs of Godfrey de Bouillon and his the Romans. The holy sepulchre stands a brother Baldwin, traditional memorial of occurrences too in

c. A small chapel with an altar, over which is a credible to obtain credit, unless supported

good painting representing the nailing of our by super-human testimony. Or if that be

Saviour to the cross, and the binding of the two thought dubious, mount Calvary certainly thieves. Near by is shown a rent in the live exists, with features so distinct, so peculiar

rock, covered with three gilded wires, said to

have been occasioned by He earthquake at the to itself, and unlike every thing else around

crucifixion. The continuation of this rent is it, that in spite of the ill-judged labours of

seen in a chapel underneath. honest enthusiasm, of the ridiculous tales

d. Chapel of the Crucifixion. At the foot of the of superstition, and the mummery of igno

altar is a marble slab covering the rock, in which rance and arrogance, we have only to com- are three circular holes, the centre one is overpare the original records of our faith with laid with a wrought plate of gold about one foot in diameter. Here the cross of the Saviour was uplifted. The other belonging to the two thieves are a little in the rear.

v. Sepulchre of Joseph of Arimathea;—a stone

sarcophagus under ground, close by which are

two others said to have belonged to his family. w. Apartments for the pilgrims. x. Ascent to the Chapel of the Armenians,-a dark

apartment without any ornament. y. Latrina in a yard, from which there is no egress

to the street. -2. Refectory of the friars. aa. Passage to the friars' cells.

The sign (+) marks and altar.

In the vestry of the Latin chapel are preserved the spurs and sword of Godfrey de Bouillon, with which such are dubbed knights of Jerusalem who aspire to the honour, and are willing to pay the fee. The ceremony is performed by the Reverendissimo of the Latins in the Holy Sepulchre.

AFFLICTION.

Lord, in this dust thy sovereign voice

First quickened love divine ; I am all thine,--thy care and choice,

My very praise is thino.

I praise thee, while thy providence

in childhood frail I trace, For blessings given, ere dawning sense

Could seek or scan thy grace.

Blessings of friends, which to

my

door Uuwished, unhoped, have come; And choicer still, a countless store

Of eager smiles at home.

Yet Lord, iu memory's fondest place

I shrine those seasons sad, When, looking up, I saw thy face

In kind austereness clad.

I could not miss one sigh or tear,

Heart-pang, or throbbing brow; Sweet was the chastisement severe,

And sweet its memory uow.

e. Stone of unction,

-a coloured marble slab mea. suring six feet by three, with three large w:X candles burning at each end, and a row of small

lamps strung length-wise. f. Chapel of the Abyssinians. Here is shown a

broken pedestal on which the Saviour was placed when crowned with thorns.

g. Stair case leading down to the chapel of the

Empress Helena.

h. Chapel of Helena supported by four pillars.

To the right of the altar is a small aperture in the rock from which tradition says the Empress

overlooked the workmen who dug for the cross. i. Cave wherein the true cross was found. Here

is erected a tin cross, seven feet high, said to contain a portion of the identical wood on which the Saviour was hung. A marble slab on the floor with an inwrought cross of mosaic marks

the precise spot of the invention. j. Chapel erected over the spot where the soldiers

cast lots for the Saviour's garment. k. Cbapel marking the site where Cornelius stood

when he exclaimed: “Surely this was the Son of God.

1. The stocks in which the feet of the Saviour were

confined before his crucifixion.

m. Chapel commemorative of the spot where

Christ appeared unto Mary Magdalene after his

resurrection.

7. Chapel of the Latins.

0. The pillar to which the Saviour was bound

when beaten with rods, enclosed in a niche in the above-mentioned chapel.

p. Organ of the Latins.

9. Sepulchre of the Saviour.

r. Chapel of the Apparition.(*)Stone on which the

angel sat when he announced the resurrection of Christ.

s. Walls of the Holy Sepulchre overlaid with

marble slabs.

t. Chapel of the Copts. U. A circular iron railing enclosing the spot where

ou it is said the Holy Virgin fainted when she beheld her son upon the cross.

Yes! let the fragrant scars abide,

Grace-tokens in thy stead.
Faint shadows of the spear-pierced side,
And thorn-encompassed head.

Lyra Apostolica.

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“ His sweat last night was as great drops of blood, " And the sad burthen press'd him so to earth,

The very torturers paus'd

To help him on his way. “ Fill high the bowl, benumb His aching sense “With medicin’d sleep.”–0 awful in thy woe!

The parching thirst of death
Is on Thee, and thou triest

The slumb'rous potion bland, and wilt not drink:
Not sullen, nor in scorn, like haughty man

With suicidal hand
Putting his solace hy:

The Benefit of Adversity.-It is good for man to suffer the adversity of this earthly life: for it brings him back to the sacred retirement of the heart, where only he finds he is an exi'e from his native home, and ought not to place his trust in any worldly enjoyment. It is good for him also to meet with contradiction and reproach, and to be evil thought of, and evil spoken of, even when his intentions are upright, and his actions blameless : for this keeps him humble, and is a powerful antidote to the poison of vain glory: and then chiefly it is that we have recourse to the witness within us which is God; when we are outwardly despised, and held in no degree of esteem and favour among men. Our dependence upon God ought to be so entire and absolute, that we should never think it necessary, in any kind of distress, to have recourse to human consolations.

Thomas à Kempis.

But as at first thine all-pervading look
Saw from thy Father's bosom to th' abyss,

Measuring in calm presage
The infinite descent;

So to the end, though now of mortal pangs
Made heir, and emptied of thy glory' awhile,

With unaverted eye
Thou meetest all the storm.

Thou wilt feel all that thou may’st pity all;
And rather would'st thon wrestle with strong pain,

Than overcloud thy soul,
So clear in agony,

Infidelity and Faith look both through the same perspective-glass, but at contrary ends. Infidelity looks through the wrong end of the glass; and therefore sees those objects near, which are afar off, and makes great things little,- diminishing the greatest spiritual blessings, and removing far from us threatened evils: Faith looks at the right end, and brings the blessings that are far off in time close to our eye, and multiplies God's mercies, which, in a distance, lose their greatness.

Bishop Hall.

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Or lose one glimpse of heaven before the time.
O most entire and perfect sacrifice,

Renew'd in every pulse
That on the tedious Cross

Told the long hours of death, as, one by one,
The life-strings of that tender heart gave way;

Even sinners, taught by Thee,
Look sorrow in the face,

“ Faithful are the wounds of a friend, but the kisses of an enemy are deceitful.”

-066 The malTA PENNY MAGAZINE is published and sent to Subscribers, in Valetta, every Saturday, Subscriptions at Is. per quarter received at No. 97. Str. Forni.

No. 85.

Saturday, 24th, April 1841.

[Price ld.

JORDAN, AND THE DEAD SEA.

where the mountains are much nearer. ReJOURNEY TO BETHANY, JERICHO, THE

stricted to a stone's cast from the brink on

either side, the river makes a pretty picture, (Continued from No. 80.)

and might even vie with the banks of the The river Jordan.

Barrada; but not so is the reality to the Beyond Jericho towards the Jordan* the

weary traveller who has sought its waters plain is still more barren than the level we

through a burning heat, and over a tedious had already passed; in many parts the

sandy road. Glad indeed is he to find a sandy soil was encrusted with salt, and the

precarious shelter from the scorching sun only vegetation it produced was a few ma

in the entangled thickets, for these ill suffice rine plants with large quantities of the co

to protect him from the perpendicular rays locynth. The ground is very uneven, and

which penetrating to the ground render it here and there forms lodgments for stag- insufferably hot. Yet if perchance he finds pant water. In less than an hour and a half

a little refreshment after the toil of his jourwe reached the river, which we had discern

ney, he sees nothing around wherewith to ed from some distance by the long line of while away an hour; of the plain he has willows and rushes which grow on its banks. passed he is heartily sick, and only regrets At this season the stream was not more

he has to repass it; on the banks of the river than thirty feet wide, but from the hollow

he meets with no variety of grass or shrub bed on either side it must be far more con

beyond what he discovered at his place siderable after the rains, and when the snow

of halting; no human habitation is nigh, from

and he dares not explore the plain beyond

lest he to muddy, and appeared at intervals to run

unfrequented recesses of the mountains, lurkvery deep; the part we swam over was about

ing in wait for the daring or the unsuspecting eight feet high, and ran so rapid as to carry us a long distance down the stream.

stranger who intrudes upon their native A

wilds. flock of gazelles was disturbed by our intrusion, and set off at full speed toward the

Such has been the general aspect of the

valley of the Jordan for ages, whilst its mountains. The annexed illustration conveys but a wa

waters have performed their yearly pilgrimvery partial idea of the Jordan, confined as

age without benefiting a plain it once renit is to the immediate banks of the river,

dered luxuriantly fertile. The time was with but a perspective peep at the moun

when towns and numerous villages flourishtains of Moab, which rather heightens than

ed here, and even as late as the days of Jootherwise the romantic appearance of the sephus this extensive plain was well peopled scene. The willows, tamarinds, and nu

and richly cultivated. Now it is abandon

ed to the wayward sons of Ishmael, civilizamerous shrubs, which grow rankly on the borders of the stream, form quite a forest, and

tion has long since left its borders, and in effectually shut out the parched and dreary the place of corn, and oil, and wine, and the plain to the west, and the same general ap- produce of the palm, and the precious balpearance all around, except on the east

sam, has succeeded a wild and inhospitable

waste, patched over with thorns and prickly • Called now by the natives ish-Sheriaa.

17

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